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    内蒙古乌奴耳铅锌银钼矿床蚀变矿物分带及原生晕特征

    范谢均 吕新彪 柳潇 刘龙

    范谢均, 吕新彪, 柳潇, 刘龙, 2021. 内蒙古乌奴耳铅锌银钼矿床蚀变矿物分带及原生晕特征. 地球科学, 46(3): 1083-1099. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.037
    引用本文: 范谢均, 吕新彪, 柳潇, 刘龙, 2021. 内蒙古乌奴耳铅锌银钼矿床蚀变矿物分带及原生晕特征. 地球科学, 46(3): 1083-1099. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.037
    Fan Xiejun, Lü Xinbiao, Liu Xiao, Liu Long, 2021. Zonation of Alteration Mineral and Primary Halo in the Wunuer Pb-Zn-Ag-Mo Ore Deposit, Inner Mongolia, NE China. Earth Science, 46(3): 1083-1099. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.037
    Citation: Fan Xiejun, Lü Xinbiao, Liu Xiao, Liu Long, 2021. Zonation of Alteration Mineral and Primary Halo in the Wunuer Pb-Zn-Ag-Mo Ore Deposit, Inner Mongolia, NE China. Earth Science, 46(3): 1083-1099. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.037

    内蒙古乌奴耳铅锌银钼矿床蚀变矿物分带及原生晕特征

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.037
    基金项目: 

    内蒙古自治区地质矿产勘查基金中心项目 NMKD2014-23

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      范谢均(1992-), 男, 博士, 主要从事大兴安岭地区中生代铅锌矿床成因研究. ORCID: 0000-0002-1110-007X. E-mail: fanxiejun@outlook.com

      通讯作者:

      吕新彪, ORCID: 0000-0003-0588-7934. E-mail: Lvxb_01@163.com

    • 中图分类号: P578

    Zonation of Alteration Mineral and Primary Halo in the Wunuer Pb-Zn-Ag-Mo Ore Deposit, Inner Mongolia, NE China

    • 摘要: 乌奴耳矿床位于内蒙古东部大兴安岭造山带中段中生代火山岩覆盖区,为近年来新发现的陆相火山岩型多金属矿床.为了对该矿区的进一步深部找矿勘查工作提供围岩蚀变和岩石地球化学信息,对乌奴耳矿床进行了详细的野外地质特征研究、岩石蚀变分带研究和原生晕研究.乌奴耳矿床中存在多期多阶段矿化特征:第1阶段斑岩型钼矿化,主要产于矿床深部的花岗斑岩体内;第2阶段岩浆热液(隐爆角砾岩)型铅锌矿化,主要产于花岗斑岩体顶部及其附近围岩的隐爆角砾岩中;第3阶段浅成低温热液型铅锌银矿化,主要产于浅部张性断裂构造中.矿区内存在至少两期与成矿关系密切的构造事件,张性断裂构造是重要的控矿因素和找矿标志.乌奴耳矿床中具有明显的围岩蚀变分带特征,蚀变矿物分布与已知矿体产状具有较好的对应关系,是重要的找矿标志之一.岩石原生晕异常分布与已知矿体具有较好的对应关系,具有明显的前缘晕-近矿晕-尾晕元素组合分带特征,能够为乌奴耳矿床深部找矿提供可靠信息.综合以上主要找矿信息特征,预测在乌奴耳矿床Ⅱ矿段207勘探线剖面深部有盲矿体存在.

       

    • 图  1  大兴安岭地区地质、矿产分布

      Wu et al.(2011)

      Fig.  1.  Geological sketch of the Great Xing'an range, NE China, showing the location and age of the studied deposits

      图  2  中国东北地区构造地质图(a)和乌奴耳矿床区域地质图(b)

      图a据Fan et al.(2019)

      Fig.  2.  Tectonic setting of NE China (a) and regional geological map of the Wunuer deposit area (b)

      图  3  乌奴耳矿区地质图

      Fig.  3.  Geological sketch of the Wunuer deposit

      图  4  乌奴耳矿床Ⅰ矿带05勘探线剖面矿化、蚀变特征

      Fig.  4.  Geological section along 05 exploration line of the Ⅰ ore zone in Wunuer deposit, illustrating the characteristics of mineralization and alteration

      图  5  乌奴耳矿床矿物生成顺序表

      Fig.  5.  Mineral generation sequence table of the Wunuer deposit

      图  6  乌奴耳矿床Ⅱ矿带207勘探线剖面

      剖面位置在图 3中用红色实线标记

      Fig.  6.  Geological section along 207 exploration line of the Ⅱ ore zone in the Wunuer deposit

      图  7  乌奴耳矿床207勘探线剖面岩石蚀变矿物含量等值线

      Fig.  7.  Isoline maps of alteration mineral compositions in 207 exploration line in the Wunuer deposit

      图  8  乌奴耳矿床207勘探线各元素异常剖面

      Fig.  8.  Sketch maps of the primary halos of the indication elements in 207 exploration line in the Wunuer deposit

      图  9  207勘探线剖面岩石破碎度等值线

      Fig.  9.  Isoline maps of wall rock crushing degree of 207 exploration line in the Wunuer deposit

      图  10  乌奴耳矿床207勘探线原生晕数据R型聚类分析

      Fig.  10.  R type cluster hierarchical diagram of the indication elements in 207 exploration line in the Wunuer deposit

      图  11  乌奴耳矿床Ⅱ矿带207勘探线盲矿体预测示意

      Fig.  11.  Ore body prediction of 207 exploration line in the Wunuer deposit

      表  1  乌奴耳矿床207勘探线岩石地球化学背景值、异常下限

      Table  1.   Geochemical background and anomaly threshold of the indication elements in 207 exploration line in the Wunuer deposit

      元素 Au Ag Cu Pb Zn Mo W As Sb Bi Sn Ni Hg
      迭代次数 10 9 8 11 19 11 9 13 10 9 7 9 6
      背景值 0.81 0.51 4.89 87.10 202.30 1.39 4.90 0.66 0.23 0.40 2.65 3.04 4.36
      异常下限Ca 3.49 2.42 12.89 359.58 552.33 5.12 12.37 2.09 0.37 0.96 3.54 6.27 7.82
      异常中带2Ca 6.97 4.83 25.79 719.17 1 104.66 10.23 24.75 4.18 0.74 1.92 7.09 12.53 15.64
      异常内带4Ca 13.94 9.66 51.58 1 438.33 2 209.33 20.47 49.49 8.36 1.49 3.85 14.18 25.06 31.28
      注:Au、Hg含量单位为10-9,其他元素单位为10-6.
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  岩石破碎度赋值规则

      Table  2.   Values of rating the crushing degree of rocks

      破碎等级 破碎度赋值
      局部破碎/轻微破碎 1
      破碎较强/较严重 2
      破碎严重/强烈 3
      破碎带 4
      极度破碎至泥质/土状 5
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  3  乌奴耳矿床207勘探线各元素相系数

      Table  3.   Correlation coefficients of metal elements in 207 exploration line in the Wunuer deposit

      Au Ag Cu Pb Zn Mo W As Sb Bi Sn Ni Hg
      Au 1
      Ag 0.900 1
      Cu 0.689 0.719 1
      Pb 0.806 0.846 0.813 1
      Zn 0.753 0.802 0.840 0.908 1
      Mo 0.663 0.675 0.614 0.666 0.614 1
      W 0.637 0.604 0.579 0.604 0.558 0.489 1
      As 0.750 0.644 0.671 0.691 0.656 0.532 0.528 1
      Sb 0.558 0.520 0.611 0.564 0.644 0.453 0.429 0.624 1
      Bi 0.783 0.836 0.589 0.665 0.685 0.641 0.597 0.474 0.469 1
      Sn 0.625 0.590 0.568 0.542 0.545 0.627 0.628 0.489 0.537 0.617 1
      Ni 0.051 0.084 0.263 -0.037 0.000 0.100 0.294 -0.025 -0.008 0.155 0.304 1
      Hg 0.721 0.706 0.747 0.766 0.83 0.555 0.560 0.624 0.681 0.644 0.577 -0.09 1
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  4  乌奴耳矿床R型因子分析特征值、方差贡献以及元素的累计方差贡献

      Table  4.   Characteristic roots and variance explanation of R-factor analysis of the Wunuer deposit

      因子 特征值 方差贡献(%) 累积方差贡献(%)
      F1 8.168 62.831 62.831
      F2 1.311 10.081 72.912
      F3 0.747 5.749 78.661
      F4 0.588 4.52 83.181
      F5 0.504 3.873 87.055
      F6 0.471 3.624 90.679
      F7 0.392 3.012 93.69
      F8 0.261 2.007 95.698
      F9 0.195 1.499 97.196
      F10 0.137 1.052 98.248
      F11 0.101 0.775 99.023
      F12 0.069 0.533 99.556
      F13 0.058 0.444 100
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  5  乌奴耳矿床R型因子载荷初始矩阵以及正交因子旋转的载荷矩阵

      Table  5.   Initial and orthometric rotating factor loading matrix of R-factor analysis in the Wunuer deposit

      因子载荷初始矩阵 正交因子旋转的载荷矩阵
      变量 因子 变量 因子
      F1 F2 F1 F2
      Au 0.904 -0.041 Au 0.883 0.197
      Ag 0.903 -0.015 Ag 0.875 0.222
      Cu 0.861 0.068 Cu 0.813 0.291
      Pb 0.905 -0.183 Pb 0.921 0.061
      Zn 0.901 -0.182 Zn 0.917 0.06
      Mo 0.761 0.087 Mo 0.711 0.283
      W 0.728 0.335 W 0.615 0.514
      As 0.776 -0.189 As 0.798 0.021
      Sb 0.71 -0.179 Sb 0.732 0.014
      Bi 0.814 0.138 Bi 0.749 0.347
      Sn 0.738 0.358 Sn 0.619 0.539
      Ni 0.119 0.921 Ni -0.127 0.92
      Hg 0.853 -0.235 Hg 0.884 -0.003
      注:a旋转在3次迭代后收敛.
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  6  乌奴尔河北岸铅锌矿床207勘探线各钻孔原生晕轴向分带序列表

      Table  6.   Primary halo axial zoning sequences of each drills in 207 exploration line in the Wunuer deposit

      钻孔编号 分带指数法 浓集中心法
      ZK20701 Ag Pb Ni Sb Zn Sn Bi As Cu Au Mo W Ag Pb Ni Mo Sb Zn Sn Bi Cu As Au W
      ZK20702 As W Pb Sn Zn Sb Mo Ni Au Ag Cu Bi Mo Ag Zn Pb Ni W Au Cu Sn As Sb Bi
      ZK20703 Zn As Sn Mo Ag Pb W Sb Bi Cu Ni Au Zn Mo As Sn Pb W Sb Ag Bi Cu Ni Au
      IIZK0701 W Au Pb Cu As Sb Zn Ag Bi Mo W Cu Pb As Sb Ag Zn Bi Mo Au
      ⅡZK0702 Ni Mo Cu Au Bi As Ag Sb W Pb Hg Zn Sn Bi As Au Sb W Ni Hg Pb Mo Cu Ag Zn Sn
      ⅡZK0712 W Ni Mo Hg Pb Sn Sb Zn Cu Au Ag Bi As Ni W Hg Mo Pb Sn Sb Zn Cu Au Ag As Bi
      ⅡZK0716 Pb Zn Mo Au As W Hg Ni Sb Sn Ag Bi Cu As W Ni Au Pb Mo Zn Sb Sn Ag Bi Hg Cu
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  7  乌奴耳矿床深部找矿模型表

      Table  7.   Comprehensive information model of prediction for deep ore processing in the Wunuer deposit

      找矿标志 描述
      构造 张性断裂构造为主要控矿构造,通常岩石破碎程度越高,矿化越强.
      围岩蚀变 萤石、方解石等低温蚀变矿物常位于矿体上盘部位. 高岭石、滑石、叶腊石等中低温蚀变与矿体位置对应.石英、白云母等高温蚀变常位于矿体尾部.
      岩石原生晕 As、Sb、Au、Ag等前缘晕元素高值异常区通常位于矿体上盘位置. Cu、Pb、Zn等近矿晕元素高值异常区与矿体位置对应.
      下载: 导出CSV
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    • 收稿日期:  2020-11-01
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