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    鄂西宜昌地区页岩气勘探发现对MVT铅锌矿成矿的指示意义

    高键 李英强 何生 何治亮 李双建 沃玉进 李文 翟刚毅 ZhaoJian-xin

    高键, 李英强, 何生, 何治亮, 李双建, 沃玉进, 李文, 翟刚毅, ZhaoJian-xin, 2021. 鄂西宜昌地区页岩气勘探发现对MVT铅锌矿成矿的指示意义. 地球科学, 46(6): 2230-2245. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.186
    引用本文: 高键, 李英强, 何生, 何治亮, 李双建, 沃玉进, 李文, 翟刚毅, ZhaoJian-xin, 2021. 鄂西宜昌地区页岩气勘探发现对MVT铅锌矿成矿的指示意义. 地球科学, 46(6): 2230-2245. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.186
    Gao Jian, Li Yingqiang, He Sheng, He Zhiliang, Li Shuangjian, Wo Yujin, Li Wen, Zhai Gangyi, Zhao Jian-xin, 2021. Exploration Discovery of Shale Gas and Its Indicative Significance to Mineralization of MVT Lead-Zinc Deposit in Yichang Area, West Hubei. Earth Science, 46(6): 2230-2245. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.186
    Citation: Gao Jian, Li Yingqiang, He Sheng, He Zhiliang, Li Shuangjian, Wo Yujin, Li Wen, Zhai Gangyi, Zhao Jian-xin, 2021. Exploration Discovery of Shale Gas and Its Indicative Significance to Mineralization of MVT Lead-Zinc Deposit in Yichang Area, West Hubei. Earth Science, 46(6): 2230-2245. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.186

    鄂西宜昌地区页岩气勘探发现对MVT铅锌矿成矿的指示意义

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.186
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 91755211

    国家自然科学基金项目 U19B6003

    国家自然科学基金项目 41672139

    国家自然科学基金项目 41772152

    国家自然科学基金项目 42002137

    国家科技重大专项 2017ZX05005-001

    中国石化集团科技部项目 P19021-3

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      高键(1988-), 男, 助理研究员, 博士, 主要从事沉积盆地超压及流体地球化学研究工作.ORCID: 0000-0003-2698-4792.E-mail: jgao223@outlook.com

      通讯作者:

      何生, E-mail: shenghe@cug.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P588.22;P595;P597

    Exploration Discovery of Shale Gas and Its Indicative Significance to Mineralization of MVT Lead-Zinc Deposit in Yichang Area, West Hubei

    • 摘要: 油气成藏和有机质参与金属成矿的内在联系是近年来国内外地学界关注的热点问题.根据流体包裹体岩相学观察和激光拉曼光谱分析,在鄂西宜昌地区震旦系陡山沱组和下寒武统牛蹄塘组页岩储层及震旦系灯影组MVT(Mississippi Valley type)铅锌矿床中发现了高密度甲烷包裹体,并利用甲烷包裹体的甲烷拉曼散射峰v1计算了甲烷包裹体的密度;同时采用Rb-Sr、Sm-Nd同位素定年确定了MVT铅锌矿成矿年代.鄂阳页1井陡山沱组页岩石英脉和何家坪MVT铅锌矿方解石样品中甲烷包裹体密度分别为0.237~0.278 g/cm3和0.213~0.271 g/cm3,属于高密度甲烷包裹体.何家坪铅锌矿共生矿物闪锌矿和方铅矿的Rb-Sr等时线年龄为189.1±1.8 Ma,方解石的Sm-Nd等时线年龄为189.9±2.0 Ma,指示铅锌矿形成于燕山早期的构造挤压运动;共生矿物的初始87Sr/86Sr值(0.711 92)和方解石的初始87Sr/86Sr值(0.712 03~0.712 27)指示何家坪铅锌矿成矿流体的Sr同位素主要来源于页岩层.何家坪铅锌矿中捕获的以流体包裹体形式存在的高密度甲烷流体最有可能来源于陡山沱组页岩和/或牛蹄塘组页岩内高密度超压甲烷流体.页岩气层和MVT铅锌矿中高密度甲烷包裹体的发现及MVT铅锌矿成矿时间的确定为探讨有机质参与MVT铅锌矿成矿提供了新证据.

       

    • 图  1  中扬子宜昌地区区域地质概况及采样位置图(修改自罗胜元等,2019b)

      Fig.  1.  Geological map and sampling location of the Yichang area, Middle Yangtze region(modified from Luo et al., 2019b)

      图  2  鄂西宜昌地区鄂阳页1井震旦系-下寒武统地层综合柱状图

      Fig.  2.  Stratigraphic column of the Sinian-Lower Cambrian section of well EYY-1 in Yichang area

      图  3  鄂西宜昌地区鄂阳页1井页岩裂缝脉体样品和何家坪铅锌矿样品照片

      a.鄂阳页1井寒武系牛蹄塘组页岩高角度裂缝充填的方解石脉,EYY-1,2 942.56 m;b.鄂阳页1井震旦系陡山陀组页岩高角度裂缝充填的石英脉,EYY-2,3 392.42 m;c.震旦系灯影组何家坪铅锌矿床含方铅矿闪锌矿型样品,HJP1,Ⅰ号矿体;d.震旦系灯影组何家坪铅锌矿床闪锌矿型样品,HJP3,Ⅰ号矿体

      Fig.  3.  Photos of calcite and quartz veins hosted in well EYY-1 and samples from Hejiaping lead-zinc deposit in Yichang area, West Hubei

      图  4  宜昌地区鄂阳页1井页岩裂缝脉体和何家坪铅锌矿方解石捕获甲烷包裹体特征

      a.为方解石脉中散布的甲烷包裹体和气-液两相盐水包裹体,牛蹄塘组,EYY-1井,2 942.56 m;b~d为石英脉中共生分布的甲烷包裹体、气-液两相盐水包裹体和沥青包裹体,陡山陀组,EYY-1井,3 392.42 m;e、f.方解石中散布的甲烷包裹体和气-液两相盐水包裹体,灯影组,何家坪铅锌矿,Ⅰ号矿体

      Fig.  4.  Methane inclusions and their coexisting aqueous inclusions trapped in quartz and calcite veins from well EYY-1 and Hejiaping lead-zinc deposit in Yichang area

      图  5  宜昌地区鄂阳页1井页岩裂缝脉体(a、b)和何家坪铅锌矿方解石(c~e)中流体包裹体激光拉曼光谱图

      Fig.  5.  Laser Raman spectra for fluid inclusion trapped in quartz veins from well EYY1 (a, b) and calcite from Hejiaping lead-zinc deposit (c-e) in Yichang area

      图  6  宜昌地区鄂阳页1井页岩裂缝脉体和何家坪铅锌矿方解石中甲烷包裹体密度分布(a)和捕获温度、压力分布(b)

      Fig.  6.  The density histogram of methane inclusions (a), and relationship of trapping temperatures and pressures of methane inclusions (b) trapped in quartz from well EYY-1 and calcite from Hejiaping lead-zinc deposit, Yichang area

      图  7  何家坪铅锌矿共生矿物闪锌矿和方铅矿的Rb-Sr等时线年龄(a)和方解石的Sm-Nd等时线年龄(b)

      Fig.  7.  Rb-Sr isochron dating of paragenetic mineral association sphalerite and galena (a), and Sm-Nd isochron dating of calcites (b) from the Hejianping lead-zinc deposit

      图  8  宜昌地区鄂阳页1井埋藏史-热史重建

      Fig.  8.  Modeling results of burial and thermal maturity histories of well EYY-1 in Yichang area

      表  1  宜昌地区鄂阳页1井页岩裂缝脉体和何家坪铅锌矿样品信息

      Table  1.   Details of samples selected from veins in well EYY1 and from Hejiaping lead-zinc deposit, Yichang area

      取样位置 样品号 取样层位 深度(m) 岩性 照片
      鄂阳页1井 EYY-1 寒武系牛蹄塘组() 2
      942.56
      含方解石脉页岩 图 3a
      鄂阳页1井 EYY-2 震旦系陡山陀组(Z1d) 3
      392.42
      含石英脉页岩 图 3b
      何家坪铅锌矿床 HJP1 震旦系灯影组(Z2dn) Ⅰ号矿体 闪锌矿、方铅矿、方解石 图 3c
      HJP2 闪锌矿、方铅矿、方解石
      HJP3 闪锌矿、方解石 图 3d
      HJP4 闪锌矿、方铅矿、方解石
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  宜昌地区鄂阳页1井页岩裂缝脉体和何家坪铅锌矿方解石中甲烷包裹体甲烷拉曼散射峰v1、密度、捕获温度和压力分布

      Table  2.   Measured peak positions (v1), calculated densities (ρ), and the trapping temperatures and pressures of methane inclusions in quartz and calcite veins from well EYY-1 and Hejiaping lead-zinc deposit in Yichang area

      样品 甲烷拉曼散射峰v1范围
      (cm-1)
      测点数
      (个)
      甲烷包裹体密度
      ρ(g/cm3)
      共生气-液两相盐水包裹体均一温度
      Th(℃)
      甲烷包裹体捕获压力
      P(MPa)
      鄂阳页1井页岩石英脉样品 2 910.937 5~2 911.121 0 2 0.261~0.271 179.8~182.9 96.6~106.2
      2 910.779 3~2 911.121 0 4 0.261~0.278 185.1~186.3 98.9~113.1
      2 910.779 3~2 911.467 9 4 0.244~0.278 189 86.9~114.2
      2 911.106 0~2 911.613 5 3 0.237~0.261 195.4~197.1 84.4~102.4
      2 910.779 3~2 910.937 5 2 0.271~0.278 210.2 115.5~122.2
      何家坪铅锌矿方解石样品 2 910.918 7 1 0.271 193.3 109.8
      2 911.105 5~2 911.613 5 3 0.238~0.262 206.9~215.8 87.3~109.1
      2 911.266 0~2 911.613 5 3 0.238~0.254 223.5 91.7~104.8
      2 911.266 0 1 0.254 227.3 105.9
      2 912.134 7 1 0.213 232.2 77.5
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  3  宜昌地区何家坪铅锌矿共生矿物闪锌矿和方铅矿的Rb-Sr同位素组成和方解石Sm-Nd同位素组成

      Table  3.   Results of Rb-Sr isotopic compositions of paragenetic mineral association sphalerite and galena, and Sm-Nd isotopic compositions of calcites from the Hejianping lead-zinc deposit in Yichang area

      样品号 矿物 Rb
      (10-6)
      Sr
      (10-6)
      87Rb/86Sr 87Sr/86Sr±2σ εSr
      (189 Ma)
      Sm
      (10-6)
      Nd
      (10-6)
      147Sm/144Nd 143Nd/144Nd±2σ
      共生矿物闪锌矿和方铅矿,图 7a
      HJP1-1 方铅矿 0.115 8 4.716 0 0.072 9 0.712 052±7 0.711 86
      HJP1-2 闪锌矿 0.380 7 0.349 5 3.218 0 0.720 678±8 0.712 20
      HJP2 闪锌矿 0.421 9 0.627 8 1.983 0 0.717 292±9 0.712 06
      HJP3-1 闪锌矿 0.873 6 0.445 3 5.782 0 0.727 411±9 0.712 13
      HJP4-1 闪锌矿 0.673 1 0.495 1 4.015 0 0.722 698±9 0.712 11
      与铅锌矿矿石密伴生的方解石,图 7b
      HJP1-3 方解石 7.903 0 98.47 0.237 8 0.712 799±8 0.712 17 0.120 5 0.213 8 0.342 9 0.512 482±9
      HJP3-2 方解石 3.692 0 95.61 0.114 6 0.712 329±8 0.712 03 0.152 6 0.311 4 0.295 2 0.512 421±7
      HJP4-2 方解石 0.271 8 87.24 0.092 7 0.712 293±7 0.712 27 0.311 2 0.236 5 0.794 3 0.513 042±7
      下载: 导出CSV
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