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    中国近海裂陷盆地始新世构造变革的厘定及地质意义:以北部湾盆地涠西南凹陷为例

    刘一鸣 吴智平 颜世永 杨希冰 平明明 张勐

    刘一鸣, 吴智平, 颜世永, 杨希冰, 平明明, 张勐, 2021. 中国近海裂陷盆地始新世构造变革的厘定及地质意义:以北部湾盆地涠西南凹陷为例. 地球科学, 46(6): 2145-2156. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.205
    引用本文: 刘一鸣, 吴智平, 颜世永, 杨希冰, 平明明, 张勐, 2021. 中国近海裂陷盆地始新世构造变革的厘定及地质意义:以北部湾盆地涠西南凹陷为例. 地球科学, 46(6): 2145-2156. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.205
    Liu Yiming, Wu Zhiping, Yan Shiyong, Yang Xibing, Ping Mingming, Zhang Meng, 2021. Identification of Eocene Tectonic Transition and Its Geological Significance of Rift Basins Offshore China: A Case Study in Weixi'nan Sag, Beibu Bay Basin. Earth Science, 46(6): 2145-2156. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.205
    Citation: Liu Yiming, Wu Zhiping, Yan Shiyong, Yang Xibing, Ping Mingming, Zhang Meng, 2021. Identification of Eocene Tectonic Transition and Its Geological Significance of Rift Basins Offshore China: A Case Study in Weixi'nan Sag, Beibu Bay Basin. Earth Science, 46(6): 2145-2156. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.205

    中国近海裂陷盆地始新世构造变革的厘定及地质意义:以北部湾盆地涠西南凹陷为例

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.205
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金 42072169

    国家科技重大专项 2016ZX05024-002-001

    国家科技重大专项 2016ZX05006-007

    国家公派留学基金 201706450007

    山东省自然科学基金 ZR2017BD013

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      刘一鸣(1991-), 男, 博士, 从事含油气盆地构造研究. ORCID: 0000-0002-5723-5746. E-mail: lymupc@126.com

      通讯作者:

      吴智平, E-mail: wuzp@upc.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P542

    Identification of Eocene Tectonic Transition and Its Geological Significance of Rift Basins Offshore China: A Case Study in Weixi'nan Sag, Beibu Bay Basin

    • 摘要: 为明确始新世构造变革事件在中国近海盆地的表现形式和空间展布范围,揭示其动力学成因,以北部湾盆地涠西南凹陷为例,利用最新的地质资料,对始新世构造变革界面进行了精细厘定.结果表明:盆地在始新世中、晚期经历了裂陷作用南北转变、断裂体系转型、地层挠曲变形和沉积-沉降中心迁移等构造转换过程;始新世构造变革的发生与周缘板块重组所诱导的区域应力场南北向转变有密切的动力学成因联系,尤其是与太平洋板块俯冲方向转变和印度-欧亚板块强烈碰撞紧密相关;该构造事件的发生,揭示了中国近海裂陷盆地演化具有统一性与差异性共存、继承性与改造性同在、伸展性和走滑性叠加的特点,其深刻影响了成藏要素的耦合匹配关系,深部优质烃源岩与浅部走滑相关构造的配置决定了油气优势成藏部位.

       

    • 图  1  北部湾盆地区域构造位置及北部坳陷构造格局立体显示

      Fig.  1.  Regional location of the Beibu Bay basin and 3D visualization of the tectonic pattern in Beibu depression

      图  2  涠西南凹陷构造格架剖面及地层柱状图

      Fig.  2.  Tectonic framework in cross section and stratigraphic column of Weixi'nan sag

      图  3  涠西南凹陷构造转型界面发育特征

      Fig.  3.  Characteristics of the tectonic transition boundary of Weixi'nan sag

      图  4  北部湾盆地涠西南裂陷期次级断裂体系剖面特征

      Fig.  4.  Cross section characteristics of minor fault system in Weixinan sag, Beibu Bay basin

      图  5  涠西南凹陷活动断裂体系展布及走向

      Fig.  5.  Syn-rift fault system distribution and their strikes

      图  6  北部湾盆地北部坳陷构造沉降史

      井位置见图 1

      Fig.  6.  Tectonic subsidence history of the Beibu depression, Beibu Bay basin

      图  7  北部坳陷裂陷期沉积中心迁移特征

      Fig.  7.  Migrating feature of the depocenters of Beibu depression during rifting stages

      图  8  北部湾盆地北部坳陷断裂成因的构造物理模拟实验

      Fig.  8.  Analogue modelling of the origin of fault system in Beibu depression, Beibu Bay basin

      图  9  北部湾盆地周缘始新世区域构造背景(据Müller et al., 2016)

      Fig.  9.  Regional tectonics of Eocene Beibu Bay basin and its adjacent area (modified from Müller et al., 2016)

      图  10  中国近海盆地始新世构造变革模式

      Fig.  10.  Tectonic transition model of the Eocene China offshore basins

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