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    基于砾石-基质-裂缝三元素的砂砾岩岩相划分

    鲍怡晨 刘强虎 杜晓峰 王维 石文龙

    鲍怡晨, 刘强虎, 杜晓峰, 王维, 石文龙, 2021. 基于砾石-基质-裂缝三元素的砂砾岩岩相划分. 地球科学, 46(6): 2157-2171. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.284
    引用本文: 鲍怡晨, 刘强虎, 杜晓峰, 王维, 石文龙, 2021. 基于砾石-基质-裂缝三元素的砂砾岩岩相划分. 地球科学, 46(6): 2157-2171. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.284
    Bao Yichen, Liu Qianghu, Du Xiaofeng, Wang Wei, Shi Wenlong, 2021. Division of Glutenite Lithofacies Based on the Trielement of Gravel-Matrix-Fracture. Earth Science, 46(6): 2157-2171. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.284
    Citation: Bao Yichen, Liu Qianghu, Du Xiaofeng, Wang Wei, Shi Wenlong, 2021. Division of Glutenite Lithofacies Based on the Trielement of Gravel-Matrix-Fracture. Earth Science, 46(6): 2157-2171. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.284

    基于砾石-基质-裂缝三元素的砂砾岩岩相划分

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.284
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 41902112

    国家科技重大专项 2016ZX05024-003-007

    中海油科技专项 CCL2019TJT0NST1714

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      鲍怡晨(1997-), 女, 硕士研究生, 研究方向为储层地质学. ORCID: 0000-0002-5351-2750. E-mail: byc@cug.edu.cn

      通讯作者:

      刘强虎, ORCID: 0000-0001-8505-1779. E-mail: liuqh@cug.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P618.13

    Division of Glutenite Lithofacies Based on the Trielement of Gravel-Matrix-Fracture

    • 摘要: 近年来砂砾岩油气藏勘探不断获得重大发现,使得砂砾岩体成为油气勘探的新领域.当前,砂砾岩体侧重于沉积响应分析,针对其特征的岩相组合划分及差异性探讨较薄弱,缺乏统一划分标准,尤其是在渤海湾盆地渤南低凸起南侧断坡区古近系砂砾岩存在多砾石组分、复合成岩作用影响,极大制约优质砂砾岩储层的分布预测、评价.因为研究区内多物源供给,砾石组分、支撑类型和基质类型多样,基于区内典型钻井岩心、镜下综合观察及扫描电镜分析,提出“以沉积岩、变质岩及岩浆岩三种母岩类型为一级划分标准,支撑类型和基质类型作为二级划分标准”,将砂砾岩岩相划分为三大类、七小类,依次为:(1)以火山岩砾石为主的基质支撑-砂级基质-构造缝-砾岩相、颗粒支撑-砂级基质-砾缘缝-砾岩相、基质支撑-泥级基质-砾岩相,(2)以碳酸盐岩砾石为主的基质支撑-砂级基质-砾岩相、基质支撑-砂级基质-角砾岩相,(3)以变质岩砾石为主的胶结物支撑-砂级基质-含砾砂岩相及颗粒支撑-砂级基质-压实砾内缝-含砾砂岩相.不同砾石类型储层中,基质类型和裂缝发育程度具有明显的差异性,泥质含量高的储层渗透性很差,裂缝发育会改善其孔隙的连通性,并诱导形成砾内溶蚀和基质溶蚀,从而改善储集物性.

       

    • 图  1  黄河口凹陷构造单元区划分及主干断裂分布

      一级断裂:F1为郯庐断裂东支,F2为郯庐断裂西支1号断裂,F3为郯庐断裂西支2号断裂,F4黄河口1号断裂,F5为渤南1号断裂

      Fig.  1.  Division of structural units and distribution of main faults in the Huanghekou sag

      图  2  黄河口凹陷BZ26-2-2D—BZ26-2-3D—BZ27-2-2—BZ28-1-5—BZ33-1-1—BZ34-2-1井连井格架剖面

      Fig.  2.  Well cross-section profile of BZ26-2-2D—BZ26-2-3D—BZ27-2-2—BZ28-1-5—BZ33-1-1—BZ34-2-1 in the Huanghekou sag

      图  3  黄河口凹陷砂砾岩砾石类型

      a.BZ26-2-2D孔店组安山岩砾石;b.BZ28-1-5孔店组安山岩砾石;c.BZ28-2-1孔店组凝灰岩;d.BZ34-2-1沙三段变质花岗岩砾石;e.BZ26-2-3D沙一段硅质岩砾石;f.BZ26-2-3D孔店组灰岩砾石与花岗岩砾石共生

      Fig.  3.  Gravel type of glutenite in the Huanghekou sag

      图  4  黄河口凹陷基质类型

      a.BZ26-2-2D,Ek,火山岩砾石砂级基质;b.BZ28-1-5,Ek,火山岩砾石砂级基质;c.BZ34-2-1,Ek,火山岩砾石泥级基质;d.BZ26-2-2D,Ek,裂缝诱导下砾石斑晶、杏仁体溶蚀;e.BZ28-1-5,Ek,砾石斑晶溶蚀形成溶蚀孔;f.BZ34-2-1,Ek,高泥质含量,裂缝欠发育,以残留孔隙为主;g.BZ34-2-1,Es3,花岗片麻岩内钾长石表面溶蚀黏土化;h.BZ26-2-3D,Es1,云质泥晶套发育增强抗压实作用;i.BZ26-2-23D,Ek1,不等粒砂岩中长石溶蚀为高岭石,产生粘土矿物

      Fig.  4.  The matrix content in the Huanghekou sag

      图  5  黄河口凹陷岩心尺度裂缝发育特征

      a.BZ26-2-2D,Ek,高角度裂缝,砾内缝溶蚀扩大,部分基质裂缝被黄铁矿充填;b.BZ26-2-2D,Ek,开启裂缝,砾内缝和穿砾缝发育;c.BZ28-1-5,Ek,砾缘缝发育;d.BZ26-2-2D,Ek,局部裂缝发育,垂向连续性差;e.BZ26-2-2D,Ek,裂缝孔洞被方解石充填

      Fig.  5.  Characteristics of core-scale fracture development in the Huanghekou sag

      图  6  黄河口凹陷镜下微观尺度裂缝发育特征

      a.BZ26-2-2D,Ek,裂缝诱导砾内溶蚀孔;b.BZ28-1-5,Ek,砾缘缝;c.BZ34-2-1,Es3砾内缝和砾缘缝

      Fig.  6.  Characteristics of micro-scale fracture development under microscope in the Huanghekou sag

      图  7  黄河口凹陷古近系砂砾岩岩相类型

      Fig.  7.  Lithofacies of Paleogene sandstone and conglomerate in the Huanghekou sag

      图  8  黄河口凹陷中生界火山岩砾石岩相类型

      a.BZ26-2-2D,Ek,基质支撑-砂级基质-构造缝-砾岩相;b.BZ26-2-2D,Ek,砾石呈高角度定向排列;c.BZ26-2-2D,Ek,中酸性火山岩砾石;d.BZ28-1-5,Ek,颗粒支撑-砂级基质-砾缘缝-砾岩相;e.BZ28-1-5,Ek,砾石支撑方式为颗粒支撑,颗粒间点接触;f.BZ28-1-5,Ek,砾石为低角度水平排列,可见垂向序列;g.BZ34-2-1,Ek,基质支撑-泥基基质-砾岩相;h.BZ34-2-1,Ek,砾石漂浮于基质中;i.BZ34-2-1,Ek,特殊岩性段

      Fig.  8.  Mesozoic volcanic boulder lithofacies type in the Huanghekou sag

      图  9  黄河口凹陷BZ26-2-3D井3 250.1 m,场发射扫描电镜

      Fig.  9.  BZ26-2-3D, 3 250.1 m, field emission scanning electron microscope (sem) in the Huanghekou sag

      图  10  黄河口凹陷古生界碳酸盐岩砾石岩相类型

      a,b.BZ26-2-3D,Ek,基质支撑-砂级基质-砾岩相;c,d.BZ26-2-2D,Ek,基质支撑-砂级基质-角砾岩相

      Fig.  10.  Paleozoic carbonate-gravel lithofacies type in the Huanghekou sag

      图  11  黄河口凹陷前寒武变质岩砾石相类型

      a,b.BZ27-2-2,Es12,胶结物支撑-砂级基质-含砾砂岩相;c,d.BZ34-2-1,Es3,颗粒支撑-砂级基质-含砾砂岩相

      Fig.  11.  Gravel facies types of Precambrian metamorphic rocks in the Huanghekou sag

      图  12  黄河口凹陷北缘地区古近系母岩岩性平面分布

      a.孔店组时期渤南低凸起母岩岩性及分布图; b.沙三时期渤南低凸起母岩岩性及分布图; c.沙一、二时期渤南低凸起母岩岩性及分布图

      Fig.  12.  Plane distribution of Paleogene lithology of parent rock in the northern margin of Huanghekou sag

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    • 收稿日期:  2020-07-23
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