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    关于南海北部特提斯的讨论

    栾锡武 王嘉 刘鸿 张亮 鲁银涛

    栾锡武, 王嘉, 刘鸿, 张亮, 鲁银涛, 2021. 关于南海北部特提斯的讨论. 地球科学, 46(3): 866-884. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.332
    引用本文: 栾锡武, 王嘉, 刘鸿, 张亮, 鲁银涛, 2021. 关于南海北部特提斯的讨论. 地球科学, 46(3): 866-884. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.332
    Luan Xiwu, Wang Jia, Liu Hong, Zhang Liang, Lu Yintao, 2021. A Discussion on Tethys in Northern Margin of South China Sea. Earth Science, 46(3): 866-884. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.332
    Citation: Luan Xiwu, Wang Jia, Liu Hong, Zhang Liang, Lu Yintao, 2021. A Discussion on Tethys in Northern Margin of South China Sea. Earth Science, 46(3): 866-884. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.332

    关于南海北部特提斯的讨论

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.332
    基金项目: 

    中国-东盟海上合作基金项目 12120100500017001

    国家基金重大研究计划项目 92055211

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      栾锡武(1966), 男, 研究员, 博士生导师, 主要从事海洋地球物理研究.ORCID: 0000-0003-4874-241X.E-mail: xluan@qnlm.ac

    • 中图分类号: P736

    A Discussion on Tethys in Northern Margin of South China Sea

    • 摘要: 南海及邻区处于欧亚大陆与冈瓦纳古陆拼合带的东南端,是特提斯构造域和濒太平洋构造域交汇的重要地区.特提斯缝合带沿金沙江-哀牢山构造带进入南海,人们从而认为南海可能存在特提斯洋遗迹,并认为缝合带存在于磁静区中.本文通过对南海北部陆坡地球物理资料的解释结果,包括重力、磁力、海底地震和深反射地震数据,以及区域地质特征分析,研究了南海北部陆缘高磁异常带和磁静区的成因.结果表明高磁异常带是中白垩世时期古太平洋板块转向俯冲形成的陆缘火山弧,当时存在古俯冲带.磁静区经历了后期大陆边缘张裂和古南海和南海的打开,并经历了高温热物质的底辟作用,使得地壳拉张减薄,居里面抬升形成磁静区.经历了南海的扩张后,原始的俯冲带可能已经向南迁移到南海南部或者已经俯冲消失,其中也不存在缝合带.

       

    • 图  1  南海北部陆缘地形及深部地壳探测剖面位置

      Fig.  1.  Topography of South China Sea north margin and locations of OBS\OBH\ESP\MSCS profiles

      图  2  南海北部大陆边缘(a)空间重力异常,(b)布格重力异常

      Fig.  2.  Gravity (a: free-air, b: Bouguer) anomaly of South China Sea

      图  3  南海地区磁异常分布特征

      Fig.  3.  Magnetic anomaly of South China Sea

      图  4  OBS1993剖面的地壳结构模型

      Yan et al.(2001)

      Fig.  4.  Crustal model of OBS1993 in northern margin of South China Sea

      图  5  OBS2001剖面的P波地壳速度结构模型

      Wang et al.(2006)

      Fig.  5.  Crustal structure based on P velocity of OBS2001

      图  6  DSRP2002剖面的地壳结构模型

      黄春菊等(2005)修改

      Fig.  6.  Crustal structure profile of DSRP2002

      图  7  ESP-E1985剖面的布格重力异常(a)、归一化总梯度剖面(b)和地质模型(c)

      Hayes et al.(1995)

      Fig.  7.  Bouguer gravity along ESP-E1985 (a), normalized total gravity gradient (b) and crustal structure (c)

      图  8  南海北部大陆边缘中生代基底分布与高磁异常带的对应关系

      孙晓猛等(2014);一统暗沙断裂据朱伟林等(2017);东沙断裂据栾锡武等(2009)

      Fig.  8.  High magnetic anomaly belt superimposed on the Late Mesozoic paleogeographic maps of basement of northern SCS margin

      图  9  南海北部陆缘基底花岗岩年龄与高磁异常位置关系

      AA’BB’为两条多道地震剖面,见图 10,据张青林等(2018);04-08ec1555为多道地震剖面,五角星为IODP钻孔位置,据Sun et al.(2018)

      Fig.  9.  High magnetic anomaly belt superimposed on the age map of basement granite of northern SCS margin

      图  10  中生代地层及挤压变形

      剖面位置见图 9,据张青林等(2018)

      Fig.  10.  Seismic profiles show the folding of the Mesozoic strata

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    • 收稿日期:  2020-10-15
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