• 中国出版政府奖提名奖

    中国百强科技报刊

    湖北出版政府奖

    中国高校百佳科技期刊

    中国最美期刊

    留言板

    尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

    姓名
    邮箱
    手机号码
    标题
    留言内容
    验证码

    三沙湾亚硝酸氮、氨氮、磷酸盐的异常、机制及影响

    林沐东 于俊杰 刘晓强 牛淑杰 同萌 郭慧婷 李茂田

    林沐东, 于俊杰, 刘晓强, 牛淑杰, 同萌, 郭慧婷, 李茂田, 2021. 三沙湾亚硝酸氮、氨氮、磷酸盐的异常、机制及影响. 地球科学, 46(11): 4107-4117. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.368
    引用本文: 林沐东, 于俊杰, 刘晓强, 牛淑杰, 同萌, 郭慧婷, 李茂田, 2021. 三沙湾亚硝酸氮、氨氮、磷酸盐的异常、机制及影响. 地球科学, 46(11): 4107-4117. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.368
    Lin Mudong, Yu Junjie, Liu Xiaoqiang, Niu Shujie, Tong Meng, Guo Huiting, Li Maotian, 2021. Abnormalities, Mechanisms and Effects of Nitrite Nitrogen, Ammonia Nitrogen and Phosphate in Sansha Bay. Earth Science, 46(11): 4107-4117. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.368
    Citation: Lin Mudong, Yu Junjie, Liu Xiaoqiang, Niu Shujie, Tong Meng, Guo Huiting, Li Maotian, 2021. Abnormalities, Mechanisms and Effects of Nitrite Nitrogen, Ammonia Nitrogen and Phosphate in Sansha Bay. Earth Science, 46(11): 4107-4117. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.368

    三沙湾亚硝酸氮、氨氮、磷酸盐的异常、机制及影响

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.368
    基金项目: 

    中国地质调查局项目 DD20189505

    国家自然科学基金项目 41671007

    国家重点研发计划项目 2016YFE0133700

    国家重点研发计划项目 2017YFC0506002

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      林沐东(1996-), 男, 硕士, 主要从事河口海岸动力、沉积地貌过程研究.ORCID: 0000-0002-9065-9081.E-mail: 51183904051@stu.ecnu.edu.cn

      通讯作者:

      于俊杰, E-mail: 25320701@qq.com

    • 中图分类号: P9

    Abnormalities, Mechanisms and Effects of Nitrite Nitrogen, Ammonia Nitrogen and Phosphate in Sansha Bay

    • 摘要: 闽东三沙湾是最典型的多河流汇入的封闭型海湾,是世界上最大的大黄鱼网箱养殖基地和全国最主要的渔业养殖基地之一,多次调查却发现该湾藻类生产量远低于其他海湾,呈现"营养多藻类少"独特的生态特征,但都没有深入讨论其机制.本研究2018-2020年采用定点和大面走航方式,调查了5项营养盐(活性硅酸盐(SiO3-Si)、硝酸氮(NO3-N)、亚硝酸氮(NO2-N)、氨氮(NH4-N)、活性磷酸盐(PO4-P))的潮汐运动及空间分布,结果发现:(1)流域输入导致SiO3-Si、NO3-N落憩浓度大于涨憩浓度,并从岸向湾内随盐度增加而线性减少.(2)湾内养殖和自然生态系统输出导致NO2-N、NH4-N、PO4-P涨憩浓度大于落憩浓度,洪季浓度大于枯季浓度,从岸向湾NO2-N随盐度增加而非线性增加,NH4-N、PO4-P随盐度增加而平均分布等异常现象,但沿岸排污口附近NH4-N、PO4-P呈落憩浓度大于涨憩浓度.(3)湾内养殖和沿岸排污输入的高浓度NH4-N、PO4-P,是三沙湾水质严重污染和富营养化的主要原因,湾内养殖引起的高浓度NO2-N是引起三沙湾"营养多藻类少灾害多"这一独特的生态特征的主要因素.

       

    • 图  1  三沙湾水质采样和调查点分布

      Ⅰ~Ⅴ表示5个断面

      Fig.  1.  Distribution of surface water samples in the Sansha Bay

      图  2  定点站水文和营养盐的潮汐变化

      Fig.  2.  Tidal changes of hydrology and nutrients at fixed stations

      图  3  2020年6月份三沙湾表层水体盐度与5项营养盐空间分布特征

      Fig.  3.  Spatial distribution of salinity and nutrients in surface water of the Sansha Bay in flood season

      图  4  三沙湾由陆向海五个断面的水质分布变化

      Fig.  4.  Changes of nutrients from land to sea along five sections in the Sansha Bay

      图  5  洪季三沙湾营养盐和盐度的关系

      Fig.  5.  The relationship between nutrients and salinity in the Sansha Bay of flood season

      表  1  潜在性富营养化评价表

      Table  1.   Classification of potential nutrient levels

      等级 富养级 DIN(μmol·L-1) PO4-P(μmol·L-1) N: P
      I 贫营养 < 14.28 < 0.97 8~30
      II 中度营养 14.28~21.41 0.97~1.45 8~30
      III 富营养 < 21.41 < 1.45 8~30
      IVP 磷限制中度营养 14.28~21.41 < 30
      VP 磷中等限制潜在性富营养 < 21.41 30~60
      VIP 磷限制潜在性富营养 < 21.41 < 60
      IVN 氮限制中度营养 0.97~1.45 < 8
      VN 氮中等限制潜在性富营养 < 1.45 4~8
      VIN 氮限制潜在性富营养 < 1.45 < 4
      注:郭卫东等(1998).
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  三个定点五项营养盐的落憩/涨憩比值

      Table  2.   Five nutrients of three fixed-stations fall rest/rise rest ratio

      SiO3-Si NO3-N NH4-N PO4-P NO2-N
      S1-大金溪 2.86 1.20 2.58 1.75 0.96
      S2-白马港 1.77 1.44 0.30 0.70 0.48
      S3-盐田港 1.19 1.38 0.69 0.50 0.62
      下载: 导出CSV
    • [1] Avigliano, E., Schenone, N., 2016. Water Quality in Atlantic Rainforest Mountain Rivers (South America): Quality Indices Assessment, Nutrients Distribution, and Consumption Effect. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 23(15): 15063-15075. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-6646-9
      [2] Black, E., Gowen, R., Rosenthal, H., et al., 1997. The Costs of Eutrophication from Salmon Farming: Implications for Policy-A Comment. Journal of Environmental Management, 50: 105-109. https://doi.org/10.1006/jema.1996.0096
      [3] Cai, Y.T., 2010. Distribution of Chlorophyll a and Primary Productivity in Fujian Coastal Water. Journal of Agro-Environment Science, 29(S1): 174-179 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTotal-NHBH2010S1035.htm
      [4] Chen, Y., 2015. Study on Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation of Water Quality of Jiaoxi Stream. Hydraulic Science and Technology, (4): 6-10 (in Chinese).
      [5] China Gulf History Compilation Committee, 1994. China Gulf History-Volume Seven-North Bay of Fujian Province. China Ocean Press, Beijing (in Chinese).
      [6] Dong, Y.B., Dai, Y.Y., 2011. Research Survey of Toxic Effects of Nitrite to Aquatic Animals. Journal of Aquaculture, 32(4): 28-32 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTotal-SCYZ201104014.htm
      [7] Guo, W.D., Zhang, X.M., Yang, Y.P., et al., 1998. Potential Eutrophication Assessment for Chinese Coastal Waters. Journal of Oceanography in Taiwan Strait, 17(1): 64-70 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      [8] Hall, P., Holby, O., Kollberg, S., et al., 1992. Chemical Fluxes and Mass Balances in a Marine Fishcagefarm. IV Nitrogen. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 89: 81-91. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps089081
      [9] Huang, B., Qian, L.M., Liu, J.F., 2002. Nutrient Salts Content and Eutrophication Assessment for Sanduao Sea Area, Fujian. Journal of Oceanography in Taiwan Strait, 21(4): 411-415 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-TWHX200204004.htm
      [10] Jiang, S., 2012. Research on Water Pollution Characteristics of Main Rivers in Fujian and Inland Rivers of Fuzhou City (Dissertation). Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, 66 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      [11] Kou, H.Y., Xian, J.A., Guo, H., et al., 2014. Research Progress of Toxic Effects of Nitrite on Shrimp. Marine Sciences, 38(2): 107-115 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://www.cqvip.com/main/zcps.aspx?c=1&id=49686943
      [12] Li, G., Han, Z.W., Shen, C.H., et al., 2019. Distribution Characteristics and Causes of Nitrate in Waters of Typical Small Karst Catchment: A Case of the Houzhai River Catchment. Earth Science, 44(9): 2899-2908 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTotal-DQKX201909008.htm
      [13] Li, M., Zheng, X.L., Li, L.L., 2007. Effects of Salinity on the Nitrification of Activated Sludge before and after Acclimation. Chinese Journal of Environmental Engineering, 1(10): 108-111 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://www.oalib.com/paper/1605924
      [14] Li, X.D., 2012. Analysis on Characteristics of Red Tide in Fujian Coastal Waters during the Last 10 Years. Environmental Science, 33(7): 2210-2216 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://europepmc.org/abstract/med/23002593
      [15] Lin, X.J., Gao, S., Zhang, T.Y., et al., 2018. Researching Progress and Application Status of Eutrophication Evaluation Method of Seawater. Advances in Earth Science, 33(4): 373-384 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/ http://search.cnki.net/down/default.aspx?filename=DXJZ201804008&dbcode=CJFD&year=2018&dflag=pdfdown
      [16] Lin, X. N., 2014. Investigation of Chlorophyll a and Primary Productivity in Baima Port, Sansha Bay, Fujian Province. Science & Technology Information, 12(16): 231-232 (in Chinese). http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTotal-ZXLJ201416183.htm
      [17] Liu, S. Y., 2014. Prediction and Early-Warning of Water Quality in Aquaculture Based on Computational Intelligence (Dissertation), China Agricultural University, Beijing, 137 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      [18] Liu, Y.F., 2013. Study on Distributions and Eutrophication of Phosphorus in the Sansha Bay. Environmental Protection Science, 39(4): 43-47 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://www.zhangqiaokeyan.com/academic-journal-cn_environmental-protection-science_thesis/0201217323224.html
      [19] Parker, A. E., Dugdale, R. C., Wilkerson, F. P., 2012. Elevated Ammonium Concentrations from Wastewater Discharge Depress Primary Productivity in the Sacramento River and the Northern San Francisco Estuary. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 64(3): 574-586. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2011.12.016
      [20] Peng, Y.H., Wang, Z.D., 1991. Evaluation of the Eutrophication Level of the Pearl River Estuary. Marine Environmental Science, 10(3): 7-13 (in Chinese).
      [21] Phillips, M.J., Beveridge, M.C.M., Ross, L.G., 1985. The Environmental Impact of Salmonid Cage Culture on Inland Fisheries: Present Status and Future Trends. Journal of Fish Biology, 27: 123-137. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.1985.tb03236.x
      [22] Ren, M.M., Huang, F., Hu X.N., et al., 2020. Characteristics and Sources of Dissolved Inorganic Carbon and Nitrate in Lijiang River Basin. Earth Science, 45(5): 1830-1843 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      [23] Shen, S., Ma, T., Du, Y., et al., 2017. Dynamic Variations of Nitrogen in Groundwater under Influence of Seasonal Hydrological Condition in Typical Area of Jianghan Plain. Earth Science, 42(5): 674-684 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-DQKX201705002.htm
      [24] Shi, N., 2008. Research on the Impact of Human Development and Utilization on the Changes of Sansha Bay Water Environment Quality (Dissertation). Hohai University, Nanjing (in Chinese with English abstract).
      [25] Wang, W.T., Cao, X.H., Yuan, Y.Q., et al., 2016. Variation and Controlling Factor of Nutrient Distribution in Changjiang River Estuary and Adjacent Areas in 2012. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica, 47(4): 804-812 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://www.researchgate.net/publication/325908051_Variation_and_controlling_factor_of_nutrient_distribution_in_Changjiang_River_estuary_and_adjacent_areas_in_2012
      [26] Wang, X., Liu, Y.F., Guo, W., 2019. Evaluation of Environmental Quality and Change Trend in Sansha Bay Mariculture Area in Recent Ten Years. Journal of Fisheries Research, 41(6): 519-525 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTotal-FJSC201906009.htm
      [27] Wang, Y. J., Liu, D. Y., Dong, Z. J., et al., 2012. Temporal and Spatial Distributions of Nutrients under the Influence of Human Activities in Sishili Bay, Northern Yellow Sea of China. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 64(12): 2708-2719. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2012.09.024
      [28] Wang, Z.F., Yao, L.K., Ruan, X.Z., 1983. Distribution and Change Characteristics of Nutrients (N, P, Si) in the Yangtze River Estuary. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica, 14(4): 324-332 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      [29] Wei, M.X., Lai, T.H., He, B.M., 2001. Contents and Percentage Composition of Three States of Nitrogen and in Shellfish-Breeding Sea Field of Inner Qinzhou Bay, Guangxi. Journal of Oceagraphy in Taiwan Strait, 20(4): 441-446 (in Chinese). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-TWHX200104004.htm
      [30] Xi, S.S., Zhou, C.C., Liu, G.J., et al., 2016. Spatial and Temporal Distributions of Nitrogen and Phosphate in the Chaohu Lake. Environmental Science, 37(2): 542-547 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/27363142
      [31] Yang, B., Fang, H.Y., Zhong, Q.P., et al., 2012. Distribution Characteristics of Nutrients and Eutrophication Assessment in Summer in Qinzhou Bay. Marine Science Bulletin, 31(6): 640-645 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/ http://search.cnki.net/down/default.aspx?filename=HUTB201206011&dbcode=CJFD&year=2012&dflag=pdfdown
      [32] Ye, X., Chen, J., Ji, W.D., et al., 2011. Research the Biogeochemical Processes of Nutrients in Minjiang Estuary. Environmental Science, 32(2): 375-383 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/21528557
      [33] Yin, J.Y., Jin, C.J., Shi, X.Y., et al., 2017. Distribution and Seasonal Variation in Dissolved Inorganic Nitrogen of the Yellow Sea in Summer and Autumn of 2013. Marine Science Bulletin, 36(1): 74-81 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://www.en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/ http://search.cnki.net/down/default.aspx?filename=HUTB201701010&dbcode=CJFD&year=2017&dflag=pdfdown
      [34] Yu, L.X., Jian, H.M., Wang, Z.K., et al., 2011. The Mixing Behavior of Nutrients in Summer at Liaohe Estuary. Marine Sciences, 35(12): 68-74 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/ http://search.cnki.net/down/default.aspx?filename=HYKX201112011&dbcode=CJFD&year=2011&dflag=pdfdown
      [35] Zhang, J., 2009. Basic Principles of Offshore Biogeochemistry. Higher Education Press, Beijing (in Chinese).
      [36] Zhang, L., Shi, Z., Zhang, J. P., et al., 2016. Characteristics of Nutrients and Phytoplankton Productivity in Guangdong Coastal Regions, South China. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 113(1/2): 572-578. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.08.081
      [37] Zhang, Y.H., Wang, W.Q., Huang, Z. Q, 1999. Salinity Fronts and Chemical Behaviour of Nutrient in Jiulongjiang Estuary. Marine Environmental Science, 18(4): 1-7 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-HYHJ199904000.htm
      [38] Zhu, F., Shi, Z.Z., Ling, X.W., et al., 2013. Relationship between Cage Aquaculture and Environmental Quality in Sansha Bay of Ningde. Marine Science Bulletin, 32(2): 171-177 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTotal-HUTB201302007.htm
      [39] 蔡玉婷, 2010. 福建近海叶绿素a和初级生产力的分布特征. 农业环境科学学报, 29(S1): 174-179. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-NHBH2010S1035.htm
      [40] 陈宇, 2015. 交溪干流水质模糊综合评价研究. 水利科技, (4): 6-10. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SLKI201504003.htm
      [41] 中国海湾志编纂委员会, 1994. 中国海湾志(第七分册)——福建省北部海湾. 北京: 海洋出版社.
      [42] 董玉波, 戴媛媛, 2011. 亚硝酸盐氮对水产经济动物毒性影响的研究概况. 水产养殖, 32(4): 28-32. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-2091.2011.04.008
      [43] 郭卫东, 章小明, 杨逸萍, 等, 1998. 中国近岸海域潜在性富营养化程度的评价. 台湾海峡, 17(1): 64-70. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-TWHX199801010.htm
      [44] 黄标, 钱鲁闽, 刘家富, 2002. 福建三都澳水产养殖区水体氮磷含量及潜在性富营养化程度分析. 台湾海峡, 21(4): 411-415. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-8160.2002.04.004
      [45] 江硕, 2012. 福建主要河流及福州城市内河水污染特征研究(硕士学位论文). 福州: 福建农林大学, 66.
      [46] 寇红岩, 冼健安, 郭慧, 等, 2014. 亚硝酸盐对虾类毒性影响的研究进展. 海洋科学, 38(2): 107-115. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-HYKX201402017.htm
      [47] 李耕, 韩志伟, 申春华, 等, 2019. 典型岩溶小流域水体中硝酸盐分布特征及成因: 以普定后寨河流域为例. 地球科学, 44(9): 2899-2908. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.170
      [48] 李梅, 郑西来, 李玲玲, 2007. 盐度对活性污泥驯化前后硝化特性的影响. 环境工程学报, 1(10): 108-111. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-9108.2007.10.025
      [49] 李雪丁, 2012. 福建沿海近10 a赤潮基本特征分析. 环境科学, 33(7): 2210-2216. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-HJKZ201207011.htm
      [50] 林晓娟, 高姗, 仉天宇, 等, 2018. 海水富营养化评价方法的研究进展与应用现状. 地球科学进展, 33(4): 373-384. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DXJZ201804008.htm
      [51] 林吓宁, 2014. 福建省三沙湾白马港海域叶绿素a与初级生产力的调查. 科技资讯, 12(16): 231-232. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-3791.2014.16.180
      [52] 刘双印, 2014. 基于计算智能的水产养殖水质预测预警方法研究(博士学位论文). 北京: 中国农业大学, 137.
      [53] 刘义峰, 2013. 三沙湾海水中磷的分布和富营养化研究. 环境保护科学, 39(4): 43-47. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-6216.2013.04.009
      [54] 彭云辉, 王肇鼎, 1991. 珠江河口富营养化水平评价. 海洋环境科学, 10(3): 7-13. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-HYHJ199103001.htm
      [55] 任梦梦, 黄芬, 胡晓农, 等, 2020. 漓江流域碳氮同位素组成特征及其来源初探. 地球科学, 45(5): 1830-1843. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.206
      [56] 沈帅, 马腾, 杜尧, 等, 2017. 江汉平原典型地区季节性水文条件影响下氮的动态变化规律. 地球科学, 42(5): 674-684. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.055
      [57] 石宁, 2008. 人类开发利用对三沙湾水环境质量变化的影响研究(硕士学位论文). 南京: 河海大学.
      [58] 王文涛, 曹西华, 袁涌铨, 等, 2016. 2012年长江口及其邻近海域营养盐分布的季节变化及影响因素. 海洋与湖沼, 47(4): 804-812. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-HYFZ201604014.htm
      [59] 王萱, 刘义峰, 郭伟, 2019. 近十年三沙湾海水增养殖区环境质量状况与变化趋势评价. 渔业研究, 41(6): 519-525. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-FJSC201906009.htm
      [60] 王正方, 姚龙奎, 阮小正, 1983. 长江口营养盐(N, P, Si)分布与变化特征. 海洋与湖沼, 14(4): 324-332. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-HYFZ198304002.htm
      [61] 韦蔓新, 赖廷和, 何本茂, 2001. 广西钦州内湾贝类养殖海区三氮的含量和百分组成. 台湾海峡, 20(4): 441-446. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-8160.2001.04.005
      [62] 奚姗姗, 周春财, 刘桂建, 等, 2016. 巢湖水体氮磷营养盐时空分布特征. 环境科学, 37(2): 542-547. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-HJKZ201602022.htm
      [63] 杨斌, 方怀义, 钟秋平, 等, 2012. 钦州湾夏季营养盐的分布特征及富营养化评价. 海洋通报, 31(6): 640-645. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-HUTB201206011.htm
      [64] 叶翔, 陈坚, 暨卫东, 等, 2011. 闽江口营养盐生物地球化学过程研究. 环境科学, 32(2): 375-383. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-HJKZ201102013.htm
      [65] 殷京玉, 金春洁, 石晓勇, 等, 2017.2013年夏秋季黄海溶解无机氮的分布及季节变化特征. 海洋通报, 36(1): 74-81. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-HUTB201701010.htm
      [66] 于立霞, 简慧敏, 王兆锟, 等, 2011. 夏季辽河口各形态营养盐的河口混合行为. 海洋科学, 35(12): 68-74. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-HYKX201112011.htm
      [67] 张经, 2009. 近海生物地球化学的基本原理. 北京: 高等教育出版社.
      [68] 张远辉, 王伟强, 黄自强, 1999. 九龙江口盐度锋面及其营养盐的化学行为. 海洋环境科学, 18(4): 1-7. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1007-6336.1999.04.001
      [69] 朱峰, 石志洲, 凌信文, 等, 2013. 宁德三沙湾网箱养殖与环境质量的关系. 海洋通报, 32(2): 171-177. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-HUTB201302007.htm
    • 加载中
    图(5) / 表(2)
    计量
    • 文章访问数:  96
    • HTML全文浏览量:  75
    • PDF下载量:  18
    • 被引次数: 0
    出版历程
    • 收稿日期:  2020-10-21
    • 网络出版日期:  2021-12-04
    • 刊出日期:  2021-11-30

    目录

      /

      返回文章
      返回