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    西昆仑地区苦水湖富锂盐湖水化学特征及成盐元素来源

    李玉龙 苗卫良 张西营 贺茂勇 唐启亮 杨凯源 李永寿 韩继龙 赵雪

    李玉龙, 苗卫良, 张西营, 贺茂勇, 唐启亮, 杨凯源, 李永寿, 韩继龙, 赵雪, 2021. 西昆仑地区苦水湖富锂盐湖水化学特征及成盐元素来源. 地球科学, 46(11): 4161-4174. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.370
    引用本文: 李玉龙, 苗卫良, 张西营, 贺茂勇, 唐启亮, 杨凯源, 李永寿, 韩继龙, 赵雪, 2021. 西昆仑地区苦水湖富锂盐湖水化学特征及成盐元素来源. 地球科学, 46(11): 4161-4174. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.370
    Li Yulong, Miao Weiliang, Zhang Xiying, He Maoyong, Tang Qiliang, Yang Kaiyuan, Li Yongshou, Han Jilong, Zhao Xue, 2021. Hydrochemical Characteristics and Salt-Formation Elements Sources of Li-Rich Brines in Kushui Lake, West Kunlun. Earth Science, 46(11): 4161-4174. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.370
    Citation: Li Yulong, Miao Weiliang, Zhang Xiying, He Maoyong, Tang Qiliang, Yang Kaiyuan, Li Yongshou, Han Jilong, Zhao Xue, 2021. Hydrochemical Characteristics and Salt-Formation Elements Sources of Li-Rich Brines in Kushui Lake, West Kunlun. Earth Science, 46(11): 4161-4174. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.370

    西昆仑地区苦水湖富锂盐湖水化学特征及成盐元素来源

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.370
    基金项目: 

    第二次青藏高原综合科学考察研究项目 2019QZKK0805

    青海省应用基础研究计划项目 2019-ZJ-7004

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      李玉龙(1994-), 男, 博士研究生, 主要从事蒸发岩矿床学和地球化学研究.ORCID: 0000-0002-7600-1750.E-mail: 17600941130@163.com

      通讯作者:

      张西营, ORCID: 0000-0002-4974-9325.E-mail: xyzhchina@isl.ac.cn

    • 中图分类号: P59

    Hydrochemical Characteristics and Salt-Formation Elements Sources of Li-Rich Brines in Kushui Lake, West Kunlun

    • 摘要: 苦水湖是近年来在青藏高原西昆仑山腹地新发现的富锂盐湖,查明其水化学组成特征对丰富青藏高原盐湖型锂矿床基础资料具有重要的现实意义.然而受区域自然地理条件限制,对包含该盐湖卤水及补给水系的基础性研究还很少.综合运用Piper三线图、Gibbs图解和离子比例关系分析方法探讨了湖表卤水及湖周补给水系水化学组成、演化及主要离子来源.结果表明,由"补给源"到"汇",各离子组成发生了显著变化,水化学类型由碳酸钙镁型向硫酸钠亚型过渡转变,水化学的演化由岩石风化控制向蒸发结晶控制演变.根据离子比例关系,识别出3个主要离子来源:东北径流补给以碳酸盐岩、硅酸岩风化溶质来源为主;南部甜水海水系以盐岩溶解补给为主;湖周冷泉中的溶质则可能主要来自于同生沉积卤水与浅层地下水混合,或长英质火山岩、碳酸盐岩等的深部水-岩作用淋滤.

       

    • 图  1  苦水湖一带区域地质概况图

      Fig.  1.  Regional geological outline of Kushui lake

      图  2  苦水湖湖表卤水及补给水系样品采集位置

      Fig.  2.  Sampling location map of Kushui lake and recharge water systems

      图  3  各水体的硼、锂浓度与总溶解固体(TDS)间的关系

      Fig.  3.  The relationship between boron and lithium concentrations with total dissolved solids (TDS) in Kushui lake and recharge water systems

      图  4  苦水湖湖表卤水及补给水系的水化学Piper图

      Fig.  4.  Piper diagrams showing major ion composition of the Kushui lake surface brine and recharge water systems

      图  5  湖表卤水及补给水系离子的Gibbs图解

      Fig.  5.  Gibbs diagram showing evolutionary dominant factors of the Kushui lake surface brine and recharge water systems

      图  6  苦水湖湖表卤水lgρ(Cl/Br)-lgρ(Cl)关系图(a)、Na-Cl关系图(b)

      Fig.  6.  Plots showing the relationships of lgρ(Cl/Br)-lgρ(Cl) (a) and Na-Cl (b) in the Kushui lake surface brine

      图  7  苦水湖各补给区样品主要离子比例关系

      红色为东北部径流补给区样品;蓝色为东北部冷泉补给区样品;黄色为西北部冷泉补给区样品;绿色为南部甜水海补给区样品

      Fig.  7.  Plots showing the relationships of the major ions of the recharge water systems

      图  8  各水体锂含量(a)及Li+与CO32‒+HCO3含量关系(b)图

      Fig.  8.  Plots showing the lithium concentrations of the samples (a) and the relationship between Li+ and (CO32‒+HCO3) (b) of the recharged water systems

      表  1  苦水湖湖表卤水及湖周补给水系水化学组成

      Table  1.   Chemical compositions of the Kushui lake surface brine and recharge water systems

      样品 pH 主要离子平均含量(mg/L) TDS(g/L)
      Na+ Ca2+ K+ Mg2+ HCO3 SO42‒ Cl B2O3 Br Li+ Rb+ Sr+
      南部甜水海补给样品 8.2 434.4 71.5 10.1 58.1 159.9 236.9 694.0 2.30 0.29 0.33 0.00 3.22 1.69

      冷泉补给样品
      8.7 685.3 126.6 54.0 239.5 940.2 668.8 96.9 14.18 0.48 2.02 0.02 3.35 3.62

      东北部径流补给样品
      8.4 104.3 43.0 7.7 69.2 220.9 165.3 183.9 0.67 0.14 0.13 0.00 1.44 0.85

      径流区样品
      8.5 1 577.1 52.7 84.9 203.9 435.2 405.7 2 637.4 22.34 0.88 4.06 0.10 1.99 5.38
      排泄区样品 8.3 12 941.3 126.7 712.0 1 970.1 694.8 4 283.7 22 406.5 224.70 4.12 6.31 0.32 0.07 44.57
      湖表卤水样品 7.3 79 630.6 295.0 2 986.9 7 021.1 1 403.7 12 500.8 135 290.1 1 074.50 47.80 160.10 3.00 5.63 240.63
      黄河水 7.9 57.0 64.1 3.4 26.2 218.0 105.8 64.2 0.45
      黄海水 9 890.0 380.0 340.0 1 190.0 130.0 2 420.0 17 530.0 13.86 61.10 0.17 0.11 7.82 32.00
      注:黄河水据何姜毅等(2017)、黄海水据陈郁华(1983);TZ+=Na++2Ca2++2Mg2++K+,TZ=HCO3+Cl+2SO42‒+NO3+F,测试样品NICB均小于5%(NICB=(TZ+‒TZ)/TZ+×100%),水中可溶性的阴阳离子达到平衡,水质分析结果可靠.
      下载: 导出CSV
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    出版历程
    • 收稿日期:  2020-12-17
    • 网络出版日期:  2021-12-04
    • 刊出日期:  2021-11-30

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