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    南海北部珠江口盆地西南段断裂特征与成因讨论

    王嘉 栾锡武 何兵寿 冉伟民 张豪 杨佳佳

    王嘉, 栾锡武, 何兵寿, 冉伟民, 张豪, 杨佳佳, 2021. 南海北部珠江口盆地西南段断裂特征与成因讨论. 地球科学, 46(3): 916-928. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.381
    引用本文: 王嘉, 栾锡武, 何兵寿, 冉伟民, 张豪, 杨佳佳, 2021. 南海北部珠江口盆地西南段断裂特征与成因讨论. 地球科学, 46(3): 916-928. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.381
    Wang Jia, Luan Xiwu, He Bingshou, Ran Weimin, Zhang Hao, Yang Jiajia, 2021. Characteristics and Genesis of Faults in Southwestern Pearl River Mouth Basin, Northern South China Sea. Earth Science, 46(3): 916-928. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.381
    Citation: Wang Jia, Luan Xiwu, He Bingshou, Ran Weimin, Zhang Hao, Yang Jiajia, 2021. Characteristics and Genesis of Faults in Southwestern Pearl River Mouth Basin, Northern South China Sea. Earth Science, 46(3): 916-928. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.381

    南海北部珠江口盆地西南段断裂特征与成因讨论

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.381
    基金项目: 

    国家基金重大研究计划项目 92055211

    中国-东盟海上合作基金项目 12120100500017001

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      王嘉(1996-), 男, 硕士生, 研究方向为油气田与煤田地球物理勘探方法与技术.ORCID: 0000-0002-8764-3767.E-mail: 13643419871@163.com

      通讯作者:

      栾锡武, E-mail: xluan@qnlm.ac

    • 中图分类号: P736

    Characteristics and Genesis of Faults in Southwestern Pearl River Mouth Basin, Northern South China Sea

    • 摘要: 珠江口盆地是南海北部陆缘新生代发育的裂陷型盆地,其油气资源丰富,且地处洋陆过渡带,盆地内部断裂特征复杂.在前人研究基础上,利用高分辨率三维地震数据,结合多属性分析技术,完善了区域断裂的精细化解释.将断裂构造类型依据断裂级别与规模划分为控盆一级断裂、控凹二级断裂、控带三级断裂、控圈四级断裂和控层五级小断裂;在盆地西南段发育典型的犁式、旋转正断层等单剖面断裂样式,在地震剖面上形成阶梯状、“Y”字型等多种断层组合,其中珠三坳陷的文昌A凹陷内部常可见树枝状构造,珠二坳陷的开平凹陷广泛分布独特的卷心式断层;而在二维平面上也分布有平行式、斜交式、雁列式等多种组合类型.受新生代以来的持续右旋应力场作用,盆地西南段整体断裂走向以NE→EW→NW顺时针方向发生旋转,且断裂活动速率逐渐降低.结果表明受印度-欧亚板块碰撞、太平洋板块俯冲后撤和古南海持续南移的联合影响,盆地西南段处在伸展拉张应力场环境之下,形成了始新世-渐新世NE-NEE向、EW向和中新世NWW-NW向3组断裂发育.珠江口盆地西南段断裂构造的演化、成因机制与南海北部陆缘应力场变化均保持良好的一致性.

       

    • 图  1  珠江口盆地区域位置(a)及珠江口盆地构造单元划分(b)

      Fig.  1.  The regional location map of the Pearl River Mouth basin (a) and the structural unit division map of the Pearl River Mouth basin (b)

      图  2  珠江口盆地西部珠三坳陷构造单元划分

      李俊良等(2015)修改

      Fig.  2.  Division of tectonic units in the Zhu Ⅲ depression in the west of the Pearl River Mouth basin

      图  3  文昌A凹陷断裂组合类型

      a.阶梯状断层; b.“Y”字型断层; c.树枝状断层

      Fig.  3.  Fault assemblage types of Wenchang A sag

      图  4  沿文昌A凹陷T70层断裂平面组合分布特征

      a.等T0平面图; b.断裂似然度属性

      Fig.  4.  Distribution characteristics of fault plane combination along T70 in Wenchang A depression

      图  5  文昌A凹陷断裂走向演化

      张豪等(2020)修改

      Fig.  5.  Evolution of fault strike in Wenchang A sag

      图  6  区域应力场方向转变特征

      雷宝华(2010)修改

      Fig.  6.  The direction change characteristics of regional stress field

      图  7  珠江口盆地西南部开平凹陷构造单元划分

      Fig.  7.  Division of structural units in Kaiping sag, southwest of Pearl River Mouth basin

      图  8  开平凹陷断裂剖面组合样式及其分布特征

      a.阶梯状断层;b.卷心式断层;c.“Y”字型断层

      Fig.  8.  Combination patterns and distribution characteristics of fault sections in Kaiping sag

      图  9  沿开平凹陷T70层断裂平面组合分布特征

      a.等T0平面图;b.断裂似然度属性

      Fig.  9.  Distribution characteristics of fault plane combination along T70 in Kaiping sag

      图  10  开平凹陷断裂走向演化

      Fig.  10.  Evolution of fault strike in Kaiping sag

      图  11  南海及其周缘构造演化过程

      雷超等(2015)Leyla et al.(2018)修改

      Fig.  11.  Tectonic evolution of the South China Sea and its surroundings

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    • 收稿日期:  2020-12-21
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