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    滇西漕涧地区崇山变质杂岩中崇山岩群的时代与构造属性

    黄亮 王冬兵 王晓林 刘小春 丛峰 朱勋早 方雄

    黄亮, 王冬兵, 王晓林, 刘小春, 丛峰, 朱勋早, 方雄, 2021. 滇西漕涧地区崇山变质杂岩中崇山岩群的时代与构造属性. 地球科学, 46(11): 3861-3879. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.385
    引用本文: 黄亮, 王冬兵, 王晓林, 刘小春, 丛峰, 朱勋早, 方雄, 2021. 滇西漕涧地区崇山变质杂岩中崇山岩群的时代与构造属性. 地球科学, 46(11): 3861-3879. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.385
    Huang Liang, Wang Dongbing, Wang Xiaolin, Liu Xiaochun, Cong Feng, Zhu Xunzao, Fang Xiong, 2021. Age and Tectonic Attributes of Chongshan Group in Chongshan Metamorphic Complex in Caojian Area, West Yunnan. Earth Science, 46(11): 3861-3879. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.385
    Citation: Huang Liang, Wang Dongbing, Wang Xiaolin, Liu Xiaochun, Cong Feng, Zhu Xunzao, Fang Xiong, 2021. Age and Tectonic Attributes of Chongshan Group in Chongshan Metamorphic Complex in Caojian Area, West Yunnan. Earth Science, 46(11): 3861-3879. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.385

    滇西漕涧地区崇山变质杂岩中崇山岩群的时代与构造属性

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.385
    基金项目: 

    中国地质调查局地质调查项目 DD20160345-02

    中国地质调查局地质调查项目 1212010000150007-26

    云南省地勘基金项目 D201901

    国家自然科学基金特提斯重大研究计划重点项目 92055207

    国家自然科学基金项目 420602005

    云南省科技厅-云南大学联合基金项目 CY21624103

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      黄亮(1985-), 男, 高级工程师, 主要从事区域地质调查, 研究方向为岩石学、构造地质方向.ORCID: 0000-0002-9929-8980.E-mail: 409090169@qq.com

    • 中图分类号: P58

    Age and Tectonic Attributes of Chongshan Group in Chongshan Metamorphic Complex in Caojian Area, West Yunnan

    • 摘要: 滇西崇山变质杂岩带位于三江造山带"峰腰"的北段,带内构造挤压变质作用强烈,主体由一套中-深变质岩系(崇山岩群)和晚期花岗岩组成.其中崇山岩群历来被认为是元古代的结晶基底,但至今无精确的年龄依据,其形成时代和构造属性存在较大争议,严重制约了对区域构造演化的认识.对滇西漕涧地区崇山岩群中的岩石组分开展了碎屑锆石U-Pb年代学及岩石地球化学研究,结果显示副变质岩中的锆石均具明显的磨圆特征和较大的岩浆核,其中3件样品的最小一组碎屑锆石年龄分别为366~412 Ma(平均值为395 Ma)、435~508 Ma(平均值为473 Ma)和673~704 Ma(平均值为689 Ma),指示了其原始沉积时代应不早于395 Ma;岩石地球化学表明,副变质岩是一套活动大陆边缘或被动大陆边缘构造背景有关的大陆岛弧碎屑岩,变质基性岩和变质中性岩为同源异相,均具活动大陆边缘的弧火山岩特征.结合副变质岩和两类正变质岩的构造属性相同以及普遍具相互伴生关系的特点,该3类岩石应属同一套地层系统的不同物质组分,崇山岩群主体为一套成岩于晚古生代(236~395 Ma)和形成于陆缘弧环境的火山-沉积地层单元;并与南东侧澜沧增生杂岩的志留纪弧火山岩组合成原-古特提斯洋盆东侧不同时代多岛弧的构造格局.综合研究认为,崇山变质杂岩带内的中-深变质岩系(崇山岩群)不(全)是前人认为的元古代结晶基底建造,应为原-古特提斯洋盆向东俯冲在兰坪-思茅地块西缘形成的一套火山-沉积地层系统;崇山岩群主要由年轻的(晚古生代)地层岩石组成,由于后期遭受中生代和新生代变质变形作用后形成了现今所见的"古老"岩石面貌的中-深变质系.

       

    • 图  1  研究区地质简图和大地构造位置图

      Fig.  1.  Geological sketch and geotectonic location map of the study area

      图  2  崇山岩群野外露头及不同类型岩石

      a.崇山岩群呈包体状产于花岗岩中;b.石榴矽线黑云钾长片麻岩产出特征;c.斜长角闪岩;d.角闪斜长变粒岩

      Fig.  2.  Photographs of outcrop and various rocks of the Chongshan Group

      图  3  崇山岩群不同类型岩石显微结构特征

      a.石榴矽线黑云钾长片麻岩;b.石榴矽线黑云片岩;c.斜长角闪岩;d.角闪斜长变粒岩;Qtz.石英;Bt.黑云母;Sil.矽线石;Grt.石榴子石;Kfs.钾长石;Pl.斜长石;Amp.角闪石

      Fig.  3.  Microstructures of various type rocks of the Chongshan Group

      图  4  崇山岩群副变质岩中典型锆石阴极发光(CL)图像

      Fig.  4.  Cathodoluminescence (CL) images of representative zircons for the parablastesis from the Chongshan Group

      图  5  崇山岩群副变质岩LA-ICP-MS锆石年龄谐和图

      Fig.  5.  LA-ICP-MS zircon U-Pb concordia diagrams for the parablastesis from the Chongshan Group

      图  6  崇山岩群副变质岩LA-ICP-MS锆石U-Pb年龄分布图

      Fig.  6.  LA-ICP-MS zircon U-Pb histograms for the parablastesis from the Chongshan Group

      图  7  崇山岩群的稀土微量特征图解

      a,c.稀土元素球粒陨石标准化模式图;b,d. 微量元素原始地幔标准化图解(球粒陨石和原始地幔的值引自Sun and Mcdonough(1989)

      Fig.  7.  The diagrams of rare-earth and trace elements for the Chongshan Group

      图  8  崇山岩群正变质岩Harker图解

      Fig.  8.  Variations of major element for the orthometamorphite from the Chongshan Group

      图  9  崇山岩群副变质岩构造环境判别图解

      a. Hf-La/Th图解(据Floyd and Leveridge, 1987);b. La/Sc-Ti/Zr图解(据Bhatia,1983);c~e. Th-Sc-Zr/10图解、La-Sc-Th图解、Th-Co-Zr/10图解(据Bhatia and Crook, 1986

      Fig.  9.  Discrimination diagrams for the parametamorphic rocks from the Chongshan Group

      图  10  崇山岩群正变质岩判别图解

      a. Nb/Y-Zr/TiO2图解(据Winchester and Floyd, 1977);b. Zr-Y图解(据Simon and Bedard, 2009);c. 3Y-Zr-Ti/100图解(据Pearce and Cann, 1973);d. La-La/Nb图解(据Pearce,2003

      Fig.  10.  Discrimination diagrams of the orthometamorphite from the Chongshan Group

      图  11  变质中性岩的Ta/Yb-Th/Yb图解(据Gorton and Schandl, 2000

      Fig.  11.  Ta/Yb-Th/Yb diagram of the metamorphic intermediate rock (after Gorton and Schandl, 2000)

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