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    南海东南部陆缘Nido灰岩发育特征及其构造控制因素

    王利杰 孙珍 姚永坚 赵中贤 李学杰 张江阳 卓海腾 杨振

    王利杰, 孙珍, 姚永坚, 赵中贤, 李学杰, 张江阳, 卓海腾, 杨振, 2021. 南海东南部陆缘Nido灰岩发育特征及其构造控制因素. 地球科学, 46(3): 956-974. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.009
    引用本文: 王利杰, 孙珍, 姚永坚, 赵中贤, 李学杰, 张江阳, 卓海腾, 杨振, 2021. 南海东南部陆缘Nido灰岩发育特征及其构造控制因素. 地球科学, 46(3): 956-974. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.009
    Wang Lijie, Sun Zhen, Yao Yongjian, Zhao Zhongxian, Li Xuejie, Zhang Jiangyang, Zhuo Haiteng, Yang Zhen, 2021. Development Characteristics of Nido Carbonate Platform and Its Tectonic Controls in the Southeast of South China Sea Margin. Earth Science, 46(3): 956-974. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.009
    Citation: Wang Lijie, Sun Zhen, Yao Yongjian, Zhao Zhongxian, Li Xuejie, Zhang Jiangyang, Zhuo Haiteng, Yang Zhen, 2021. Development Characteristics of Nido Carbonate Platform and Its Tectonic Controls in the Southeast of South China Sea Margin. Earth Science, 46(3): 956-974. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.009

    南海东南部陆缘Nido灰岩发育特征及其构造控制因素

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.009
    基金项目: 

    南方海洋科学与工程广东省实验室(广州)人才团队引进重大专项项目 GML2019ZD0208

    国家自然科学基金项目 U20A20100

    国家自然科学基金项目 U1701245

    广东省自然科学基金研究团队项目 2017A030312002

    中国地质调查局国家海洋专项项目 DD20201118

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      王利杰(1982-), 男, 博士, 工程师, 主要从事海洋构造地质与地球物理研究.ORCID: 0000-0001-9455-7296.E-mail: wlje12345@163.com; wlje12345@163.com

    • 中图分类号: P736

    Development Characteristics of Nido Carbonate Platform and Its Tectonic Controls in the Southeast of South China Sea Margin

    • 摘要: 南海东南部陆缘发育一套晚渐新世-早中新世碳酸盐岩(Nido灰岩)与南海海底扩张历史吻合.为系统了解Nido灰岩构造控制因素,基于大量钻井、拖网和地震资料,刻画碳酸盐岩沉积相特征和时空分布规律,分析构造变形对其控制作用.结果显示:Nido灰岩呈大规模连片分布在研究区东北至西南部.以乌鲁根断裂为界,东北部灰岩呈北西倾向,与早渐新世岩石圈破裂形成的断块高点和扩张阶段较弱的构造活动有关;西南部灰岩呈东南倾向,受晚渐新世伸展断陷形成的构造高点和早中中新世南沙地块板片挠曲形成的构造前隆迁移作用控制.碳酸盐岩台地主要发育期与海底扩张时间吻合,具有区带性,反映南海穿时破裂过程和南部陆缘俯冲-碰撞过程的横向差异和不均一性.

       

    • 图  1  南海东南部海域构造单元、地震测线、钻井和拖网分布(a)及地层系统柱状图(b)

      图a中海底地形地貌图据杨胜雄等(2015),钻井位置据Schlüter et al.(1996),拖网资料据Kudrass et al.(1986);灰色测线为本文进行地层界面解释和识别碳酸盐岩所使用的地震测网;图b中NWPB为西北巴拉望盆地,SWPB为西南巴拉望盆地,RB为礼乐滩,LYB为礼乐盆地,JZB为九章盆地,ADBB为安渡北盆地

      Fig.  1.  Regional tectonic framework, locations of seismic lines, wells, and dragnets (a) and stratigraphic column (b) in the southeast of South China Sea margin.

      图  2  Nido灰岩发育构造背景及其地震相特征

      Cadlao-1和Malapaya-1钻井地层及岩性信息引自Steuer et al. (2014)Fournier et al. (2004),Reed Bank B-1来源于东盟地质协会收集;图a、b、e和f地震剖面分别根据Fournier et al. (2004)Aurelio et al. (2014a)王利杰等(2019b)丁巍伟等(2011)修改;剖面位置见图 1

      Fig.  2.  Seismic characters of the Nido carbonate platforms and their growth tectonic settings

      图  3  穿越南海东南部主要盆地NW-SE向地质结构剖面

      剖面位置见图 1

      Fig.  3.  Three NW-SE trending geological structure transections across the main basins in eastern Nansha block

      图  4  南沙海域裂陷结束不整合面深度构造图(a)和碳酸盐岩时空分布(b)

      碳酸盐岩分布主要参考了Steuer et al. (2014)Williams (1997)Rehm (2003),并根据Nido灰岩反射特征结合研究区多道地震资料,对礼乐东北部半地堑、礼乐盆地南部凹陷、安渡北盆地和南沙海槽盆地Nido灰岩范围进行了修改,红色实线为与Steuer et al. (2014)识别的灰岩范围不一致的区域

      Fig.  4.  Depth geometry of the base Nido platform and corresponding surface and distribution of Oligocene-Miocene carbonate platform and the position of reefs in the southeast of South China Sea margin.

      图  5  过南沙海槽盆地ns95-8测线构造‒地层解释剖面及局部构造与不同时期碳酸盐岩发育特征

      剖面位置见图 1

      Fig.  5.  Interpreted seismic profile ns95-8 across the Nansha trough basin and carbonate ending their development at different times at different local tectonic settings

      图  6  礼乐盆地东北半地堑ly306测线局部构造和断裂活动特征

      剖面位置见图 3a

      Fig.  6.  Typical tectonic feature of the half-graben in the northeast Liyue basin and its fault activities

      图  7  礼乐盆地南部凹陷ly178测线局部构造特征和断裂活动性分析

      测线位置见图 3b

      Fig.  7.  Typical tectonic feature of the southern graben of the Liyue basin and its fault activities

      图  8  安渡北盆地和南沙海槽盆地构造特征和断层活动性分析

      剖面位置见图 3c

      Fig.  8.  Typical tectonic features of the Andubei and Nansha trough basins and their fault activities

      图  9  研究区三条骨干测线裂陷期构造沉降速率

      测线分别对应图 3a~图 3c三条剖面

      Fig.  9.  Tectonic subsidence rates during rifting of the three main geological transections

      图  10  漂移阶段构造沉降速率

      Fig.  10.  Tectonic subsidence rates during drifting of the three main geological transections

      图  11  研究区东北部Nido灰岩演化过程

      该图对应于过礼乐盆地东北半地堑和西北巴拉望盆地图 3a演化示意图

      Fig.  11.  Schematic development of the Nido platform in the northeastof the study area.

      图  12  研究区中、西南部区Nido灰岩演化模式

      该图对应于过礼乐滩‒西南巴拉望盆地或南沙海槽盆地图 3b图 3c演化示意图

      Fig.  12.  Schematic development of the Nido platform in the middle and southwest part of the study area.

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    • 收稿日期:  2020-11-30
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