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    北京房山岩体黑云母矿物化学特征及其对岩石成因的指示意义

    邵航 王军鹏 肖登

    邵航, 王军鹏, 肖登, 2021. 北京房山岩体黑云母矿物化学特征及其对岩石成因的指示意义. 地球科学, 46(11): 4006-4016. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.029
    引用本文: 邵航, 王军鹏, 肖登, 2021. 北京房山岩体黑云母矿物化学特征及其对岩石成因的指示意义. 地球科学, 46(11): 4006-4016. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.029
    Shao Hang, Wang Junpeng, Xiao Deng, 2021. Mineral Chemistry of Biotite and Its Petrogenesis Implications in Fangshan Granite, Beijing. Earth Science, 46(11): 4006-4016. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.029
    Citation: Shao Hang, Wang Junpeng, Xiao Deng, 2021. Mineral Chemistry of Biotite and Its Petrogenesis Implications in Fangshan Granite, Beijing. Earth Science, 46(11): 4006-4016. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.029

    北京房山岩体黑云母矿物化学特征及其对岩石成因的指示意义

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.029
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 42072222

    国家自然科学基金项目 41602234

    中国地质大学(武汉)中央高校基金项目 GUGL180406

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      邵航(1999-), 男, 构造地质学专业.ORCID: 0000-0002-2725-1737.E-mail: shaohang@cug.edu.cn

      通讯作者:

      王军鹏, ORCID: 0000-0003-2174-2428.E-mail: wangjp@cug.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P54

    Mineral Chemistry of Biotite and Its Petrogenesis Implications in Fangshan Granite, Beijing

    • 摘要: 房山岩体位于华北克拉通燕山构造带内,在平面上为不对称环状分布的复式侵入体.其主要由多期侵入的花岗闪长质岩石组成,被划分为中央相、过渡相和边缘相3个岩相带,岩体内部分布大量的暗色镁铁质微粒包体.黑云母作为中酸性火成岩中重要的镁铁质矿物,其矿物化学特征可以记录岩浆属性以及岩石形成时的物理化学条件.本研究对房山花岗岩体和暗色镁铁质微粒包体中的黑云母进行了系统的岩相学观察,并通过电子探针分析对黑云母的化学组成进行了详细研究,从而探讨房山花岗岩体的岩浆来源以及岩浆混合作用过程.结果表明,花岗岩体和暗色镁铁质微粒包体中的黑云母具有相似的矿物化学成分.花岗岩体中的黑云母富Mg,贫Fe,属于镁质黑云母.从外向内3个相带的花岗岩中黑云母的含铁系数[(Fe3++Fe2+)/(Fe3++Fe2++Mg2+)]分别为0.42~0.47,0.45~0.47,0.41~0.46.FeOT/MgO均接近0.60.MF值[2×Mg/(Fe2++Mg+Mn)]分别为1.05~1.21,1.06~1.15,1.12~1.23,指示3个相带的花岗岩的物质来源均发生了壳幔混染.从外向内3个相带中的暗色镁铁质微粒包体中的黑云母富Mg,贫Fe,属于镁质黑云母,含铁系数[(Fe3++Fe2+)/(Fe3++Fe2++Mg2+)]分别为0.44~0.48,0.45~0.50,0.44~0.52.FeOT/MgO均接近0.60.MF值[2×Mg/(Fe2++Mg+Mn)]分别为1.00~1.16,1.03~1.15,1.10~1.18,说明包体的岩浆受到了中酸性岩浆的影响,发生了岩浆混合.花岗岩体与暗色镁铁质微粒包体中的黑云母矿物化学特征相似,但不同岩相带之间存在差异,推测该区域发生了一个多阶段的岩浆相互作用过程,可能为幔源基性岩浆注入壳源酸性岩浆,在岩浆房内以不同程度进行了岩浆混合.

       

    • 图  1  房山岩体地质图

      改自陈能松等(2018)

      Fig.  1.  Geological map of Fangshan intrusion

      图  2  房山花岗岩和镁铁质微粒包体的野外特征(a, b, c, d)及正交镜下矿物组成(e, f, g, h)

      a,f.边缘相;b,g.过渡相;c,h.中央相. Pl.斜长石;Hb.普通角闪石;Qtz.石英;Bt.黑云母;Kfs.钾长石;Ap.磷灰石

      Fig.  2.  Field photographs of Fangshan granite and mafic microenclaves (a, b, c, d) and photomicrographs under orthogonal microscope (e, f, g, h)

      图  3  花岗岩及镁铁质微粒包体中黑云母成分变化趋势图

      Fig.  3.  Composition variations of biotite in granite and mafic microgranular enclaves

      图  4  花岗岩及镁铁质微粒包体中黑云母分类图

      Foster(1960)

      Fig.  4.  Classification diagrams for biotite in granite and mafic microgranular enclaves

      图  5  花岗岩及镁铁质微粒包体中黑云母的FeOT/(FeOT+MgO)-MgO图解

      周作侠(1988)

      Fig.  5.  FeOT/(FeOT + MgO)-MgO diagrams of biotite in granite and mafic microgranular enclaves

      图  6  铁质微粒包体中黑云母构造环境判别图

      Abdel-Rahman(1994);A-A型花岗岩;C-I型花岗岩;P-S型花岗岩

      Fig.  6.  Discrimination diagrams of tectonic setting for biotite in mafic microgranular enclaves

      表  1  房山花岗岩及包体中黑云母的化学组成(%)

      Table  1.   Biotite chemical composition of the Fangshan granite and MMEs (%)

      岩性 边缘相(中粒花岗闪长岩)
      39°42′26″N,
      115°56′38″E
      19FS3-1,
      19FS3-3
      n=19
      过渡相(似斑状花岗闪长岩)
      39°42′40″N,
      115°56′34″E
      19FS2-1,
      19FS2-2, 19FS2-3
      n=66
      中央相(斑状花岗闪长岩)
      39°43′28″N,
      115°56′8″E
      19FS1-1,
      19FS1-3
      n=64
      边缘相包体
      39°42′40″N,
      115°56′34″E
      19FS3-1,
      19FS3-3
      n=41
      过渡相包体
      39°43′32″N,
      115°56′23″ E
      19FS2-1,
      19FS2-2, 19FS2-3
      n=64
      中央相包体
      39°43′28″N,
      115°56′8″E
      19FS1-1,
      19FS1-3
      n=62
      GPS
      样品编号
      测试点数量
      最小值 最大值 平均值 最小值 最大值 平均值 最小值 最大值 平均值 最小值 最大值 平均值 最小值 最大值 平均值 最小值 最大值 平均值
      SiO2 36.91 38.06 37.57 36.89 38.20 37.49 35.56 38.19 37.04 37.32 38.26 37.71 36.30 37.99 37.27 35.88 38.34 36.94
      TiO2 0.78 1.79 1.33 1.01 1.87 1.43 1.34 3.07 2.09 1.25 1.79 1.54 1.51 2.00 1.74 0.97 3.17 2.20
      Al2O3 14.58 15.75 15.17 13.79 14.86 14.24 13.71 15.23 14.21 14.41 15.31 14.83 13.72 14.45 14.14 13.78 15.14 14.37
      FeO 16.27 18.58 17.30 18.13 19.96 19.26 17.25 20.14 18.92 17.38 19.39 18.32 18.27 19.97 19.27 18.02 20.51 19.08
      MnO 0.21 0.32 0.25 0.12 0.32 0.22 0.10 0.31 0.22 0.20 0.29 0.24 0.15 0.31 0.21 0.13 0.30 0.20
      MgO 11.98 13.35 12.77 11.43 12.71 12.07 11.24 13.52 12.07 11.93 12.69 12.31 11.30 12.41 11.94 10.49 12.69 11.79
      CaO 0.00 0.04 0.01 0.00 0.06 0.01 0.00 0.06 0.02 0.00 0.05 0.01 0.00 0.24 0.01 0.00 0.12 0.01
      Na2O 0.03 0.11 0.06 0.01 0.10 0.06 0.01 0.11 0.06 0.03 0.10 0.06 0.00 0.75 0.06 0.03 0.17 0.07
      K2O 9.96 10.46 10.28 9.73 10.47 10.14 9.66 10.47 10.11 9.76 10.53 10.22 9.83 10.73 10.22 9.70 10.52 10.17
      F 0.00 0.93 0.50 0.14 1.29 0.62 0.22 1.17 0.73 0.02 0.84 0.46 0.27 1.18 0.70 0.20 1.29 0.72
      Total 94.30 95.52 95.03 94.60 96.68 95.28 94.61 95.87 95.16 94.62 96.26 95.51 93.88 96.36 95.28 94.50 96.29 95.25
      Si 5.65 5.73 5.70 5.67 5.79 5.73 5.51 5.78 5.67 5.65 5.75 5.71 5.65 5.76 5.71 5.52 5.80 5.65
      Ti 0.09 0.21 0.15 0.11 0.22 0.16 0.15 0.36 0.24 0.14 0.20 0.18 0.17 0.23 0.20 0.11 0.37 0.25
      Al 2.62 2.80 2.71 2.48 2.68 2.56 2.48 2.72 2.56 2.58 2.72 2.65 2.48 2.63 2.55 2.49 2.76 2.59
      Fe3+ 0.20 0.27 0.25 0.18 0.30 0.25 0.21 0.32 0.26 0.22 0.29 0.26 (0.05) 0.28 0.24 0.22 0.29 0.26
      Fe2+ 1.79 2.12 1.95 2.06 2.39 2.22 1.95 2.36 2.17 1.94 2.18 2.06 2.06 2.56 2.23 2.01 2.42 2.18
      Mn 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.04 0.03 0.01 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.04 0.03
      Mg 2.73 2.99 2.89 2.60 2.88 2.75 2.59 3.06 2.75 2.70 2.87 2.78 2.61 2.82 2.73 2.42 2.87 2.69
      Ca 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.00
      Na 0.01 0.03 0.02 0.00 0.03 0.02 0.00 0.03 0.02 0.01 0.03 0.02 0.00 0.23 0.02 0.01 0.05 0.02
      K 1.94 2.03 1.99 1.89 2.04 1.98 1.88 2.04 1.97 1.90 2.03 1.97 1.93 2.13 2.00 1.90 2.05 1.99
      Al (IV) 2.27 2.35 2.30 2.21 2.33 2.27 2.22 2.49 2.33 2.25 2.35 2.29 2.24 2.35 2.29 2.20 2.48 2.35
      FeOT/(FeOT + MgO) 0.56 0.61 0.58 0.59 0.64 0.62 0.56 0.64 0.61 0.58 0.62 0.60 0.60 0.64 0.62 0.59 0.66 0.62
      MF 1.12 1.23 1.19 1.06 1.15 1.10 1.05 1.21 1.11 1.10 1.18 1.14 1.03 1.15 1.10 1.00 1.16 1.10
      含铁系数 0.41 0.46 0.43 0.45 0.49 0.47 0.42 0.50 0.47 0.44 0.48 0.46 0.45 0.50 0.48 0.44 0.52 0.48
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    • 收稿日期:  2021-01-23
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