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    川南五峰组-龙马溪组页岩流体活动及压力演化过程

    吴娟 陈学忠 刘文平 吴伟 高阳 罗超 邓宾 周政

    吴娟, 陈学忠, 刘文平, 吴伟, 高阳, 罗超, 邓宾, 周政, 2022. 川南五峰组-龙马溪组页岩流体活动及压力演化过程. 地球科学, 47(2): 518-531. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.049
    引用本文: 吴娟, 陈学忠, 刘文平, 吴伟, 高阳, 罗超, 邓宾, 周政, 2022. 川南五峰组-龙马溪组页岩流体活动及压力演化过程. 地球科学, 47(2): 518-531. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.049
    Wu Juan, Chen Xuezhong, Liu Wenping, Wu Wei, Gao Yang, Luo Chao, Deng Bin, Zhou Zheng, 2022. Fluid Activity and Pressure Evolution Process of Wufeng-Longmaxi Shales, Southern Sichuan Basin. Earth Science, 47(2): 518-531. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.049
    Citation: Wu Juan, Chen Xuezhong, Liu Wenping, Wu Wei, Gao Yang, Luo Chao, Deng Bin, Zhou Zheng, 2022. Fluid Activity and Pressure Evolution Process of Wufeng-Longmaxi Shales, Southern Sichuan Basin. Earth Science, 47(2): 518-531. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.049

    川南五峰组-龙马溪组页岩流体活动及压力演化过程

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.049
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金青年基金项目 41702145

    四川省科技计划项目 2018JY0437

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      吴娟(1985-), 女, 副教授, 主要从事油气成藏过程、成藏流体分析等方面的研究.ORCID: 0000-0002-6988-4815.E-mail: wujuan16@cdut.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P618.13

    Fluid Activity and Pressure Evolution Process of Wufeng-Longmaxi Shales, Southern Sichuan Basin

    • 摘要: 流体活动及压力演化对于页岩气的富集或改造具有重要指示意义.以川南五峰组-龙马溪组页岩为研究对象,基于岩心和显微岩相学观察、流体包裹体分析测试、盆地数值模拟等方法,研究流体活动及压力演化过程.结果表明:川南五峰组-龙马溪组页岩脉体充填的矿物主要为方解石及部分石英,脉体矿物中捕获了丰富的有机包裹体,见到发黄色、蓝色荧光的气液两相烃类包裹体、黑色的沥青包裹体和不发荧光的天然气包裹体,结合盐水包裹体的温度和盐度,说明该区经历了两期以上流体充注,包括一期石油和一期天然气充注.晚白垩世-古近纪前,五峰组-龙马溪组压力系数达到最大值,后泸州区块压力系数始终保持在2.0以上,宁西区块超压在古近纪以后释放为常压.结合埋藏史和热成熟史,得到石油和天然气的充注时间分别为晚二叠世-早三叠世和侏罗纪.泸州区块主断层未切穿区域盖层,且晚新生代抬升剥蚀量相对较低,整体保存条件较好;而宁西区块主断层在印支末期-燕山期构造运动中活化并切穿了区域盖层,新生代构造抬升剥蚀对保存条件和压力系统改造明显.

       

    • 图  1  研究区构造位置及区块划分

      庞河清等(2019)修改

      Fig.  1.  Structural location and block division of the study area

      图  2  五峰组-龙马溪组页岩脉体发育特征

      a. 黑色页岩中被方解石充填的高角度构造缝,NX202井,3 889.83 m,龙马溪组,岩心照片;b. 单偏光下无色、阴极发光呈暗橘红色的方解石,NX202井,3 889.83 m,龙马溪组,阴极发光;c. 黑色页岩中被方解石充填的多期构造缝,NX202井,3 932.75 m,龙马溪组,岩心照片;d. 单偏光下无色、阴极发光呈橘红色的方解石,NX202井,3 932.75 m,龙马溪组,岩心照片;e. 黑色页岩中顺层充填的方解石、石英脉体,D201井,3 678.75 m,龙马溪组;f. 单偏光下无色、阴极光下分别呈橘红色的方解石和蓝紫色的石英,D201井,3 678.75 m,龙马溪组;g. 黑色页岩中被方解石、石英充填的剪节理,D201井,3 683.77 m,龙马溪组;h. 单偏光下无色、阴极光下分别呈橘红色的方解石和蓝紫色的石英,D201井,3 683.77 m,龙马溪组

      Fig.  2.  Development characteristics of veins in Wufeng-Longmaxi shales

      图  3  五峰组-龙马溪组页岩流体包裹体显微照片

      a. 方解石中带状分布的天然气包裹体和盐水包裹体,NX202井,3 889.83 m,龙马溪组,单偏光;b. 方解石中带状分布的沥青包裹体和盐水包裹体,NX202井,3 889.83 m,龙马溪组,单偏光;c. 方解石中独立分布的气液两相烃类包裹体,NX202井,3 932.75 m,龙马溪组,单偏光;d. 方解石中独立分布发黄色荧光的烃类包裹体,NX202井,3 932.75 m,龙马溪组,荧光;e. 方解石和石英中密集分布的烃类包裹体,D201井,3 678.75 m,龙马溪组,单偏光;f. 方解石和石英中密集分布发黄色荧光的烃类包裹体,D201井,3 678.75 m,龙马溪组,荧光;g. 石英中带状分布的气液两相烃类包裹体和盐水包裹体,D201井,3 683.77 m,龙马溪组,单偏光;h. 石英中发蓝色荧光的烃类包裹体,D201井,3 683.77 m,龙马溪组,荧光

      Fig.  3.  Micrographs of fluid inclusions in Wufeng-Longmaxi shales

      图  4  五峰组-龙马溪组流体包裹体均一温度及盐度分布图

      a. D201井均一温度直方图;b. NX202井均一温度直方图;c. D201井均一温度-盐度散点图;d. NX202井均一温度-盐度散点图

      Fig.  4.  Distribution of homogenization temperature and salinity of fluid inclusions in Wufeng-Longmaxi shales

      图  5  D201井、NX202井五峰组-龙马溪组热演化及油气充注史

      Fig.  5.  Thermal history and hydrocarbon charging history of Wufeng-Longmaxi shales in Well D201 and NX202

      图  6  川南典型页岩气井现今地层压力系数

      a.压力系数与测试产量关系图;b.压力系数与埋深关系图(据马新华等,2020

      Fig.  6.  Formation pressure coefficient of typical shale gas wells, southern Sichuan Basin

      图  7  D201井、NX202井龙马溪组地层压力演化史

      Fig.  7.  Formation pressure evolution history of Longmaxi shale in Well D201 and NX202

      图  8  川南泸州区块典型剖面地层压力演化史

      Fig.  8.  Formation pressure evolution history of typical section in Luzhou Block, southern Sichuan Basin

      图  9  川南宁西区块典型剖面地层压力演化史

      Fig.  9.  Formation pressure evolution history of typical section in Ningxi Block, southern Sichuan Basin

      表  1  五峰组-龙马溪组页岩流体包裹体测试数据

      Table  1.   Test data of fluid inclusions in Wufeng-Longmaxi shales

      井号 包裹体期次 共生有机包裹体 大小(μm) 气/液比(%) 均一温度(℃) 盐度(NaCl, %)
      D201 第一期 油、沥青包裹体 2~3 2~3 98.6~108.4 3.2~11.9
      第二期 2~17 3~7 121.3~139.6 8.1~13.6
      第三期 气包裹体 3~15 5~8 165.3~191.8 6.9~11.9
      NX202 第一期 油、沥青包裹体 1~5 3~6 100.6~108.6 9.5~11.3
      第二期 油、沥青包裹体 1~15 3~5 120.2~147.6 9.9~19.0
      第三期 气包裹体 1~15 3~6 155.3~188.3 6.2~13.1
      第四期 3~9 6~10 191.5~218.3 16.4~19.4
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  BasinMod选择模型、输入参数及拟合结果

      Table  2.   Selection model, input parameters and fitting results of BasinMod

      模型选择 compaction method fluid flow
      pressure method statoil fluid flow
      geothermal calculation transient heat flow
      输入参数 井号 D201 NX202
      地表温度 20.6 ℃ 20.6 ℃
      晚白垩世以来剥蚀厚度 3 000 m 2 800 m
      现今热流 58 mW/m2 55 mW/m2
      TOC 龙马溪组3.02% 龙马溪组2.95%
      拟合效果 D201 井底(3 710 m)温度 井底(3 710 m)压力
      实测值 137.0 ℃ 77.4 MPa
      拟合值 137.3 ℃ 77.8 MPa
      下载: 导出CSV
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    • 收稿日期:  2021-04-18
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