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    闽西南E-MORB型基性岩墙成因:来自地球化学、锆石U-Pb年代学及Sr-Nd同位素证据

    张贵山 彭仁 温汉捷 赵志琦 张磊 邱红信 孟乾坤

    张贵山, 彭仁, 温汉捷, 赵志琦, 张磊, 邱红信, 孟乾坤, 2021. 闽西南E-MORB型基性岩墙成因:来自地球化学、锆石U-Pb年代学及Sr-Nd同位素证据. 地球科学, 46(12): 4230-4246. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.062
    引用本文: 张贵山, 彭仁, 温汉捷, 赵志琦, 张磊, 邱红信, 孟乾坤, 2021. 闽西南E-MORB型基性岩墙成因:来自地球化学、锆石U-Pb年代学及Sr-Nd同位素证据. 地球科学, 46(12): 4230-4246. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.062
    Zhang Guishan, Peng Ren, Wen Hanjie, Zhao Zhiqi, Zhang Lei, Qiu Hongxin, Meng Qiankun, 2021. Genesis of E-MORB-Like Mafic Dykes in Southwestern Fujian Province, SE China: Evidence from Geochemistry, Zircon U-Pb Geochronology and Sr-Nd Isotope. Earth Science, 46(12): 4230-4246. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.062
    Citation: Zhang Guishan, Peng Ren, Wen Hanjie, Zhao Zhiqi, Zhang Lei, Qiu Hongxin, Meng Qiankun, 2021. Genesis of E-MORB-Like Mafic Dykes in Southwestern Fujian Province, SE China: Evidence from Geochemistry, Zircon U-Pb Geochronology and Sr-Nd Isotope. Earth Science, 46(12): 4230-4246. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.062

    闽西南E-MORB型基性岩墙成因:来自地球化学、锆石U-Pb年代学及Sr-Nd同位素证据

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.062
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金面上项目 41073027

    中央高校基本业务费项目 2013G2271018

    中央高校基本业务费项目 310827172003

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      张贵山(1971-), 男, 教授, 主要从事岩石地球化学研究.ORCID: 0000-0002-4813-1128.E-mail: zygszh@chd.edu.cn

      通讯作者:

      温汉捷, ORCID: 0000-0003-1961-4144.E-mail: wenhanjie@vip.gyig.ac.cn

    • 中图分类号: P597;P581

    Genesis of E-MORB-Like Mafic Dykes in Southwestern Fujian Province, SE China: Evidence from Geochemistry, Zircon U-Pb Geochronology and Sr-Nd Isotope

    • 摘要: 闽西南地区发育富集洋脊玄武岩(E-MORB)地球化学特征的基性岩墙,这对研究晚中生代中国东南部的构造岩浆作用具有重要指示意义.利用岩石学、锆石U-Pb年代学、元素地球化学、同位素地球化学等方法对早白垩世闽西南基性岩墙进行研究,岩墙以辉绿岩和角闪辉长辉绿岩为主,属于中-低钾岩石系列,Mg#值为55.80~66.38.锆石U-Pb年龄为117.4±3.8 Ma,为早白垩世晚期岩浆活动的产物.样品富集Rb、Ba、U、K、LREE等元素,无明显Nb、Ta、Ti亏损,显示出E-MORB的地球化学特征;(87Sr/86Sr)i=0.706 50~0.710 19、εNdt)=-0.9~4.0,同位素Sr中等富集、Nd弱亏损.成岩过程有少量橄榄石和单斜辉石的分离结晶作用,无明显地壳混染作用.由于太平洋板块受南岭E-W向巨厚岩石圈的阻碍,导致板片下插速率与邻区产生差异,局部撕裂形成板片窗,软流圈地幔物质沿“窗口”上涌并卷裹起板片上的海洋沉积物,在上升中发生交代作用形成具有E-MORB特征的地幔岩.在早白垩世晚期的大陆拉张-陆内初始裂谷背景下,伴随软流圈上涌富集地幔岩发生部分熔融,形成的基性岩浆上侵形成了闽西南基性岩墙.

       

    • 图  1  中国东南部中生代岩浆岩分布简图(a)和工作区地质简图(b)

      a据Zhou et al.(2006)修改; b据黄泉祯等(1998)修改

      Fig.  1.  Distribution of Mesozoic granite-volcanic rocks in Southeast China (a) and overview map showing the distribution of mafic dykes in the Southwest Fujian (b)

      图  2  闽西南基性岩墙标本与镜下正交偏光照片

      Pl.斜长石, Cpx.单斜辉石, Chl.绿泥石, Ilm.钛铁矿

      Fig.  2.  Orthogonal polarized photographs of the mafic dykes in Southwest Fujian

      图  3  闽西南基性岩墙锆石颗粒部分CL图像及LA-ICP-MS分析点

      Fig.  3.  Representative cathodoluminescence (CL) images for zircons from dykes

      图  4  闽西南基性岩墙锆石U-Pb年龄图解

      Fig.  4.  Zircon U-Pb concordia plots and calculated 206Pb/238U ages of mafic dykes in the Southwest Fujian

      图  5  闽西南基性岩墙TAS(a)与SiO2-K2O(b)图解

      图a引自Middlemost(1994); 图b底图引自Rickwood(1989); a.Ir-Irvine分界线, 上方为碱性, 下方为亚碱性; 1.橄榄辉长岩; 2a.碱性辉长岩; 2b.亚碱性辉长岩; 3.辉长闪长岩; 4.闪长岩; 5.花岗闪长岩; 6.花岗岩; 7.硅英岩; 8.二长辉长岩; 9.二长闪长岩; 10.二长岩; 11.石英二长岩; 12.正长岩; 13.副长石辉长岩; 14.副长石二长闪长岩; 15.副长石二长正长岩; 16.副长正长岩; 17.副长深成岩; 18.霓方钠岩/磷霞岩/粗白榴岩

      Fig.  5.  K2O+Na2O vs. SiO2 diagram (a), K2O vs. SiO2 diagram (b) for mafic dykes from Southwest Fujian

      图  6  闽西南基性岩墙MgO横坐标Hark图解

      新生代玄武岩数据引自Zou et al.(2000); Ho et al.(2003); Li et al.(2015); 杨金豹(2015).中侏罗世玄武岩孔兴功(2001); Li et al.(2003); Wang et al.(2005)

      Fig.  6.  Hark diagrams for the mafic dykes from Southwest Fujian

      图  7  闽西南基性岩墙稀土元素配分模式图(a)与微量元素蛛网图(b)

      球粒陨石与MORB标准化数据、OIB、N-MORB、E-MORB均引自Sun and McDonough(1989); 新生代玄武岩数据引自Zou et al.(2000); Ho et al.(2003); Li et al.(2015); 杨金豹(2015); 中侏罗世玄武岩孔兴功(2001); Li et al.(2003); Wang et al.(2005)

      Fig.  7.  Chondrite-normalized rare earth element patterns (a) and MORB-normalized trace element diagram (b) for the mafic dykes from Southwest Fujian

      图  8  闽西南基性岩墙Sr-Nd同位素图

      EMⅠ, EMⅡ, DMM, HIMU引自Zindler and Hart(1986); 福建新生代玄武岩引自Zou et al.(2000); Ho et al.(2003); 南岭中侏罗世玄武岩引自孔兴功(2001); Li et al.(2003); Wang et al.(2005); Zhou et al.(2006)

      Fig.  8.  (87Sr/86Sr)i vs. (143Nd/144Nd)i for the mafic dykes from Southwest Fujian

      图  9  闽西南基性岩墙Th/Yb-Ce/Nb和La/Yb-Ti/(Yb×1 000)判别图

      PM(原始地幔)、MORB(洋中脊玄武岩)、OIB(洋岛玄武岩) 引自Sun and McDonough(1989); CC(大陆地壳)引自Wedepohl(1995)

      Fig.  9.  Th/Yb vs.Ce/Nb and La/Yb vs.Ti/(Yb×1 000) discriminant diagrams of the mafic dykes from Southwest Fujian

      图  10  闽西南基性岩墙以Nb/Yb为横坐标的相关判别图解

      图a、b底图引自Pearce(2008); 图c~h底图引自Green(2006); Maurice et al.(2012)

      Fig.  10.  Nb/Yb discriminant diagrams for mafic dykes from Southwest Fujian

      图  11  闽西南基性岩墙Y/15-La/10-Nb/8(a)、Hf/3-Th-Ta(b)、Th/Zr-Nb/Zr(c)构造判别图解

      N-MORB.N型大洋中脊玄武岩; E-MOEB.E型大洋中脊玄武岩; WPA.板内碱性玄武岩; CAB.钙碱性玄武岩; IAB.岛弧拉斑玄武岩; BABB.弧后盆地玄武岩; WPB.板内玄武岩; Ⅰ.N-MORB.Ⅱ1.陆缘岛弧火山岩; Ⅱ2.陆缘火山玄武岩; Ⅲ.大洋板内玄武岩海山玄武岩; Ⅳ1.陆内初始、陆缘裂谷拉斑玄武岩; Ⅳ2.大陆拉张玄武岩; Ⅳ3.大陆碰撞玄武岩区; Ⅴ.地幔热柱玄武岩; 图a底图引自Cabanis and Lecolle(1989); 图b底图引自Wood(1980); 图c底图孙书勤等(2003)

      Fig.  11.  Y/15-La/10-Nb/8 (a) and Hf/3-Th-Ta (b) and Nb/Zr-Th/Zr (c) tectonic setting discriminants diagrams for mafic dykes from Southwest Fujian

      图  12  闽西南基性岩墙形成的大地构造演化模式

      Fig.  12.  Geotectonic evolution model of mafic dyke formation in Southwest Fujian

      表  1  闽西南晚中生代基性岩墙与各端元微量元素浓度比值对比

      Table  1.   Comparison of trace element ratios for different end-members and the Late Mesozoic mafic dykes from the Southwest Fujian

      CC PM N-MORB OIB 大洋沉积物 EPR(E-MORB) 本文
      Zr/Nb 10.7 15.7 31.8 5.8 7.07~40.5 (11.5) 1.99~21.6 (5.70) 12.3~16.8 (14.5)
      La/Nb 1.58 0.96 1.07 0.77 1.81~4.32 (2.63) 0.49~0.95 (0.61) 1.12~1.71 (1.36)
      Ba/Nb 30.8 9.8 2.7 7.29 10.8~511 (68.2) 4.77~8.57 (6.01) 9.8~41.5 (22.5)
      Rb/Nb 4.12 0.89 0.24 0.65 4.43~10.5 (7.05) 0.39~0.81 (0.53) 0.87~12.1 (5.31)
      K/Nb 1 870 351 258 250 1 308~2 866 (1 726) 129~422 (210) 230~1 278 (672)
      Th/Nb 0.45 0.12 0.052 0.083 0.21~1.44 (0.67) 0.058~0.085 (0.072) 0.15~0.39 (0.24)
      Th/La 0.28 0.12 0.048 0.11 0.15~0.53 (0.26) 0.069~0.149 (0.12) 0.12~0.23 (0.17)
      Ba/La 19.5 10.2 2.52 9.46 10.6~141 (25.8) 5.81~12.5 (9.96) 7.44~31.5 (15.9)
      Ba/Th 68.7 82.2 52.5 87.5 14.8~554 (100) 65.9~131 (83.6) 47.6~198 (90.9)
      注: CC (大陆地壳)引自Wedepohl(1995); PM、N-MORB、OIB引自Sun and McDonough(1989); 大洋沉积物引自Plank and Ludden(1992); EPR(东太平洋中脊)引自Shimizu et al.(2016); 括号内为平均值.
      中生代以来, 太平洋板块持续向NW俯冲于中国东南部大陆板块之下, 俯冲板片将大洋沉积物带入地幔内, 在地幔中其发生了低度部分熔融作用, 产生的熔体与地幔橄榄岩发生地幔交代作用, 形成具有E-MORB地球化学特征的富集地幔岩(Niu et al., 2002), 伴随着软流圈地幔强烈上涌将富集地幔岩携带上升到浅部, 绝热减压发生部分熔融, 形成了具有E-MORB特征的闽西南基性岩墙原始岩浆.
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