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    黔西南紫木凼金矿床成矿物质来源:S-C-O-Pb-Sr同位素制约

    蔡应雄 杨红梅 卢山松 曾飞 杨文武 刘重芃 童喜润 张利国 何波

    蔡应雄, 杨红梅, 卢山松, 曾飞, 杨文武, 刘重芃, 童喜润, 张利国, 何波, 2021. 黔西南紫木凼金矿床成矿物质来源:S-C-O-Pb-Sr同位素制约. 地球科学, 46(12): 4316-4333. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.068
    引用本文: 蔡应雄, 杨红梅, 卢山松, 曾飞, 杨文武, 刘重芃, 童喜润, 张利国, 何波, 2021. 黔西南紫木凼金矿床成矿物质来源:S-C-O-Pb-Sr同位素制约. 地球科学, 46(12): 4316-4333. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.068
    Cai Yingxiong, Yang Hongmei, Lu Shansong, Zeng Fei, Yang Wenwu, Liu Chongpeng, Tong Xirun, Zhang Liguo, He Bo, 2021. ources of Ore-Forming Materials of Zimudang Gold Deposit in Southwest Guizhou, China: Constraints from S-C-O-Pb-Sr Isotope Geochemistry. Earth Science, 46(12): 4316-4333. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.068
    Citation: Cai Yingxiong, Yang Hongmei, Lu Shansong, Zeng Fei, Yang Wenwu, Liu Chongpeng, Tong Xirun, Zhang Liguo, He Bo, 2021. ources of Ore-Forming Materials of Zimudang Gold Deposit in Southwest Guizhou, China: Constraints from S-C-O-Pb-Sr Isotope Geochemistry. Earth Science, 46(12): 4316-4333. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.068

    黔西南紫木凼金矿床成矿物质来源:S-C-O-Pb-Sr同位素制约

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.068
    基金项目: 

    中国地质调查局地质调查项目 DD20160029

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      蔡应雄(1981-), 男, 高级工程师, 主要从事同位素地球化学研究.ORCID: 0000-0001-9402-7199.E-mail: whcyx0226@126.com

    • 中图分类号: P597

    ources of Ore-Forming Materials of Zimudang Gold Deposit in Southwest Guizhou, China: Constraints from S-C-O-Pb-Sr Isotope Geochemistry

    • 摘要: 紫木凼金矿床是黔西南卡林型金矿区一个重要的大型金矿床,其成矿物质来源尚不明确.对紫木凼金矿床不同类型矿石和赋矿围岩进行了S、C、O、Pb和Sr同位素组成对比研究.矿石中硫化物的δ34S值为-13.49‰~17.91‰(主要为-0.99‰~3.58‰),赋矿围岩的δ34S值为-26.23‰~-19.63‰,矿床成矿期硫主要来源于岩浆,部分来源于赋矿地层中成矿前黄铁矿.热液期方解石的δ13C和δ18O分别为-9.10‰~0.59‰和15.65‰~23.82‰,与赋矿围岩、区域地层的碳、氧同位素组成差别较大,成矿流体的碳、氧部分来源于碳酸盐岩溶解,部分可能来源于岩浆.矿石中硫化物的206Pb/204Pb、207Pb/204Pb和208Pb/204Pb比值分别为18.064~18.973、15.585~15.670和38.219~39.054,赋矿围岩的206Pb/204Pb、207Pb/204Pb和208Pb/204Pb比值分别为18.136~18.650、15.574~15.656和38.423~38.812,矿石铅的来源较复杂,赋矿地层和岩浆可能都为其提供了部分铅.矿石中石英和方解石(87Sr/86Sr)i比值为0.707 26~0.708 11,赋矿围岩的(87Sr/86Sr)i比值为0.707 28~0.707 31,成矿流体中的锶主要来源于赋矿地层.紫木凼金矿床成矿物质具壳幔混合来源特征,成矿物质主要来自矿床深部隐伏岩浆岩,部分来自二叠系-三叠系赋矿地层.

       

    • 图  1  黔西南区域地质简图(据Tan et al., 2015)

      Fig.  1.  Regional geological sketch map of Southwest Guizhou Province (modified from Tan et al., 2015)

      图  2  紫木凼金矿床地质略图(据郭振春,1988修改)

      1.夜郎组第三段;2.夜郎组第二段第三层;3.夜郎组第二段第一层;4.夜郎组第一段;5.地层界线;6.断层及编号;7.背斜轴;8.金矿体

      Fig.  2.  Geological map of the Zimudang Au deposit (modified from Guo, 1988)

      图  3  紫木凼金矿床1365中段地质平面图

      1.夜郎组第一段;2.大隆组;3.长兴组;4.地层界线;5.断层;6.矿体及编号;7.钻孔及编号;8.勘探线及编号

      Fig.  3.  Plane geological map of the middle section 1365 of the Zimudang Au deposit

      图  4  紫木凼金矿床矿体和矿石照片

      a.“断控型”矿体中雄黄-方解石脉;b.“断控型”矿体中石英-方解石脉;c.脉状方解石中石英晶洞;d.方解石-雄黄共生;e.含浸染状黄铁矿黏土岩中脉状方解石;f.方解石穿插硅化、硫化角砾岩;Rel.雄黄;Py.黄铁矿;Qz.石英;Cal.方解石

      Fig.  4.  Photographs of the orebodies and ores from the Zimudang Au deposit.

      图  5  紫木凼金矿床矿物镜下照片

      a.草莓状黄铁矿和半自形黄铁矿(反射光);b.毒砂和粗、细粒黄铁矿共生(反射光);c.交代生物残骸的黄铁矿(背散射);d.石英中自形-半自形黄铁矿(反射光);e.方解石-石英裂隙内填充自形黄铁矿(透射单偏光);f.含砷黄铁矿(PyⅡ)穿插早阶段黄铁矿(PyⅠ),后被晚阶段雄黄交代(反射光);g.方解石和含砷黄铁矿被雄黄交代(背散射);h.含砷黄铁矿被雄黄交代(背散射);f.由低砷核部(PyⅡ1)和高砷增生边组成(PyⅡ2)的大颗粒黄铁矿(背散射);Apy.毒砂;Rel.雄黄;Py.黄铁矿;Qz.石英;Cal.方解石

      Fig.  5.  Microscopic photographs of minerals in the Zimudang gold deposit

      图  6  紫木凼金矿床硫同位素频数图

      除本文外,其他数据郭振春(1988)王泽鹏等(2013)彭义伟等(2014)

      Fig.  6.  Histogram of the S isotopic compositions of the Zimudang Au deposit

      图  7  黔西南区域金矿床矿石硫同位素组成

      Hu et al.(2017);除本文外,部分数据彭义伟等(2014)郑禄林等(2019)

      Fig.  7.  Range of S isotopic compositions of several Au deposits in Southwest Guizhou region

      图  8  紫木凼金矿床δ13CV-PDB18OV-SMOW图解

      底图据刘建明和刘家军(1997)刘家军等(2004)

      Fig.  8.  δ13CV-PDB18OV-SMOW diagram of the Zimudang Au deposit

      图  9  紫木凼金矿床部分方解石(图 8中Ⅰ)碳、氧同位素相关性

      Fig.  9.  Plot of δ13CV-PDB vs. δ18OV-SMOW for calcites (group I in Fig. 8) of the Zimudang Au deposit

      图  10  紫木凼金矿床铅构造模式图

      a.208Pb/204Pb-206Pb/204Pb图;b.207Pb/204Pb-206Pb/204Pb图;底图据Zartman and Doe(1981)

      Fig.  10.  Tectonic model diagram for Pb isotopic compositions of the Zimudang Au deposits

      图  11  紫木凼金矿床铅同位素Δβγ成因分类图解

      底图据朱炳泉(1998);1.地幔源铅;2.上地壳铅;3.上地壳与地幔混合的俯冲带铅(3a.岩浆作用;3b.沉积作用);4.化学沉积型铅;5.海底热水作用铅;6.中深变质作用铅;7.深变质下地壳铅;8.造山带铅;9.古老页岩上地壳铅;10.退变质铅

      Fig.  11.  Δβ vs. Δγ diagram for Pb isotopic compositions of the Zimudang Au deposit

      图  12  紫木凼矿床锶同位素对比

      除紫木凼数据外,其他范围引自Burke et al.(1982)黄思静等(2006)Zhou et al.(2018)

      Fig.  12.  Comparison of 87Sr/86Sr ratios among the Zimudang Au deposit, Permian-Triassic seawater and upper mantle

      表  1  黔西南紫木凼金矿床样品采样位置及样品描述

      Table  1.   Localities and descriptions of the samples from the Zimudang Au deposit, southwestern Guizhou

      样品号 采样位置 样品描述 同位素分析
      ZMD01 1365中段12线穿脉Ⅰ-2#矿体 方解石-硫化物矿石 S、C、O、Pb
      ZMD05 1365中段12线穿脉Ⅰ-2#矿体 脉状方解石矿石 S
      ZMD11 1365中段12线穿脉Ⅰ-2#矿体 脉状方解石矿石 C、O
      ZMD12 1365中段12线穿脉Ⅰ-2#矿体 脉状方解石矿石 C、O
      ZMD13 1365中段12线穿脉Ⅰ-2#矿体 脉状方解石矿石 C、O
      ZMD14 1365中段16线东沿脉Ⅰ-2#矿体 脉状方解石矿石 C、O
      ZMD15 1365中段16线东沿脉Ⅰ-2#矿体 脉状方解石矿石 C、O
      ZMD16 1365中段16线东沿脉Ⅰ-2#矿体 含浸染状黄铁矿方解石矿石 S、C、O、Sr
      ZMD17 1365中段16线东沿脉Ⅰ-2#矿体 含浸染状黄铁矿方解石矿石 C、O、Pb
      ZMD18 1365中段47线西沿脉Ⅰ#矿体 含粗粒黄铁矿黏土矿石 S
      ZMD19 1365中段47线西沿脉Ⅰ#矿体 浸染状黄铁矿矿石 S
      ZMD20 1365中段47线西沿脉Ⅰ#矿体 角砾岩中黄铁矿矿石 S、Pb
      ZMD21 1365中段47线西沿脉Ⅰ#矿体 角砾岩中黄铁矿矿石 S、Pb
      ZMD22 1365中段47线西沿脉Ⅰ#矿体 浸染状黄铁矿石,被方解石细脉穿插 S
      ZMD24 1365中段47线西沿脉Ⅰ#矿体 脉状石英-方解石矿石 C、O
      ZMD25 1365中段47线西沿脉Ⅰ#矿体 脉状方解石-石英矿石,含细粒黄铁矿 S、C、O
      ZMD26 1365中段47线西沿脉Ⅰ#矿体 脉状方解石-石英矿石,含细粒黄铁矿 S、C、O、Sr
      ZMD27 1365中段47线西沿脉Ⅰ#矿体 脉状方解石-石英矿石 C、O、Sr
      ZMD28 1365中段47线西沿脉Ⅰ#矿体 脉状方解石-石英矿石 C、O、Sr
      ZMD29 1365中段47线西沿脉Ⅰ#矿体 粗粒黄铁矿石,被方解石脉穿插 S、C、O、Pb
      ZMD31 1365中段47线西沿脉Ⅰ#矿体 浸染状黄铁矿石 S、Pb
      ZMD32 1365中段47线西沿脉Ⅰ#矿体 浸染状黄铁矿石 S
      ZMD33 1365中段47线西沿脉Ⅰ#矿体 浸染状黄铁矿石 S、Pb
      ZMD34 1365中段47线西沿脉Ⅰ#矿体 团块状硫化物矿石,表面弱氧化 S、Pb
      ZMD35 选厂矿石堆 脉状方解石矿石 C、O、Sr
      ZMD36 选厂矿石堆 含稀疏浸染状黄铁矿方解石矿石 S、C、O
      18ZMD01 1365中段47线Ⅰ#矿体 脉状方解石矿石 C、O、Sr
      18ZMD02 1365中段27线Ⅰ#矿体 脉状方解石矿石 C、O
      18ZMD03 1365中段27线Ⅰ#矿体 脉状方解石-石英矿石 C、O、Sr
      18ZMD04 1365中段55线Ⅰ#矿体 脉状方解石矿石 C、O、Sr、
      18ZMD05 1365中段55线Ⅰ#矿体 脉状方解石矿石 C、O
      18ZMD06 1365中段55线Ⅰ#矿体 含稀疏浸染状黄铁矿石英矿石 S、Pb、Sr
      18ZMD07 1340中段3线Ⅰ#矿体 脉状方解石矿石 C、O、Sr
      赋矿围岩
      ZMD03 1365中段12线穿脉Ⅰ-2矿体顶板 泥晶灰岩 S、C、O、Pb、Sr
      ZMD23 1365中段47线Ⅰ#矿体围岩 含浸染状黄铁矿粉砂质灰岩 S、C、O、Pb、Sr
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  紫木凼金矿床矿石、岩石的硫同位素组成

      Table  2.   Sulfur isotopic compositions of the ores and host rocks from the Zimudang Au deposit.

      样品编号 测试对象 δ34SV-CDT 数据来源 样品编号 测试对象 δ34SV-CDT 数据来源
      ZMD01Py 黄铁矿 7.47 本文 Z-12 黄铁矿 2.60 郭振春,1988
      ZMD01Rar 雄黄 2.11 Z-13-① 黄铁矿 2.02
      ZMD05 黄铁矿 -0.24 Z-14-② 黄铁矿 1.58
      ZMD16 黄铁矿 -5.27 Z-1 白铁矿 12.66
      ZMD18 黄铁矿 -5.02 Z-3 白铁矿 17.91
      ZMD19 黄铁矿 3.36 Z-15 雄黄 2.42
      ZMD20 黄铁矿 1.82 Z-16 雄黄 2.27
      ZMD21 黄铁矿 1.34 Z-17 雄黄 2.73
      ZMD22 黄铁矿 -0.99 ZMD-01 雄黄 1.18 王泽鹏等,2013
      ZMD25 黄铁矿 -12.31 ZMD-02 雄黄 1.57
      ZMD26 黄铁矿 -13.49 ZMD-02-02 雄黄 1.81
      ZMD29 黄铁矿 -10.21 ZMD03 雄黄 1.55
      ZMD31 黄铁矿 2.58 ZMD13 雄黄 1.09
      ZMD32 黄铁矿 0.23 ZMD26 雄黄 1.81
      ZMD33 黄铁矿 2.42 ZMD34 雄黄 2.25
      ZMD34Py 黄铁矿 2.61 ZMD-5 黄铁矿 -2.4 彭义伟等,2014
      ZMD34Apy 毒砂 1.95 ZMD-7 黄铁矿 -1.6
      ZMD36 黄铁矿 -5.00 ZMD-11 黄铁矿 1.4
      18ZMD06 黄铁矿 0.43 ZMD-12 黄铁矿 2.1
      Z-7 黄铁矿 3.58 郭振春,1988 ZMD-13 黄铁矿 1.3
      Z-19 黄铁矿 1.64 ZMD-22 黄铁矿 1.8
      Z-8 白铁矿 4.26 ZMD-18 雄黄 1.3
      Z-9 白铁矿 2.46 ZMD-23 雄黄 2.8
      Z-10 白铁矿 2.50 ZMD-26 雄黄 2.6
      Z-11 白铁矿 2.83 ZMD-27 雄黄 3.1
      Z-5 黄铁矿 2.18 ZMD-PD2-2 雄黄 0.8
      Z-6 黄铁矿 0.16
      赋矿围岩
      ZMD03 黄铁矿 -26.23 本文 ZMD23 黄铁矿 -19.63 本文
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  3  紫木凼金矿床碳、氧同位素组成

      Table  3.   Carbon and oxygen isotopic compositions of the Zimudang Au deposit

      样品编号 测试对象 δ13CV-PDB(‰) δ18OV-PDB(‰) δ18OV-SMOW(‰) 资料来源
      ZMD01 方解石 -5.51 -8.77 21.87 本文
      ZMD07 方解石 -5.41 -8.40 22.25
      ZMD11 方解石 -3.65 -7.73 22.94
      ZMD12 方解石 -4.37 -8.40 22.25
      ZMD13 方解石 -3.86 -6.88 23.82
      ZMD14 方解石 -5.21 -7.29 23.39
      ZMD15 方解石 -6.26 -7.59 23.09
      ZMD16 方解石 -5.36 -7.28 23.40
      ZMD17 方解石 -7.02 -8.86 21.78
      ZMD24 方解石 -1.87 -14.80 15.65
      ZMD25 方解石 -4.77 -9.71 20.90
      ZMD26 方解石 -4.43 -9.88 20.72
      ZMD27 方解石 -5.41 -8.33 22.32
      ZMD28 方解石 -4.65 -10.07 20.53
      ZMD29 方解石 -2.83 -13.07 17.44
      ZMD35 方解石 -8.52 -9.66 20.95
      ZMD36 方解石 -8.34 -9.47 21.15
      18ZMD01 方解石 -0.70 -13.16 17.34
      18ZMD02 方解石 -6.19 -8.66 21.98
      18ZMD03 方解石 -1.26 -10.64 19.94
      18ZMD04 方解石 0.59 -10.04 20.56
      18ZMD05 方解石 0.18 -10.50 20.09
      18ZMD07 方解石 0.17 -10.73 19.85
      Z-21 方解石 -5.67 -8.87 20.94 郭振春,1988
      Z-22 方解石 -8.55 -9.76 20.02
      Z-23 方解石 -6.39 -7.86 21.98
      Z-17-② 方解石 -4.92 -7.33 22.52
      ZMD-P1-b 方解石 -7.7 -9.1 21.5 彭义伟等,2014
      ZMD-P2-2 方解石 -9.1 -10.4 20.2
      ZMD-27 方解石 -2.7 -7.5 23.2
      ZMD-2 方解石 -7.8 -9.8 20.8
      ZMD-3 方解石 -7.5 -9.4 21.2
      ZMD-31-d 方解石 -6.5 -9.2 21.4
      赋矿围岩
      ZMD03 全岩 -0.66 -9.53 21.09
      ZMD23 全岩 -2.17 -9.79 20.82
      区域地层
      ZMD-9 灰岩 1.7 -8.5 22.1 彭义伟等,2014
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  4  紫木凼金矿床矿石铅同位素组成及相关参数

      Table  4.   Lead isotopic compositions of the ores from the Zimudang Au deposit

      样号 测试对象 206Pb/204Pb 207Pb/204Pb 208Pb/204Pb μ Δα Δβ Δγ 资料来源
      ZMD01 黄铁矿 18.577 15.624 38.895 9.49 81.70 19.52 44.47 本文
      ZMD17 黄铁矿 18.739 15.607 39.028 9.45 91.13 18.41 48.04
      ZMD20 黄铁矿 18.515 15.646 38.930 9.54 78.09 20.96 45.41
      ZMD21 黄铁矿 18.315 15.638 38.764 9.55 66.45 20.44 40.95
      ZMD29 黄铁矿 18.601 15.652 38.884 9.55 83.1 21.35 44.17
      ZMD31 黄铁矿 18.651 15.652 39.015 9.54 86.01 21.35 47.69
      ZMD33 黄铁矿 18.428 15.607 38.947 9.48 73.02 18.41 45.86
      ZMD34 黄铁矿 18.434 15.602 38.937 9.47 73.37 18.09 45.60
      ZMD34 毒砂 18.499 15.614 39.003 9.48 77.16 18.87 47.37
      18ZMD06 黄铁矿 18.623 15.669 38.951 9.58 84.38 22.46 45.97
      ZMD-01 雄黄 18.973 15.670 39.054 9.55 104.80 22.53 48.74 王泽鹏等,2013
      ZMD-02 雄黄 18.967 15.669 39.051 9.55 104.40 22.46 48.66
      ZMD-02-02 雄黄 18.961 15.662 39.032 9.53 104.10 22.00 48.15
      ZMD-03 雄黄 18.963 15.664 39.038 9.54 104.20 22.13 48.31
      ZMD-13 雄黄 18.300 15.585 38.455 9.45 65.57 16.98 32.65
      ZMD-26 雄黄 18.534 15.629 38.666 9.51 79.20 19.85 38.32
      ZMD-34 雄黄 18.064 15.596 38.219 9.50 51.83 17.70 26.31
      注:相关参数μ、Δα、Δβ、Δγ路远发(2004)研发的Geokit软件计算得到.
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  5  紫木凼金矿床岩石铅同位素组成及相关参数

      Table  5.   Lead isotopic compositions of the host rocks from the Zimudang Au deposit

      样号 测试对象 测定值 U(10-6) Th(10-6) Pb(10-6) 初始比值 μ Δα Δβ Δγ
      206Pb/204Pb 207Pb/204Pb 208Pb/204Pb 206Pb/204Pb 207Pb/204Pb 208Pb/204Pb
      ZMD03 赋矿围岩 18.321 15.583 38.746 1.73 9.23 13.8 18.136 15.574 38.423 9.44 66.79 16.85 40.47
      ZMD23 赋矿围岩 18.780 15.662 39.046 1.50 8.22 17.2 18.650 15.656 38.812 9.55 93.52 22.00 48.52
      注:U、Th、Pb含量在武汉地质调查中心中南监督检测中心用ICP-MS测定,206Pb/204Pb,207Pb/204Pb和208Pb/204Pb初始比值计算年龄取148 Ma(王泽鹏,2013);相关参数μ、Δα、Δβ、Δγ路远发(2004)研发的Geokit软件计算得到.
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  6  紫木凼金矿床锶同位素组成

      Table  6.   Strontium isotopic compositions of the Zimudang Au deposit

      样品号 测试对象 Rb(10-6) Sr(10-6) $ \frac{{}^{87}\mathrm{R}\mathrm{b}}{{}^{86}\mathrm{S}\mathrm{r}} $ $ \frac{{}^{87}\mathrm{S}\mathrm{r}}{{}^{86}\mathrm{S}\mathrm{r}}\left(1\sigma \right) $ $ {\left(\frac{{}^{87}\mathrm{S}\mathrm{r}}{{}^{86}\mathrm{S}\mathrm{r}}\right)}_{\mathrm{i}} $
      ZMD25 石英 0.074 87 0.953 7 0.226 3 0.708 19 (3) 0.707 71
      ZMD26 石英 0.027 56 0.280 7 0.283 1 0.708 71 (1) 0.708 11
      ZMD27 石英 0.027 11 0.315 2 0.248 0 0.708 42 (2) 0.707 90
      ZMD28 石英 0.012 99 0.212 1 0.176 6 0.708 11 (1) 0.707 74
      18ZMD03 石英 0.036 49 0.667 7 0.157 6 0.707 96 (3) 0.707 63
      18ZMD06 石英 0.021 12 0.275 4 0.221 0 0.708 21 (1) 0.707 75
      ZMD16 方解石 0.707 77 (2) 0.707 77
      ZMD26 方解石 0.707 26 (1) 0.707 26
      ZMD27 方解石 0.707 59 (2) 0.707 59
      ZMD35 方解石 0.708 01 (1) 0.708 01
      18ZMD01 方解石 0.707 57 (2) 0.707 57
      18ZMD04 方解石 0.707 55 (1) 0.707 55
      18ZMD03 方解石 0.707 40 (2) 0.707 40
      18ZMD07 方解石 0.707 52 (2) 0.707 52
      赋矿围岩
      17ZMD03 全岩 80.8 944.3 0.246 7 0.707 83(2) 0.707 31
      17ZMD23 全岩 52.4 728.1 0.207 5 0.707 72(1) 0.707 28
      注:(87Sr/86Sr)i计算年龄取148 Ma (王泽鹏,2013),由路远发(2004)研发的Geokit软件计算得到.
      下载: 导出CSV
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