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    银同位素在行星和地球科学中的研究进展

    朱原峰 董戈 刘茜 盛雪芬 魏海珍

    朱原峰, 董戈, 刘茜, 盛雪芬, 魏海珍, 2021. 银同位素在行星和地球科学中的研究进展. 地球科学, 46(12): 4390-4404. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.080
    引用本文: 朱原峰, 董戈, 刘茜, 盛雪芬, 魏海珍, 2021. 银同位素在行星和地球科学中的研究进展. 地球科学, 46(12): 4390-4404. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.080
    Zhu Yuanfeng, Dong Ge, Liu Xi, Sheng Xuefen, Wei Haizhen, 2021. Progress of Silver Isotopes Studies in Planetary and Earth Sciences. Earth Science, 46(12): 4390-4404. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.080
    Citation: Zhu Yuanfeng, Dong Ge, Liu Xi, Sheng Xuefen, Wei Haizhen, 2021. Progress of Silver Isotopes Studies in Planetary and Earth Sciences. Earth Science, 46(12): 4390-4404. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.080

    银同位素在行星和地球科学中的研究进展

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.080
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 41973005

    国家自然科学基金项目 41673001

    国家国防科技工业局民用航天技术预先研究项目 D020205

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      朱原峰(1998-), 男, 硕士研究生, 主要从事矿床同位素地球化学研究.ORCID: 0000-0003-2515-8878.E-mail: yfzhu@smail.nju.edu.cn

      通讯作者:

      魏海珍, E-mail: haizhenwei@nju.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P581

    Progress of Silver Isotopes Studies in Planetary and Earth Sciences

    • 摘要: 系统梳理了放射性Pd-Ag体系银同位素在行星科学中的发展概况以及稳定银同位素在环境科学示踪和金银矿床中的研究进展.在太阳星云以及行星核的形成过程中,由于107Ag可由107Pd经β衰变产生,而挥发性元素的耗散又会造成早期Pd/Ag的分异,使得Pd-Ag同位素体系可以用于早期太阳系的活动历史研究,例如定义行星核的形成、限定行星形成时代.在稳定银同位素体系中,已探明银同位素组成(δ109Ag)变化范围为-1.0‰~+2.3‰.稳定银同位素组成在不同环境的样品中具有类似于“指纹”特性,可用于确定污染物来源,追溯污染物环境过程,还原真实的环境系统.在金银矿床研究中,具有显著变化的银同位素组成使其在贵金属矿床的形成及演化机制上具有直接的应用意义.目前银同位素在解答行星科学及地球科学等诸多领域问题上仍存在一些尚未解决的难题,例如放射性Pd-Ag体系中太阳系初期107Pd/108Pd比值的精确限定、环境及矿床中银迁移沉积的物理化学过程的复杂耦合同位素分馏机制的确定等.

       

    • 图  1  地球-火星吸积过程银同位素组成的演化(据Righter et al., 2020修改)

      Fig.  1.  Evolution of silver isotope during accretion process of Earth and Mars (modified after Righter et al., 2020)

      图  2  地球岩石、环境样品、矿床以及地质标样中稳定银同位素组成(δ109Ag)分布

      数据引自Argapadmi et al.(2018)Arribas et al.(2020)Desaulty and Albarede(2013)Guo et al.(2017)Luo et al.(2010)Mathur et al.(2018);Schönbächler et al.(2007)Voisey et al.(2019)Woodland et al.(2005)Yang et al.(2009)

      Fig.  2.  Distribution of stable silver isotopic composition (δ109Ag) in rocks, environmental materials, metallic ore-deposits and standard reference materials in Earth

      图  3  稳定银同位素示踪纳米银粒子(AgNPs)污染物在环境中迁移转化示意图(据Zhang et al., 2017修改)

      Fig.  3.  Schematic diagram for tracking migration-conversion path of silver nano-particles in environment using silver isotopes (modified after Zhang et al., 2017)

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