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    金属稳定同位素示踪地球增氧事件

    王振飞 黄康俊 路雅雯 罗瑾 鞠鹏程 蒙泽坤

    王振飞, 黄康俊, 路雅雯, 罗瑾, 鞠鹏程, 蒙泽坤, 2021. 金属稳定同位素示踪地球增氧事件. 地球科学, 46(12): 4427-4451. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.088
    引用本文: 王振飞, 黄康俊, 路雅雯, 罗瑾, 鞠鹏程, 蒙泽坤, 2021. 金属稳定同位素示踪地球增氧事件. 地球科学, 46(12): 4427-4451. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.088
    Wang Zhenfei, Huang Kangjun, Lu Yawen, Luo Jin, Ju Pengcheng, Meng Zekun, 2021. Tracing Earth's Oxygenation Events Using Metal Stable Isotopes. Earth Science, 46(12): 4427-4451. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.088
    Citation: Wang Zhenfei, Huang Kangjun, Lu Yawen, Luo Jin, Ju Pengcheng, Meng Zekun, 2021. Tracing Earth's Oxygenation Events Using Metal Stable Isotopes. Earth Science, 46(12): 4427-4451. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.088

    金属稳定同位素示踪地球增氧事件

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.088
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 41973008

    国家自然科学基金项目 41890845

    国家自然科学基金项目 41621003

    中国科学院“西部之光”交叉团队项目 E0290101

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      王振飞(1997-), 男, 硕士研究生, 研究方向为前寒武纪古环境演化.ORCID: 0000-0003-2979-8397.E-mail: wangzhenfei184@163.com

      通讯作者:

      黄康俊, E-mail: hkj@nwu.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P581

    Tracing Earth's Oxygenation Events Using Metal Stable Isotopes

    • 摘要: 早期贫氧地球如何演化至现今富氧地球是理解地球宜居性形成与演化的关键,但重建地质历史时期地球大气与海洋氧含量仍是地球科学领域的重大挑战.金属稳定同位素的高精度测试分析为示踪地球大气与海洋氧化历史提供了新的研究手段.以Mo、U、Tl、Cr四种氧化还原敏感金属稳定同位素体系为例,详细介绍了氧化还原敏感金属稳定同位素地球化学行为及分馏机理.在此基础上,系统回顾了金属稳定同位素在研究产氧光合作用的起源、大氧化事件(Great Oxidation Event,GOE)、中元古代大气和海洋氧化还原状态、新元古代氧化事件(NOE)等重大科学问题中的研究进展.金属稳定同位素在重建地球表层圈层氧化过程具有广阔的应用前景,对认识地球宜居性的演化历史以及探索其未来发展趋势具有深远意义.

       

    • 图  1  地质历史时期大气氧气浓度变化(a)与海洋氧化还原条件变化(b)及生物演化重大事件(c)

      修改自Shields-Zhou and Och(2011)Lyons et al.(2014)Poulton(2017)

      Fig.  1.  The evolution of atmospheric oxygen levels (a), marine redox states (b), as well as the major biological innovative events (c) during the geological history

      图  2  氧化还原梯度带与氧化还原敏感金属稳定同位素关系概念

      a.早成岩阶段普通电子受体深度分布图;b.早成岩阶段厌氧代谢产物深度分布图;c.氧化还原条件深度变化;d.在不同的氧化还原相带下氧化还原敏感金属稳定同位素响应区间;修改自Canfield and Thamdrup(2009)Kendall(2021)Owens(2019)

      Fig.  2.  Conceptual figure of the relationship between redox gradient zone and redox sensitive metal stable isotopes

      图  3  现代海洋系统中Mo、U、Tl和Cr同位素循环

      ΔYXYXYSW,其中Y代表氧化还原元素,X代表不同元素不同的汇;数据来源:Mo同位素(Barling et al., 2001Siebert et al., 2003Archer and Vance, 2008Wasylenki et al., 2008Nägler et al., 2011Poulson Brucker et al., 2012Scholz et al., 2018Ahmad et al., 2021);U同位素(Dunk et al., 2002Andersen et al., 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017Tissot et al., 2018Zhang et al., 2020);Tl同位素(Nielsen et al., 2005, 2006a, 2006b, 2017Peacock and Moon, 2012Owens et al., 2017);Cr同位素(Jeandel and Minster, 1987Reinhard et al., 2013Gueguen et al., 2016Paulukat et al., 2016Goring-Harford et al., 2018Wei et al., 2018b

      Fig.  3.  Global cycles of Mo, U, Tl and Cr isotopes in the modern oceans.

      图  4  地质历史时期沉积物Mo、U、Tl、Cr同位素组成演化图解

      CZ为新生代;地壳U同位素值与现代海水U同位素平均值接近;数据来源:Mo同位素(Barling et al., 2001Siebert et al., 2003, 2005, 2006Arnold et al., 2004Lehmann et al., 2007Wille et al., 2007Gordon et al., 2009Voegelin et al., 2009Duan et al., 2010Pearce et al., 2010Scheiderich et al., 2010Voegelin et al., 2010Dahl et al., 2011Kendall et al., 2011Neubert et al., 2011Zhou et al., 2011Dickson et al., 2012Herrmann et al., 2012Xu et al., 2012Zhou et al., 2012Asael et al., 2013, 2018Wille et al., 2013Planavsky et al., 2014aChen et al., 2015Eroglu et al., 2015Kendall et al., 2015, 2020Kurzweil et al., 2015a, 2015b, 2016Wen et al., 2015Cheng et al., 2016, 2017, 2018Romaniello et al., 2016Diamond et al., 2018;Ossa Ossa et al., 2018aPlanavsky et al., 2018Scholz et al., 2018Dong et al., 2019Ostrander et al., 2019bThoby et al., 2019Zhang et al., 2019cGilleaudeau et al., 2020Greaney et al., 2020Mänd et al., 2020Stockey et al., 2020Ye et al., 2020Tan et al., 2021);U同位素(Montoya-Pino et al., 2010Brennecka et al., 2011Asael et al., 2013Kendall et al., 2013, 2015Dahl et al., 2014Holmden et al., 2015Noordmann et al., 2015Wang et al., 2016, 2018Elrick et al., 2017Jost et al., 2017Lau et al., 2017Lu et al., 2017;;Song et al., 2017Yang et al., 2017Bartlett et al., 2018Phan et al., 2018Wei et al., 2018aWhite et al., 2018Zhang et al., 2018a, 2018b, 2018c, 2018d, 2019aDahl et al., 2019Gilleaudeau et al., 2019Tostevin et al., 2019Cole et al., 2020Mänd et al., 2020Wang et al., 2020);Cr同位素(Frei et al., 2009, 2011, 2013Crowe et al., 2013Planavsky et al., 2014bCole et al., 2016Gilleaudeau et al., 2016Rodler et al., 2016Babechuk et al., 2017;D’Arcy et al., 2017Canfield et al., 2018Gilleaudeau et al., 2018Huang et al., 2018Wei et al., 2018a, 2021bColwyn et al., 2019Toma et al., 2019);Tl同位素(Them et al., 2018Bowman et al., 2019Ostrander et al., 2019a, 2020Fan et al., 2020

      Fig.  4.  Mo, U, Tl and Cr isotopic compositions of sediments through geological time

      表  1  Mo、U、Tl、Cr同位素组成表示方式

      Table  1.   The expressions of Mo, U, Tl, Cr isotopes

      同位素体系 表示方式 标样 参考文献
      Mo ${{\rm{ \mathsf{ δ} }}^{98}}{\rm{Mo}}\left({\rm{‰}} \right){\rm{}} = \left({\frac{{{{({}_{\rm{}}^{98}{\rm{Mo}}/{}_{\rm{}}^{95}{\rm{Mo}})}_{{\rm{sample}}}}}}{{{{({}_{\rm{}}^{98}{\rm{Mo}}/{}_{\rm{}}^{95}{\rm{Mo}})}_{{\rm{SRM}}3134}}}} - 1} \right) \times 1{\rm{}}000 + 0.25$ NIST SRM-3134 Kendall et al.(2017)
      U ${{\rm{ \mathsf{ δ} }}^{238}}{\rm{U}}\left({\rm{‰}} \right){\rm{}} = \left({\frac{{{{({}_{\rm{}}^{238}{\rm{U}}/{}_{\rm{}}^{235}{\rm{U}})}_{{\rm{sample}}}}}}{{{{({}_{\rm{}}^{238}{\rm{U}}/{}_{\rm{}}^{235}{\rm{U}})}_{{\rm{CRM}}145}}}} - 1} \right) \times 1{\rm{}}000$ NIST CRM-145 Andersen et al.(2017)
      Tl ${\varepsilon ^{205}}{\rm{Tl}} = \left({\frac{{{{({}_{\rm{}}^{205}{\rm{Tl}}/{}_{\rm{}}^{203}{\rm{Tl}})}_{{\rm{sample}}}}}}{{{{({}_{\rm{}}^{205}{\rm{Tl}}/{}_{\rm{}}^{203}{\rm{Tl}})}_{{\rm{SRM}}997}}}} - 1} \right) \times 10{\rm{}}000$ NIST SRM-997 Nielsen et al.(2017)
      Cr ${{\rm{ \mathsf{ δ} }}^{53}}{\rm{Cr}}\left({\rm{‰}} \right){\rm{}} = \left({\frac{{{{({}_{\rm{}}^{53}{\rm{Cr}}/{}_{\rm{}}^{52}{\rm{Cr}})}_{{\rm{sample}}}}}}{{{{({}_{\rm{}}^{53}{\rm{Cr}}/{}_{\rm{}}^{52}{\rm{Cr}})}_{{\rm{SRM}}979}}}} - 1} \right) \times 1{\rm{}}000$ NIST SRM-979 Qin and Wang(2017)
      下载: 导出CSV
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    • 收稿日期:  2021-04-21
    • 刊出日期:  2021-12-15

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