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    末次冰消期冲绳海槽中部表层和温跃层海水温度演化的脱耦现象

    钱芳 常凤鸣 孙晗杰 李铁刚 李安春 王佳

    钱芳, 常凤鸣, 孙晗杰, 李铁刚, 李安春, 王佳, 2022. 末次冰消期冲绳海槽中部表层和温跃层海水温度演化的脱耦现象. 地球科学, 47(7): 2602-2615. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.114
    引用本文: 钱芳, 常凤鸣, 孙晗杰, 李铁刚, 李安春, 王佳, 2022. 末次冰消期冲绳海槽中部表层和温跃层海水温度演化的脱耦现象. 地球科学, 47(7): 2602-2615. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.114
    Qian Fang, Chang Fengming, Sun Hanjie, Li Tiegang, Li Anchun, Wang Jia, 2022. Decoupled Evolution of Surface and Thermocline Water Temperatures in Middle Okinawa Trough during Last Deglaciation. Earth Science, 47(7): 2602-2615. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.114
    Citation: Qian Fang, Chang Fengming, Sun Hanjie, Li Tiegang, Li Anchun, Wang Jia, 2022. Decoupled Evolution of Surface and Thermocline Water Temperatures in Middle Okinawa Trough during Last Deglaciation. Earth Science, 47(7): 2602-2615. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.114

    末次冰消期冲绳海槽中部表层和温跃层海水温度演化的脱耦现象

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.114
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金重点项目 42076051

    国家自然科学基金重点项目 41830539

    国家自然科学基金重点项目 41876068

    中国科学院战略性先导科技专项 XDB42000000

    自然资源部海洋沉积与环境地质重点实验室开放基金课题 MASEG201901

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      钱芳(1996—),女,博士研究生,主要研究方向为古海洋与古环境. ORCID:0000-0001-9882-2325. E-mail:qianfang@qdio.ac.cn

      通讯作者:

      常凤鸣, ORCID: 0000-0002-7786-3213. E-mail: chfm@qdio.ac.cn

    • 中图分类号: P67

    Decoupled Evolution of Surface and Thermocline Water Temperatures in Middle Okinawa Trough during Last Deglaciation

    • 摘要: 解读末次冰消期全球水文气候演变过程对于理解气候系统对内外强迫的响应具有重要意义. 以冲绳海槽中部OKI02岩心为材料,通过浮游有孔虫Globigerinodes ruberPulleniatina obliquiloculata壳体Mg/Ca比值分别重建了19 ka BP以来海槽中部表层和温跃层海水温度(SST和TWT),结合浮游有孔虫群落组成变化重点恢复了末次冰消期(~18~11.7 ka BP)上层水体温度变化的特征和过程. 结果显示SST在LGM显著偏低,末次冰消期表现为显著的千年尺度变化,清楚地记录了HS1、B/A、YD等快速气候波动事件. 19 ka BP以来重建的TWT整体呈明显的上升趋势,但波动频繁而剧烈,末次冰消期相对较低,未显示显著的千年尺度变化. 对比北半球高纬和热带太平洋的记录发现,末次冰消期冲绳海槽中部SST开始上升的时间基本与前者相当,但明显滞后于热带西太平洋;冰消期其变化模式明显区别于热带西太平洋持续稳定的升温过程,而更类似于北半球高纬区的变化. 与SST明显不同,海槽区温跃层的升温(~18 ka BP)明显早于北半球高纬变暖,却接近于热带西太平洋海表温度开始上升的时间;且TWT的上升和波动方式也更接近于热带太平洋海温的变化模式. 对末次冰消期SST和TWT差异化演变的分析表明,AMOC对中低纬大气环流的影响可能通过东亚冬季风强度的变化控制了海槽区SST的演变,而热带太平洋ENSO过程则可能通过黑潮强度的变化决定了区域TWT的演化. 末次冰消期冲绳海槽中部SST和TWT演化存在明显的脱耦现象,显示了其与高、低纬海洋和气候变化之间的密切联系.

       

    • 图  1  冲绳海槽中部OKI02和相关岩心站位以及西北太平洋表层环流模式

      底图据NOAA(https://maps.ngdc.noaa.gov/viewers/wcs-client/)绘制,表层环流模式据Gallagher et al.(2015)改编. KC(Kuroshio Current). 黑潮;KE(Kuroshio Extension). 黑潮延伸体;MC(Mindanao Current). 棉兰老流;NEC(North Equatorial Current). 北赤道流;SEC(South Equatorial Current). 南赤道流;TWC(Tsushima Warm Current). 对马暖流

      Fig.  1.  The locations of OKI02 and related cores and surface circulation systems of the Northwest Pacific Ocean

      图  2  冲绳海槽中部OKI02岩心浮游有孔虫G. ruberP. obliquiloculata壳体Mg/Ca比值及SST和TWT的变化

      红色三角形示意13个AMS14C年龄控制点

      Fig.  2.  Variations of Mg/Ca ratios, SST and TWT of planktonic foraminifera G. ruber and P. obliquiloculata of core OKI02 in the Middle Okinawa Trough

      图  3  冲绳海槽中部OKI02岩心SST、TWT与冲绳海槽、热带西太平洋、北大西洋及格陵兰冰心记录的对比

      a.热带西太平洋MD98-2181、MD06-3067及MD06-3054岩心G. ruber壳体Mg/Ca-SST记录(Stott et al., 2002陈双喜,2011Bolliet et al., 2011);b.OKI02及冲绳海槽A7、MD012404、OKT-3岩心G. ruber壳体Mg/Ca-SST记录(Sun et al., 2005Chen et al., 2010Zhao et al., 2015);c.OKI02岩心P. obliquiloculata壳体Mg/Ca-TWT记录;d.热带西太平洋GeoB17419-1、MD06-3067及MD06-3054岩心P. obliquiloculata壳体Mg/Ca-TWT记录(陈双喜,2011Bolliet et al., 2011Hollstein et al., 2018);e.北大西洋SU8118岩心$ {\mathrm{U}}_{37}^{k\text{'}} $SST记录(Bard et al., 2000);f.格陵兰冰心氧同位素记录(NGICP Members,2004

      Fig.  3.  Comparison of core OKI02 SST and TWT with the records of Okinawa Trough, tropical western Pacific, the North Atlantic, and Greenland ice core

      图  4  冲绳海槽中部OKI02岩心SST与东亚冬季风、AMOC强度、北大西洋高纬SST及格陵兰冰心δ18O记录的对比

      a. OKI02 SST;b.中国黄土平均粒径(Sun et al., 2012),粗实线为平滑趋势;c.湖光岩玛珥湖Ti含量变化(Yancheva et al., 2007);d.北大西洋GGC-5岩心231Pa/230Th(McManus et al., 2004);e. 北大西洋SU8118岩心SST(Bard et al., 2000);f.格陵兰冰心氧同位素(NGICP Members,2004

      Fig.  4.  Comparison of core OKI02 SST with the records of East Asian winter monsoon, AMOC strength, North Atlantic high latitude SST, and Greenland ice core δ18O

      图  5  冲绳海槽中部OKI02岩心记录与赤道东、西太平洋SST梯度、St.19和MD01-2421岩心SST梯度及格陵兰冰心δ18O对比

      a. OKI02岩心P. obliquiloculata-TWT记录;b. OKI02岩心P. obliquiloculata百分含量变化;c.OKI02岩心浮游有孔虫混合层种/温跃层种百分含量变化的比值,红线为趋势线;d.热带西太平洋和东太平洋海表温度差(Koutavas and Joanides, 2012);e.St.19和MD01-2421岩心SST差(Yamamoto,2009),粗实线表示5点滑动平均;f.格陵兰冰心氧同位素记录(NGICP Members,2004

      Fig.  5.  Comparison of core OKI02 records with the SST gradient of equatorial eastern and western Pacific, the SST gradient of St.19 and MD01-2421 cores, and the δ18O of Greenland ice core

      表  1  冲绳海槽中部OKI02岩心的AMS14C年龄和日历年龄

      Table  1.   AMS14C and calendar ages of OKI02 in the Middle Okinawa Trough

      测试编号 层位(cm) AMS14C年龄(a BP) 日历年龄(a BP) 2σ年龄范围(a BP) 来源
      Beta-373510 0~2 100.6±0.3 pMc Zheng et al., 2014
      Beta-337538 52~54 3 150±30 2 709 2 498~2 874
      Beta-373511 104~106 4 920±30 4 935 4 754~5 196
      Beta-373512 134~136 5 830±30 5 974 5 782~6 171
      Beta-337539 162~164 7 200±40 7 433 7 265~7 580
      Beta-373513 188~190 8 300±30 8 541 8 367~8 753
      Beta-373514 212~214 9 230±40 9 709 9 502~9 954
      Beta-337540 248~250 10 560±40 11 546 11 286~11 803
      Beta-571959 286~288 12 670±40 14 038 13 791~14 293 本文
      Beta-571960 336~338 13 220±40 14 976 14 697~15 235 本文
      Beta-337541 372~374 14 290±50 16 367 16 093~16 650 Zheng et al., 2014
      Beta-571961 410~412 14 480±50 16 616 16 336~16 901 本文
      Beta-571962 454~456 15 280±50 17 596 17 310~17 889 本文
      Beta-337542 488~490 16 530±60 18 967 18 722~19 240 Zheng et al., 2014
      下载: 导出CSV
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    出版历程
    • 收稿日期:  2021-04-02
    • 网络出版日期:  2022-07-29
    • 刊出日期:  2022-07-25

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