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    南海天然气水合物资源勘查战略接替区初步分析与预测

    何家雄 宁子杰 赵斌 万志峰 孟大江

    何家雄, 宁子杰, 赵斌, 万志峰, 孟大江, 2022. 南海天然气水合物资源勘查战略接替区初步分析与预测. 地球科学, 47(5): 1549-1568. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.119
    引用本文: 何家雄, 宁子杰, 赵斌, 万志峰, 孟大江, 2022. 南海天然气水合物资源勘查战略接替区初步分析与预测. 地球科学, 47(5): 1549-1568. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.119
    He Jiaxiong, Ning Zijie, Zhao Bin, Wan Zhifeng, Meng Dajiang, 2022. Preliminary Analysis and Prediction of Strategic Replacement Area for Gas Hydrate Exploration in South China Sea. Earth Science, 47(5): 1549-1568. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.119
    Citation: He Jiaxiong, Ning Zijie, Zhao Bin, Wan Zhifeng, Meng Dajiang, 2022. Preliminary Analysis and Prediction of Strategic Replacement Area for Gas Hydrate Exploration in South China Sea. Earth Science, 47(5): 1549-1568. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.119

    南海天然气水合物资源勘查战略接替区初步分析与预测

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.119
    基金项目: 

    国家重点基础研究发展计划项目 2009CB219501

    中国地质调查局项目 GZH201100305

    中国地质调查局项目 DD20190232

    广东省区域联合基金项目 2020A1515110405

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      何家雄(1956-),男,岗位教授,博士,主要从事深水油气及水合物成藏综合研究.ORCID:0000-0002-8144-7060. E-mail:hejx@gig.ac.cn

      通讯作者:

      宁子杰, ORCID: 0000-0003-3064-8855. E-mail: ningzijie@outlook.com

    • 中图分类号: P618

    Preliminary Analysis and Prediction of Strategic Replacement Area for Gas Hydrate Exploration in South China Sea

    • 摘要: 二十多年来,南海天然气水合物勘查评价均主要集中在南海北部大陆边缘陆坡深水区,且先后在珠江口盆地神狐、珠江口盆地东部海域调查区和琼东南盆地陵水-松南调查区取得了天然气水合物勘查试采的重大突破及进展,陆续发现了两个大规模的天然气水合物藏,初步评价预测南海天然气水合物资源规模达800亿吨油当量左右,取得了南海天然气水合物勘探的阶段性重大成果.然而,南海天然气水合物资源进一步深化和拓展勘探的有利领域在哪里?尤其是可持续滚动勘探的战略接替区及选区在何处?其与目前陆坡深水油气及水合物勘探紧密相邻的外陆坡-洋陆过渡带(OCT)乃至洋盆区是否具有天然气水合物形成的地质条件?根据海洋地质调查及初步的地质综合分析研究,认为外陆坡-洋陆过渡带乃至洋盆区具备天然气水合物成藏的基本地质条件,可作为南海未来天然气水合物勘查的战略接替区和可持续滚动勘探的战略选区及资源远景区.针对这些影响和决定将来天然气水合物勘探决策部署及走向等关键问题进行初步分析与探讨,抛砖引玉希望能够对未来南海天然气水合物资源勘查评价及战略接替区之选择有所裨益!

       

    • 图  1  南海沉积物中酸解烃样品采样位置、烃类异常显示区及成因类型分布(据祝有海等,2008

      Fig.  1.  Location of sediment sampling from the South China Sea and higher methane concentratin areas with their origin types (modified by Zhu et al., 2008)

      图  2  南海南北陆缘及西南次海盆大剖面深部地壳结构构成及展布特征(引自Pichot et al.,2014修改)

      Fig.  2.  Geological characteristics of the crustal structure in the SW conjugate margin of South China Sea (modified by Pichot et al., 2014)

      图  3  南海北部大陆边缘陆架浅水断陷盆地与深水拆离盆地构造特征及展布规模对比(引自庞雄等,2018修改)

      Fig.  3.  Comparison of tectonic characteristics and distribution of shallow water rifted basins and deep water detachment basins in the northern continental margin of the South China Sea (modified by Pang et al., 2018)

      图  4  南海中央次海盆北部ODP184航次多站位附近BSR分布特征(引自王建桥等,2005b修改)

      Fig.  4.  Location of ODP Leg 184 with respect to the regional bottom simulating reflector (BSR) on the north of the Central Subbasin in the South China Sea (modified by Wang et al., 2005b)

      图  5  南海北部琼东南盆地南部陆坡深水探井有机质热演化(Ro)特征及成烃门槛(修改引自中国海洋石油集团有限公司资料)

      Fig.  5.  Organic matter thermal evolution (Ro) characteristics and hydrocarbon generation threshold of deepwater exploration wells in southern continental slope of Qiongdongnan basin, northern South China Sea (modified by the data from China National Offshore Oil Corporation)

      图  6  南海中南部主要盆地钻探所揭示主要烃源岩有机质成熟热演化特征

      Fig.  6.  Maturation and thermal evolution characteristics of main source rocks revealed by drilling in the main basins in the central and southern South China Sea

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