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    高速远程滑坡颗粒流研究进展

    李坤 程谦恭 林棋文 王玉峰 宋章

    李坤, 程谦恭, 林棋文, 王玉峰, 宋章, 2022. 高速远程滑坡颗粒流研究进展. 地球科学, 47(3): 893-912. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.169
    引用本文: 李坤, 程谦恭, 林棋文, 王玉峰, 宋章, 2022. 高速远程滑坡颗粒流研究进展. 地球科学, 47(3): 893-912. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.169
    Li Kun, Cheng Qiangong, Lin Qiwen, Wang Yufeng, Song Zhang, 2022. State of the Art on Rock Avalanche Dynamics from Granular Flow Mechanics. Earth Science, 47(3): 893-912. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.169
    Citation: Li Kun, Cheng Qiangong, Lin Qiwen, Wang Yufeng, Song Zhang, 2022. State of the Art on Rock Avalanche Dynamics from Granular Flow Mechanics. Earth Science, 47(3): 893-912. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.169

    高速远程滑坡颗粒流研究进展

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.169
    基金项目: 

    第二次青藏高原综合考察研究专题项目 2019QZKK0905

    第二次青藏高原综合考察研究专题项目 2019QZKK0906

    国家自然科学基金项目 41941017

    国家自然科学基金项目 41530639

    国家自然科学基金项目 41761144080

    国家自然科学基金项目 41877226

    国家自然科学基金项目 41877237

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      李坤(1989-),男,博士研究生,主要从事高速远程滑坡动力学机理的研究. ORCID:0000-0002-3245-1362. E-mail:likun@my.swjtu.edu.cn

      通讯作者:

      程谦恭, E-mail: chengqiangong@swjtu.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P642.2

    State of the Art on Rock Avalanche Dynamics from Granular Flow Mechanics

    • 摘要:

      颗粒流是高速远程滑坡物质演化过程的一个重要阶段,也是从细观角度揭示其超常运动特性的重要手段.颗粒流所采用的主要研究方法以及取得的重要理论成果,可以为高速远程滑坡动力学机理的研究提供重要的技术手段和理论支持.本文聚焦颗粒流研究进展,从颗粒流基本概念、流态特征及流变本构模型、颗粒流粒径分选机制等方面进行了系统梳理;进而,从理论、实验及数值计算模型3个方面对高速远程滑坡研究中颗粒流理论及方法的应用进行了系统性述评;在此基础上,提出了从颗粒流角度研究高速远程滑坡动力学机理涉及的关键科学问题:高速远程滑坡高流动性的起源涉及哪些物理过程?如何量化和模拟其多分散性和破碎过程?如何量化描述颗粒尺寸分布的时空演变及其与流动的耦合?如何从其沉积特征中探究流动的传播机制?针对这些问题,从基于沉积学特征的颗粒流物理力学过程、考虑尺度效应的颗粒流动力学特性研究、基于颗粒流力学过程的滑坡运动机理及其本构模型、新技术新方法的应用4个方面提出下一步应重点开展的研究工作.

       

    • 图  1  颗粒流流态特征示意

      Fig.  1.  Sketch of granular flow regimes

      图  2  密集颗粒流中粒径分选的两种力学机制示意

      a.细颗粒向下的筛分作用;b.粗颗粒向上的分选作用

      Fig.  2.  Sketch of two physical mechanisms of grain size segregation in dense granular flows

      图  3  多粒径颗粒流中粒径分选的反馈效应

      a~b.粒径分选诱导指状分叉现象,据Baker et al.(2016)、Valderrama et al.(2018);c.小型颗粒流实验中侧向分选及自成渠道效应,据Kokelaar et al.(2014);d.大型颗粒流斜槽实验中的侧向分选及自成渠道效应,据Johnson et al.(2012);e.侧缘堤形成过程示意图,据Gray(2018

      Fig.  3.  Feedback effects of size segregation in polydisperse granular flows

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