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    南沙海槽构造‒地层格架及其动力学意义

    高圆圆 任建业 佟殿君

    高圆圆, 任建业, 佟殿君, 2022. 南沙海槽构造‒地层格架及其动力学意义. 地球科学, 47(7): 2536-2548. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.246
    引用本文: 高圆圆, 任建业, 佟殿君, 2022. 南沙海槽构造‒地层格架及其动力学意义. 地球科学, 47(7): 2536-2548. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.246
    Gao Yuanyuan, Ren Jianye, Tong Dianjun, 2022. Tectono-Stratigraphic Framework in Nansha Trough and Its Dynamic Significance. Earth Science, 47(7): 2536-2548. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.246
    Citation: Gao Yuanyuan, Ren Jianye, Tong Dianjun, 2022. Tectono-Stratigraphic Framework in Nansha Trough and Its Dynamic Significance. Earth Science, 47(7): 2536-2548. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.246

    南沙海槽构造‒地层格架及其动力学意义

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.246
    基金项目: 

    南方海洋科学与工程广东省实验室(广州)人才团队引进重大专项 GML2019ZD0208

    国家重大专项子课题项目 2016ZX05026-004-003

    国家自然科学基金面上项目 42172125

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      高圆圆(1996-),女,博士研究生,主要从事大陆边缘沉积盆地分析等方面的研究. ORCID:0000-0003-3022-0605. E-mail:2717065291@qq.com

      通讯作者:

      任建业, ORCID:0000-0003-0780-651X. E-mail: jyren@cug.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P736

    Tectono-Stratigraphic Framework in Nansha Trough and Its Dynamic Significance

    • 摘要: 为了明确南沙海槽的构造‒地层格架和成因机制,以区域二维地震剖面的解释为基础,进行断层活动性和沉降史的定量计算,在南沙海槽盆地中确定出Tg、T60、T50和T0四个一级层序界面,以这4个一级层序界面为界,将南沙海槽盆地划分出3个盆地原型:古新世‒渐新世(Tg‒T60)断陷盆地、早中新世(T60‒T50)拗陷盆地和中中新世(T50‒T0)前陆盆地;新生代以来,南沙海槽盆地的沉降中心由NW向SE逐渐迁移. 区域资料对比分析表明南沙海槽前陆盆地是由多期前陆盆地叠置而成,以沙捞越造山不整合、区域深部不整合和区域浅部不整合这3个不整合面为界,划分出渐新世‒早中新世、中中新世‒上新世早期和上新世晚期‒现今3期前陆盆地;南沙海槽属于第三期前陆盆地的组成单元,目前仍处于发育演化过程中.

       

    • 图  1  南沙海槽盆地区域地理位置

      研究区构造据Hazebroek and Tan(1993);黑色实线为二维反射地震测线,黑色虚线为南沙海槽南部褶皱冲断带南北段分界线

      Fig.  1.  Regional geographical position of Nansha trough basin

      图  2  南沙海槽AB’地震剖面解释

      地震剖面右侧南沙海槽楔顶带据Cullen(2010)

      Fig.  2.  The diagrams showing the interpretation of seismic profile AB' in Nansha trough

      图  3  晚上新世以来西北沙巴陆缘深水褶皱冲断带缩短量与陆架生长断层伸展量对比

      据Hesse et al.2009)和唐武等(2018);a. 地震测线位置与构造缩短量和伸展量;b. 由婆罗洲向南海方向上构造缩短量和伸展量的变化

      Fig.  3.  The comparison of shortening amount in deep water fold and thrust belt and extension amount in shelf growth fault in the northwest Sabah continental margin since Late Pliocene

      图  4  测线AB’ F1~F5断层活动性定量分析

      Fig.  4.  The quantitative analysis of activity from the fault F1‒F5 in survey Line AB'

      图  5  剖面AA'新生代构造沉降与总沉降速率曲线(a)和构造演化剖面(b)

      Fig.  5.  Cenozoic tectonic subsidence and total subsidence rate curve (a), tectonic evolution section (b) in section AA'

      图  6  文莱‒沙巴盆地地层柱状图与构造事件(a); 南沙海槽‒文莱‒沙巴前陆盆地构造地层分区(b)

      图a据Cullen(2010)修改;图b据Hazebroek and Tan(1993)修改

      Fig.  6.  Stratigraphic column and tectonic events in the Brunei-Sabah Basin (a); tectono-stratigraphic division of Nansha trough-Brunei-Sabah foreland basin (b)

      图  7  南沙海槽前陆盆地演化模式

      Fig.  7.  The evolution model of Nansha trough foreland basin

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    • 收稿日期:  2021-09-30
    • 网络出版日期:  2022-07-29
    • 刊出日期:  2022-07-25

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