• 中国出版政府奖提名奖

    中国百强科技报刊

    湖北出版政府奖

    中国高校百佳科技期刊

    中国最美期刊

    留言板

    尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

    姓名
    邮箱
    手机号码
    标题
    留言内容
    验证码

    渤海海域大型太古界潜山储层形成条件及地质意义

    周心怀 王清斌 冯冲 叶涛 刘晓健 郝轶伟 周淋

    周心怀, 王清斌, 冯冲, 叶涛, 刘晓健, 郝轶伟, 周淋, 2022. 渤海海域大型太古界潜山储层形成条件及地质意义. 地球科学, 47(5): 1534-1548. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.249
    引用本文: 周心怀, 王清斌, 冯冲, 叶涛, 刘晓健, 郝轶伟, 周淋, 2022. 渤海海域大型太古界潜山储层形成条件及地质意义. 地球科学, 47(5): 1534-1548. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.249
    Zhou Xinhuai, Wang Qingbin, Feng Chong, Ye Tao, Liu Xiaojian, Hao Yiwei, Zhou Lin, 2022. Formation Conditions and Geological Significance of Large Archean Buried Hill Reservoirs in Bohai Sea. Earth Science, 47(5): 1534-1548. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.249
    Citation: Zhou Xinhuai, Wang Qingbin, Feng Chong, Ye Tao, Liu Xiaojian, Hao Yiwei, Zhou Lin, 2022. Formation Conditions and Geological Significance of Large Archean Buried Hill Reservoirs in Bohai Sea. Earth Science, 47(5): 1534-1548. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.249

    渤海海域大型太古界潜山储层形成条件及地质意义

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.249
    基金项目: 

    国家“十三五”科技重大专项 2016ZX05024003

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      周心怀(1970-),男,博士,教授级高级工程师,主要从事油气勘探综合研究工作.E⁃mail:zhouxh3@cnooc.com.cn

    • 中图分类号: P618

    Formation Conditions and Geological Significance of Large Archean Buried Hill Reservoirs in Bohai Sea

    • 摘要: 渤海海域近几年在太古界潜山领域获得了多个大型油气田发现,其中,渤中19-6构造天然气储量超过千亿方,展示了该领域巨大的勘探潜力.变质岩潜山储层规模是制约变质岩勘探的关键因素,落实规模性潜山储层形成条件具有重要的理论和实际意义.综合应用岩心、薄片、扫描电镜等实验资料以及地震资料分析了渤海海域太古界大型变质岩潜山储层形成条件.研究结果表明:富脆性长英质矿物是渤海海域太古界变质岩大型潜山储层发育的重要物质基础,长英质矿物含量控制了裂缝发育程度,也为风化淋滤和深部流体等的溶蚀作用提供了基础条件;多类型压性构造控制了大型裂缝型储层的形成;风化淋滤作用对太古界潜山储层纵向发育的明显控制作用,是影响太古界潜山储层纵向分带的主要因素;深部流体对太古界潜山储层具有重要改善作用,扩大了裂缝的规模.在上述形成条件指导下,建立了太古界大型潜山储层成因模式.

       

    • 图  1  渤海海域前新生界古地质图与岩性综合柱状图

      Fig.  1.  Paleogeological map of pre-Cenozoic and comprehensive histogram of lithology in Bohai Sea area

      图  2  渤海海域太古界潜山岩性

      a. JZ25-1S-2井,1 751.14~1 751.34 m,片麻岩,岩心照片;b.BZ19-6-7,4 920 m,黑云斜长片麻岩,正交光;c.BZ19-6-2Sa,4 218.5 m,混合片麻岩,岩心照片;d.BZ19-6-4,4 574 m,黑云二长变质花岗岩,正交光;e.BZ19-6-4,4 586 m,斜长片麻质碎裂岩,正交光;f.BZ19-6-1,4 025 m,二长片麻质碎裂岩,正交光;g.JZ25-1S-5,1 793 m,碎裂碎斑岩,正交光;h.JZ25-1S-5,1 793 m,裂缝带中碎基充填,正交光;i.BZ19-6-2Sa,4 076 m,辉绿岩,正交光;j.BZ19-6-2Sa,3 939.5 m,花岗斑岩,岩心照片;k.BZ19-6-16,5 039 m,闪长玢岩,正交光;l.BZ19-6-7,4 613 m,云母片岩,正交光

      Fig.  2.  Lithology of Archean buried hill in Bohai Sea area

      图  3  太古界潜山储层分带模式

      Fig.  3.  Reservoir zoning model of Archean buried hill

      图  4  太古界潜山储层储集空间类型

      a. BZ19-6-1,4 035 m,早期风化淋滤缝,正交光;b. BZ26-2-1,3 033.53 m,晶体内部裂缝,单偏光;c. BZ26-2-1,3 030.48 m,多期裂缝切割,单偏光;d. BZ19-6-4,4 421 m,风化砂砾岩,岩心照片;e.BZ19-6-4,4 413 m,风化淋滤溶蚀孔发育,单偏光;f. BZ19-6-1,4 050 m,溶蚀扩大孔,单偏光;g. BZ19-6-9,5 430 m,长石颗粒受构造作用影响出现变形,单偏光;h. BZ19-6-12,5 142 m,裂缝发育,单偏光;i. CFD18-2-2d,4 187 m,岩石破碎产生裂缝,正交光;j. BZ19-6-12井,5 163 m,早期裂缝边缘后期改造新生成裂缝,单偏光;k. BZ19-6-14井,4 600 m,早期裂缝边缘后期改造新生成裂缝,单偏光;l.BZ19-6-15,5 213 m,裂缝中早期白云石溶蚀残余,单偏光

      Fig.  4.  Reservoir space types of Archean buried hill reservoir

      图  5  不同岩性抗压强度应力实验

      辽宁鞍山地区野外露头太古界变质岩样品:a.二长花岗伟晶岩,黑云母含量为0%,密度为2.47 g/cm3;变质花岗闪长岩,黑云母含量为12%,密度为2.63 g/cm3;花岗闪长质片麻岩,黑云母含量为16%,密度为2.61 g/cm3;黑云花岗片麻岩,黑云母含量为35%,密度为2.74 g/cm3. b.黑云母塑性变形,碱性长石碎裂化明显

      Fig.  5.  Compressive strength stress test of different lithologies

      图  6  渤海太古界潜山变质岩主要矿物组成

      Fig.  6.  Main mineral compositions of Archean buried hill metamorphic rocks in Bohai Sea

      图  7  渤中19-6构造印支期构造形态及其控储特征

      Fig.  7.  Structural morphology and reservoir controlling characteristics of Bozhong 19-6 structure in Indochina Epoch

      图  8  锦州25-1南油田构造纲要及其走滑断裂控储特征

      Fig.  8.  Structural outline and strike slip fault reservoir controlled characteristics of Jinzhou 25-1 south oilfield

      图  9  大气水‒花岗岩相互作用物理模拟实验

      a.实验前花岗岩中的钠长石表面光滑平整;b.花岗岩中的钠长石表面出现微孔(100 ℃,30 MPa);c.花岗岩中的钾长石周围溶蚀孔(100 ℃,30 MPa);d.花岗岩中的钠长石沿解理缝溶蚀(150 ℃,30 MPa);e.钠长石表面出现深沟(200 ℃,30 MPa);f.钠长石沿解理溶蚀强烈,可见自生石英微弱溶蚀(200 ℃,30 MPa)

      Fig.  9.  Physical simulation experiment of water-granite interaction in atmosphere

      图  10  渤海海域太古界变质岩储层发育厚度与上覆地层厚度关系

      Fig.  10.  Relationships between development thickness of Archean metamorphic reservoir and thickness of overlying strata in Bohai Sea area

      图  11  CO2成因判别图版(底图数据据周心怀等,2017

      Fig.  11.  CO2 cause identification charts (modified according to Zhou et al., 2017)

      图  12  深部流体溶蚀岩心及显微照片

      a.BZ19-6-12,5 273.80~5 274.00 m,溶蚀孔洞;b.BZ19-6-14,4 371.02~4 371.17 m,溶蚀孔洞,可见方解石附着;c.JZ25-1S-C35,2 050.56~ 2 050.76 m,溶蚀孔洞;d.JZ25-1S-2,1 865.40 m,黄铁矿发育;e. BZ19-6-3,4 234 m,黄铁矿胶结;f.BZ19-6-7,4 700 m,沿裂缝溶蚀扩大孔;g. BZ19-6-5,4 390 m,黄铁矿、铁白云石和铁方解石充填裂缝

      Fig.  12.  Deep fluid eroded cores and micrographs

      图  13  渤中19-6构造太古界变质岩储层成因模式

      Fig.  13.  The genetic model of Archean metamorphic rock reservoir in Bozhong 19-6 structure

    • Chen, J. B., Pan, L. L., Tong, K. J., et al., 2016. Controlling Factors Analysis of Archaezoic Metamorphic Buried Hill Reservoirs in Liaoxi Low Salient. Petroleum Geology and Engineering, 30(4): 30-35, 146 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      Chen, X. L., Wei, A. J., Wang, Y. C., et al., 2018. Controlling Effect of Archaean Metamorphic Rocks on Fractures in Southwest Bohai Sea. Geological Science and Technology Information, 37(2): 165-173 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      Cuong, T. X., Warren, J. K., 2009. Bach Ho Field, a Fractured Granitic Basement Reservoir, Cuu Long Basin, Offshore SE Vietnam: A "Buried-Hill"Play. Journal of Petroleum Geology, 32(2) : 129-156. doi: 10.1111/j.1747-5457.2009.00440.x
      Deng, Y. H., 2015. Formation Mechanism and Exploration Practice of Large-Medium Buried-Hill Oil Fields in Bohai Sea. Acta Petrolei Sinica, 36(3): 253-261 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      Dou, L. R., Wei, X. D., Wang, J. C., et al., 2015. Characteristics of Granitic Basement Rock Buried-Hill Reservoir in Bongor Basin, Chad. Acta Petrolei Sinica, 36(8): 897-904, 925 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      Hou, M. C., Cao, H. Y., Li, H. Y., et al., 2019. Characteristics and Controlling Factors of Deep Buried-Hill Reservoirs in the BZ19-6 Structural Belt, Bohai Sea Area. Natural Gas Industry, 39(1): 33-44 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      Huang, S. B., Liu, L. F., Wu, K. Q., et al., 2017. Control Factors and Comprehensive Prediction of Granite Buried Hill Reservoirs in Western Segment of Shaleitian Bulge, Bohai Sea. China Petroleum Exploration, 22(4): 108-115 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      Li, J. P., Zhou, X. H., Wang, G. Z., 2014. Lithologic Constitution and Its Control on Reservoir Development on Penglai 9-1 Buried Hill, Bohai Sea Basin. Earth Science, 39(10): 1521-1530 (in chinese with English abstract).
      Liu, H. M., Zhang, P. F., Song, G. Q., et al., 2014. Fracture Types and Distribution of Archaean Rocks in West Shandong, China. Journal of China University of Petroleum (Edition of Natural Science), 38(5): 34-40 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      Ma, L., Liu, Q. X., Zhang, J. L., et al., 2006. A Discussion of Exploration Potentlals of Basement Hydrocarbon Reservoir. Natural Gas Industry, 26(1): 8-11 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      Song, B. R., Hu, Y. J., Bian, S. Z., et al., 2011. Reservoir Characteristics of the Crystal Basement in the Xinglongtai Buried-Hill, Liaohe Depression. Acta Petrolei Sinica, 32(1): 77-82 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      Song, B. R., Shi, Y. H., Liu, Y. T., et al., 2017. Lithological Characteristics, Oil-Bearing Property and Logging Identification of the Crystalline Basement of Liaohe Depression. Geological Review, 63(2): 427-440 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      Wang, D. Y., Wang, Q. B., Liu, X. J., et al., 2019. Characteristics and Developing Patterns of Gneiss Buried Hill Weathering Crust Reservoir in the Sea Area of the Bohai Bay Basin. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 35(4): 1181-1193(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.18654/1000-0569/2019.04.13
      Wang, Y. G., Geng, B., Zhang, D. J., 2013. Reservoir Characteristics and Logging Interpretation of Chengbei Metamorphic Rocks in Jiyang Depression. Petroleum Geology and Recovery Efficiency, 20(1): 48-51, 114 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      Wu, Z. P., Hou, X. B., Li, W., 2007. Discussion on Mesozoic Basin Patterns and Evolution in the Eastern North China Block. Geotectonica et Metallogenia, 31(4): 385-399 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      Xu, C. G., Du, X. F., Liu, X. J., et al., 2020. Formation Mechanism of High-Quality Deep Buried-Hill Reservoir of Archaean Metamorphic Rocks and Its Significance in Petroleum Exploration in Bohai Sea Area. Oil & Gas Geology, 41(2): 235-247, 294 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      Xu, C. G., Yu, H. B., Wang, J., et al., 2019. Formation Conditions and Accumulation Characteristics of Bozhong 19-6 Large Condensate Gas Field in Offshore Bohai Bay Basin. Petroleum Exploration and Development, 46(1): 25-38 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      Xu, S. L., You, L., Mao, X. L., 2019. Reservoir Characteristics and Controlling Factors of Granite Buried Hill in Songnan Low Uplift, Qiongdongnan Basin. Earth Science, 44(8): 2717-2728 (in chinese with English abstract).
      Xue, Y. A., 2019. The Breakthrough of the Deep-Buried Gas Exploration in the Bohai Sea Area and Its Enlightenment. Natural Gas Industry, 39(1): 11-20 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      Xue, Y. A., Zhao, M., Liu, X. J., 2021. Reservoir Characteristics and Controlling Factors of the Metamorphic Buried Hill of Bozhong Sag, Bohai Bay Basin. Journal of Earth Science, 32(4): 919-926. doi: 10.1007/s12583-021-1415-1
      Ye, T., Niu, C. M., Wang, Q. B., et al., 2021. Characteristics and Controlling Factors of Large Bedrock Buried-Hill Reservoirs in the Bohai Bay Basin-A Case Study of the BZ19-6 Condensate Field. Acta Geologica Sinica, 95(6): 1889-1902 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      Zhang, P. F., Cao, Z. X., Liu, H. M., et al., 2016. Main Controlling Factors of Archaeozoic Inner Buried Hill Reservoir: With Luxi and Jiyang Area as an Example. Journal of China University of Mining & Technology, 45(1): 96-104 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      Zhang, Y., 2016. Effects of Lithology on Xinglongtai Metamorphic Buried-Hill Interior Reservoir. Special Oil & Gas Reservoirs, 23(4): 64-68, 154 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      Zhou, J. S., Tong, X. L., Feng, Y. H., 2006. Development Characteristics and Control Factors for Reservoir Fracture in Chaiwopu Anticline of Junggar Basin. Acta Petrolei Sinica, 27(3): 53-56 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      Zhou, X. H., Xiang, H., Yu, S., et al., 2005. Reservoir Characteristics and Development Controlling Factors of JZS Neo-Archean Metamorphic Buried Hill Oil Pool in Bohai Sea. Petroleum Exploration and Development, 32(6): 17-20 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      Zhou, X. H., Zhang, R. C., Li, H. Y., et al., 2017. Major Controls on Natural Gas Accumulations in Deep- Buried Hills in Bozhong Depression, Bohai Bay Basin. Journal of China University of Petroleum (Edition of Natural Science), 41(1): 42-50 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      Zhou, Z. L., Heng, H. L., Dang, H., 2009. Classic Example Analysis of Fractured Basement Reservoir for Abroad and Exploratory Prospect. Xinjiang Geology, 27(3): 251-253 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      陈建波, 潘玲黎, 童凯军, 等, 2016. 辽西低凸起太古宇变质岩潜山储层控制因素研究. 石油地质与工程, 30(4): 30-35, 146. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-8217.2016.04.009
      陈心路, 韦阿娟, 王粤川, 等, 2018. 渤海海域西南部太古宙变质岩岩性对裂缝的控制作用. 地质科技情报, 37(2): 165-173. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DZKQ201802023.htm
      邓运华, 2015. 渤海大中型潜山油气田形成机理与勘探实践. 石油学报, 36(3): 253-261. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SYXB201503002.htm
      窦立荣, 魏小东, 王景春, 等, 2015. 乍得Bongor盆地花岗质基岩潜山储层特征. 石油学报, 36(8): 897-904, 925. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SYXB201508001.htm
      侯明才, 曹海洋, 李慧勇, 等, 2019. 渤海海域渤中19-6构造带深层潜山储层特征及其控制因素. 天然气工业, 39(1): 33-44. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-TRQG201901005.htm
      黄胜兵, 刘丽芳, 吴克强, 等, 2017. 渤海海域沙垒田凸起西段花岗岩潜山优质储层形成控制因素及综合预测. 中国石油勘探, 22(4): 108-115. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-7703.2017.04.011
      李建平, 周心怀, 王国芝, 2014. 蓬莱9-1潜山岩性组成及其对储层发育的控制. 地球科学, 39(10): 1521-1530. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2014.134
      刘惠民, 张鹏飞, 宋国奇, 等, 2014. 鲁西地区太古界裂缝类型与发育规律. 中国石油大学学报(自然科学版), 38(5): 34-40. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-5005.2014.05.005
      马龙, 刘全新, 张景廉, 等, 2006. 论基岩油气藏的勘探前景. 天然气工业, 26(1) : 8-11. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0976.2006.01.003
      宋柏荣, 胡英杰, 边少之, 等, 2011. 辽河坳陷兴隆台潜山结晶基岩油气储层特征. 石油学报, 32(1): 77-82. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-8719.2011.01.013
      宋柏荣, 施玉华, 刘玉婷, 等, 2017. 辽河坳陷结晶基底岩性特征、含油性及测井识别. 地质论评, 63(2): 427-440. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DZLP201702016.htm
      王德英, 王清斌, 刘晓健, 等, 2019. 渤海湾盆地海域片麻岩潜山风化壳型储层特征及发育模式. 岩石学报, 35(4): 1181-1193. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YSXB201904013.htm
      王永刚, 耿斌, 张豆娟, 2013. 济阳坳陷埕北地区变质岩储层特征与测井解释. 油气地质与采收率, 20(1): 48-51, 114. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-9603.2013.01.012
      吴智平, 侯旭波, 李伟, 2007. 华北东部地区中生代盆地格局及演化过程探讨. 大地构造与成矿学, 31(4): 385-399. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1552.2007.04.001
      徐长贵, 杜晓峰, 刘晓健, 等, 2020. 渤海海域太古界深埋变质岩潜山优质储集层形成机制与油气勘探意义. 石油与天然气地质, 41(2): 235-247, 294. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SYYT202002002.htm
      徐长贵, 于海波, 王军, 等, 2019. 渤海海域渤中19-6大型凝析气田形成条件与成藏特征. 石油勘探与开发, 46(1): 25-38. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SKYK201901003.htm
      徐守立, 尤丽, 毛雪莲, 等, 2019. 琼东南盆地松南低凸起周缘花岗岩潜山储层特征及控制因素. 地球科学, 44(8): 2717-2728. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.186
      薛永安, 2019. 渤海海域深层天然气勘探的突破与启示. 天然气工业, 39(1): 11-20. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-TRQG201901003.htm
      叶涛, 牛成民, 王清斌, 等, 2021. 渤海湾盆地大型基岩潜山储层特征及其控制因素: 以渤中19-6凝析气田为例. 地质学报, 95(6): 1889-1902. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0001-5717.2021.06.015
      张鹏飞, 曹忠祥, 刘惠民, 等, 2016. 太古界潜山内幕储层发育主控因素分析: 以鲁西‒济阳地区为例. 中国矿业大学学报, 45(1): 96-104. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZGKD201601014.htm
      张宇, 2016. 岩性对兴隆台变质岩潜山内幕油藏的控制作用. 特种油气藏, 23(4): 64-68, 154. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-6535.2016.04.014
      周进松, 童小兰, 冯永宏, 2006. 柴窝堡背斜储层构造裂缝发育特征及控制因素. 石油学报, 27(3): 53-56. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0253-2697.2006.03.011
      周心怀, 项华, 于水, 等, 2005. 渤海锦州南变质岩潜山油藏储集层特征与发育控制因素. 石油勘探与开发, 32(6): 17-20. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-0747.2005.06.004
      周心怀, 张如才, 李慧勇, 等, 2017. 渤海湾盆地渤中凹陷深埋古潜山天然气成藏主控因素探讨. 中国石油大学学报(自然科学版), 41(1): 42-50. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-5005.2017.01.005
      周宗良, 衡海良, 党红, 2009. 国外基岩裂缝油藏实例分析与勘探前景. 新疆地质, 27(3): 251-253. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-8845.2009.03.011
    • 加载中
    图(13)
    计量
    • 文章访问数:  2118
    • HTML全文浏览量:  1471
    • PDF下载量:  220
    • 被引次数: 0
    出版历程
    • 收稿日期:  2021-12-09
    • 刊出日期:  2022-05-25

    目录

      /

      返回文章
      返回