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    珠江水系演化与东亚地形倒转的耦合关系

    张向涛 向绪洪 赵梦 崔宇驰 张浩

    张向涛, 向绪洪, 赵梦, 崔宇驰, 张浩, 2022. 珠江水系演化与东亚地形倒转的耦合关系. 地球科学, 47(7): 2410-2420. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.002
    引用本文: 张向涛, 向绪洪, 赵梦, 崔宇驰, 张浩, 2022. 珠江水系演化与东亚地形倒转的耦合关系. 地球科学, 47(7): 2410-2420. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.002
    Zhang Xiangtao, Xiang Xuhong, Zhao Meng, Cui Yuchi, Zhang Hao, 2022. Coupling Relationship between Pearl River Water System Evolution and East Asian Terrain Inversion. Earth Science, 47(7): 2410-2420. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.002
    Citation: Zhang Xiangtao, Xiang Xuhong, Zhao Meng, Cui Yuchi, Zhang Hao, 2022. Coupling Relationship between Pearl River Water System Evolution and East Asian Terrain Inversion. Earth Science, 47(7): 2410-2420. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.002

    珠江水系演化与东亚地形倒转的耦合关系

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.002
    详细信息
      作者简介:

      张向涛(1969-), 男, 教授级高工, 主要从事油气勘探与地质研究.ORCID: 0000-0003-4406-6004.E-mail: zhangxt1@cnooc.com.cn

      通讯作者:

      向绪洪, E-mail: xiangxh@cnooc.com.cn

    • 中图分类号: P67

    Coupling Relationship between Pearl River Water System Evolution and East Asian Terrain Inversion

    • 摘要: 新生代以来,全球地质演化中最大的地质事件不外乎青藏高原的形成及其环境效应,其中东亚地区的黄土堆积及大型水系的形成最为瞩目.珠江作为串联华南大陆与南海北部“源-汇”系统的纽带,是南海沉积学研究的焦点,揭示其形成过程对探讨云贵高原以及青藏东南侧的地形演变具有重要意义.采用元素地球化学与碎屑锆石U-Pb年龄谱系源汇综合示踪技术,结合珠江流域及珠江三角洲的研究成果,详细探讨珠江的诞生与演化历史.珠江河流体系初始形成于早渐新世,流域范围仅限于华南沿海地区;晚渐新世珠江发生向西拓展事件,流域面积显著扩大,达到云贵高原东侧边缘;到中新世珠江流域发生明显改变,河流进一步向西、向北溯源侵蚀,流域面积急剧扩大,深入云贵高原腹地.23 Ma珠江流域面积的快速扩展与同时期长江三峡贯通、北方黄土发育均是该时期青藏高原大范围隆升的直接产物,是东亚地区基本形成西高东低地貌特征的具体反映.

       

    • 图  1  珠江流域地质图及样品分布

      Fig.  1.  Geological map of the Pearl River Basin and the distribution of research samples

      图  2  珠江口盆地地层柱状图

      Fig.  2.  Schematic stratigraphic column of the Pearl River Mouth Basin

      图  3  珠江流域各支流现代沉积物碎屑锆石U-Pb年龄谱系图(n为统计锆石颗粒数)

      Fig.  3.  U-Pb age histogram of modern sedimentary detrital zircons in the Pearl River (n is the number of zircon particles)

      图  4  珠江流域(源区)及珠江口盆地(汇区)锆石年龄特征分析(n为统计锆石颗粒数)

      Fig.  4.  Analysis of the source area of the Pearl River Basin (n is the number of zircon particles)

      图  5  珠江三角洲不同时期沉积物的重矿物组合(a)和元素含量变化曲线(b;据邵磊等,2008

      Fig.  5.  The heavy mineral assemblage of sediments(a)and variations of element content of boreholes in the Pearl River Delta(b; from Shao et al., 2008)

      图  6  青藏高原阶段性隆升过程与珠江流域拓展之间的对应关系

      青藏高原隆升史据王国芝等(1999)王国灿等(2011)综合完成

      Fig.  6.  Coupling relationship between the multi-stage Tibetan Uplift and the Pearl River drainage evolution

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    出版历程
    • 收稿日期:  2021-10-01
    • 网络出版日期:  2022-07-29
    • 刊出日期:  2022-07-25

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