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    珠江口盆地白云凹陷深层储层特征与有效储层控制因素

    廖计华 吴克强 耳闯

    廖计华, 吴克强, 耳闯, 2022. 珠江口盆地白云凹陷深层储层特征与有效储层控制因素. 地球科学, 47(7): 2454-2467. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.017
    引用本文: 廖计华, 吴克强, 耳闯, 2022. 珠江口盆地白云凹陷深层储层特征与有效储层控制因素. 地球科学, 47(7): 2454-2467. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.017
    Liao Jihua, Wu Keqiang, Er Chuang, 2022. Deep Reservoir Characteristics and Effective Reservoir Control Factors in Baiyun Sag of Pearl River Mouth Basin. Earth Science, 47(7): 2454-2467. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.017
    Citation: Liao Jihua, Wu Keqiang, Er Chuang, 2022. Deep Reservoir Characteristics and Effective Reservoir Control Factors in Baiyun Sag of Pearl River Mouth Basin. Earth Science, 47(7): 2454-2467. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.017

    珠江口盆地白云凹陷深层储层特征与有效储层控制因素

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.017
    基金项目: 

    国家“十三五”科技重大专项 2016ZX05026

    中海石油(中国)有限公司重大生产科研项目 2019KT⁃SC⁃22

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      廖计华(1984-),男,高级工程师,博士,主要从事沉积相与油气储层综合研究. ORCID: 0000⁃0002⁃0174⁃9633. E⁃mail:liaojh2@cnooc.com.cn

    • 中图分类号: P618.13

    Deep Reservoir Characteristics and Effective Reservoir Control Factors in Baiyun Sag of Pearl River Mouth Basin

    • 摘要: 珠江口盆地白云凹陷珠海组和恩平组是该区深层油气勘探的主要层系,查明深层储层基本特征和有效储层控制因素对于白云凹陷深层油气勘探具有重要意义. 基于岩石学和矿物学、成岩作用、孔隙特征及沉积相分析,明确了白云凹陷深层储层基本特征. 白云凹陷深层以低孔低渗和致密储层为主;压实作用是造成深层储层变差的主要原因,碳酸盐胶结和石英次生加大是主要的自生矿物;孔隙类型以粒间溶孔和粒内溶孔为主;有效储层以低孔低渗及以上储层为主,孔隙度总体保持在10%左右,渗透率变化范围大. 中粗粒沉积相带、溶蚀作用和超压是深层有效储层的主要控制因素. 中粗粒砂岩具有较好的原生孔和次生孔发育条件,渗透率较高,胶结减孔作用弱,溶蚀增孔作用强;溶蚀作用是深层关键的建设性成岩作用,溶蚀孔隙是深层主要的孔隙类型;超压传导作用有利于酸性流体活动和溶蚀物质的迁移,对形成溶蚀孔隙具有积极意义;分流河道和水下分流河道砂体是中粗粒砂岩的主要载体,应作为深层油气勘探的优选对象.

       

    • 图  1  白云凹陷构造区划及地层综合柱状图

      Fig.  1.  Structural districts and comprehensive stratigraphic column of Baiyun Sag

      图  2  白云凹陷砂岩类型三角图

      Fig.  2.  Triangle diagrams of sandstone types in Baiyun Sag

      图  3  白云凹陷深层各粒级砂岩矿物含量对比

      Fig.  3.  Comparison of the mineral content of each grade sandstone in the deep reservoir of Baiyun Sag

      图  4  白云凹陷各分区压实作用程度纵向特征

      a.北坡;b.BY5;c.西南;d.流花;e.LW14

      Fig.  4.  Longitudinal characteristics of compaction degree in different zones of Baiyun Sag

      图  5  白云凹陷深层压溶作用典型特征

      a. PY33,3 880.5 m,珠海组,极细‒细粒砂岩,碎屑颗粒呈“漂浮”状,早期方解石连晶胶结,充填孔隙并交代石英;b. BY18,珠海组,4 305 m,早期石英次生加大,铁白云石充填次生孔隙,交代长石和石英加大边;c. BY51,4 805 m,珠海组,压溶作用较明显,颗粒间可见缝合线;d. BY51,珠海组,4 304 m,石英发育多期次生加大,在发生强烈压实作用前已形成早期次生加大;e. BY52,5 109 m,恩平组,含铁白云石和铁白云石充填孔隙及交代碎屑颗粒;f. BY51,4 380.4 m,珠海组,伊利石生长在方解石外侧,伊利石形成时间晚于方解石;g. LW21,3 739.2 m,珠海组,显微球状黄铁矿、自生石英、丝缕状伊利石充填孔隙;h. PY72,4 631.5 m,恩平组,发育粒间溶孔,颗粒溶蚀不彻底;i. PY73,珠海组,3 555.8 m,压实作用强,颗粒裂缝,长石被溶蚀形成次生孔隙. F. 长石,Q. 石英,Or. 钾长石,Ca. 方解石胶结物,q1. 石英一期次生加大,q2. 石英二期次生加大,q3. 石英三期次生加大,Fe-Do. 铁白云石,I. 伊利石,Pr. 黄铁矿,P. 孔隙

      Fig.  5.  Typical characteristics of pressure solution in Baiyun Sag

      图  6  白云凹陷各分区孔隙度纵向分布

      a.北坡;b.BY5;c.西南;d.LW9(LW91/LW 92);e.LW14

      Fig.  6.  Longitudinal distribution of porosity in Baiyun Sag

      图  7  白云凹陷各分区渗透率纵向分布

      a.北坡;b.BY5;c.西南;d.LW9(LW91/LW92);e.LW14

      Fig.  7.  Longitudinal distribution of permeability in Baiyun Sag

      图  8  白云凹陷BY52钻井综合柱状图

      Fig.  8.  Well BY52 comprehensive column in Baiyun Sag

      图  9  白云凹陷成岩作用减孔量或增孔量纵向特征

      Fig.  9.  Longitudinal characteristics of reducing or increasing porosity in diagenesis of Baiyun Sag

      图  10  恩平组和珠海组不同微相类型砂岩粒度特征

      Fig.  10.  Grain size characteristics of different microfacies in Enping Formation and Zhuhai Formation

      图  11  各粒级砂岩成岩作用贡献定量计算及面孔率、原生面孔率和次生面孔率对比

      Fig.  11.  Quantitative calculation of diagenesis contribution and comparison of face rate, primary face rate and secondary face rate of different grain size sandstones

      图  12  不同区域孔隙度和次生孔隙占比对比

      Fig.  12.  Comparison of porosity and secondary porosity in different regions

      图  13  次生面孔率与孔隙度(a)和渗透率(b)相关性

      Fig.  13.  The relations between secondary porosity and total porosity (a), and secondary porosity and permeability (b)

      图  14  BY5-2构造深层压力系数与次生孔隙发育程度相关性

      Fig.  14.  Correlation between pressure coefficient and secondary pore development in BY5-2 structure

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    • 收稿日期:  2021-11-03
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