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    干热岩控热构造系统厘定与类型划分

    刘德民 韦梅华 孙明行 张昌生 关俊朋 康志强 祁焱雅 张小波 周天禹

    刘德民, 韦梅华, 孙明行, 张昌生, 关俊朋, 康志强, 祁焱雅, 张小波, 周天禹, 2022. 干热岩控热构造系统厘定与类型划分. 地球科学, 47(10): 3723-3735. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.058
    引用本文: 刘德民, 韦梅华, 孙明行, 张昌生, 关俊朋, 康志强, 祁焱雅, 张小波, 周天禹, 2022. 干热岩控热构造系统厘定与类型划分. 地球科学, 47(10): 3723-3735. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.058
    Liu Demin, Wei Meihua, Sun Minghang, Zhang Changsheng, Guan Junpeng, Kang Zhiqiang, Qi Yanya, Zhang Xiaobo, Zhou Tianyu, 2022. Classification and Determination of Thermal Control Structural System of Hot Dry Rock. Earth Science, 47(10): 3723-3735. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.058
    Citation: Liu Demin, Wei Meihua, Sun Minghang, Zhang Changsheng, Guan Junpeng, Kang Zhiqiang, Qi Yanya, Zhang Xiaobo, Zhou Tianyu, 2022. Classification and Determination of Thermal Control Structural System of Hot Dry Rock. Earth Science, 47(10): 3723-3735. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.058

    干热岩控热构造系统厘定与类型划分

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.058
    基金项目: 

    中国地质大学(武汉)研究生联合培养实践基地建设项目 YJC2021506

    大同盆地重点地区深部高温地热资源详查项目 2021-0009-G009-C05

    广西干热岩选区预测与分级评价项目 2019016207

    苏北盆地干热岩控热构造背景研究项目 2018016417

    中国地质大学(武汉)第二批本科教学工程项目 ZL201925

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      刘德民(1975-), 男, 博士, 副教授, 主要从事构造地质学与地热地质学方面的教学和研究.ORCID: 0000-0002-5038-4802.E-mail: 5guc@163.com

    • 中图分类号: P314

    Classification and Determination of Thermal Control Structural System of Hot Dry Rock

    • 摘要: 为了研究干热岩成因机理,综合分析了干热岩形成背景、控热构造系统及尺度.地球中的干热岩具有特殊的形成构造背景,控热构造对干热岩热能的传输与聚敛具有很重要的作用,导致岩石圈不同热结构和热异常.控热构造可划分为生热、导热、储热和释热构造.生热构造包括地幔软流圈底辟,具有大量高放射性元素的岩浆房,活动性的深大断裂等;中、下地壳脆韧性转换带,活动的韧性剪切带是导热构造;中、下地壳的低阻高导体,韧性剪切流变层既是导热层,也是储热构造;火山、地震、浅表层次的活动断裂等为释热构造;控热构造的类型受到构造尺度和构造背景的限定.由于地壳中控热构造分布状态及发育特征差异较大,从而导致干热岩等地热能资源在地壳中的埋深、规模、热量以及分布状态等也有较大差异.

       

    • 图  1  全球级控热构造系统

      Fig.  1.  Global thermal-controlling structure system

      图  2  热隆伸展区干热岩成因概念模型

      刘德民等(2020)修改

      Fig.  2.  Conceptual model of genesis of hot dry rocks in thermal uplift extension area

      图  3  西宁地热田热储构造概念模型示意图(a)和关中盆地地热形成模式(b)

      图a据张森琦等(2013)修改; 图b据穆根胥等(2015)修改

      Fig.  3.  Schematic diagram of conceptual model of heat reservoir structure in Xining geothermal field (a) and geothermal formation model of Guanzhong basin (b)

      图  4  南海-内陆岩石圈流变分层结构图(a)和地震地壳测深HQ-13线横向速度结构(b)

      图a据施小斌等(2000)修改; 图b据陈沪生(1988)修改. 实线为岩石圈结构分层界线, 虚线为流变层分界线; b.脆性层; d.韧性层;A.海底;B.新生界基底;C.上地壳底界;D.莫霍面;E.热岩圈底界

      Fig.  4.  Rheological stratification structure of South China Sea inland lithosphere (a) and lateral velocity structure of seismic crustal sounding HQ-13 line(b)

      图  5  地球内部热物质运移示意图

      杨巍然等(2016)修改. 1. 重力运动潜势方向;2. 热能潜势方向;3. 地壳热流熔体(低速高导层);4. 地幔熔融热流体;5. 核幔边界形成的熔融热流体

      Fig.  5.  Schematic diagram of thermal material migration in the earth's interior

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    出版历程
    • 收稿日期:  2021-11-11
    • 刊出日期:  2022-10-25

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