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    广西乐业地区吴家坪期牙形石的发现及其意义

    谢雨荷 覃斌贤 江海水 陈发垚 颜佳新

    谢雨荷, 覃斌贤, 江海水, 陈发垚, 颜佳新, 2024. 广西乐业地区吴家坪期牙形石的发现及其意义. 地球科学, 49(4): 1524-1540. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.062
    引用本文: 谢雨荷, 覃斌贤, 江海水, 陈发垚, 颜佳新, 2024. 广西乐业地区吴家坪期牙形石的发现及其意义. 地球科学, 49(4): 1524-1540. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.062
    Xie Yuhe, Qin Binxian, Jiang Haishui, Chen Fayao, Yan Jiaxin, 2024. Discovery and Significance of Wuchiapingian Conodonts from Leye of Guangxi. Earth Science, 49(4): 1524-1540. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.062
    Citation: Xie Yuhe, Qin Binxian, Jiang Haishui, Chen Fayao, Yan Jiaxin, 2024. Discovery and Significance of Wuchiapingian Conodonts from Leye of Guangxi. Earth Science, 49(4): 1524-1540. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.062

    广西乐业地区吴家坪期牙形石的发现及其意义

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.062
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 41872117

    国家自然科学基金项目 41972033

    国家自然科学基金项目 41830320

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      谢雨荷(2000-),女,硕士研究生,地质学专业,主要从事古生物方向研究.ORCID:0000-0001-7576-7511. E-mail:morvenx0530@gmail.com

      通讯作者:

      江海水,ORCID: 0000-0001-9636-0307. E-mail: jiangliuis@163.com

    • 中图分类号: P52

    Discovery and Significance of Wuchiapingian Conodonts from Leye of Guangxi

    • 摘要: 吴家坪期作为二叠纪晚期两次灭绝事件(瓜德鲁普世末灭绝事件和二叠纪末灭绝事件)之间的一次快速的生态复苏时期,是地质历史时期一个重要的阶段.该时期扬子台地中部及滇黔桂地区碳酸盐岩台地仍有广泛分布;其中乐业碳酸盐台地是南盘江盆地内一个典型的孤立碳酸盐岩台地,在瓜德鲁普统茅口组顶部不整合面之上发育连续的吴家坪期海相碳酸盐岩沉积.此前该地二叠纪地层划分对比仍依据传统的化石生物地层分带,与牙形石生物地层相比,精细程度尚不足.对乐业台地内部的刷把村剖面和六为剖面合山组底部牙形石进行了研究,在这两个剖面共鉴定出牙形石2属8种(含一个新种),包括Clarkina asymmetricaC. aff.asymmetricaC. daxianensisC. dukouensisC. leveniHindeodus julfensisH. typicalisHindeodus praechangxingensis sp. nov..其中在刷把村剖面识别出C. asymmetricaC. leveni两个牙形石带,六为剖面识别出C. asymmetrica一个牙形石带.根据牙形石关键分子的首现,乐业台地在经历了瓜德鲁普世-乐平世之交全球大海退后,至少到C. asymmetrica带才开始海侵并重新开始碳酸盐岩沉积,可为该区碳酸盐岩台地-盆地演化和区域地层对比研究提供重要依据.

       

    • 图  1  广西乐业地区刷把村剖面及六为剖面交通位置

      Fig.  1.  Locations of the Shuabacun Section and the Liuwei Section in Leye County, Guangxi

      图  2  广西六为剖面野外照片

      a. 茅口组与合山组平行不整合界线远眺;b. 合山组底部风化壳层;c. 茅口组的灰岩;d. 茅口组与合山组平行不整合界线近景图

      Fig.  2.  Outcrop photographs of the Liuwei Section of Guangxi

      图  3  广西乐业刷把村剖面全景图

      a. 刷把村剖面全景图;b. 图a合山组局部放大图,9~14分别对应相应的样品产出层位

      Fig.  3.  Panorama of the Shuabacun Section in the Leye County of Guangxi

      图  4  广西乐业刷把村剖面吴家坪期Clarkina分子

      标本保存在中国地质大学(武汉)地球科学学院地球生物学系,1-6. Clarkina asymmetrica Mei and Wardlaw, 1994: 1. SBC-10-4, SBC-4a_i003; 2. SBC-11-1, SBC-4a_i005; 3. SBC-13-3; 4. SBC-13-3, SBC-3a_i025; 5. SBC-13-4, SBC-5a_i001; 6. SBC-13-5, SBC-6a_i001; 7-17. Clarkina daxianensis Mei and Wardlaw, 1994: 7, 9-10. SBC-13-2, SBC-3a_i001, SBC-3a_i008, SBC-3a_i004; 8. SBC-11-4, SBC-4a_i016; 11-13. SBC-13-4, SBC-5a_i003, SBC-5a_i006, SBC-5a_i007; 14-15. SBC-13-5, SBC-6a_i002, SBC-6a_i014; 16-17. SBC-13-6, SBC-6a_i007, SBC-6a_i006; 18-20. Clarkina leveni(Kozur, Mostler et Pjtakova, 1975): 18. SBC-13-6, SBC-6a_i016; 19-20. SBC-13-7, SBC-7a_i001, SBC-7a_i002; 21. Clarkina sp.: SBC-12-3, SBC_i023; 22. Clarkina sp.: SBC-13-6, SBC-6a-i025

      Fig.  4.  Wuchiapingian conodont species of Clarkina at the Shuabacun Section of Leye, Guangxi

      图  5  广西乐业六为剖面吴家坪阶Clarkina分子

      标本保存在中国地质大学(武汉)地球科学学院地球生物学系,1. Clarkina sp.,幼年标本,LWC-4-1,LWC-8a_i008;2-7. Clarkina dukouensis Mei and Wardlaw,1994:2. LWC-4-1,LWC-8a_i010;3-7. LWC-4-2,LWC-10a_i001,LWC-10a_i009,LWC-10a_i010,LWC-10a_i015,LWC-10a_i017;8-13. Clarkina aff. asymmetrica:LWC-4-1,LWC-8a_i017,LWC-9a_i002,LWC-8a_i011,LWC-8a_i012,LWC-9a_i019,LWC-9a_i001;14-22.Clarkina asymmetrica Mei and Wardlaw,1994:14-18. LWC-4-1,LWC-8a_i015,LWC-8a_i014,LWC-8a_i020,LWC-8a_i018,LWC-9a_i022;19-21. LWC-4-3,LWC-11a_i003,LWC-11a_i001,LWC-11a_i004;22. LWC-5-2,LWC-11a_i022;23. Clarkina daxianensis Mei and Wardlaw,1994:LWC-5-1,LWC-11a_i011

      Fig.  5.  Wuchiapingian conodont species of Clarkina at the Liuwei Section of Leye, Guangxi

      图  6  广西乐业刷把村剖面与六为剖面吴家坪阶Hindeodus分子

      标本保存在中国地质大学(武汉)地球科学学院地球生物学系,1-5,7-13. Hindeodus typicalisSweet,1970):1. SBC-13-2,SBC-7a_i0011;2. SBC-13-4,SBC-7a_i021;3. SBC-13-6,SBC-7a_i033;4,10. LWC-4-4,LWC-12a_i011,LWC-12a_i013;5,7-8,11-12. LWC-5-1,LWC-12a_i017,LWC-12a_i021,LWC-12a_i022,LWC-12a_i014,LWC-12a_i016;9. LWC-4-3,LWC-12a_i005;13. LWC-5-3,LWC-12a_i030;6. Hindeodus sp.:LWC-5-1,LWC-12a_i019;14-24. Hindeodus praechangxingensis sp.nov.:14. SBC-12-2,SBC-7a_i007;15-16. SBC-13-2,SBC-7a_i014,SBC-7a_i010;17-18. SBC-13-5,SBC-7a_i024,SBC-7a_i025;19-23. SBC-13-6,SBC-7a_i030,SBC-7a_i032,SBC-7a_i031,SBC-7a_i029,SBC-7a_i034;24. LWC-4-3,LWC-12a_i004;25. Hindeodus julfensis(Sweet,1973):LWC-5-2,LWC-12a_i026

      Fig.  6.  Wuchiapingian conodont species of Hindeodus at the Shuabacun Section and the Liuwei Section of Leye, Guangxi

      图  7  广西乐业刷把村剖面及六为剖面牙形石属种分布

      Fig.  7.  Conodonts distribution at the Shuabacun and the Liuwei Sections of Leye, Guangxi

      表  1  广西乐业地区刷把村剖面与六为剖面牙形石样品分布情况

      Table  1.   Numerical distribution of conodonts in the Shuabacun and Liuwei Sections of Leye, Guangxi

      刷把村剖面 六为剖面
      层号 层厚(m) 样品号 距本层底(m) C. asymmetrica C. daxianensis C. leveni C. sp H. praechangxingensis sp.nov. H. typicalis H. sp 层号 层厚(m) 样品号 距本层底(m) C. dukouensis C. asymmetrica C. aff. asymmetrica: C. daxianensis C. sp H. praechangxingensis sp.nov. H. typicalis H. julfensis H. sp
      13 3.6 SBC-13-7 2.7 2 2 5 2.9 LWC-5-5 2.3 1 1 2 1 1
      SBC-13-6 2.1 5 1 13 7 2 1 LWC-5-4 1.5 1
      SBC-13-5 1.9 1 4 7 2 2 LWC-5-3 0.95 2 1
      SBC-13-4 1.6 1 6 6 1 LWC-5-2 0.45 1 1 2 1
      SBC-13-3 1.35 2 1 3 1 LWC-5-1 0.15 1 10 9 3
      SBC-13-2 1 6 14 3 2 6 4 1.6 LWC-4-6 1.4 1 1
      SBC-13-1 0.2 3 2 LWC-4-5 1.3 1
      12 2.7 SBC-12-3 1.95 3 LWC-4-4 1.1 2 3
      SBC-12-2 0.85 1 1 LWC-4-3 0.95 5 6 1 4 4
      11 2.9 SBC-11-5 2.35 2 LWC-4-2 0.45 24
      SBC-11-4 1.65 1 2 1 LWC-4-1 0.35 4 18 16 17
      SBC-11-3 1.15 1 6 1
      SBC-11-2 0.45 1
      SBC-11-1 0.15 1 1 1
      10 2.5 SBC-10-4 1.6 1
      SBC-10-3 0.55 2
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    出版历程
    • 收稿日期:  2021-09-24
    • 网络出版日期:  2024-04-30
    • 刊出日期:  2024-04-25

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