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    南海北部湾盆地协调‒非协调供源样式与沉积交互作用耦合响应:以涠西南凹陷C洼为例

    周子强 朱红涛 刘强虎 刘圣

    周子强, 朱红涛, 刘强虎, 刘圣, 2022. 南海北部湾盆地协调‒非协调供源样式与沉积交互作用耦合响应:以涠西南凹陷C洼为例. 地球科学, 47(7): 2521-2535. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.106
    引用本文: 周子强, 朱红涛, 刘强虎, 刘圣, 2022. 南海北部湾盆地协调‒非协调供源样式与沉积交互作用耦合响应:以涠西南凹陷C洼为例. 地球科学, 47(7): 2521-2535. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.106
    Zhou Ziqiang, Zhu Hongtao, Liu Qianghu, Liu Sheng, 2022. Coupled Response of Concordant-Discordant Input Systems and Depositional Interactions within Beibuwan Basin, South China Sea: A Case Study from C Sag, Weixinan Depression. Earth Science, 47(7): 2521-2535. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.106
    Citation: Zhou Ziqiang, Zhu Hongtao, Liu Qianghu, Liu Sheng, 2022. Coupled Response of Concordant-Discordant Input Systems and Depositional Interactions within Beibuwan Basin, South China Sea: A Case Study from C Sag, Weixinan Depression. Earth Science, 47(7): 2521-2535. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.106

    南海北部湾盆地协调‒非协调供源样式与沉积交互作用耦合响应:以涠西南凹陷C洼为例

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.106
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 42172127

    国家自然科学基金项目 41872149

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      周子强(1997-),男,硕士研究生,从事层序地层学和沉积学研究. ORCID:0000-0002-0875-4355. E-mail:zidianzhou@cug.edu.cn

      通讯作者:

      朱红涛,E-mail: htzhu@cug.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P618.13

    Coupled Response of Concordant-Discordant Input Systems and Depositional Interactions within Beibuwan Basin, South China Sea: A Case Study from C Sag, Weixinan Depression

    • 摘要: 断陷湖盆具有多物源注入和地貌复杂的特征,开展从源到汇的分析有利于深化对有利砂体展布的认识. 以涠西南凹陷C洼及邻近凸起为例,基于测井和地震资料刻画了源‒汇系统的要素特征,区分出协调和非协调两类供源样式,明确了多物源汇聚下沉积体系的时空展布规律. 研究表明,涠西南凹陷C洼流三段接受北部、南部短轴体系和西部长轴体系的联合供源,南部体系可进一步划分为S-Ⅰ、S-Ⅱ、S-Ⅲ三个次级体系. 其中,长轴体系具有低缓的源区和宽缓的沟谷,表现为常年稳定和牵引流主导的协调型供源样式,在沉积区发育粒度和含砂率相关变化的辫状河体系;短轴体系具有相对高陡的源区、深切的沟谷,如S-Ⅱ单元,代表着脉冲式和重力流主导的非协调供源样式,在沉积区发育厚层泥岩夹薄层砾岩的盆底扇和扇三角洲体系. 在流三下亚段沉积时期,在南部短轴非协调体系的强烈供源下,长轴协调体系主体被推离C洼南部而分布在中北部;在流三上亚段沉积时期,湖平面上升后短轴源区面积减小使得非协调体系供源减弱,长轴协调体系则保持稳定的供源强度并向南部偏转以填充余出的可容空间. 通过对涠西南C洼及邻近凸起开展源‒汇系统分析,强调供源样式和沉积交互作用耦合控制了有利砂体的时空展布,对涠西南凹陷C洼及相似断陷湖盆的油气勘探具有一定指导意义.

       

    • 图  1  涠西南凹陷构造位置(改自杨希冰等,2019

      Fig.  1.  Structure location of Weixinan Depression (modified from Yang et al., 2019)

      图  2  涠西南凹陷流沙港组地层综合柱状图(改自胡德胜等,2020

      Fig.  2.  Integrated stratigraphic column of the Liushagang Formation in the Weixinan Depression (modified from Hu et al., 2020)

      图  3  南海北部湾盆地涠西南低凸起源‒渠单元划分

      a.三维地貌;b.沟道特征

      Fig.  3.  The subdivision of source-to-sink systems within the Weixinan Low Uplift, Beibuwan Basin, South China Sea

      图  4  南海北部湾盆地涠西南凹陷C洼流三段沉积体系类型

      Fig.  4.  Types of depositional systems of the third member of Liushagang Formation in the C Sag, Weixinan Depression, South China Sea

      图  5  顺长轴辫状河三角洲物源方向的低角度前积剖面(见图 1中BB’剖面)

      Fig.  5.  Seismic profile along axial braided delta showing low-angle progradational reflection characteristics

      图  6  顺涠西南低凸起S-Ⅱ号流域单元高角度前积剖面(见图 1中CC’剖面)

      Fig.  6.  Seismic profile along the catchment Ⅱ showing high-angle progradational reflection characteristics

      图  7  顺涠西南低凸起S-Ⅲ号流域单元低角度前积剖面(见图 1中DD’剖面)

      Fig.  7.  Seismic profile along the catchment Ⅲ showing low-angleprogradational reflection characteristics

      图  8  协调‒非协调型源‒汇系统模式(改自Sømme and Jackson, 2013)

      Fig.  8.  Conceptual model of concordant-discordant source-to-sink systems (modified from Sømme and Jackson, 2013)

      图  9  顺长轴方向剖面显示W-3井的快速相变(见图 1中EE’剖面)

      Fig.  9.  Seismic profile along axial braided delta showing abrupt facies evolution in Well W-3

      图  10  古地貌与沉积体系叠合模式

      a.流三下亚段;b.流三上亚段

      Fig.  10.  The coupled paleo-geomorphology-depositional system model

      图  11  长短轴沉积体系交互模式图(改自Cullen et al., 2020)

      Fig.  11.  A conceptual model for interactions between transverse and axial depositional systems (modified from Cullen et al., 2020)

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    出版历程
    • 收稿日期:  2022-01-16
    • 网络出版日期:  2022-07-29
    • 刊出日期:  2022-07-25

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