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    实验矿物物理的发展现状与趋势:1.相变和状态方程、电导率、热导率

    张宝华 毛竹 刘锦 叶宇 孙伟 郭新转 刘兆东 郭璇

    张宝华, 毛竹, 刘锦, 叶宇, 孙伟, 郭新转, 刘兆东, 郭璇, 2022. 实验矿物物理的发展现状与趋势:1.相变和状态方程、电导率、热导率. 地球科学, 47(8): 2714-2728. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.219
    引用本文: 张宝华, 毛竹, 刘锦, 叶宇, 孙伟, 郭新转, 刘兆东, 郭璇, 2022. 实验矿物物理的发展现状与趋势:1.相变和状态方程、电导率、热导率. 地球科学, 47(8): 2714-2728. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.219
    Zhang Baohua, Mao Zhu, Liu Jin, Ye Yu, Sun Wei, Guo Xinzhuan, Liu Zhaodong, Guo Xuan, 2022. Recent Progress and Perspective of Experimental Mineral Physics: 1. Phase Transition and Equation of State, Electrical Conductivity and Thermal Conductivity. Earth Science, 47(8): 2714-2728. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.219
    Citation: Zhang Baohua, Mao Zhu, Liu Jin, Ye Yu, Sun Wei, Guo Xinzhuan, Liu Zhaodong, Guo Xuan, 2022. Recent Progress and Perspective of Experimental Mineral Physics: 1. Phase Transition and Equation of State, Electrical Conductivity and Thermal Conductivity. Earth Science, 47(8): 2714-2728. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.219

    实验矿物物理的发展现状与趋势:1.相变和状态方程、电导率、热导率

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.219
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 42042007

    国家自然科学基金项目 41973065

    国家自然科学基金项目 41773056

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      张宝华(1978-),男,研究员,主要从事高温高压矿物物理研究.ORCID:0000-0002-1239-1569. E-mail:zhangbaohua@zju.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P574

    Recent Progress and Perspective of Experimental Mineral Physics: 1. Phase Transition and Equation of State, Electrical Conductivity and Thermal Conductivity

    • 摘要: 实验矿物物理是高温高压实验地球科学的重要分支学科之一,它主要是通过高温高压实验模拟地球内部的物理化学环境,并原位测定地球深部物质(矿物、岩石和熔/流体等)的相变和状态方程、电导率、热导率等物理参数,探讨地球内部的圈层结构、物质组成、地球动力学过程等地球物理性质相关的一系列重要科学问题. 综述了实验矿物物理的发展历史、近二十年的研究现状与趋势,并展望了该学科未来发展的方向、关键科学问题与面临的主要挑战.

       

    • 图  1  地球内部的圈层结构与成分

      周春银和金振民(2014)

      Fig.  1.  Layered structure and composition of the Earth interior

      图  2  (a)大腔体压机(large volume press,简称LVP)和(b)金刚石压腔(diamond anvil cell,简称DAC)能够达到的温压范围

      Yamazaki and Ito(2020)

      Fig.  2.  Pressure and temperature ranges for (a) large volume press (LVP) and (b) diamond anvil cell (DAC)

      图  3  下地幔的结构与动力学

      Garnero and McNamara(2008)

      Fig.  3.  Structure and geodynamics of the lower mantle

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