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    实验地球化学的发展历史和研究展望

    杨晓志 李元 张莉 王煜 刘锦 张凯

    杨晓志, 李元, 张莉, 王煜, 刘锦, 张凯, 2022. 实验地球化学的发展历史和研究展望. 地球科学, 47(8): 2679-2690. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.240
    引用本文: 杨晓志, 李元, 张莉, 王煜, 刘锦, 张凯, 2022. 实验地球化学的发展历史和研究展望. 地球科学, 47(8): 2679-2690. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.240
    Yang Xiaozhi, Li Yuan, Zhang Li, Wang Yu, Liu Jin, Zhang Kai, 2022. Advances and Perspectives of Experimental Geochemistry. Earth Science, 47(8): 2679-2690. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.240
    Citation: Yang Xiaozhi, Li Yuan, Zhang Li, Wang Yu, Liu Jin, Zhang Kai, 2022. Advances and Perspectives of Experimental Geochemistry. Earth Science, 47(8): 2679-2690. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.240

    实验地球化学的发展历史和研究展望

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.240
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学项目 41725008

    国家自然科学项目 42042007

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      杨晓志(1980-),男,教授,从事实验地球化学和实验地球物理学研究. ORCID:0000-0001-7164-3247.E-mail:xzyang@nju.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P599

    Advances and Perspectives of Experimental Geochemistry

    • 摘要: 实验地球化学主要通过高温高压实验模拟,对元素和同位素在地球内部条件下的行为、性质和效应进行研究,从而对成岩成矿、岩浆演化、流体交代、壳−幔−核分异等地质现象和过程进行制约. 实验地球化学的最初诞生,主要是针对传统地球化学、岩石学和矿床学研究中遇到的难以解决问题进行正演辅助. 实验地球化学的发展,与高温高压实验设备和现代分析技术的成熟和完善密切相关. 近半个世纪以来,实验地球化学的不断成长壮大,极大促进了传统地球化学乃至整个地球科学相关领域的发展. 在未来的10到20年内,实验地球化学有望在以下3个方面进一步加强和取得重要科研成果:(1)深部地球和早期地球;(2)挥发分和地球宜居性;(3)行星形成演化实验模拟.

       

    • 图  1  高温高压设备温压条件与行星内部对比

      修改自Bass(2004

      Fig.  1.  Experimental conditions and planetary interior

      图  2  行星起源、挥发分和地球演化

      修改自Gaillard and Scaillet(2004)

      Fig.  2.  Planetary origin, volatiles and Earth's evolution

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