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    从40万年长偏心率周期看米兰科维奇理论

    田军 吴怀春 黄春菊 李明松 马超 汪品先

    田军, 吴怀春, 黄春菊, 李明松, 马超, 汪品先, 2022. 从40万年长偏心率周期看米兰科维奇理论. 地球科学, 47(10): 3543-3568. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.248
    引用本文: 田军, 吴怀春, 黄春菊, 李明松, 马超, 汪品先, 2022. 从40万年长偏心率周期看米兰科维奇理论. 地球科学, 47(10): 3543-3568. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.248
    Tian Jun, Wu Huaichun, Huang Chunju, Li Mingsong, Ma Chao, Wang Pinxian, 2022. Revisiting the Milankovitch Theory from the Perspective of the 405 ka Long Eccentricity Cycle. Earth Science, 47(10): 3543-3568. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.248
    Citation: Tian Jun, Wu Huaichun, Huang Chunju, Li Mingsong, Ma Chao, Wang Pinxian, 2022. Revisiting the Milankovitch Theory from the Perspective of the 405 ka Long Eccentricity Cycle. Earth Science, 47(10): 3543-3568. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.248

    从40万年长偏心率周期看米兰科维奇理论

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.248
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 42030403

    国家自然科学基金项目 42188102

    海洋地质国家重点实验室自主课题 MG202104

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      田军(1974-),男,教授,长期从事古海洋学与古气候学的教学和科研. ORCID:0000-0002-4842-7076. E-mail:tianjun@tongji.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P691;P67;P736

    Revisiting the Milankovitch Theory from the Perspective of the 405 ka Long Eccentricity Cycle

    • 摘要: 新生代至前寒武纪海相和陆相沉积记录显示,405 ka长偏心率周期贯穿整个地质历史,从陆地季风降水到大洋碳循环都有表现,是地球表层系统中水循环和碳循环的基本节拍,不仅可用作基本的地质计时单位,还是低纬过程的重要特征之一.现有的地质记录表明405 ka长偏心率周期存在被隐匿或被破坏的现象,火山岩浆活动释放CO2、生物圈重大变革和冰盖增大事件等都可以造成405 ka长偏心率周期的隐匿,这为揭示地球表层系统重大变化提供了一个新的切入点.通过研究405 ka长偏心率周期的演变特征和破坏机制,可望穿越暖室和冰室期,建立起完整的气候演变理论.最后对我国开展天文旋回研究力争走到世界前列提出了建议和展望.

       

    • 图  1  近三百万年来的重大跨冰期长期变化

      黄色阴影表示由δ13Cmax到北极冰盖事件的转折期,虚线表示与偏心率最低值对应的δ13Cmax,红色曲线为偏心率(据Wang et al.,2014改)

      Fig.  1.  Major transglacial long-term changes over the last three million years

      图  2  美国东北陆相晚三叠世天文年代地层(Kent et al., 2017

      注意三叠纪与侏罗纪的分界在405 ka周期No. 498期

      Fig.  2.  Late Triassic astrochronological stratigraphy of the northeastern United States

      图  3  显生宙405 ka周期的报道(Hinnov,2018

      1~51为具体地层剖面的代号,见该文Appendix G

      Fig.  3.  The 405 ka long eccentricity cycle in the Phanerozoic Eon

      图  4  中新世碳位移

      A. IODP U1337站底栖有孔虫δ18O;B. IODP U1337站底栖有孔虫δ13C. A中箭头和三角符号指示冰期事件,B中阿拉伯数字和英文字母组合代表碳同位素极值事件(Carbon maxima),具有典型的405 ka周期.LMCS.晚中新世大洋碳位移;MMCS.中中新世大洋碳位移.图修改自Tian et al.(2018

      Fig.  4.  Middle and Late Miocene ocean carbon negative shifts

      图  5  白垩纪Weissert碳位移事件对405 ka长偏心率周期的破坏(据Martinez et al., 2013, 2015编绘)

      图中V1-H14为405 ka长偏心率周期的编序,右侧为自然伽马记录中405 ka和100 ka偏心率周期的能谱

      Fig.  5.  Obscurring of the 405 ka long eccentricity cycle caused by the Cretaceous Weissert Ocean Carbon Shift event

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