• 中国出版政府奖提名奖

    中国百强科技报刊

    湖北出版政府奖

    中国高校百佳科技期刊

    中国最美期刊

    留言板

    尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

    姓名
    邮箱
    手机号码
    标题
    留言内容
    验证码

    青藏高原大型深层蠕滑型滑坡变形机制研究进展与展望

    郭长宝 闫怡秋 张永双 吴瑞安 杨志华 李雪 任三绍 张怡颖 吴中康 刘吉鑫

    郭长宝, 闫怡秋, 张永双, 吴瑞安, 杨志华, 李雪, 任三绍, 张怡颖, 吴中康, 刘吉鑫, 2022. 青藏高原大型深层蠕滑型滑坡变形机制研究进展与展望. 地球科学, 47(10): 3677-3700. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.249
    引用本文: 郭长宝, 闫怡秋, 张永双, 吴瑞安, 杨志华, 李雪, 任三绍, 张怡颖, 吴中康, 刘吉鑫, 2022. 青藏高原大型深层蠕滑型滑坡变形机制研究进展与展望. 地球科学, 47(10): 3677-3700. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.249
    Guo Changbao, Yan Yiqiu, Zhang Yongshuang, Wu Rui’an, Yang Zhihua, Li Xue, Ren Sanshao, Zhang Yiying, Wu Zhongkang, Liu Jixin, 2022. Research Progress and Prospect of Failure Mechanism of Large Deep-Seated Creeping Landslides in Tibetan Plateau, China. Earth Science, 47(10): 3677-3700. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.249
    Citation: Guo Changbao, Yan Yiqiu, Zhang Yongshuang, Wu Rui’an, Yang Zhihua, Li Xue, Ren Sanshao, Zhang Yiying, Wu Zhongkang, Liu Jixin, 2022. Research Progress and Prospect of Failure Mechanism of Large Deep-Seated Creeping Landslides in Tibetan Plateau, China. Earth Science, 47(10): 3677-3700. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.249

    青藏高原大型深层蠕滑型滑坡变形机制研究进展与展望

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.249
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 41877279

    国家自然科学基金项目 41731287

    国家自然科学基金项目 41941017

    国家自然科学基金项目 42007280

    中国地质调查局项目 DD20190319

    中国地质调查局项目 DZLXJK202009

    自然资源部杰出青年科技人才项目 12110600000018003911

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      郭长宝(1980-),男,博士,研究员,主要从事工程地质与地质灾害调查研究.ORCID:0000-0002-1764-9792. E-mail:guochangbao@163.com

    • 中图分类号: P464.22

    Research Progress and Prospect of Failure Mechanism of Large Deep-Seated Creeping Landslides in Tibetan Plateau, China

    • 摘要: 大型深层蠕滑型滑坡在青藏高原怒江、澜沧江、金沙江、岷江等地形地貌和地质构造复杂区极为发育,具有规模大、滑带深、渐进变形破坏显著等特点,按照滑坡空间结构主要有后缘洼地蠕滑型、顺层基岩蠕滑型和厚层松散堆积物蠕滑型等3种类型,往往表现为长期蠕滑-间歇性复活-整体滑动.通过梳理大型深层蠕滑型滑坡稳定性影响因素、滑带土工程地质力学性质、地下水渗流场特征与降雨诱发滑坡滞后性以及渐进变形破坏机制和动态稳定性等4个方面的研究进展,提出了3个关键科学问题与4个主要研究方向.建议加强深层滑带土在渗流场-应力场等多场耦合作用下的工程地质力学特性研究、加强剖析滑坡岩土体的非均质渗透特性及地下水分布特征分析,研究不同雨强和历时条件下降雨有效入渗机理,研究大型深层蠕滑型滑坡的降水入渗响应过程和降水诱发滑坡变形的滞后性,提出基于渐进变形破坏的滑坡动态稳定性评价方法,为地质灾害早期判识和综合防范提供理论依据.

       

    • 图  1  典型大型深层蠕滑型滑坡工程地质剖面图

      Fig.  1.  Engineering geological sections of typical large-scale deep-seated creeping landslides

      图  2  青藏高原东部滑坡及典型深层蠕滑型滑坡分布(滑坡密度据全国地质灾害信息系统2016年数据制作)

      BYB.巴颜喀拉块体;CDB.川滇块体;QTB.羌塘块体;LSB.拉萨块体;XSF.鲜水河断裂;GZF.甘孜-玉树断裂;ANF.安宁河断裂;LMF.龙门山断裂;HHF.红河断裂

      Fig.  2.  Geological hazards and typical deep-seated creeping landslide distribution map in the east of Tibetan plateau

      图  3  周场坪和羊毛坪滑坡发育特征与剖面图

      Fig.  3.  Developmental characteristics and profiles of Zhouchangping and Yangmaoping landslides

      图  4  西藏雄巴深层滑坡发育特征与剖面图

      Fig.  4.  Developmental characteristics and profiles of Xiongba deep-seated landslide, Tibet, China

      图  5  102道班滑坡野外照片与工程地质剖面图

      Fig.  5.  Field photo and engineering geological profile of the 102 Daoban landslide

      图  6  典型大型深层蠕滑型滑坡滑带特征图

      a.夏藏滩滑坡106 m深层滑带, 据殷志强等(2016); b.累进变形滑带特征(据https://max.book118.com/html/2020/0925/8117060074003001.shtm);c.白衣庵滑坡老滑带特征; d.万州安乐寺滑坡新滑带特征(据https://max.book118.com/html/2020/0925/8117060074003001.shtm); e.争岗滑坡滑带特征据张玉等(2011); f.江顶崖滑坡深层滑带钻孔揭露特征

      Fig.  6.  Sliding zone characteristics of typical large deep-seated creeping landslide

      图  7  滑带土应力-位移曲线图(Skempton, 1985

      Fig.  7.  The stress-displacement curve of the sliding belt soil (after Skempton, 1985)

      图  8  剪切速率与滑带土剪切曲线(据束骞, 2015

      Fig.  8.  The shear rate and shear curve of sliding belt soil (after Shu, 2015)

      图  9  降雨入渗过程中GA模型含水率剖面(据Green and Ampt, 1911修编)

      Fig.  9.  Water content profile of GA model during rainfall infiltration process (modified after Green and Ampt, 1911)

      图  10  不同深度土的体积含水率与降雨量关系(据简文星等, 2013

      Fig.  10.  Relationship between volumetric water content of soil at different depths and rainfall(after Jian et al., 2013)

      图  11  甘肃舟曲江顶崖古滑坡区2009—2018年降雨量特征(据Guo et al., 2020

      Fig.  11.  Rainfall characteristics from 2009 to 2018 of Jiangdingya ancient landslide in Zhouqu County, Gansu Province (after Guo et al., 2020)

      图  12  大型深层蠕滑型滑坡变形阶段曲线(据许强, 2020张永双等, 2020, 修编)

      Fig.  12.  Deformation stage curve of large deep-seated creeping landslide (Modified after Xu, 2020; Zhang et al., 2020)

      图  13  青藏高原大型深层蠕滑型滑坡渐进变形破坏机制研究技术路线图

      Fig.  13.  Technical roadmap for the progressive deformation mechanism and failure research of large-scale deep-seated creeping landslides on the Tibetan plateau

    • [1] Agliardi, F., Crosta, G., Zanchi, A., 2001. Structural Constraints on Deep-Seated Slope Deformation Kinematics. Engineering Geology, 59(1/2): 83-102. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0013-7952(00)00066-1
      [2] Bishop, A. W., Green, G. E., Garga, V. K., et al., 1971. A New Ring Shear Apparatus and Its Application to the Measurement of Residual Strength. Géotechnique, 21(4): 273-328. https://doi.org/10.1680/geot.1971.21.4.273
      [3] Cao, P., Li, Y. S., Li, Z. L., et al., 2021. Geological Structure Characteristics and Genetic Mechanism of Baige Landslide Slope in Changdu, Tibet. Earth Science, 46(9): 3397-3409(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [4] Chai, H. J., Liu, H. C., 2002. Study on Landslide Damming of River in Upper of Minjiang River. Journal of Mountain Research, 20(5): 616-620(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [5] Chandler, R. J., 1977. Back Analysis Techniques for Slope Stabilization Works: A Case Record. Géotechnique, 27(4): 479-495. https://doi.org/10.1680/geot.1977.27.4.479
      [6] Chang, K. J., Taboada, A., Lin, M. L., et al., 2005. Analysis of Landsliding by Earthquake Shaking Using a Block-on-Slope Thermo-Mechanical Model: Example of Jiufengershan Landslide, Central Taiwan. Engineering Geology, 80(1/2): 151-163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2005.04.004
      [7] Chen, H. T., 1991. Brief Introduction of Nanyu Landslide in Zhouqu County, Gansu Province. Northwest Water Power, (4): 63(in Chinese).
      [8] Cheng, Q. G., Hu, H. T., Peng, J. B., 2000. Study on Dynamics Mechanism of Landslide with Locked Flank in Plane Rotation. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 19(5): 634-639(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-6915.2000.05.019
      [9] Cheng, Q. G., Zhang, Z. Y., Cui, P., 2004a. Dynamical Mechanism and Stability Criterion of Landslide under Lockup of Soil Arching. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 23(17): 2855-2864(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [10] Cheng, Q. G., Zhang, Z. Y., Huang, R. Q., 2004b. Dynamics and Stability Criterion of Oblique Layered Rocky Landslide under Lockup with Combination of Flank and Bedding Plane. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 23(11): 1874-1882(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [11] Chigira, M., 1992. Long-Term Gravitational Deformation of Rocks by Mass Rock Creep. Engineering Geology, 32(3): 157-184. https://doi.org/10.1016/0013-7952(92)90043-X
      [12] Chigira, M., 2001. Micro-Sheeting of Granite and Its Relationship with Landsliding Specifically after the Heavy Rainstorm in June 1999, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. Engineering Geology, 59(3/4): 219-231. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0013-7952(00)00075-2
      [13] Chigira, M., 2014. Geological and Geomorphological Features of Deep-Seated Catastrophic Landslides in Tectonically Active Regions of Asia and Implications for Hazard Mapping. Episodes, 37(4): 284-294. https://doi.org/10.18814/epiiugs/2014/v37i4/008
      [14] Criss, R. E., Yao, W. M., Li, C. D., et al., 2020. A Predictive, Two-Parameter Model for the Movement of Reservoir Landslides. Journal of Earth Science, 31(6): 1051-1057. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12583-020-1331-9
      [15] Dai, C., Li, W. L., Lu, H. Y., et al., 2021. Active Landslides Detection in Zhouqu County, Gansu Province Using InSAR Technology. Geomatics and Information Science of Wuhan University, 46(7): 994-1002(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [16] Dai, F. C., Wang, S. J., Li, Z. F., 1998. The Drained Residual Strength of Volcanics Derived Soil Sampled on Lantau Island, Hongkong. Journal of Engineering Geology, 6(3): 223-229(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [17] Dai, S. B., Huang, J., Xia, L., 2005. Analysis of Mineral Composition and Chemical Components of Expansive Soil in North Hubei. Rock and Soil Mechanics, 26(S1): 296-299(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [18] Dai, Z. W., Yin, Y. P., Wei, Y. J., et al., 2015. Characteristics, Origin and Formation Mechanism of the Outang Landslide in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area. Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology, 42(6): 145-153(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [19] Dewoolkar, M. M., Huzjak, R. J., 2005. Drained Residual Shear Strength of Some Claystones from Front Range, Colorado. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 131(12): 1543-1551. https://doi.org/10.1061/(asce)1090-0241(2005)131: 12(1543) doi: 10.1061/(asce)1090-0241(2005)131:12(1543
      [20] Dramis, F., Sorriso-Valvo, M., 1994. Deep-Seated Gravitational Slope Deformations, Related Landslides and Tectonics. Engineering Geology, 38(3/4): 231-243. https://doi.org/10.1016/0013-7952(94)90040-X
      [21] Fourie, A. B., Rowe, D., Blight, G. E., 1999. The Effect of Infiltration on the Stability of the Slopes of a Dry Ash Dump. Géotechnique, 49(1): 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1680/geot.1999.49.1.1
      [22] Gao, L. T., Yi, X. W., Li, X., et al., 2011. Case Study of Relationship between Typical Landslide Distortion and Water Changes in Three Gorges Area. Geological Science and Technology Information, 30(4): 132-136(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-7849.2011.04.021
      [23] Green, W. H., Ampt, G. A., 1911. Studies on Soil Physics. Part 1: The Flow of Air and Water through Soils. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 4: 1-24. doi: 10.1017/S0021859600001441
      [24] Guo, C. B., Li, H. H., Chen, X. H., et al., 2012. Engineering Geology Characteristic of the Carbonaceous Siltstone in Mangbang Basin, West of Yunnan Province. Journal of Jilin University (Earth Science Edition), 42(4): 1090-1098(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [25] Guo, C. B., Ren, S. S., Li, X., et al., 2019. Development Characteristics and Reactivation Mechanism of the Jiangdingya Ancient Landslide in the Nanyu Town, Zhouqu County, Gansu Province. Geoscience, 33(1): 206-217(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [26] Guo, C. B., Zhang, Y. S., Li, X., et al., 2020. Reactivation of Giant Jiangdingya Ancient Landslide in Zhouqu County, Gansu Province, China. Landslides, 17(1): 179-190. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10346-019-01266-9
      [27] Guo, C. B., Zhang, Y. S., Meng, Q. W., et al., 2013. Research on Shear Strength of Remolding Diatomite by Ring Shear Tests. Rock and Soil Mechanics, 34(1): 92-100 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      [28] Guo, C. B., Zhang, Y. S., Montgomery, D. R., et al., 2016. How Unusual is the Long-Runout of the Earthquake-Triggered Giant Luanshibao Landslide, Tibetan Plateau, China? Geomorphology, 259: 145-154. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2016.02.013
      [29] Guo, C. B., Zhang, Y. S., Wang, T., et al., 2017. Discussion on Geological Hazards and Major Engineering Geological Problems in the Middle Part of the North-South Active Tectonic Zone, China. Journal of Geomechanics, 23(5): 707-722(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-6616.2017.05.008
      [30] Handwerger, A. L., Roering, J. J., Schmidt, D. A, 2013. Controls on the Seasonal Deformation of Slow-Moving Landslides. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 377/378: 239-247. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2013.06.047
      [31] He, B., Zhang, X. G., 2015. The Development Trend Analysis of No. 102 Landslide of Sichuan-Tibet Highway by Remote Sensing Investigation. The Chinese Journal of Geological Hazard and Control, 26(4): 99-105(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [32] Hu, G. T., 1980. Functional Equilibrium and Super-Stability of the Rapidly Moving Slope Foundation Landslide. Journal of Chang'an University Earth Science Edition, 2(0): 15–26(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [33] Hu, M. J., Wang, F. W., Cheng, Q. G., 2009. Formation of Tremendous Yigong Landslide Based on High-Speed Shear Tests. Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, 31(10): 1602-1606(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-4548.2009.10.020
      [34] Hu, M. J., Wang, R., Zhang, P. C., 2001. Primary Research on the Effect of Rainfall on Landslide—Take the Slope Piled by Old Landslide in Jiangjiagou Valley as Example. Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, 23(4): 454-457(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-4548.2001.04.015
      [35] Hu, W., Huang, R. Q., McSaveney, M., et al., 2018. Mineral Changes Quantify Frictional Heating during a Large Low-Friction Landslide. Geology, 46(3): 223-226. https://doi.org/10.1130/G39662.1
      [36] Hu, X. L., Sun, M. J., Tang, H. M., et al., 2014. Creep Tests of Gravel-Soil of Majiagou Landslide in Three Gorges Reservoir Area. Rock and Soil Mechanics, 35(11): 3163-3169, 3190(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [37] Hu, X. W., Huang, R. Q., Zhu, H. Y., et al., 2009. Earthquake Reactivation Effects and Stability Study of Malingyan Landslide in Tangjiashan Dammed Lake. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 28(6): 1270-1278(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-6915.2009.06.024
      [38] Hu, X. W., 2012. Study on Deformation and Failure Mechanism of Large-Scale Ancient Landslide under Strong Earthquake. Academic Dynamics, (1): 14-19(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [39] Huang, R. Q., 2007. Large-Scale Landslides and Their Sliding Mechanisms in China since the 20th Century. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 26(3): 433-454(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-6915.2007.03.001
      [40] Huang, X., Yang, W. M., Zhang, C. S., et al., 2013. Deformation Characteristics and Formation Mechanism of Xieliupo Landslide in Zhouqu. Journal of Geomechanics, 19(2): 178-187(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-6616.2013.02.007
      [41] Huang, Y. D., Xu, C., Zhang, X. L., et al., 2021. An Updated Database and Spatial Distribution of Landslides Triggered by the Milin, Tibet Mw6.4 Earthquake of 18 November 2017. Journal of Earth Science, 32(5): 1069-1078. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12583-021-1433-z
      [42] Jian, W. X., Wang, Z. J., Yin, K. L., 2010. Initiation Mechanism of the Red Bedrock Landslide in Wanzhou Slowly Dip Angle in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area. National Conference on Hydraulic Rock Mechanics, 376-381 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      [43] Jian, W. X., Xu, Q., Tong, L. Y., 2013. Rainfall Infiltration Model of Huangtupo Landslide in Three Gorges Reservoir Area. Rock and Soil Mechanics, 34(12): 3527-3533, 3548(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [44] Jiang, L. W., Wang, S. T., Liu, H. C., et al., 2002. Research on Hypergene Geological Hazards in the Upstream of Min River. Journal of Geological Hazards and Environment Preservation, 13(1): 13-17(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-4362.2002.01.004
      [45] Jiang, X. Z., Wen, B. P., Jiang, S., et al., 2015. Main Factors Analysis for Controlling Kinematic Behavior of Suoertou Landslide. Journal of Jilin University (Earth Science Edition), 45(6): 1798-1807(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [46] Jiang, S., Wen, B. P., Zhao, C., et al., 2016. Kinematics of a Giant Slow-Moving Landslide in Northwest China: Constraints from High Resolution Remote Sensing Imagery and GPS Monitoring. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 123: 34-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2016.03.019
      [47] Jiao, Y., Yao, Z. X., Dong, Y. G., 2012. Nanqiao Landslide Stability and Countermeasures in Zhouqu. Gansu Geology, 21(1): 59-63(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [48] Jin, J. J., Guo, C. B., Shen, Y. Q., et al., 2021. Development Characteristics and Deformation Monitoring Analysis of the Zhouchangping Landslide in Maoxian County, Sichuan Province. Geoscience, 35(1): 103-113(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [49] Jin, Y. L., Dai, F. C., 2008. Experimental Investigation of Static Liquefaction of Saturated Loess. Rock and Soil Mechanics, 29(12): 3293-3298(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-7598.2008.12.021
      [50] Li, D., Li, Y. M., Zhang, M., 2009. Determination Warning Method for Progressive Failure Propagation of Sliding Zone of Dayantang Talus Landslide. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 28(S2): 3712-3720(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [51] Li, S. D., Li, X., Zhang, N. X., et al., 2006. Water-Rock Interaction of Clay Gouged Intercalation Sludging Process of Baota Landslides in Three Gorges Reservoir Area. Rock and Soil Mechanics, 27(10): 1841-1846(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-7598.2006.10.041
      [52] Li, T. D., 1984. Methods of Determining the Shear Strength of Slip Zone in Landslide. Journal of Mountain Research, 2(1): 25-30(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [53] Li, T. D., Zhang, Y. J., 1979. Status of Research on Residual Strength of Landslide Soil at Home and Abroad (Landslide Anthology (II)). China Railway Publishing House, Beijing (in Chinese).
      [54] Li, X., Guo, C. B., Yang, Z. H., et al., 2021. Development Characteristics and Formation Mechanism of the Xiongba Giant Ancient Landslide in the Jinshajiang Tectonic Zone. Geoscience, 35(1): 47-55(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-0636.2021.01.005
      [55] Li, X., Liang, S. Y., Zheng, G. D., 2010. Progresses in Sliding Zone Soil of Landslides. Advances in Earth Science, 25(5): 484-491(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [56] Li, Z., Wu, Z. H., Wang, J. M., et al., 2021. Using EH4 Audio-Magnetotelluric Sounder to Detect the Gigantic Qiaojia Paleo-Landslide and Its Structural Characteristics. Journal of Geomechanics, 27(2): 317-325(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [57] Liang, J. X., Hu, X. W., Han, M., et al., 2016. Deformation and Failure Mechanism of Large Ancient Landslide Induced by Wenchuan Earthquake in Front of Zipingpu Hydraulic Dam. Journal of Southwest Jiaotong University, 51(6): 1154-1162(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.2016.06.015
      [58] Liao, S. W., 1984. Swelling Soil and Railway Engineering. China Railway Press, Beijing (in Chinese).
      [59] Liu, A. H., Wang, S. J., 1994. Progressive Failure Model for Slope with Plane Sliding Surface and Its Application. Journal of Engineering Geology, 2(1): 1-8(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [60] Liu, C. Z., 2010. Introduction to Earth Science(Second Edition). Petroleum Industry Press, Beijing(in Chinese).
      [61] Liu, D. F., Wang, X. S., Yang, H., et al., 2017. Risk Assessment of Zhouqu Xieliupo Landslide Based on Reliability Analysis in Zhouqu County of Gansu Province. Mountain Research, 35(3): 323-331(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [62] Liu, X. L., Deng, J. H., Li, G. T., 2004. Shear Strength Properties of Slip Soils of Landslides: An Overview. Rock and Soil Mechanics, 25(11): 1849-1854(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-7598.2004.11.037
      [63] Long, J. H., Li, T. L., Lei, X. F., et al., 2007. Study on Physical Properties of Soil in Sliding Zone of Loess Landslip. Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, 29(2): 289-293(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-4548.2007.02.023
      [64] Luo, P. Y., 1986. Deformation Development and Forecast of Xintan Landslide. Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation, 6(4): 40-45(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [65] Mesri, G., Abdel-Ghaffar, M. E. M., 1993. Cohesion Intercept in Effective Stress-Stability Analysis. Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, 119(8): 1229-1249. https://doi.org/10.1061/(asce)0733-9410(1993)119: 8(1229) doi: 10.1061/(asce)0733-9410(1993)119:8(1229
      [66] Miao, H. B., Yin, K. L., 2014. Delayed Response Mechanism of the Ancient Landslide Reactivation of Deep-Seated Reservoir to the Inducing Factors. Geological Science and Technology Information, 33(5): 188-192, 203(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [67] Min, H., Tan, G. H., Dai, F. C., et al., 2004. Hydrodynamic Monitoring of a Preexisting Landslide during Reservoir Filling—A Case History of Xietan Landslide, the Three Gorges Reservoir. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 23(21): 3721-3726(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-6915.2004.21.027
      [68] Mu, P, 2011. Analysis on Causes and Stability of Landslide at Jiangdingya in Zhouqu County of Gansu Province. China Water Resources, (4): 50-52(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-1123.2011.04.015
      [69] Müller, L., 1968. New Considerations on the Vaiont Slide. Rock Mechanics & Engineering Geology, 6(1-2): 1-91.
      [70] Okura, Y., Kitahara, H., Ochiai, H., et al., 2002. Landslide Fluidization Process by Flume Experiments. Engineering Geology, 66(1/2): 65-78. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0013-7952(02)00032-7
      [71] Pan, X. H., Xue, L., Qin, S. Q., et al., 2014. Types, Formation Conditions and Pre-Decision Method for Large Landslides with Potential Locked Patches. Journal of Engineering Geology, 22(6): 1159-1167(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [72] Pradel, D., Raad, G., 1993. Effect of Permeability on Surficial Stability of Homogeneous Slopes. Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, 119(2): 315-332. https://doi.org/10.1061/(asce)0733-9410(1993)119: 2(315) doi: 10.1061/(asce)0733-9410(1993)119:2(315
      [73] Qianmu, L. Y. H., 2016. Disasters Caused by Deep-Seated Catastrophic Landslides and Prediction of Their Potential Sites. Journal of Southwest Jiaotong University, 51(5): 981-986, 994(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.2016.05.022
      [74] Qin, S. Q., Wang, Y. Y., Ma, P., 2010. Exponential Laws of Critical Displacement Evolution for Landslides and Avalanches. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 29(5): 873-880(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [75] Qin, Y. L., Wu, J. L., Zhan, H. Y., et al., 2021. Discussion on the Correlation between Active Fault and Geological Disaster Distribution in the Ganzi Area, Western Sichuan Province, China. Journal of Geomechanics, 27(3): 463-474(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [76] Ren, G. M., Nie, D. X., 1997. Property and Mechanism of Restoration of Structural Strength of Slide Zone Soil for a Large Scale Landslide. Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology, 24(3): 28-31, 44(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [77] Sander, B. B., 1970. An Introduction to the Study of Geological Bodies(translations by F. C. Phillips and G. Windsor). Pergamon Press Ltd., Oxford, London.
      [78] Shu, Q., 2015. Ring Shear Test Condition of Slide Zone Experimental Study the Mechanical Behavior Characteristics—Taking an Example of Kualiangzi Landslide in Zhongjiang of Sichuan(Dissertation). Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [79] Skempton, A. W., 1985. Residual Strength of Clays in Landslides, Folded Strata and the Laboratory. Géotechnique, 35(1): 3-18. https://doi.org/10.1680/geot.1985.35.1.3
      [80] Song, K., Chen, L. Y., Liu, Y. L., et al., 2022. Dynamic Mechanism of Rain Infiltration in Deep-Seated Landslide Reactivate Deformation. Earth Science(in Press) (in Chinese with English abstract).
      [81] Stark, T. D., Eid, H. T., 1997. Slope Stability Analyses in Stiff Fissured Clays. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 123(4): 335-343. https://doi.org/10.1061/(asce)1090-0241(1997)123: 4(335) doi: 10.1061/(asce)1090-0241(1997)123:4(335
      [82] Sun, D. Y., 2005. Landslipe and the Controlling of Badu Station in Nanning-Kunming Railway. A Collection of Papers on the Achievements of Chinese Railway Engineering Geology in the Century, Beijing, 320-326.
      [83] Sun, J. P., Liu, Q. Q., Li, J. C., et al., 2008. Study on Influence of Rainfall Infiltration on Stability of Deep Landslide. Science in China (Series G), 38(8): 945-954(in Chinese).
      [84] Sun, M. J., Tang, H. M., Wang, X. H., et al., 2017. Creep Properties of Sliding-Zone Soil from a Creeping Landslide. Rock and Soil Mechanics, 38(2): 385-391, 399(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [85] Tan, F. L., Hu, X. L., Zhang, Y. M., et al., 2016. Study of Progressive Failure Processes and Stabilities of Different Types of Landslides. Rock and Soil Mechanics, 37(S2): 597-606(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [86] Tang, H. M., Li, C. D., Hu, X. L., et al., 2015. Evolution Characteristics of the Huangtupo Landslide Based on In Situ Tunneling and Monitoring. Landslides, 12(3): 511-521. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10346-014-0500-2
      [87] Tang, H. M., Lu, S., 2018. Research on the Spatial Distribution of Slip Zone of Huangtupo Landslide in Three Gorges Reservoir Area. Journal of Engineering Geology, 26(1): 129-136(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [88] Tang, H. M., Ma, S. Z., Liu, Y. R., et al., 2002. Stability and Control Measures of Zhaoshuling Landslide, Badong County, Three Gorges Reservoir. Earth Science, 27(5): 621-625(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-2383.2002.05.024
      [89] Tang, Z. G., 2013. Research into Factors Affecting Rainfall Infiltration and Landslide(Dissertation). Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [90] Terzaghi, K., 1950. Mechanism of Landslides. In: Paige, S., ed., Application of Geology to Engineering Practice. Geological Society of America, New York, 83-123.
      [91] Townsend, F. C., Gilbert, P. A., 1973. Tests to Measure Residual Strengths of Some Clay Shales. Géotechnique, 23(2): 267-271. https://doi.org/10.1680/geot.1973.23.2.267
      [92] Vardoulakis, I., 2002. Dynamic Thermo-Poro-Mechanical Analysis of Catastrophic Landslides. Géotechnique, 52(3): 157-171. https://doi.org/10.1680/geot.52.3.157.41012
      [93] Voight, B., Faust, C., 1982. Frictional Heat and Strength Loss in Some Rapid Landslides. Géotechnique, 32(1): 43-54. https://doi.org/10.1680/geot.1982.32.1.43
      [94] Wang, G. S., 2000. The Progressive Failure of Slope and the Stability Analyses. Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, 19(1): 29-33 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      [95] Wang, X. L., Jin, Z. X., Dong, W. Y., et al., 2016. Analysis on Characteristics and Influencing Factors of Suoertou Landslide in Zhouqu. Sichuan Building Science, 42(1): 60-64(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-1933.2016.01.014
      [96] Ward, W. H., 1945. The Stability of Natural Slopes. The Geographical Journal, 105(5-6): 170. https://doi.org/10.2307/1789732
      [97] Wen, B. P., Chen, H. Y., 2007. Mineral Compositions and Elements Concentrations as Indicators for the Role of Groundwater in the Development of Landslide Slip Zones: A Case Study of Large-Scale Landslides in the Three Gorges Area in China. Earth Science Frontiers, 14(6): 98-106. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1872-5791(08)60006-8
      [98] Wen, B. P., Chen, H. Y., Zhu, M. Z., et al., 2008 The Progressive Failure of Slope and the Stability Analyses. Journal of Engineering Geology, (S1): 132-137(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [99] Wen, M. S., Chen, H. Q., Zhang, M. Z., et al., 2017. Characteristics and Formation Mechanism Analysis of the "6·24" Catastrophic Landslide of the June 24 of 2017, at Maoxian, Sichuan. The Chinese Journal of Geological Hazard and Control, 28(3): 1-7(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [100] Xu, Q., 2012. Theoretical Studies on Prediction of Landslides Using Slope Deformation Process Data. Journal of Engineering Geology, 20(2): 145-151(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-9665.2012.02.001
      [101] Xu, Q., 2020. Understanding the Landslide Monitoring and Early Warning: Consideration to Practical Issues. Journal of Engineering Geology, 28(2): 360-374(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [102] Xu, Q., Huang, R. Q., Li, X. Z., 2004. Research Progress in Time Forecast and Prediction of Landslides. Advance in Earth Sciences, 19(3): 478-483(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [103] Xu, Q., Peng, D. L., Li, W. L., et al., 2016. Study on Formation Mechanism of Diffuse Failure Landslide. Journal of Southwest Jiaotong University, 51(5): 995-1004(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.2016.05.024
      [104] Xu, Z. M., Huang, R. Q., Fan, Z. G., 2005. Water-Rock Interaction in Process of Landslide Preparing and Triggering. Journal of Natural Disasters, 14(1): 1-9(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-4574.2005.01.001
      [105] Xu, Z. M., Huang, R. Q., Yang, L. Z., 2004. Some Problems on Chemical Water-Rock Interaction in Slopes. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 23(16): 2778-2787(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-6915.2004.16.022
      [106] Xue, L., Qin, S. Q., Pan, X. H., et al., 2018. Mechanism and Physical Prediction Model of Instability of the Locked-Segment Type Slopes. Journal of Engineering Geology, 26(1): 179-192(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [107] Yan, C. J., Tang, H. M., Sun, Y. Z., 2001. Study on the Soil of Slipping Zone in Landslides and Its Significance by Scanning Electron Microscope and X-Ray Diffractometer. Geological Science and Technology Information, 20(4): 89-92(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-7849.2001.04.019
      [108] Yan, E. C., Liu, H. C., Zhang, Z. Y., 1998. A Study on the Distribution Regularity of Landslide in the Minjiang River between Maowen and Wenchuan County. Journal of Mountain Research, 16(2): 109-113(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [109] Yan, S. J., Tang, H. M., Xiang, W., 2007. Effect of Rainfall on the Stability of Landslides. Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology, 34(2): 33-36(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-3665.2007.02.008
      [110] Yan, Y. Q., Guo, C. B., Zhang, Y. S., et al., 2021. Study of the Deformation Characteristics of the Xiongba Ancient Landslide Based on SBAS-InSAR Method, Tibet, China. Acta Geologica Sinica, 95(11): 3556-3570(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0001-5717.2021.11.027
      [111] Yang, D. H., Wu, B. Q., Huang, Y., et al., 2021. New Thoughts on the Material Characteristics and Formation Mechanism of the Platform at the back Edge of the 102 Landslide on the Sichuan-Tibet Highway. Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology, 48(4): 133-140(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [112] Yang, H. P., Wang, J. S., 2009. Geological Features and Cause Analysis of Qianjiangping Landslide of July 13, 2003 on Three Gorges Reservoir. Journal of Engineering Geology, 17(2): 233-239(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-9665.2009.02.013
      [113] Yang, W. M., Huang, X., Zhang, C. S., et al., 2014. Deformation Behavior of Landslides and Their Formation Mechanism along Pingding-Huama Active Fault in Bailongjiang River Region. Journal of Jilin University (Earth Science Edition), 44(2): 574-583(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [114] Yang, W. M., Xu, R. C., Wu, S. R., et al., 2007. Creeping Deformation of the Maoping Landslide and Its Stability in the Geheyan Reservoir on the Qingjiang River, Western Hubei, China. Geological Bulletin of China, 26(3): 312-320(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1671-2552.2007.03.008
      [115] Yao, A. M., Wang, Y. X., 2007. Comparison of Characteristics between Normal Consolidated Soil and Over-Consolidated Soil. Journal of North China University of Technology Beijing China, 19(1): 86-90(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [116] Yi, Q. L., Yi, W., Shang, M., 2009. Affecting Factors of Deformation of a Certain Landslide in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area. Soil and Water Conservation in China, (7): 32-34, 64(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-0941.2009.07.013
      [117] Yin, K. L., 1987. Dynamic Analysis of Landslide Displacement-Influence of Atmospheric Rainfall on Landslide. Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology, 14(5): 52-54(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [118] Yin, Y. P., Kang, H. D., Yang, H. L., et al., 2003. Prevention on Wufengshan Landslide of Yunyang County at the Three Gorges Reservoir. Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology, 30(6): 25-29(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-3665.2003.06.006
      [119] Yin, Y. P., Li, B., Wang, W. P., et al., 2016. Mechanism of the December 2015 Catastrophic Landslide at the Shenzhen Landfill and Controlling Geotechnical Risks of Urbanization. Engineering, 2(2): 230-249. doi: 10.1016/J.ENG.2016.02.005
      [120] Yin, Y. P., Li, T. Q., Tang, J., 2008. Landslide Reactivation and Emergency Stabilization on Danba County Town in Sichuan Province. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 27(5): 971-978(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-6915.2008.05.013
      [121] Yin, Y. P., Zhang, Z. C., Zhang, M. S., et al., 2015. Specification of Comprehensive Survey for Landslide, Collapse and Debris Flow(1∶50 000). Standards Press of China, Beijing (in Chinese).
      [122] Yin, Z. Q., Xu, Q., Zhao, W. J., et al., 2016. Study on the Developmental Characteristic, Evolution Processes and Forming Mechanism of Xiazangtan Super Large Scale Landslide of the Upper Reaches of Yellow River. Quaternary Sciences, (2): 474-483(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [123] Yoichi, O., Hikaru, K., Hirotaka, O., et al., 2002. Landslide Fluidization Process by Flume Experiments. Engineering Geology, 66: 65-78. doi: 10.1016/S0013-7952(02)00032-7
      [124] Zhang, M. S., Li, Z. H., Wang, G. L., et al., 2011. The Geological Hazard Characteristics and Exploration Ideas of the Bailong River Basin. Northwestern Geology, 44(3): 1-9(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-6248.2011.03.001
      [125] Zhang, Q., Xu, Q., Yi, J. S., et al., 2016. Rainfall Infiltration Depth and Formation Mechanism of Slow-Inclination Soil Landslides in Nanjiang. Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, 38(8): 1447-1455(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [126] Zhang, T., Fu, B. C., Zhou, Z. G., et al., 2018. The Stability Evaluation of Yangmaoping Landslide in Nanxin Town, Mao County, Sichuan Province. Journal of Geological Hazards and Environment Preservation, 29(3): 12-16(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-4362.2018.03.003
      [127] Zhang, X. G., Wang, C. H., Kong, J. M., et al., 1998. Analysis on Characteristics of "102" Landslide Group in Sichuan-Tibet Road. Journal of Mountain Research, 16(2): 151-155(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [128] Zhang, Y., Xu, W. Y., Li, D. L., 2013. Experimental Study of Evolution Mechanism and Shear Characteristics of Slip Zone of large-Scale Landslide. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 32(S1): 2606-2616(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [129] Zhang, Y., Xu, W. Y., Shi, C., et al., 2011. Three-Dimensional Numerical Analysis of Stability of Large-Scale Landslide Accumulation Body. Rock and Soil Mechanics, 32(11): 3487-3496(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-7598.2011.11.047
      [130] Zhang, Y. S., Guo, C. B., Yao, X., et al., 2016. Research on the Geohazard Effect of Active Fault on the Eastern Margin of the Tibetan Plateau. Acta Geoscientica Sinica, 37(3): 277-286 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      [131] Zhang, Y. S., Guo, C. B., Zhou, N. J., 2013. Characteristics of Chongjianghe Landslide at a Branch of Jinsha River and Its Local Reactivation Mechanism. Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, 35(3): 445-453(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [132] Zhang, Y. S., Liu, X. Y., Yao, X., 2020. InSAR-Based Method for Early Recognition of Ancient Landslide Reactivation in Dadu River, China. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 51(5): 545-555(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [133] Zhang, Y. Y., Guo, C. B., Yang, Z. H., et al., 2021. Study on Shear Strength of Deep-Seated Sliding Zone Soil of Zhouchangping Landslide in Maoxian, Sichuan. Journal of Engineering Geology, 29(3): 764-776(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [134] Zhao, G. T., Zhu, X. L., Ma, B. H., 2015. Geological Background Analysis of the Collapse and Landslide Lagging behind Rainfall in Hebei Province. Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology, 42(2): 151-155(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [135] Zhao, Q. H., Chen, M. D., Shang, Y. Q., 1994. Dynamic Analysis of Creep of Xiangyang Landslide. Journal of Geological Hazards and Environment Preservation, 5(2): 40-44(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [136] Zhao, Y. H., 2016. Research on the Formation and Evolution Mechanism of Zhenggang Giant Landslide of Gushui Hudropower Station on Lancang River(Dissertation). Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu(in Chinese with English abstract).
      [137] Zheng, G. D., Xu, S., Lang, Y. H., et al., 2006. Pyrite in Sliding Mud of the Nakataura Landslide in Toyama Prefecture, Japan. Geochimica, 35(2): 201-210(in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0379-1726.2006.02.012
      [138] 曹鹏, 黎应书, 李宗亮, 等, 2021. 西藏昌都白格滑坡斜坡地质结构特征及成因机制. 地球科学, 46(9): 3397-3409. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.333
      [139] 柴贺军, 刘汉超, 2002. 岷江上游多级多期崩滑堵江事件初步研究. 山地学报, 20(5): 616-620. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-2786.2002.05.019
      [140] 陈洪天, 1991. 甘肃舟曲县南峪大滑坡简介. 西北水电, (4): 63. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SBXX199104013.htm
      [141] 程谦恭, 胡厚田, 彭建兵, 2000. 侧翼锁固平面旋转式滑坡动力学机理分析. 岩石力学与工程学报, 19(5): 634-639. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-6915.2000.05.019
      [142] 程谦恭, 张倬元, 崔鹏, 2004a. 平卧"支撑拱"锁固滑坡动力学机理与稳定性判据. 岩石力学与工程学报, 23(17): 2855-2864. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YSLX200417001.htm
      [143] 程谦恭, 张倬元, 黄润秋, 2004b. 侧翼与滑床复合锁固切向层状岩质滑坡动力学机理与稳定性判据. 岩石力学与工程学报, 23(11): 1874-1882. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YSLX200411021.htm
      [144] 代聪, 李为乐, 陆会燕, 等, 2021. 甘肃省舟曲县城周边活动滑坡InSAR探测. 武汉大学学报·信息科学版, 46(7): 994-1002. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-WHCH202107004.htm
      [145] 戴福初, 王思敬, 李焯芬, 1998. 香港大屿山残坡积土的残余强度试验研究. 工程地质学报, 6(3): 223-229. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GCDZ803.005.htm
      [146] 戴绍斌, 黄俊, 夏林, 2005. 鄂北膨胀土的矿物组成和化学成分分析. 岩土力学, 26(S1): 296-299. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YTLX2005S1069.htm
      [147] 代贞伟, 殷跃平, 魏云杰, 等, 2015. 三峡库区藕塘滑坡特征、成因及形成机制研究. 水文地质工程地质, 42(6): 145-153. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SWDG201506024.htm
      [148] 高连通, 易夏玮, 李喜, 等, 2011. 三峡库区典型滑坡变形与高水位涨落关系研究. 地质科技情报, 30(4): 132-136. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-7849.2011.04.021
      [149] 郭长宝, 李海华, 陈溪华, 等, 2012. 滇西芒棒盆地芒棒组碳质粉砂岩的工程地质特性. 吉林大学学报(地球科学版), 42(4): 1090-1098. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-CCDZ201204025.htm
      [150] 郭长宝, 任三绍, 李雪, 等, 2019. 甘肃舟曲南峪江顶崖古滑坡发育特征与复活机理. 现代地质, 33(1): 206-217. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XDDZ201901020.htm
      [151] 郭长宝, 张永双, 孟庆伟, 等, 2013. 重塑硅藻土抗剪强度的环剪试验研究. 岩土力学, 34(1): 92-100. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YTLX201301015.htm
      [152] 郭长宝, 张永双, 王涛, 等, 2017. 南北活动构造带中段地质灾害与重大工程地质问题概论. 地质力学学报, 23(5): 707-722. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-6616.2017.05.008
      [153] 何兵, 张小刚, 2015. 川藏公路102滑坡遥感调查及发展趋势分析. 中国地质灾害与防治学报, 26(4): 99-105. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZGDH201504021.htm
      [154] 胡广韬, 1980. 剧动式坡基滑坡的功能均衡与超稳性. 长安大学学报(地球科学版), 2(0): 15-26. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XAGX198000002.htm
      [155] 胡明鉴, 汪发武, 程谦恭, 2009. 基于高速环剪试验易贡巨型滑坡形成原因试验探索. 岩土工程学报, 31(10): 1602-1606. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-4548.2009.10.020
      [156] 胡明鉴, 汪稔, 张平仓, 2001. 斜坡稳定性及降雨条件下激发滑坡的试验研究: 以蒋家沟流域滑坡堆积角砾土坡地为例. 岩土工程学报, 23(4): 454-457. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-4548.2001.04.015
      [157] 胡卸文, 2012. 强震作用下大型古滑坡体变形破坏机理研究. 学术动态(成都), (1): 14-19.
      [158] 胡卸文, 黄润秋, 朱海勇, 等, 2009. 唐家山堰塞湖库区马铃岩滑坡地震复活效应及其稳定性研究. 岩石力学与工程学报, 28(6): 1270-1278. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-6915.2009.06.024
      [159] 胡新丽, 孙淼军, 唐辉明, 等, 2014. 三峡库区马家沟滑坡滑体粗粒土蠕变试验研究. 岩土力学, 35(11): 3163-3169, 3190. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YTLX201411019.htm
      [160] 黄润秋, 2007.20世纪以来中国的大型滑坡及其发生机制. 岩石力学与工程学报, 26(3): 433-454. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-6915.2007.03.001
      [161] 黄晓, 杨为民, 张春山, 等, 2013. 舟曲泄流坡滑坡变形特征及其形成机理. 地质力学学报, 19(2): 178-187. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-6616.2013.02.007
      [162] 简文星, 王志俭, 殷坤龙, 2010. 三峡库区万州缓倾角红层基岩滑坡启滑机制. 上海: 和谐地球上的水工岩石力学——第三届全国水工岩石力学学术会议论文集, 376-381. https://cpfd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CPFDTOTAL-ZGYJ201008001080.htm
      [163] 简文星, 许强, 童龙云, 2013. 三峡库区黄土坡滑坡降雨入渗模型研究. 岩土力学, 34(12): 3527-3533, 3548. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YTLX201312028.htm
      [164] 蒋良文, 王士天, 刘汉超, 等, 2002. 岷江上游干流岸坡主要表生地质灾害分布特征及成因浅析. 地质灾害与环境保护, 13(1): 13-17. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-4362.2002.01.004
      [165] 蒋秀姿, 文宝萍, 蒋树, 等, 2015. 甘肃舟曲锁儿头滑坡活动的主控因素分析. 吉林大学学报(地球科学版), 45(6): 1798-1807. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-CCDZ201506020.htm
      [166] 焦赟, 姚正学, 董耀刚, 2012. 舟曲南桥滑坡稳定性分析及治理对策研究. 甘肃地质, 21(1): 59-63. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GSDZ201201012.htm
      [167] 金继军, 郭长宝, 沈亚麒, 等, 2021. 四川茂县周场坪滑坡发育特征与变形监测分析. 现代地质, 35(1): 103-113. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XDDZ202101012.htm
      [168] 金艳丽, 戴福初, 2008. 饱和黄土的静态液化特性试验研究. 岩土力学, 29(12): 3293-3298. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-7598.2008.12.021
      [169] 李迪, 李亦明, 张漫, 2009. 大岩淌堆积体滑坡滑带渐进破坏传播的确定性预警方法. 岩石力学与工程学报, 28(增刊2): 3712-3720. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YSLX2009S2064.htm
      [170] 李守定, 李晓, 张年学, 等, 2006. 三峡库区宝塔滑坡泥化夹层泥化过程的水岩作用. 岩土力学, 27(10): 1841-1846. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-7598.2006.10.041
      [171] 李妥德, 1984. 滑坡滑带土抗剪强度的确定方法. 山地研究, 2(1): 25-30. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SDYA198401004.htm
      [172] 李妥德, 张颖均, 1979. 国内外滑坡土残余强度的研究现状(滑坡文集(二)). 北京: 中国铁道出版社.
      [173] 李晓, 梁收运, 郑国东, 2010. 滑带土的研究进展. 地球科学进展, 25(5): 484-491. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DXJZ201005006.htm
      [174] 李雪, 郭长宝, 杨志华, 等, 2021. 金沙江断裂带雄巴巨型古滑坡发育特征与形成机理. 现代地质, 35(1): 47-55. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XDDZ202101006.htm
      [175] 李忠, 吴中海, 汪金明, 等, 2021. 利用EH4音频大地电磁测深仪探测巧家巨型古滑坡及其结构面特征. 地质力学学报, 27(2): 317-325. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DZLX202102015.htm
      [176] 梁敬轩, 胡卸文, 韩玫, 等, 2016. 强震下紫坪铺坝前大型古滑坡体变形破坏效应. 西南交通大学学报, 51(6): 1154-1162. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0258-2724.2016.06.015
      [177] 廖世文, 1984. 膨胀土与铁路工程. 北京: 中国铁道出版社.
      [178] 刘爱华, 王思敬, 1994. 平面坡体渐进破坏模型及其应用. 工程地质学报, 2(1): 1-8. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GCDZ401.000.htm
      [179] 刘东飞, 王雄师, 杨欢, 等, 2017. 基于可靠度分析的甘肃舟曲泄流坡滑坡风险评价. 山地学报, 35(3): 323-331. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SDYA201703010.htm
      [180] 刘小丽, 邓建辉, 李广涛, 2004. 滑带土强度特性研究现状. 岩土力学, 25(11): 1849-1854. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YTLX200411040.htm
      [181] 柳成志, 2010. 地球科学概论(第2版)北京: 石油工业出版社.
      [182] 龙建辉, 李同录, 雷晓锋, 等, 2007. 黄土滑坡滑带土的物理特性研究. 岩土工程学报, 29(2): 289-293. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YTGC200702025.htm
      [183] 骆培云, 1986. 新滩滑坡的变形发育和临阵预报. 水土保持通报, 6(4): 40-45. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-STTB198604009.htm
      [184] 闵弘, 谭国焕, 戴福初, 等, 2004. 蓄水期库岸古滑坡的水动力学响应监测: 以三峡库区泄滩滑坡为例. 岩石力学与工程学报, 23(21): 3721-3726. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YSLX20042100W.htm
      [185] 缪海波, 殷坤龙, 2014. 库岸深层老滑坡复活对诱发因素的滞后响应机制. 地质科技情报, 33(5): 188-192, 203. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DZKQ201405028.htm
      [186] 穆鹏, 2011. 甘肃舟曲江顶崖滑坡成因及稳定性分析. 中国水利, (4): 50-52. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SLZG201104018.htm
      [187] 泮晓华, 薛雷, 秦四清, 等, 2014. 潜在锁固型滑坡的类型、形成条件和预判方法研究. 工程地质学报, 22(6): 1159-1167. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GCDZ201406023.htm
      [188] 千木良雅弘, 2016. 大型深层滑坡灾害及其预测. 西南交通大学学报, 51(5): 981-986, 994. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XNJT201605022.htm
      [189] 秦四清, 王媛媛, 马平, 2010. 崩滑灾害临界位移演化的指数律. 岩石力学与工程学报, 29(5): 873-880. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YSLX201005005.htm
      [190] 秦宇龙, 吴建亮, 詹涵钰, 等, 2021. 川西甘孜地区活动断裂与地质灾害分布相关性探讨. 地质力学学报, 27(3): 463-474. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DZLX202103012.htm
      [191] 任光明, 聂德新, 1997. 大型滑坡滑带土结构强度再生特征及其机理探讨. 水文地质工程地质, 24(3): 28-31, 44. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SWDG199703008.htm
      [192] 黄润秋, 陈国庆, 唐鹏, 2017. 基于动态演化特征的锁固段型岩质滑坡前兆信息研究. 岩石力学与工程学报, 36(3): 521-533. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YSLX201703001.htm
      [193] 束骞, 2015. 环剪试验条件下近水平岩层滑坡滑带土的力学行为特性试验研究: 以中江垮梁子滑坡为例(硕士学位论文). 成都: 成都理工大学.
      [194] 宋琨, 陈伦怡, 刘艺梁, 等, 2022. 降雨诱发深层老滑坡复活变形的动态作用机制. 地球科学(待刊).
      [195] 孙德永, 2005. 南昆铁路八渡车站的滑坡与整治. 北京: 中国铁道工程地质世纪成就论文集, 329-335.
      [196] 孙建平, 刘青泉, 李家春, 等, 2008. 降雨入渗对深层滑坡稳定性影响研究. 中国科学(G辑), 38(8): 945-954. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-JGXK200808001.htm
      [197] 孙淼军, 唐辉明, 王潇弘, 等, 2017. 蠕动型滑坡滑带土蠕变特性研究. 岩土力学, 38(2): 385-391, 399. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YTLX201702012.htm
      [198] 谭福林, 胡新丽, 张玉明, 等, 2016. 不同类型滑坡渐进破坏过程与稳定性研究. 岩土力学, 37(S2): 597-606. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YTLX2016S2075.htm
      [199] 唐辉明, 鲁莎, 2018. 三峡库区黄土坡滑坡滑带空间分布特征研究. 工程地质学报, 26(1): 129-136. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GCDZ201801014.htm
      [200] 唐辉明, 马淑芝, 刘佑荣, 等, 2002. 三峡工程库区巴东县赵树岭滑坡稳定性与防治对策研究. 地球科学, 27(5): 621-625. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DQKX200205023.htm
      [201] 唐正光, 2013. 降雨入渗影响因素与滑坡的研究(博士学位论文). 昆明: 昆明理工大学.
      [202] 王庚荪, 2000. 边坡的渐进破坏及稳定性分析(博士学位论文). 岩石力学与工程学报, 19(1): 29-33.
      [203] 王秀丽, 金兆鑫, 董文燕, 等, 2016. 舟曲锁儿头滑坡特征及影响因素分析. 四川建筑科学研究, 42(1): 60-64. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ACZJ201601016.htm
      [204] 文宝萍, 陈海洋, 朱明忠, 等, 2008. 基于伊利石结晶度的大型深层滑坡活动模式分析. 工程地质学报, (增刊1): 132-137. https://cpfd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CPFDTOTAL-GCDZ200810001028.htm
      [205] 温铭生, 陈红旗, 张鸣之, 等, 2017. 四川茂县"6·24"特大滑坡特征与成因机制分析. 中国地质灾害与防治学报, 28(3): 1-7. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZGDH201703001.htm
      [206] 许强, 2012. 滑坡的变形破坏行为与内在机理. 工程地质学报, 20(2): 145-151. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GCDZ201202001.htm
      [207] 许强, 2020. 对滑坡监测预警相关问题的认识与思考. 工程地质学报, 28(2): 360-374. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GCDZ202002017.htm
      [208] 许强, 黄润秋, 李秀珍, 2004. 滑坡时间预测预报研究进展. 地球科学进展, 19(3): 478-483. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DXJZ200403020.htm
      [209] 许强, 彭大雷, 李为乐, 等, 2016. 溃散性滑坡成因机理初探. 西南交通大学学报, 51(5): 995-1004. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XNJT201605024.htm
      [210] 徐则民, 黄润秋, 范柱国, 2005. 滑坡灾害孕育—激发过程中的水-岩相互作用. 自然灾害学报, 14(1): 1-9. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZRZH200501000.htm
      [211] 徐则民, 黄润秋, 杨立中, 2004. 斜坡水-岩化学作用问题. 岩石力学与工程学报, 23(16): 2778-2787. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YSLX200416022.htm
      [212] 薛雷, 秦四清, 泮晓华, 等, 2018. 锁固型斜坡失稳机理及其物理预测模型. 工程地质学报, 26(1): 179-192. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GCDZ201801020.htm
      [213] 严春杰, 唐辉明, 孙云志, 2001. 利用扫描电镜和X射线衍射仪对滑坡滑带土的研究. 地质科技情报, 20(4): 89-92. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DZKQ200104023.htm
      [214] 晏鄂川, 刘汉超, 张倬元, 1998. 茂汶—汶川段岷江两岸滑坡分布规律. 山地研究, 16(2): 109-113. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SDYA199802006.htm
      [215] 严绍军, 唐辉明, 项伟, 2007. 降雨对滑坡稳定性影响过程分析. 水文地质工程地质, 34(2): 33-36. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SWDG200702007.htm
      [216] 闫怡秋, 郭长宝, 张永双, 等, 2021. 基于SBAS-InSAR技术的西藏雄巴古滑坡变形特征. 地质学报, 95(11): 3556-3570. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DZXE202111027.htm
      [217] 杨德宏, 武博强, 黄勇, 等, 2021. 川藏公路102滑坡后缘平台物质特征及其形成机制新思考. 水文地质工程地质, 48(4): 133-140. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SWDG202104018.htm
      [218] 杨海平, 王金生, 2009. 长江三峡工程库区千将坪滑坡地质特征及成因分析. 工程地质学报, 17(2): 233-239. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GCDZ200902016.htm
      [219] 杨为民, 黄晓, 张春山, 等, 2014. 白龙江流域坪定—化马断裂带滑坡特征及其形成演化. 吉林大学学报(地球科学版), 44(2): 574-583. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-CCDZ201402017.htm
      [220] 杨为民, 徐瑞春, 吴树仁, 等, 2007. 鄂西清江隔河岩水库茅坪滑坡蠕滑变形及其稳定性. 地质通报, 26(3): 312-320. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZQYD200703007.htm
      [221] 姚爱敏, 王运霞, 2007. 正常固结土与超固结土主要力学特性的比较. 北方工业大学学报, 19(1): 86-90. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-BFGY200701020.htm
      [222] 易庆林, 易武, 尚敏, 2009. 三峡库区某滑坡变形影响因素分析. 中国水土保持, (7): 32-34, 64. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZGSB200907016.htm
      [223] 殷坤龙, 1987. 滑坡位移的动态分析—大气降雨对滑坡的影响. 水文地质工程地质, 14(5): 52-54. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SWDG198705017.htm
      [224] 殷跃平, 康宏达, 杨华林, 等, 2003. 三峡库区云阳五峰山滑坡防治工程方案研究. 水文地质工程地质, 30(6): 25-29. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SWDG200306006.htm
      [225] 殷跃平, 李廷强, 唐军, 2008. 四川省丹巴县城滑坡失稳及应急加固研究. 岩石力学与工程学报, 27(5): 971-978. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YSLX200805016.htm
      [226] 殷跃平, 张作辰, 张茂省, 等, 2015. 中华人民共和国地质矿产行业标准: 滑坡崩塌泥石流灾害调查规范(1∶5万) (DZ/T0261-2014). 北京: 中国标准出版社.
      [227] 殷志强, 许强, 赵无忌, 等, 2016. 黄河上游夏藏滩巨型滑坡演化过程及形成机制. 第四纪研究, (2): 474-483.
      [228] 张茂省, 黎志恒, 王根龙, 等, 2011. 白龙江流域地质灾害特征及勘查思路. 西北地质, 44(3): 1-9. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-XBDI201103003.htm
      [229] 张群, 许强, 易靖松, 等, 2016. 南江红层地区缓倾角浅层土质滑坡降雨入渗深度与成因机理研究. 岩土工程学报, 38(8): 1447-1455. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YTGC201608012.htm
      [230] 张婷, 符必昌, 周志国, 等, 2018. 四川省茂县南新镇羊毛坪滑坡稳定性评价. 地质灾害与环境保护, 29(3): 12-16. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DZHB201803003.htm
      [231] 张晓刚, 王成华, 孔纪名, 等, 1998. 川藏公路"102"滑坡群的基本特征. 山地研究, 16(2): 151-155. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SDYA199802014.htm
      [232] 张怡颖, 郭长宝, 杨志华, 等, 2021. 四川茂县周场坪深层滑坡滑带土环剪试验强度研究. 工程地质学报, 29(3): 764-776. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GCDZ202103019.htm
      [233] 张永双, 郭长宝, 姚鑫, 等, 2016. 青藏高原东缘活动断裂地质灾害效应研究. 地球学报, 37(3): 277-286. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DQXB201603004.htm
      [234] 张永双, 郭长宝, 周能娟, 2013. 金沙江支流冲江河巨型滑坡及其局部复活机理研究. 岩土工程学报, 35(3): 445-453. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YTGC201303008.htm
      [235] 张永双, 刘筱怡, 姚鑫, 2020. 基于InSAR技术的古滑坡复活早期识别方法研究: 以大渡河流域为例. 水利学报, 51(5): 545-555. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SLXB202005005.htm
      [236] 张玉, 徐卫亚, 李德亮, 2013. 大型滑坡演化机制及滑带剪切特性试验研究. 岩石力学与工程学报, 32(增刊1): 2606-2616. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YSLX2013S1004.htm
      [237] 张玉, 徐卫亚, 石崇, 等, 2011. 大型滑坡堆积体稳定性的三维数值分析. 岩土力学, 32(11): 3487-3496. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YTLX201111051.htm
      [238] 赵国通, 朱小龙, 马佰衡, 2015. 河北省崩塌滑坡滞后于降雨的地质背景分析. 水文地质工程地质, 42(2): 151-155. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SWDG201502024.htm
      [239] 赵其华, 陈明东, 尚岳全, 1994. 向阳坪滑坡蠕滑动态分析. 地质灾害与环境保护, 5(2): 40-44. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DZHB199402006.htm
      [240] 赵永辉, 2016. 澜沧江古水水电站争岗巨型滑坡形成机理及演化过程研究(硕士学位论文). 成都: 成都理工大学.
      [241] 郑国东, 徐胜, 郎煜华, 等, 2006. 日本富山县中田浦滑坡滑带内的黄铁矿. 地球化学, 35(2): 201-210. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DQHX200602012.htm
    • 加载中
    图(13)
    计量
    • 文章访问数:  241
    • HTML全文浏览量:  89
    • PDF下载量:  124
    • 被引次数: 0
    出版历程
    • 收稿日期:  2022-05-11
    • 刊出日期:  2022-10-25

    目录

      /

      返回文章
      返回