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    基于高分二号遥感影像的露天灰岩矿区裸岩提取方法

    袁凯 李行 刘瑞峰 张连蓬 张启华 曹兆峰 王云凯

    袁凯, 李行, 刘瑞峰, 张连蓬, 张启华, 曹兆峰, 王云凯, 2024. 基于高分二号遥感影像的露天灰岩矿区裸岩提取方法. 地球科学, 49(4): 1541-1554. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.252
    引用本文: 袁凯, 李行, 刘瑞峰, 张连蓬, 张启华, 曹兆峰, 王云凯, 2024. 基于高分二号遥感影像的露天灰岩矿区裸岩提取方法. 地球科学, 49(4): 1541-1554. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.252
    Yuan Kai, Li Xing, Liu Ruifeng, Zhang Lianpeng, Zhang Qihua, Cao Zhaofeng, Wang Yunkai, 2024. Mapping Bare Rock in Open-Pit Limestone Mining Area Using Gaofen-2 Satellite Image. Earth Science, 49(4): 1541-1554. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.252
    Citation: Yuan Kai, Li Xing, Liu Ruifeng, Zhang Lianpeng, Zhang Qihua, Cao Zhaofeng, Wang Yunkai, 2024. Mapping Bare Rock in Open-Pit Limestone Mining Area Using Gaofen-2 Satellite Image. Earth Science, 49(4): 1541-1554. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.252

    基于高分二号遥感影像的露天灰岩矿区裸岩提取方法

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.252
    基金项目: 

    山东省农业科技资金(林业科技创新)项目 2019LY010

    江苏省研究生科研与实践创新计划项目 SJCX21_1126

    基于无人机遥感自然资源专题监测关键技术研究项目 2020KY11

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      袁凯(1998-),男,硕士研究生,研究方向为遥感信息提取.ORCID:0000-0003-0581-0187. E-mail:gjdlyk@jsnu.edu.cn

      通讯作者:

      李行(1981-),男,副教授,博士,研究方向为深度学习、遥感信息提取、GIS系统研发.E-mail: lixing@jsnu.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P90

    Mapping Bare Rock in Open-Pit Limestone Mining Area Using Gaofen-2 Satellite Image

    • 摘要: 为了高效、准确地从高分辨率遥感影像中提取裸岩,利用国产高分二号(GF-2)影像数据,通过构建斜率差异裸岩指数模型(slope difference bare rock index,简称SDBRI)和裸岩阴影指数模型(bare rock shadow index,简称BRSI),提出了亚米级高分影像的露天矿区裸岩提取技术方案.以青州市南部山区为试验区对此方法进行检验,结果表明:在SDBRI指数图像中,裸岩能够与周边植被较好区分,裸岩与其他地物的可分性显著高于NDVI、CRI1、CRI2等指数模型;以基于谷歌地球高清影像的目视解译结果作为验证数据进行精度评估,交并比(IoU)指标达到91%左右.此方法能够满足基于国产高分影像数据进行大范围矿区裸岩制图的需求,可以为矿山环境的遥感监测提供技术支持,具有较强的实践价值.

       

    • 图  1  研究区地理位置及地貌特征

      Fig.  1.  Geographical location and geomorphologic characteristics of the study area

      图  2  基于GF-2影像的裸岩提取技术路线

      Fig.  2.  The diagram of bare rock extraction based on GF-2 images

      图  3  青州市南文登村灰岩矿和西郭庄村灰岩矿GF-2遥感影像图(4-3-2波段组合)

      Fig.  3.  GF-2 remote sensing image of the Nanwendeng and Xiguozhuang limestone mining areas (4-3-2 band combination)

      图  4  GF-2影像主要地物的光谱曲线

      Fig.  4.  Spectral curves of relevant ground objects in GF-2 image

      图  5  SDBRI图像裸岩、裸岩阴影、植被取值分布直方图

      Fig.  5.  Histogram of bare rock, bare rock shadow and vegetation in SDBRI image

      图  6  BRSI图像裸岩阴影、林坡阴影取值分布直方图

      Fig.  6.  Histogram of bare rock shadow and vegetation shadow in BRSI image

      图  7  裸岩指数模型典型区域的提取结果

      Fig.  7.  Extraction results of the bare rock index model in 3 typical regions

      图  8  指数模型对比

      图a中红色大部分为裸岩

      Fig.  8.  The comparison of the NDVI, CRIs, and SDBRI images

      图  9  NDVI指数(a)和SDBRI指数(b)裸岩、植被、阴影统计直方图

      Fig.  9.  Statistical histograms of bare rock, vegetation and shadow in the NDVI index image (a) and SDBRI index image (b)

      图  10  青州市西南山区灰岩矿区提取结果、模型验证区和现场调查点分布情况

      Fig.  10.  Extraction results of open-pit limestone mining area, model verification areas, and field survey points in the southwestern mountainous area of Qingzhou City

      图  11  现场调查所拍摄的裸岩照片

      Fig.  11.  Photos of bare rock in field survey

      图  12  提取结果验证

      Fig.  12.  The comparison of model-derived results and visual interpretation results from Google Earth images

      表  1  GF-2卫星有效载荷技术指标

      Table  1.   The technical specifications of GF-2 satellite payload

      载荷 波段编号 波段范围(μm) 空间分辨率 幅宽 重访周期
      全色多光谱相机(PMS) 1 0.45~0.90 0.8 m 45 km(2台相机组合) 侧摆时:5 d
      不侧摆:69 d
      2 0.45~0.52 3.2 m
      3 0.52~0.59
      4 0.63~0.69
      5 0.77~0.89
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  GF-2影像4-3-2波段组合下相关地物的影像特征和解译标志

      Table  2.   Image features and interpretation keys of relevant ground objects in the GF-2 images with 4-3-2 band combination

      地物类型 影像特征 解译标志
      矿区/裸岩 裸岩主要呈石板灰色,颜色有深有浅,形状不规则.露天矿区主要表现为大面积的裸露岩石,形态和颜色上不易与其他裸岩如干涸河床、建筑工程形成的裸岩等区分,但矿区裸岩常有开采活动导致的陡坎,会有阴影出现.另外,矿区周边有矿区建筑物、道路等
      植被 通常显示为红色,不同类型的植被色调、形状、纹理都会不一样.如山间林地多为不规则形状、深红色、颗粒状明显;山间草地为浅红褐色,常覆盖整片山坡,覆盖度不同色调会有差异
      水体 形状不一,人工水体形状多规则、自然水体不规则,颜色因水的深浅而不同,深水颜色为深蓝或黑色,随着水深变浅颜色也逐渐变为浅蓝、灰蓝.同时,水体颜色也会受到所含泥沙、有机物及其他物质的影响而呈现不同的颜色.如左图为矿区水体,整体较浅,随着深度的增加颜色也由浅蓝变为深蓝,浅水处有矿渣堆积
      裸土 多为无植被覆盖的农田,形状规则,常表现为深灰色或灰白色
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  3  裸岩信息的模型提取结果与人工解译结果

      Table  3.   The IoU information of the model-derived results and visual interpretation results from Google Earth images

      验证区域 交集面积 并集面积 IoU
      (m2) (m2)
      a 288 770.500 309 676.760 93.24%
      b 524 881.000 568 072.771 92.40%
      c 219 625.020 249 511.285 88.02%
      d 65 071.458 72 017.129 90.36%
      e 294 757.971 319 765.366 92.18%
      f 326 084.314 360 207.762 90.53%
      g 74 858.900 80 378.748 93.13%
      h 156 444.232 168 631.982 92.77%
      i 24 943.370 28 347.101 87.99%
      下载: 导出CSV
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    出版历程
    • 收稿日期:  2022-01-13
    • 网络出版日期:  2024-04-30
    • 刊出日期:  2024-04-25

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