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    南海后扩张期大陆边缘闭合过程及成因机制

    解习农 赵帅 任建业 杨允柳 姚永坚

    解习农, 赵帅, 任建业, 杨允柳, 姚永坚, 2022. 南海后扩张期大陆边缘闭合过程及成因机制. 地球科学, 47(10): 3524-3542. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.265
    引用本文: 解习农, 赵帅, 任建业, 杨允柳, 姚永坚, 2022. 南海后扩张期大陆边缘闭合过程及成因机制. 地球科学, 47(10): 3524-3542. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.265
    Xie Xinong, Zhao Shuai, Ren Jianye, Yang Yunliu, Yao Yongjian, 2022. Marginal Sea Closure Process and Genetic Mechanism of South China Sea during Post-Spreading Period. Earth Science, 47(10): 3524-3542. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.265
    Citation: Xie Xinong, Zhao Shuai, Ren Jianye, Yang Yunliu, Yao Yongjian, 2022. Marginal Sea Closure Process and Genetic Mechanism of South China Sea during Post-Spreading Period. Earth Science, 47(10): 3524-3542. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.265

    南海后扩张期大陆边缘闭合过程及成因机制

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.265
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学重点基金项目 42130408

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      解习农(1963—),男,教授,博士生导师,主要从事海洋地质与资源研究.ORCID:0000-0003-1960-9417. E-mail:xnxie@cug.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P736

    Marginal Sea Closure Process and Genetic Mechanism of South China Sea during Post-Spreading Period

    • 摘要: 南海是西太平洋海域最大的边缘海,然而南海扩张终结后动力学过程研究仍较为薄弱.通过构造变革界面识别、褶皱冲断带沉积记录等方面的系统研究,揭示南海南部和东部陆缘在南海后扩张期的演化历程.研究表明南海南部和东部边缘经历了多个微板块从俯冲到碰撞的演变历程,形成了陆-陆碰撞、弧-陆碰撞、洋-弧俯冲等多个特征迥异的板块边界.南海南部陆缘属于古南海俯冲拖曳构造区,婆罗洲西北沙捞越-曾母地块率先碰撞,随后经历了婆罗洲东北沙巴-南沙地块碰撞、西南巴拉望-卡加延岛弧碰撞.南部多个微板块碰撞导致古南海呈剪刀式从西向东逐渐关闭和消亡,总体形成了以微地块碰撞、深海槽发育和造山带前缘巨厚沉积充填为特色的碰撞陆缘.东部陆缘属于菲律宾海俯冲-碰撞构造区,南海东部洋壳自中新世开始向菲律宾海板块俯冲,弧-陆碰撞仅局限于东部陆缘南北两端.澳洲-印度板块、菲律宾海板块与欧亚板块相互作用控制了南海边缘海闭合过程,南海正在进行的关闭过程主要集中在东缘和南缘,东缘呈现了以南海洋壳消亡为特征的闭合过程,而南缘则呈现以微陆块碰撞为特征的古南海闭合过程.显然,南部后扩张期陆缘演变可为边缘海闭合过程研究提供极佳的范例,同时对我国海洋权益保护和南海大陆边缘动力学研究具有重要意义.

       

    • 图  1  南海新生代主要构造界面及区域构造事件

      生物地层年代据Lourens et al.(2004); 海平面变化曲线据Haq et al.(1987

      Fig.  1.  Cenozoic main tectonic unconformities and regional tectonic events in the South China Sea

      图  2  南海及其陆缘主要新生代沉积盆地分布及剖面位置

      Fig.  2.  Distribution of main continental marginal basins in South China Sea, the position of section used in this paper

      图  3  婆罗洲与巴拉望地层及断层平面分布

      婆罗洲地质图引自Tate(2001);巴拉望岛地质图引自Yumul et al.2009)和Aurelio et al.2014

      Fig.  3.  Distribution of stratigraphy and main faults in Borneo and Palawan islands

      图  4  文莱-沙巴盆地揭示褶皱冲断带地震解释剖面

      A-A'剖面根据Hesse et al.2009)地震剖面解释;B-B'剖面根据Sandal et al.1996)剖面修改.位置见图 2

      Fig.  4.  Interpreted sections showing the features of fold and thrust belt in the Brunei-Sabah basin

      图  5  西南巴拉望盆地揭示褶皱冲断带地震解释剖面

      位置见图 2

      Fig.  5.  Interpreted section showing the features of fold and thrust belt in the Southwest Palawan basin

      图  6  南海东部次海盆揭示褶皱冲断带地震解释剖面

      位置见图 2

      Fig.  6.  Interpreted section showing the features of fold and thrust belt in the eastern sub-basin of South China Sea

      图  7  南海南部陆缘俯冲-碰撞带分带及其演化模式

      揭示古南海从西向东逐渐消亡过程

      Fig.  7.  Zonation and evolution models of subduction and collision belts in the southern margin of South China Sea

      图  8  南海中中新世以来构造演化图(据Hall,2002

      Fig.  8.  Tectonic reconstruction diagrams of South China Sea since the Middle Miocene (modified after Hall, 2002)

      图  9  南海南部和东部陆缘构造演化历程及代表性盆地构造演化阶段

      Fig.  9.  Tectonic evolution of southern and eastern margins of South China Sea, and classification of tectonic evolution in the representative continental marginal basin

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    • 收稿日期:  2022-04-19
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