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    实验矿床学的发展现状和前景展望

    熊小林 侯通 王小林

    熊小林, 侯通, 王小林, 2022. 实验矿床学的发展现状和前景展望. 地球科学, 47(8): 2701-2713. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.285
    引用本文: 熊小林, 侯通, 王小林, 2022. 实验矿床学的发展现状和前景展望. 地球科学, 47(8): 2701-2713. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.285
    Xiong Xiaolin, Hou Tong, Wang Xiaolin, 2022. Advances and Perspectives of Experimental Metallogeny. Earth Science, 47(8): 2701-2713. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.285
    Citation: Xiong Xiaolin, Hou Tong, Wang Xiaolin, 2022. Advances and Perspectives of Experimental Metallogeny. Earth Science, 47(8): 2701-2713. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.285

    实验矿床学的发展现状和前景展望

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.285
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 41725008

    国家自然科学基金项目 92062222

    国家自然科学基金项目 41921003

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      熊小林(1963-),男,研究员,主要从事实验地球化学、元素地球化学行为与成矿实验研究.ORCID:0000-0003-2054-3339. E-mail:xiongxl@gig.ac.cn

    • 中图分类号: P617.9

    Advances and Perspectives of Experimental Metallogeny

    • 摘要: 实验矿床学是通过高温高压实验手段对成矿元素在矿物−熔体−流体体系的地球化学行为开展研究. 在揭示成矿的“源−运−聚−储”复杂过程中,它是反演和追踪成矿元素“运−聚”机制的重要手段,因而在精细刻画成矿过程,揭示关键控矿因素方面具有不可替代的优势. 实验矿床学是随着实验技术的发展而发展的,为矿床学的发展提供了重要的基础数据,弥补了通过天然样品研究复杂成矿过程的不足,极大地推动了成矿理论的发展. 回顾了实验矿床学的发展历史、研究现状,讨论了相关的科学问题,提出未来应当重点关注两个方面:(1)加强实验平台建设,发展可视化在线观测实验技术;(2)聚焦以国家目标(如关键金属成矿)为导向的科学前沿研究.

       

    • 图  1  层状铬铁矿矿床成因模式

      a, b. 热熔蚀模型(Latypov et al., 2017);c, d. 根据相平衡实验,Veksler and Hou (2020)提出的加水熔融模型

      Fig.  1.  Schematic illustrations of chromitite formation from a basal layer of chromite‐saturated melt

      图  2  热液体系中液-液相分离相变在线观察(a)和成分、结构在线分析(b)

      修改自Wang et al.(2021a);Aq为均一溶液相;L1为富集硫酸盐的高密度液相;L2为贫硫酸盐的低密度液相;*为C2H5OH的特征谱峰

      Fig.  2.  In situ observation of the liquid‐liquid phase separation (a) and Raman spectroscopic characterization of the fluid composition and structure (b) in hydrothermal systems

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    • 收稿日期:  2022-02-05
    • 刊出日期:  2022-09-25

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