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    古地磁:从地球到火星

    张伟杰 盖聪聪 柳加波 姜兆霞 刘青松

    张伟杰, 盖聪聪, 柳加波, 姜兆霞, 刘青松, 2022. 古地磁:从地球到火星. 地球科学, 47(10): 3736-3764. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.288
    引用本文: 张伟杰, 盖聪聪, 柳加波, 姜兆霞, 刘青松, 2022. 古地磁:从地球到火星. 地球科学, 47(10): 3736-3764. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.288
    Zhang Weijie, Gai Congcong, Liu Jiabo, Jiang Zhaoxia, Liu Qingsong, 2022. Paleomagnetism: From the Earth to Mars. Earth Science, 47(10): 3736-3764. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.288
    Citation: Zhang Weijie, Gai Congcong, Liu Jiabo, Jiang Zhaoxia, Liu Qingsong, 2022. Paleomagnetism: From the Earth to Mars. Earth Science, 47(10): 3736-3764. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.288

    古地磁:从地球到火星

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.288
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 41874078

    国家自然科学基金项目 92158208

    国家自然科学基金项目 42104068

    国家自然科学基金项目 42176066

    国家自然科学基金项目 41922026

    深圳市科技计划资助 KQTD20170810111725321

    博士后基金 2021M701557

    自然资源部海洋地质与成矿作用重点实验室开放基金 MGM202003

    同济大学海洋地质国家重点实验室开放基金 MGK202102

    上海佘山地球物理国家野外科学观测研究站开放基金 SSKP202101

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      张伟杰(1995-), 男, 博士研究生, 主要从事地磁场古强度研究.ORCID: 0000-0002-5586-918X.E-mail: 12031188@mail.sustech.edu.cn

      通讯作者:

      刘青松, E-mail: qsliu@sustech.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P318

    Paleomagnetism: From the Earth to Mars

    • 摘要: 古地磁学是一门典型的交叉学科,通过综合地质学、地球物理学、环境科学等学科相关方法,分析天然样品中记录的磁学信息,深入研究地磁场演化、地球动力学过程、古环境与古气候演化等.自20世纪中叶以来,古地磁学在各研究领域得到快速发展,通过进一步与其他学科交叉,衍生出诸多新兴方向.首先回顾了古地磁学的发展历史与基础研究领域.在此基础上,重点介绍了高精度卫星磁测与相关研究新领域、月球与火星磁学研究的新进展.同时,对古地磁学与高精度磁测等方法集成在地磁场演化、板块构造、深部结构、月球磁场演化、火星磁场及环境演化等方面的综合应用进行了讨论.最后,对古地磁学未来的潜在研究方向进行了展望.

       

    • 图  1  2020年全球地磁场强度分布图(数据来源于IGRF-13)

      Alken et al.(2021)

      Fig.  1.  Global geomagnetic intensity map (data from IGRF-13)

      图  2  全球岩石圈1 050阶球谐模型平均地球半径位置径向分量

      Thébault et al.(2021)

      Fig.  2.  Radial component of global lithosphere spherical harmonic model up to degree 1 050 at Earth's mean radius

      图  3  大洋磁异常(a~c)与沉积物相对古强度模拟得到的海洋磁异常(d)结果对比

      Li et al.(2021c)

      Fig.  3.  The oceanic magnetic anomalies (a-c) and the oceanic magnetic anomalies obtained from the simulation of the relative paleointensity of sediments (d)

      图  4  月球磁场强度演化

      Tikoo and Evans(2021)

      Fig.  4.  Evolution of Lunar magnetic field strength

      图  5  火壳厚度分布图

      Zuber(2001)

      Fig.  5.  Martian crust thickness map

      图  6  火星表面磁场径向分量

      a.北极点俯视图;c.南极点仰视图. 据Langlais et al.(2019)

      Fig.  6.  Radial component of the magnetic field on the surface of Mars

      图  7  火星磁场发电机运行时间及可能模式

      a. 海拉斯、阿尔及尔、伊希地负磁异常代表发电机停止;b. 海拉斯、阿尔及尔、伊希地负磁异常不代表发电机停止;c.“晚期”发电机

      Fig.  7.  Operating times and possible modes of the Mars magnetic dynamo

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