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    实验流变学的发展现状与趋势

    章军锋 周永胜 宋茂双

    章军锋, 周永胜, 宋茂双, 2022. 实验流变学的发展现状与趋势. 地球科学, 47(8): 2744-2756. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.301
    引用本文: 章军锋, 周永胜, 宋茂双, 2022. 实验流变学的发展现状与趋势. 地球科学, 47(8): 2744-2756. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.301
    Zhang Junfeng, Zhou Yongsheng, Song Maoshuang, 2022. Development Status and Trends of Experimental Rheology. Earth Science, 47(8): 2744-2756. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.301
    Citation: Zhang Junfeng, Zhou Yongsheng, Song Maoshuang, 2022. Development Status and Trends of Experimental Rheology. Earth Science, 47(8): 2744-2756. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.301

    实验流变学的发展现状与趋势

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.301
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 42172250

    国家自然科学基金项目 42042007

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      章军锋(1977-),男,教授,主要从事壳幔岩石流变和地震成因物理机制方面的教学和科研工作. ORCID:0000-0002-2834-2833. E-mail:jfzhang@cug.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: O37

    Development Status and Trends of Experimental Rheology

    • 摘要: 实验流变学是通过高温高压实验手段研究地球内部主要组成物质在差应力的作用下发生变形和流动的学科. 伴随着流变实验技术的不断发展,实验流变学在过去30年中得到了快速发展,研究范畴和研究对象不断扩大,在地球和行星科学的研究领域发挥着重要的作用.主要简要介绍了实验流变学技术的发展历史,围绕岩石圈、软流圈、转换带和下地幔流变学实验研究和中深源地震机制的研究总结了实验流变学领域的主要研究进展与存在问题,提出由物质成分和热结构控制的地球不同圈层流变学性质的三维结构是当前实验流变学研究需要解决的核心科学问题,并在此基础上展望了实验流变学未来的优先发展方向.

       

    • 图  1  常见高温高压流变仪设备能实现的温压范围

      Paterson. Paterson流变仪;Griggs. Griggs流变仪;MultiAnvil. 多面砧压机

      Fig.  1.  Temperature and pressure range of common high temperature and high pressure deformation apparatus

      图  2  典型岩石圈流变结构

      据Kohlstedt et al.(1995

      Fig.  2.  Typical lithosphere rheological structure

      图  3  俯冲板片地震分布特征

      据Zhan(2020);a. 中深源地震发震数量(1964~2017年)随深度的变化,汤加-克马德里俯冲带深源地震(> 300 km)约占全球深源地震的3/4;b. 俯冲板片中中深源地震分布示意

      Fig.  3.  Seismic distribution characteristics of a subducting slab

      图  4  镁锗橄榄石相变致裂实验声发射信号分析

      据Wang et al.(2017

      Fig.  4.  Acoustic emission signal analysis of a faulting experiment on Mg2GeO4

      图  5  地幔粘度随深部的变化

      据Faccenda and Dal Zilio(2017

      Fig.  5.  Variation of mantle viscosity with depth

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    • 收稿日期:  2022-07-22
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