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    江西虎圩金铅锌矿床矿物化学、流体包裹体特征及地质意义

    抄尉尉 许德如 李增华 陈立泉 周先军 袁波 杨立飞 陈加杰 张健

    抄尉尉, 许德如, 李增华, 陈立泉, 周先军, 袁波, 杨立飞, 陈加杰, 张健, 2024. 江西虎圩金铅锌矿床矿物化学、流体包裹体特征及地质意义. 地球科学, 49(4): 1292-1306. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.305
    引用本文: 抄尉尉, 许德如, 李增华, 陈立泉, 周先军, 袁波, 杨立飞, 陈加杰, 张健, 2024. 江西虎圩金铅锌矿床矿物化学、流体包裹体特征及地质意义. 地球科学, 49(4): 1292-1306. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.305
    Chao Weiwei, Xu Deru, Li Zenghua, Chen Liquan, Zhou Xianjun, Yuan Bo, Yang Lifei, Chen Jiajie, Zhang Jian, 2024. Characteristics and Geological Implications of Mineral Chemistry and Fluid Inclusions in Huxu Au-Pb-Zn Ore Deposit, Jiangxi Province. Earth Science, 49(4): 1292-1306. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.305
    Citation: Chao Weiwei, Xu Deru, Li Zenghua, Chen Liquan, Zhou Xianjun, Yuan Bo, Yang Lifei, Chen Jiajie, Zhang Jian, 2024. Characteristics and Geological Implications of Mineral Chemistry and Fluid Inclusions in Huxu Au-Pb-Zn Ore Deposit, Jiangxi Province. Earth Science, 49(4): 1292-1306. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.305

    江西虎圩金铅锌矿床矿物化学、流体包裹体特征及地质意义

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.305
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 2110700658

    国家自然科学基金项目 42102101

    2019年江西省“SQ计划” 2120800002

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      抄尉尉(1991-),男,助理研究员,博士,主要从事矿床学与矿床地球化学研究. ORCID:0000-0003-4776-2072. E-mail:chaoweiwei@ecut.edu.cn

      通讯作者:

      许德如,教授,主要从事大陆边缘构造与成矿学研究. E-mail: xuderu@gig.ac.cn

    • 中图分类号: P611;P595

    Characteristics and Geological Implications of Mineral Chemistry and Fluid Inclusions in Huxu Au-Pb-Zn Ore Deposit, Jiangxi Province

    • 摘要: 为了深入研究东乡盆地中金属矿床的成因类型,选取虎圩金铅锌矿床为研究对象,运用EPMA和LA-ICP-MS等方法开展石英微量元素分析、绿泥石化学成分组成和流体包裹体测温等研究.研究结果表明,石英中微量元素主要替换方式为Al3++Li+=Si4+,成矿流体的pH值在成矿过程中发生周期性变化.包裹体类型主要为气液两相包裹体,绿泥石形成于相对低氧逸度和高硫逸度环境,成矿温度约为210~280 ℃.综合前人研究,认为虎圩金铅锌矿床在成矿过程中不断发生岩浆热液和天水的混合,伴随不同程度的水岩反应,在断裂的开阔空间沉淀形成矿脉.认为虎圩矿床属于浅成低温热液矿床,深部存在隐伏斑岩岩体.

       

    • 图  1  虎圩矿床大地构造背景(a)及区域地质图(b)(底图修改自Qi et al., 2021)

      Fig.  1.  Tectonic map (a) and regional geological map (b) of the Huxu deposit (after Qi et al., 2021)

      图  2  虎圩矿床矿区地质简图(a)和10号矿体剖面图(b)(修改自周先军等,2019)

      Fig.  2.  Geological map of the Huxu orefield (a) and profile map of No. 10 orebody in the Huxu ore field (b) (modified from Zhou et al., 2019)

      图  3  虎圩金铅锌矿床矿石结构构造特征

      a. 石英-黄铁矿脉发育晶洞构造;b. 晶洞构造、皮壳状构造共存,并同时沉淀黄铁矿和赤铁矿;c. 石英-多金属硫化物脉切穿闪长玢岩;d. 石英-多金属硫化物脉蚀变围岩,并形成细脉状绿泥石;d. 铁白云石充填矿石裂隙并叠加梳状石英;f. 石英晶簇与赤铁矿共生

      Fig.  3.  Ore structures of the Huxu deposit

      图  4  虎圩矿区主要矿物组合特征

      a. Py1、Py2和Py3呈增生边叠加生长,赤铁矿呈针状或者叶片状包裹在Py2中,方铅矿与Py3共生;b. 赤铁矿沿石英边缘沉淀;c. 方铅矿、闪锌矿、黄铜矿、斑铜矿与Py3共生;d. 片状赤铁矿结合体沿石英颗粒边缘分布;e. 赤铁矿沿着石英裂隙分布;f. 格子状方解石沿着石英裂隙沉淀;矿物代号:Py. 黄铁矿;Hm. 赤铁矿;Gn. 方铅矿;Bn. 斑铜矿;Sp. 闪锌矿;Q. 石英;Cal. 方解石

      Fig.  4.  The main mineral assemblages in the Huxu mining area

      图  5  虎圩金铅锌矿床矿物生成顺序表

      Fig.  5.  Mineral paragenesis sequence of the Huxu Au-Pb-Zn deposit

      图  6  虎圩矿区石英显微镜下照片和阴极发光照片

      Qtz. 石英;Py. 黄铁矿;Sp. 闪锌矿;Hm. 赤铁矿

      Fig.  6.  Microphotographs and CL photos of quartz in the Huxu mining area

      图  7  虎圩矿床中绿泥石的形貌特征

      Ⅰ. 团块状绿泥石;Ⅱ. 浸染状绿泥石;Ⅲ. 鳞片状绿泥石;Ⅳ. 脉状绿泥石;Py. 黄铁矿

      Fig.  7.  Characteristics of chlorite from Huxu deposit

      图  8  虎圩矿床中不同世代石英微量元素箱型图

      Fig.  8.  The box plots of trace element compositions of different quartz generations in the Huxu deposit

      图  9  虎圩矿床不同世代石英中Li-Al、Ni-Al、K-Al含量及相关性

      Fig.  9.  The absolute contents and correlationship between Li and Al, Ni and Al, K and Al from the different generations of quartz in the Huxu deposit

      图  10  虎圩矿床流体流体包裹体显微照片

      a. Qtz1中的气液两相包裹体;b. Qtz2中的气液两相包裹体;c~d. Qtz3中的气液两相包裹体

      Fig.  10.  Microphotographs of fluid inclusions in the Huxu deposit

      图  11  虎圩金铅锌矿床中不同阶段均一温度直方图

      Fig.  11.  Histogram of homogenization temperatures and salinities for fluid inclusions in Huxu deposit

      图  12  虎圩金铅锌矿床绿泥石分类图解(据Foster,1962)

      Fig.  12.  The classification of chlorite in Huxu Au-Pb-Zn deposit (modified from Foster, 1962)

      图  13  虎圩矿床Al-Ti含量相关图和矿床类型判别图

      收集的数据及所属参考文献见Rottier and Casanova(2021)及附表 1

      Fig.  13.  The absolute contents and correlationship between Al and Ti compared to fields

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      张笑天, 潘家永, 夏菲, 等, 2022. 湘赣边界鹿井铀矿床流体包裹体及成矿机制. 地球科学, 47(1): 192-205. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.046?viewType=HTML
      周先军, 李淑琴, 陈立泉, 2019. 江西东乡火山盆地成矿规律及找矿方向探讨. 东华理工大学学报(自然科学版), 42(1): 45-51. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-HDDZ201901007.htm
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    • 收稿日期:  2022-03-31
    • 网络出版日期:  2024-04-30
    • 刊出日期:  2024-04-25

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