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    分级构型约束低渗相对优质储层预测技术及其应用

    马良涛 范廷恩 蔡文涛 高云峰 王宗俊 何荣胜

    马良涛, 范廷恩, 蔡文涛, 高云峰, 王宗俊, 何荣胜, 2023. 分级构型约束低渗相对优质储层预测技术及其应用. 地球科学, 48(8): 2947-2959. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.377
    引用本文: 马良涛, 范廷恩, 蔡文涛, 高云峰, 王宗俊, 何荣胜, 2023. 分级构型约束低渗相对优质储层预测技术及其应用. 地球科学, 48(8): 2947-2959. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.377
    Ma Liangtao, Fan Tingen, Cai Wentao, Gao Yunfeng, Wang Zongjun, He Rongsheng, 2023. Prediction Method and Its Application of Relative High⁃Quality Reservoir Distribution in Low⁃Permeability Reservoir Dominated by Hierarchical Architecture. Earth Science, 48(8): 2947-2959. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.377
    Citation: Ma Liangtao, Fan Tingen, Cai Wentao, Gao Yunfeng, Wang Zongjun, He Rongsheng, 2023. Prediction Method and Its Application of Relative High⁃Quality Reservoir Distribution in Low⁃Permeability Reservoir Dominated by Hierarchical Architecture. Earth Science, 48(8): 2947-2959. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.377

    分级构型约束低渗相对优质储层预测技术及其应用

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.377
    基金项目: 

    海上低渗及潜山油气田有效开发技术 KJGG2022⁃0700

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      马良涛(1984-),博士,高级工程师,主要从事油藏地球物理及油田开发方面研究工作.ORCID:0000-0002-9337-1550. E-mail:malt3@cnooc.com.cn

    • 中图分类号: P618.13

    Prediction Method and Its Application of Relative High⁃Quality Reservoir Distribution in Low⁃Permeability Reservoir Dominated by Hierarchical Architecture

    • 摘要: 扇三角洲前缘水下分流河道是油田L1V油组主要储层,具有砂体厚度薄、非均质性强、低孔低渗的特征. 针对常规优势沉积相带分析很难解决油田开发生产面临部分注水区块受效性不明,水驱波及范围有限等问题,提出一种分级构型约束低渗相对优质储层预测方法,该方法首先基于优化地震数据采用数学形态学方法开展储层内部构型边界检测和分类,并开展不同级次的储层构型分析;其次,以构型为约束运用神经网络聚类方法落实各复合河道优势沉积相带展布;最后,综合优势沉积相带及表征河道砂体连通性的构型边界优选研究区低渗相对优质储层发育区域.结果表明:(1)L1V油组发育断层(Ⅰ)、复合河道(Ⅱ)、单河道带(Ⅲ)三大类构型边界,其中,单河道带类(Ⅲ)可进一步划分为3种次一级边界,各构型边界具有不同的砂体连通性和地震反射特征;(2)L1V油组共发育3期近SN向展布的复合河道,即Channel⁃1、Channel⁃2、Channel⁃3,且各复合河道主要发育水下分流河道、水下分流河道间及、水下天然堤等沉积微相;(3)综合优势沉积相带(水下分流河道)展布及储层构型边界特征,预测了L1V油组各复合河道2类优质储层的平面展布.该方法能够提高低渗相对优质储层预测精度,指导井间砂体连通性及剩余油潜力分析,进而有效规避油田开发综合调整阶段开发风险,提高经济效益.

       

    • 图  1  鄂尔多斯盆地延长组谭家河露头剖面储集物性剖面图

      a. 孔隙度;b. 渗透率;朱如凯等(2013)

      Fig.  1.  Reservoir property profile of the outcrop section in the study area

      图  2  研究区河道砂体叠置地质模型及其正演模拟剖面

      a. 地质模型;b. 正演模拟剖面

      Fig.  2.  Geological model of channel sand body superimposition and its forward modelling section

      图  3  研究技术流程图

      Fig.  3.  Technical flow chart

      图  4  地震优化处理效果对比

      a. 处理前后地震频谱;b. 原始地震剖面;c. 谱均衡处理后地震剖面

      Fig.  4.  Comparison of seismic optimization processing

      图  5  储层地震总正振幅属性与构型边界叠合图

      Fig.  5.  Superposition map of reservoir seismic total positive amplitude attribute and configuration boundary

      图  6  L1V油组复合河道平面展布及典型地震剖面图

      Fig.  6.  Composite channel distribution and seismic profilein L1V oil group

      图  7  单河道带类储层构型边界典型地震剖面(剖面位置见图 5

      Fig.  7.  Seismic profile for single⁃channel belt⁃level reservoir architecture boundaries

      图  8  L1V油组Channl⁃1、Channel⁃2优势沉积相带平面展布

      Fig.  8.  Distribution of dominant sedimentary facies belt for Channl⁃1 and Channel⁃2 in L1V oil group

      图  9  L1V油组Channl⁃1、Channel⁃2优质储层平面展布

      Fig.  9.  Distribution of high-quality reservoirs for Channl⁃1 and Channel⁃2 in L1V oil group

      表  1  储层内部构型边界类型及其特征

      Table  1.   Reservoir internal architecture boundary types and their characteristics

      边界类型 分布位置 展布方向 边界线特征 砂体连通性 地震反射特征
      断层 Ⅰ(红色) 近东西向 界线连续性好、延伸距离较长 地震反射同向轴明显断错
      较好 地震反射同向轴错位
      复合河道带 Ⅱ(白色) 复合河道间 近南北向(平行物源方向) 界线连续性好、平面延伸距离长 差-较好 地震反射复波地震振幅减弱
      Ⅲ-1(紫色) 单河道带内部 界线连续性差、平面延伸距离短 地震振幅横向变化小
      单河道带 Ⅲ-2(绿色) 单河道带内部 近南北向、北东-南西 界线连续性较好、平面延伸距离较长 较好 地震振幅呈现-弱-强的特征
      Ⅲ-3(粉色) 单河道带边部或三角洲沉积末端河道间 近南北向、北东-南西、北西-南东 界线连续性较好、平面延伸距离较长 地震反射复波地震振幅减弱
      下载: 导出CSV
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    • 收稿日期:  2022-11-23
    • 刊出日期:  2023-08-25

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