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    中国板块构造格局在早古生代末的重大转变

    黄少英 谢会文 侯贵廷 杨宪彰 罗彩明 张昊 仲子奇 夏金凯 李祥 常海宁

    黄少英, 谢会文, 侯贵廷, 杨宪彰, 罗彩明, 张昊, 仲子奇, 夏金凯, 李祥, 常海宁, 2023. 中国板块构造格局在早古生代末的重大转变. 地球科学, 48(4): 1321-1329. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.394
    引用本文: 黄少英, 谢会文, 侯贵廷, 杨宪彰, 罗彩明, 张昊, 仲子奇, 夏金凯, 李祥, 常海宁, 2023. 中国板块构造格局在早古生代末的重大转变. 地球科学, 48(4): 1321-1329. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.394
    Huang Shaoying, Xie Huiwen, Hou Guiting, Yang Xianzhang, Luo Caiming, Zhang Hao, Zhong Ziqi, Xia Jinkai, Li Xiang, Chang Haining, 2023. Key Transition of Chinese Plate Configuration at the End of Early Paleozoic. Earth Science, 48(4): 1321-1329. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.394
    Citation: Huang Shaoying, Xie Huiwen, Hou Guiting, Yang Xianzhang, Luo Caiming, Zhang Hao, Zhong Ziqi, Xia Jinkai, Li Xiang, Chang Haining, 2023. Key Transition of Chinese Plate Configuration at the End of Early Paleozoic. Earth Science, 48(4): 1321-1329. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.394

    中国板块构造格局在早古生代末的重大转变

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.394
    基金项目: 

    塔里木油田分公司基础地质研究课题 041019120067

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      黄少英(1977-),男,高级工程师,博士,主要从事盆地基础地质研究.ORCID:0000-0002-0274-616X. E-mail:huangsy-tlm@petrochina.com

      通讯作者:

      侯贵廷,ORCID: 0000-0002-8395-2247. E-mail: gthou@pku.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P54

    Key Transition of Chinese Plate Configuration at the End of Early Paleozoic

    • 摘要: 板块构造格局是大地构造的基础科学问题,涉及到大尺度的盆山关系,控制了洋陆格局、造山带和盆地的形成与演化,因而可以用来揭示大洋关闭、造山隆升的过程.早古生代末是中国3个板块的构造格局发生重大转变的关键时期.基于经高置信度遴选的古地磁数据和全球古地磁数据库,结合大地构造比较学的地质亲缘性对比分析,利用GPlate软件重建了晚前寒武纪至早古生代的全球板块构造格局,提出奥陶纪末-志留纪是中国3个板块格局发生重大转变的关键时期,440 Ma之前,中国3个板块的空间格局是N-S/T格局(即华北在西、华南在东北,塔里木在东南),440 Ma后中国3个板块的空间格局转为T-N/S格局(即塔里木在西、华北在东北,华南在东南),并一直持续到现今中国3个板块的格局.这个重大转变与晚前寒武纪罗迪尼亚超大陆的裂解和早古生代末中国3个板块之间的洋陆格局变迁密切相关,是从伸展的大地构造环境向缩短的大地构造环境转变的结果.

       

    • 图  1  中国3大板块的古纬度变迁轨迹(据Huang et al., 2018略改)

      Fig.  1.  Wandering paths of paleo-lattitude of Chinese three plates (after Huang et al., 2018, slightly modified)

      图  2  南华纪罗迪尼亚超大陆的裂解模式

      a.华北板块位于超大陆西侧,塔里木板块靠近印度板块(Zhao et al.,2018);b.华北板块游离于超大陆以东,塔里木板块靠近澳大利亚板块(本文)

      Fig.  2.  Model for breakup of the Rodinian supercontinent in Nanhua Period

      图  3  中国3个板块与世界主要板块的构造事件亲缘性对比(在Li et al., 2018基础上补充修改)

      Fig.  3.  Comparison among the tectonic event affinities in the Chinese three plates and major plates in the world

      图  4  震旦纪末(a)、寒武纪末(b)和奥陶纪末(c)的全球板块构造格局

      Fig.  4.  Configuration of global plates at the end of Sinian Period (a), end of Cambrian Period (b), end of Ordovician Period (c)

      图  5  塔里木板块与澳大利亚板块的古纬度变迁曲线

      黄宝春等,2008王洪浩等,2013

      Fig.  5.  Paths of paleo-lattitude evolution for Tarim plate and Australia plate

      图  6  志留纪末全球板块构造中的中国3个板块的T-N/S格局

      Fig.  6.  T-N/S style of Chinese three plates in the global configuration at end of Silurian Period

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    • 收稿日期:  2022-05-18
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