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    塔里木盆地东北部磁性基底深度及构造属性

    匡星涛 宁方馨 肖梦楚 朱晓颖 徐曦

    匡星涛, 宁方馨, 肖梦楚, 朱晓颖, 徐曦, 2023. 塔里木盆地东北部磁性基底深度及构造属性. 地球科学, 48(4): 1351-1365. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.434
    引用本文: 匡星涛, 宁方馨, 肖梦楚, 朱晓颖, 徐曦, 2023. 塔里木盆地东北部磁性基底深度及构造属性. 地球科学, 48(4): 1351-1365. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.434
    Kuang Xingtao, Ning Fangxin, Xiao Mengchu, Zhu Xiaoying, Xu Xi, 2023. Depth and Tectonic Properties of Magnetic Basement in Northeastern Tarim Basin. Earth Science, 48(4): 1351-1365. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.434
    Citation: Kuang Xingtao, Ning Fangxin, Xiao Mengchu, Zhu Xiaoying, Xu Xi, 2023. Depth and Tectonic Properties of Magnetic Basement in Northeastern Tarim Basin. Earth Science, 48(4): 1351-1365. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.434

    塔里木盆地东北部磁性基底深度及构造属性

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.434
    基金项目: 

    中国地质调查局项目 DD20160065

    中国地质调查局项目 DD20190025

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      匡星涛(1988-),男,工程师,主要从事航空重磁数据处理、解释以及构造地质研究工作. ORCID:0000-0002-9805-9363. E-mail:kuangxingtao@126.com

      通讯作者:

      朱晓颖,E-mail: zhu_xiaoyin@163.com

    • 中图分类号: P318

    Depth and Tectonic Properties of Magnetic Basement in Northeastern Tarim Basin

    • 摘要: 为了探讨塔里木盆地东北部磁性基底深度、性质及其对构造属性的指示意义,基于最新的高精度航磁数据,利用剖面切线法计算了塔里木盆地东北部磁性体最小埋深,并绘制了磁性基底深度图.结果显示,大部分地区的磁性基底深度与勘探地震的沉积盖层底界深度相差不大,表明切线法计算结果具有很高的可信度.但是在塔东隆起北缘,磁性基底起伏较大,与沉积盖层底界深度差异明显.在分析磁性基底深度图的基础上,结合高精度布格重力异常以及地震解释剖面,探讨了塔东隆起和孔雀河斜坡的构造属性.研究认为,塔东隆起北缘显著的长波磁异常梯度带和较低的重力值,剧烈变化的磁性基底深度,以及大量钻遇的古元古代变质花岗岩,均指示塔东隆起可能是塔里木盆地东北部最重要的前寒武纪构造边界.孔雀河斜坡重磁异常呈现明显的负相关性,基于磁性基底、南华系-震旦系沉积厚度等与重磁异常的空间结构关系,以及岩石磁性特征等,认为新元古代的裂谷作用可能降低了基底磁性,而北部凹陷中南部未受裂谷作用影响,依然保留了强磁性特征.

       

    • 图  1  塔里木盆地东部综合地质构造图

      蓝色线框为航磁测量区;黑色虚线为盆地内构造边界;D1.库鲁克塔格;D2.孔雀河斜坡;D3.满加尔凹陷;D4. 英吉苏凹陷;D5塔东隆起;D6.东南凹陷;F1.车尔臣断裂;F2.孔雀河断裂

      Fig.  1.  Comprehensive geological structure map of eastern Tarim basin

      图  2  航磁化极图(a)与上延10 km图(b)

      黑色虚线、D1到D6及F1、F2代号含义见图 1

      Fig.  2.  Aeromagnetic RTP diagram (a) and upward 10 km diagram (b)

      图  3  塔里木盆地东北部显生宙地层底面深度

      Fig.  3.  Phanerozoic stratigraphic depth in the northeastern Tarim basin

      图  4  塔里木盆地东北部震旦系厚度图(a)和南华系厚度图(b)

      Fig.  4.  Thickness maps of Sinian System (a) and Nanhua System (b) in the northeastern Tarim basin

      图  5  塔里木盆地东北部磁性体最小埋深图(a)和磁性基岩深度图(b)

      黄色椭圆为浅层磁性体;黑色虚线、D1到D6及F1、F2代号含义见图 1

      Fig.  5.  Minimum burial depth of magnetic bodie (a) and magnetic basement depth (b) of northeastern Tarim basin

      图  6  综合地球物理剖面

      位置见图 3图 4中的A'A

      Fig.  6.  Comprehensive geophysical profile

      表  1  塔里木盆地东北部及周缘地层磁化率

      Table  1.   Magnetic susceptibility of strata in northeast Tarim basin and its periphery

      时代 岩性 磁化率(10-5 SI)
      测点数 最小值 最大值 平均值
      Q 砂岩、碎石、黄土 635 0 278 47
      N 砂岩、泥岩、砂页岩 112 0 180 33
      E 砂岩、泥岩、砂页岩 52 0 30 8
      K 砂岩 148 0 270 12
      J 砂岩、泥岩、砾岩 930 0 110 15
      C 砂岩、灰岩、泥岩、火山角砾岩、火山碎屑岩 237 0 1 400 40
      D 灰岩、硅质岩、砂岩 105 0 109 5
      S 灰岩、砂岩、硅质岩、火山碎屑岩 77 0 45 8
      O 砂岩、泥岩、灰岩、白云岩 215 0 81 13
      灰岩 17 0 26 1
      Z 砂岩、砾岩、冰碛岩 139 0 75 21
      Pt 片岩、片麻岩、大理岩、板岩、石英岩 1 100 0 17 710 28
      Ar 碳酸岩、金云母岩、片麻岩、透辉石岩、麻粒岩 252 18 25 600 2 294
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  塔里木盆地东北部及周缘侵入岩磁化率

      Table  2.   Magnetic susceptibility of intrusive rocks in northeastern Tarim basin and its periphery

      岩性 磁化率(10-5 SI)
      测点数 最小值 最大值 平均值
      片麻状花岗岩、花岗岩、花岗闪长岩、二长花岗岩、混合花岗岩 435 0 1 000 60
      闪长岩、安山岩、闪长玢岩 132 10 4 900 281
      辉绿岩、超基性岩 49 140 27 900 7 065
      下载: 导出CSV
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    • 收稿日期:  2022-05-31
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