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    广西融水地区石炭系鹿寨组优质页岩储层特征与成藏模式

    胡志方 王玉芳 翟刚毅 张家政 康海霞 薛宗安 李娟 张云枭 周惠

    胡志方, 王玉芳, 翟刚毅, 张家政, 康海霞, 薛宗安, 李娟, 张云枭, 周惠, 2023. 广西融水地区石炭系鹿寨组优质页岩储层特征与成藏模式. 地球科学, 48(4): 1587-1602. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.437
    引用本文: 胡志方, 王玉芳, 翟刚毅, 张家政, 康海霞, 薛宗安, 李娟, 张云枭, 周惠, 2023. 广西融水地区石炭系鹿寨组优质页岩储层特征与成藏模式. 地球科学, 48(4): 1587-1602. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.437
    Hu Zhifang, Wang Yufang, Zhai Gangyi, Zhang Jiazheng, Kang Haixia, Xue Zongan, Li Juan, Zhang Yunxiao, Zhou Hui, 2023. Reservoir Characteristics of High-Quality Shale of Carboniferour Luzhai Formation in Rongshui Area, Guangxi. Earth Science, 48(4): 1587-1602. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.437
    Citation: Hu Zhifang, Wang Yufang, Zhai Gangyi, Zhang Jiazheng, Kang Haixia, Xue Zongan, Li Juan, Zhang Yunxiao, Zhou Hui, 2023. Reservoir Characteristics of High-Quality Shale of Carboniferour Luzhai Formation in Rongshui Area, Guangxi. Earth Science, 48(4): 1587-1602. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.437

    广西融水地区石炭系鹿寨组优质页岩储层特征与成藏模式

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.437
    基金项目: 

    渝黔-滇桂地区页岩气战略选区调查 DD20190108

    中美石炭系-二叠系页岩储层评价技术合作研究项目 2017YFE0106300

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      胡志方(1966—),男,教授级高级工程师,主要从事油气和页岩气地质调查及勘探开发等方面的研究. ORCID:0009-0001-5927-532X. E-mail:yjyzhshzf@163.com

      通讯作者:

      王玉芳(1977—),ORCID:0000-0003-3000-2982. E-mail:147444819@qq.com

      翟刚毅(1958—),ORCID:0000-0001-7587-9513. E-mail:zhaigangyi@126.com

    • 中图分类号: P618.12

    Reservoir Characteristics of High-Quality Shale of Carboniferour Luzhai Formation in Rongshui Area, Guangxi

    • 摘要: 主要以桂融页1井石炭系鹿寨组页岩为研究对象,利用全岩-黏土X衍射、氩离子抛光扫描电镜、核磁共振、现场解吸和地化分析等多种测试手段,结合测录井解释成果,从岩石学、有机地球化学、矿物组成、孔隙类型、储层物性及含气性等方面,系统评价了鹿寨组优质页岩储层特征.结果表明:①石炭系鹿寨组鹿一段优质页岩以黑色碳质页岩和灰黑色灰质页岩为主,主要形成于裂陷海槽沉积环境下的深水相,优质页岩连续厚度大,具备良好的页岩气沉积基础;②页岩有机碳含量高,热演化程度适中,具备良好的生烃基础和生烃能力;③页岩脆性好,孔隙空间发育良好,现场解吸含气性好,具备良好的页岩气储集能力;④页岩分布连续稳定,顶底板条件好,逆断封堵断层有利于页岩气富集保存,具备良好的页岩气保存条件.进一步证实了该地区石炭系鹿寨组具备良好的页岩气富集成藏条件.

       

    • 图  1  桂中坳陷构造单元划分

      桂中坳陷构造单元划分: Ⅰ.环江凹陷; Ⅱ.罗城凸起; Ⅲ; 柳城斜坡; Ⅳ.宜山凹陷; Ⅴ.马山凸起; Ⅵ.红渡凹陷; Ⅶ.柳江凸起; Ⅷ.象州凹陷; 主要断裂名称: ①三都断裂; ②南丹-昆仑关断裂带; ③龙胜-永福断裂带; ④凭祥-大黎断裂带; ⑤河池-柳城断裂带; ⑥加贵-古蓬断裂带; ⑦里苗-乔贤断裂; ⑧柳州-来宾断裂带

      Fig.  1.  Tectonic units division of Guizhong depression

      图  2  桂融页1井石炭系鹿寨组一段沉积层序单元划分

      Fig.  2.  Sedimentary sequence units division of the first section of Luzhai Formation in Carboniferous system of Guirongye 1 well

      图  3  广西融水-荔浦地区下石炭统鹿寨组沉积相分布

      Fig.  3.  Sedimentary facies distribution of Luzhai Formation of Lower Carboniferous at Rongshui-Lipu area in Guangxi

      图  4  桂融页1井鹿寨组取心照片及薄片分析

      a.井段1 599.54~1 599.64 m岩心照片,黑色碳质页岩,页理发育;b. 井段1 612.95~1 613.06 m岩心照片,黑色碳质页岩;c. 井段1 615.6 m含生屑泥岩;d. 井段1 538.18 m含泥含灰生屑粉晶白云岩

      Fig.  4.  Coring photos and slice analysis of Luzhai Formation of Guirongye 1 well

      图  5  页岩岩相划分方案示意图

      Fig.  5.  Diagrammatic of shale lithofacies division

      图  6  桂融页1井石炭系鹿寨组富有机质页岩矿物成分分析

      a. 桂融页1井石炭系鹿寨组页岩全岩矿物分析;b. 桂融页1井石炭系鹿寨组脆性矿物组分含量占比图;c. 桂融页1井石炭系鹿寨组富有机质页岩黏土矿物组分含量占比图

      Fig.  6.  Mineral composition analysis of organic-rich shale of Luzhai Formation in Carboniferous system of Guirongye 1 well

      图  7  广西融水-荔浦地区石炭系鹿寨组页岩有机质丰度TOC等值线

      Fig.  7.  TOC contour map of Luzhai Formation of Carboniferous system in Rongshui-Lipu area in Guangxi

      图  8  桂融页1井鹿寨组页岩取心样品实验室TOC分析测试结果

      Fig.  8.  Labiratory TOC test results of Luzhai Formation shale coring sample of Guirongye 1 well

      图  9  广西融水-荔浦地区下石炭统鹿寨组页岩成熟度Ro等值线图

      Fig.  9.  Ro contour map of Luzhai Formation of Carboniferous system in Rongshui-Lipu area in Guangxi

      图  10  桂融页1井石炭系鹿寨组页岩氩离子抛光+扫描电子显微镜检测结果

      a. 全貌, 结构致密, 各矿物组分相间分布, 方解石含量较高, 溶蚀现象多见, 有机质多呈线状(100×);b. 图片01局部放大, 粒径不一的方解石发育溶蚀孔、粒内裂隙,能谱确认(800×); c. 图片02局部放大,微晶方解石、片状云母、高岭石等相间分布,黏土矿物发育层间缝,能谱确认(6 000×); d. 图片01局部放大,微粒状石英发育稀疏状孔隙,方解石发育溶蚀孔(800×);e. 图片01局部放大,散块状有机质与周围矿物组分致密接触(2 400×);f. 图片05局部放大,有机质发育孤立状孔隙(30 000×);g. 图片01局部放大,微粒状方解石发育少量溶蚀孔,有机质充填方解石粒缘孔隙(2 000×); h. 图片07局部放大,有机质致密充填草莓状黄铁矿晶间孔(16 000×)

      Fig.  10.  Argon ion polishing and scanning electron microscope test results of Luzhai Formation shale of Carboniferous system in Guirongye 1 well

      图  11  桂融页1井生烃埋藏热演化史

      Fig.  11.  Thermal evolution history of hydrocarbon generation and burial of Guirongye 1 well

      表  1  石炭系海相页岩岩相分类

      Table  1.   Lithofacies classification of Carboniferous marine shale

      大类 亚类 硅质含量 灰质含量 泥质含量
      硅岩 > 75% < 25% < 25%
      S 硅质页岩 S-1 富灰硅质页岩 50%~75% 25%~50% < 25%
      S-2 硅质页岩 50%~75% < 25% < 25%
      S-3 富泥硅质页岩 50%~75% < 25% 25%~50%
      M 混合质页岩 M-1 富灰/硅混合质页岩 25%~50% 25%~50% < 25%
      M-2 富泥/硅混合质页岩 25%~50% < 25% 25%~50%
      M-3 混合质页岩 25%~50% 25%~50% 25%~50%
      M-4 富泥/灰混合质页岩 < 25% 25%~50% 25%~50%
      泥岩 < 25% < 25% > 75%
      CM 泥质页岩 CM-1 富硅泥质页岩 25%~50% < 25% 50%~75%
      CM-2 泥质页岩 < 25% < 25% 50%~75%
      CM-3 富灰泥质页岩 < 25% 25%~50% 50%~75%
      灰岩 < 25% > 75% < 25%
      C 灰质页岩 C-1 富硅灰质页岩 25%~50% 50%~75% < 25%
      C-2 灰质页岩 < 25% 50%~75% < 25%
      C-3 富泥灰质页岩 < 25% 50%~75% 25%~50%
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  桂融页1井取心样品X-衍射全岩矿物分析

      Table  2.   X-ray diffraction whole-rock mineral analysis of Guirongye 1 well coring sample

      深度(m) 矿物成分含量(%)
      石英 钾长石 斜长石 方解石 白云石 菱铁矿 黄铁矿 黏土矿物
      1 417.90 39 0 0 31 5 0 2 23
      1 535.00 27 0 0 43 5 0 2 23
      1 547.50 48 0 0 7 0 0 3 42
      1 552.00 33 0 0 25 6 0 2 34
      1 566.00 43 0 0 20 3 0 2 32
      1 603.10 47 0 0 11 0 0 4 38
      1 608.10 44 0 0 8 0 0 3 45
      1 615.60 38 0 0 24 0 0 3 35
      1 617.98 48 0 0 25 0 0 2 25
      1 624.06 35 0 0 42 5 0 3 15
      1 625.80 25 0 0 41 4 0 3 27
      1 626.75 19 0 0 70 0 0 0 11
      1 629.50 42 0 0 9 0 0 4 45
      1 631.80 40 0 0 19 0 0 3 38
      1 633.80 9 0 0 80 5 0 2 4
      3 014.80 35 0 6 0 16 0 3 40
      3 023.80 68 0 6 0 0 0 2 24
      3 265.30 28 0 17 0 0 0 0 55
      3 266.50 37 2 24 0 0 0 0 37
      3 288.40 38 0 22 21 2 0 0 17
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  3  桂融页1井取心样品X-衍射粘土矿物分析

      Table  3.   X-ray diffraction clay mineral analysis of Guirongye 1 well coring sample

      深度(m) 黏土矿物含量(%) 伊/蒙混层比(%)
      蒙皂石 伊利石 高岭石 绿泥石 伊/蒙混层 绿/蒙混层 蒙皂石层 伊利石层
      S I K C I/S C/S S(%) I(%)
      1 417.90 0 66 16 2 16 0 10 90
      1 535.00 0 52 29 5 14 0 10 90
      1 547.50 0 55 24 5 16 0 10 90
      1 552.00 0 54 24 5 17 0 10 90
      1 566.00 0 60 21 4 15 0 10 90
      1 603.10 0 61 19 4 16 0 10 90
      1 608.10 0 63 17 3 17 0 10 90
      1 613.60 0 58 22 2 18 0 10 90
      1 615.60 0 59 21 3 17 0 10 90
      1 617.98 0 38 14 4 44 0 5 95
      1 624.06 0 36 20 5 39 0 5 95
      1 625.80 0 59 23 2 16 0 10 90
      1 626.75 0 40 42 8 10 0 5 95
      1 629.50 0 37 21 5 37 0 5 95
      1 633.80 0 14 66 13 7 0 5 95
      3 014.80 0 54 6 30 10 0 5 95
      3 023.80 0 61 4 20 15 0 5 95
      3 265.30 0 43 6 40 11 0 5 95
      3 266.50 0 61 3 28 8 0 5 95
      3 288.40 0 54 6 33 7 0 5 95
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  4  桂融页1井取心样品镜质体反射率Ro分析测试结果

      Table  4.   Laboratory Ro test results of Guirongye 1 well coring sample

      采样深度(m) 镜质体反射率Ro(%)
      最小值 最大值 平均值
      1 256.00 1.82 2.23 2.08
      1 362.06 2.5 2.79 2.62
      1 417.90 2.15 2.30 2.32
      1 419.98 2.45 2.72 2.65
      1 461.00 2.07 2.28 2.16
      1 535.00 2.35 2.62 2.43
      1 536.01 2.56 2.89 2.67
      1 547.50 2.65 2.91 2.71
      1 552.00 2.52 2.89 2.73
      1 554.50 2.52 2.87 2.64
      1 566.00 2.56 2.95 2.82
      1 603.10 2.53 2.97 2.85
      1 605.00 2.1 2.32 2.21
      1 608.10 2.45 2.93 2.84
      1 615.60 2.59 3.05 2.87
      1 617.98 2.29 2.6 2.46
      1 629.50 2.59 2.82 2.68
      2 350.00 3.25 3.39 3.32
      3 014.80 3.08 3.52 3.29
      3 265.30 3.75 4.08 3.91
      TT-03 2.18 2.4 2.29
      TT-08(b) 2.22 2.47 2.31
      TT-13(t) 2.17 2.45 2.34
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  5  桂融页1井取心样品干酪根显微组分鉴定及类型划分

      Table  5.   Identification and classification of kerogen macerals of Guirongye 1 well coring sample

      深度(m) 腐泥组(%) 壳质组(%) 镜质组(%) 惰质组(%) 类型
      腐泥组无定形体 腐殖无定形体 正常镜质体 丝质体 类型指数 类型
      1 419.98 43 36 10 11 42.5 1
      1 536.01 34 43 13 10 35.8 2
      1 554.50 44 35 9 12 42.8 1
      1 603.05 38 39 10 13 37.0 2
      1 629.50 40 43 9 8 46.8 1
      1 417.90 42 42 12 4 50.0 1
      1 535.00 38 39 21 2 39.8 2
      1 547.50 37 45 16 2 45.5 1
      1 566.00 39 41 17 3 43.8 1
      1 603.10 40 38 20 2 42.0 1
      1 608.10 35 46 18 1 43.5 1
      1 615.60 37 48 13 2 49.3 1
      1 625.80 39 47 11 3 51.3 1
      下载: 导出CSV
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