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    鄂尔多斯盆地南部玉都走滑断裂带构造特征及其对油气成藏的控制

    叶慧 石万忠 王任 齐荣 刘凯 贾会冲 林建炜

    叶慧, 石万忠, 王任, 齐荣, 刘凯, 贾会冲, 林建炜, 2023. 鄂尔多斯盆地南部玉都走滑断裂带构造特征及其对油气成藏的控制. 地球科学, 48(6): 2294-2309. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.476
    引用本文: 叶慧, 石万忠, 王任, 齐荣, 刘凯, 贾会冲, 林建炜, 2023. 鄂尔多斯盆地南部玉都走滑断裂带构造特征及其对油气成藏的控制. 地球科学, 48(6): 2294-2309. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.476
    Ye Hui, Shi Wanzhong, Wang Ren, Qi Rong, Liu Kai, Jia Huichong, Lin Jianwei, 2023. Structural Characteristics of Yudu Strike-Slip Fault Zone and Their Control on Hydrocarbon Accumulation in Southern Ordos Basin. Earth Science, 48(6): 2294-2309. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.476
    Citation: Ye Hui, Shi Wanzhong, Wang Ren, Qi Rong, Liu Kai, Jia Huichong, Lin Jianwei, 2023. Structural Characteristics of Yudu Strike-Slip Fault Zone and Their Control on Hydrocarbon Accumulation in Southern Ordos Basin. Earth Science, 48(6): 2294-2309. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.476

    鄂尔多斯盆地南部玉都走滑断裂带构造特征及其对油气成藏的控制

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.476
    基金项目: 

    “十三五”国家科技重大专项 2016ZX050048-002-02

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      叶慧(1998-),男,硕士研究生,主要从事构造与油气成藏关系方面的研究工作

      通讯作者:

      石万忠,教授,主要从事层序地层学、非常规油气储层评价工作.ORCID:0000-0003-0207-708X. E-mail:shiwz@cug.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P548

    Structural Characteristics of Yudu Strike-Slip Fault Zone and Their Control on Hydrocarbon Accumulation in Southern Ordos Basin

    • 摘要: 为加深对鄂尔多斯盆地内部走滑断裂结构构造特征的认识,通过相干切片技术和三维地震资料精细解释,对鄂尔多斯盆地南部镇泾-彬长地区玉都走滑断裂带进行了详细刻画,明确了玉都走滑断裂带平面和剖面活动性特征、同时结合流体包裹体定年和前人研究的成果,探讨了玉都走滑断裂带形成演化过程及其与油气成藏的关系.研究表明:(1)根据玉都走滑断裂带平面和剖面特征,以三叠系底界面(T8)为界,可将研究区地层分为上下两个构造层,玉都走滑断裂带在上下两个构造层中具有明显差异.(2)玉都走滑断裂带具有明显的分层分段差异性,断裂活动特征在不同层段之间差别较大.其在加里东-海西期和燕山-喜山期的应力作用下至少经历三期构造走滑活动,分别为加里东晚期-海西早期左旋走滑活动、海西晚期右旋走滑活动、燕山期-喜山期左旋走滑活动.(3)走滑断裂及其伴生裂缝对油气成藏有重要的控制作用,研究区油气成藏主时期为早白垩世晚期,与燕山期玉都走滑断裂带活动时间相吻合.

       

    • 图  1  研究区中生界断层分布及地层综合柱状图

      Fig.  1.  The fault distribution of Mesozoic strata and the comprehensive stratigraphic column in the study area

      图  2  玉都走滑断裂带元古界-中生界主要界面相干属性

      a.白垩系底界面(T3);b.侏罗系底界面(T5);c.长7段底界面(T6c);d.三叠系底界面(T8);e.石炭系底界面(T9);f.寒武系底界面(T11);g.基底面(Tg);h.T3-T6c界面断裂形态;i.T8-Tg界面断裂形态

      Fig.  2.  Correlation attribute of main interfaces between Proterozoic and Mesozoic strata of Yudu strike-slip fault zone

      图  3  玉都走滑断裂带中生界不同地层界面相干属性及对应平面解释图

      Fig.  3.  Coherent properties and corresponding plane interpretation of different strata interfaces of Yudu strike-slip fault zone in the Mesozoic

      图  4  玉都走滑断裂带平面断裂样式及连接方式

      Fig.  4.  Plane fault style and connection mode of Yudu strike-slip fault zone

      图  5  玉都走滑断裂带典型剖面构造样式(剖面位置见图 2c)

      Fig.  5.  Typical profile structural style of the Yudu strike-slip fault zone(the profile locations shown in Fig. 2c)

      图  6  玉都走滑断裂带元古界-中生界主要反射界面垂向断距(剖面位置见图 2c)

      Fig.  6.  Vertical separations of main interfaces between Proterozoic and Mesozoic of Yudu strike-slip fault zone(the profile locations shown in Fig. 2c)

      图  7  玉都走滑断裂带T6c界面活动性质划分

      Fig.  7.  Division of activity properties at T6c interface of Yudu strike-slip fault zone

      图  8  中生界不同活动段玉都走滑断裂带典型剖面特征(剖面位置见图 7a)

      Fig.  8.  Typical profile characteristics of Yudu strike-slip fault zone in different active segments of Mesozoic strata(the profile locations shown in Fig. 7a)

      图  9  研究区不同层系地层残余厚度

      Fig.  9.  Stratigraphic thickness maps of different strata in the study area

      图  10  玉都走滑断裂带两侧典型剖面地层厚度差(测线位置见图 2c)

      Fig.  10.  Thickness difference between two sides of Yudu strike-slip fault zone in typical profiles(the profile locations shown in Fig. 2c)

      图  11  研究区不同时期断裂分布及应力特征

      C.收缩分量;E.伸展分量;T.张破裂;P.同向剪切破裂;R.同向剪切破裂;R’.反向剪切破裂;PDZ.主滑移带

      Fig.  11.  Fault distribution and stress characteristics at different periods in the study area

      图  12  三叠系延长组长8段流体包裹体镜下照片

      a.JH70,1 460.72 m,黄色荧光油包裹体;b.JH70,1 460.72 m,蓝色荧光油包裹体;c.JH72,1 687.89 m,石英加大边中盐水包裹体;d.JH70,1 687.89 m,钙质胶结物中盐水包裹体

      Fig.  12.  Fluid inclusion mirror images of Chang 8 member of Yanchang Formation, Triassic

      图  13  三叠系延长组长8段砂岩包裹体均一温度分布直方图

      Fig.  13.  Homogenization temperature distribution histograms of sandstone fluid inclusions in Chang 8 member of Yanchang Formation, Triassic

      图  14  JH81、JH72、JH63、JH35井埋藏-热演化史与长8段流体包裹体均一温度耦合关系

      Fig.  14.  Coupling relationship between burial thermal evolution history and homogeneity temperature of fluid inclusions in Chang 8 member of wells JH81, JH72, JH63 and JH35

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    出版历程
    • 收稿日期:  2022-08-31
    • 刊出日期:  2023-06-25

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