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    四川盆地中西部走滑断裂及其对油气成藏控制作用

    付小东 张本健 汪泽成 雷明 张建勇 管树巍 李文正 钟原 谷明峰 陈涛

    付小东, 张本健, 汪泽成, 雷明, 张建勇, 管树巍, 李文正, 钟原, 谷明峰, 陈涛, 2023. 四川盆地中西部走滑断裂及其对油气成藏控制作用. 地球科学, 48(6): 2221-2237. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.478
    引用本文: 付小东, 张本健, 汪泽成, 雷明, 张建勇, 管树巍, 李文正, 钟原, 谷明峰, 陈涛, 2023. 四川盆地中西部走滑断裂及其对油气成藏控制作用. 地球科学, 48(6): 2221-2237. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.478
    Fu Xiaodong, Zhang Benjian, Wang Zecheng, Lei Ming, Zhang Jianyong, Guan Shuwei, Li Wenzheng, Zhong Yuan, Gu Mingfeng, Chen Tao, 2023. Strike-Slip Faults in Central and Western Sichuan Basin and Their Control Functions on Hydrocarbon Accumulation. Earth Science, 48(6): 2221-2237. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.478
    Citation: Fu Xiaodong, Zhang Benjian, Wang Zecheng, Lei Ming, Zhang Jianyong, Guan Shuwei, Li Wenzheng, Zhong Yuan, Gu Mingfeng, Chen Tao, 2023. Strike-Slip Faults in Central and Western Sichuan Basin and Their Control Functions on Hydrocarbon Accumulation. Earth Science, 48(6): 2221-2237. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.478

    四川盆地中西部走滑断裂及其对油气成藏控制作用

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.478
    基金项目: 

    “十三•五”国家油气专项 2017ZX05008005

    中国石油天然气股份有限公司重点科技项目 2018A-0105

    基础性与前瞻性项目 2021DJ1503

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      付小东(1980-),男,博士,高级工程师,主要从事油气地质综合研究与勘探部署.ORCID:0000-0002-8181-2259.E-mail:fuxd_hz@petrochina.com.cn

      通讯作者:

      钟原, 博士后, 高级工程师, 主要从事沉积储层研究与勘探部署.E-mail: zhongyuan2018@petrochina.com.cn

    • 中图分类号: P618

    Strike-Slip Faults in Central and Western Sichuan Basin and Their Control Functions on Hydrocarbon Accumulation

    • 摘要: 为明确四川盆地中西部走滑断裂与油气成藏的关系,基于三维地震断裂解释,缝洞充填物定年和已发现气藏解剖,揭示了走滑断裂特征、主要活动时期和对油气成藏的控制作用.走滑断裂主要见于震旦系-古生界地层,可划为3个断裂构造变形层;平面上主要分布于川中古隆起及斜坡区,以近EW和NWW-SEE向为主,存在6条近EW向走滑断裂带和两条NW-SE向逆冲断裂带,加里东期-海西早期、海西晚期-印支期和燕山中期-喜山期是走滑断裂主要活动时期.走滑断裂沟通了多套源储组合,对盆地中西部海相多层系立体成藏控制作用明显,已发现油气田和高产井主要分布在走滑断裂带;建立了走滑断裂4种差异化立体成藏模式,指出7个有利勘探区带,可为勘探部署提供理论认识依据.

       

    • 图  1  四川盆地中西部海相层系断裂分布与成藏组合柱状图

      Fig.  1.  Distribution of faults and petroleum plays of marine strata in the central and western Sichuan basin

      图  2  四川盆地中西部不同构造层断裂发育特征剖面

      Fig.  2.  Sections of fault development characteristics of different structural layers in the central and western Sichuan basin

      图  3  四川盆地中部高石梯-磨溪三维区不同层位断裂分布

      Fig.  3.  Fault distribution of different layers of marine strata in Gaoshiti-Moxi area in central Sichuan basin

      图  4  四川盆地中西部主干走滑断裂带与已发现油气田分布

      Fig.  4.  Distribution of main strike-slip fault zones and discovered oil and gas fields in central and western Sichuan basin

      图  5  四川盆地中西部海相层系缝洞中充填矿物同位素年龄分布

      Fig.  5.  Isotopic age distribution of filling minerals in fractures and caves of marine strata in central and western Sichuan basin

      图  6  四川盆地主要海相气田天然气同位素组成特征

      Fig.  6.  Isotopic composition characteristics of natural gas in main marine gas fields in Sichuan basin

      图  7  川中地区灯影组探井测试产量与距断层距离、裂缝条数关系

      Fig.  7.  Relationship between test output of exploratory wells of Dengying Formation in central Sichuan and distance from fault, and number of fractures

      图  8  四川盆地中西部典型探井海相各产层试油结果关系

      a.上下均富型;b.下富上贫型;c.上富下贫型;d.上下均贫型

      Fig.  8.  Test output of exploratory wells in different strata in central and western Sichuan basin

      图  9  四川盆地中西部走滑断裂带4种差化立体成藏模式

      Fig.  9.  Four differential stereoscopic accumulation models of strike-slip fault zones in central and western Sichuan Basin

      图  10  四川盆地中西部海相层系立体成藏有利区带评价

      Fig.  10.  Evaluation map of favorable zones for stereoscopic accumulation of marine strata in central and western Sichuan basin

      表  1  四川盆地中西部主要走滑断裂带参数统计

      Table  1.   Statistic of parameters of main strike-slip fault zones in central and western Sichuan basin

      断裂带名称 断裂带宽度(km) 断裂带延伸长度(km) 断裂主要方位 上切地层层位
      资阳-高石梯走滑断裂带 约35 逾100 近EW或NWW-SEE(103º~112º) 多终止于在二叠系底界,少数终止于飞仙关组底界
      简阳-磨溪走滑断裂带 25~35 逾200 NWW-SEE、近EW向为主 东段切穿侏罗系,西段通常不超过龙潭组或飞仙关组
      磨溪北走滑断裂带 约10 达200 近EW为主 东段终止于嘉陵江组-雷口坡组膏盐岩;西段多终止在龙潭组或飞仙关组底界
      中江-射洪走滑断裂带 10~40 逾200 东段NW-SE, 西段NEE-SWW(81º) 上切至嘉陵江组-雷口坡组膏盐岩
      盐亭-营山走滑断裂带 约30 逾170 东段NW-SE(114º), 西段近EW 上切至嘉陵江组-雷口坡组膏盐岩
      阆中走滑断裂带 10~15 约80 NW-SE(123º) 上切至嘉陵江组-雷口坡组膏盐岩
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  四川盆地中西部海相层系立体成藏有利区带统计

      Table  2.   Statistics of favorable zones for stereoscopic accumulation of marine strata in central and western Sichuan basin

      立体成藏有利区带 主要烃源岩 主要储层 走滑断裂发育情况 区带级别
      ③金堂-磨溪北有利区 下寒武、上二叠 灯二、灯四、龙王庙、沧浪铺、栖霞和茅口 发育 Ⅰ类区
      ④中江-射洪-西充有利区 下寒武、上二叠 灯二、灯四、龙王庙、沧浪铺、栖霞和茅口 发育
      ⑤梓潼-盐亭-营山有利区 下寒武、下志留
      上二叠
      灯二、灯四、龙王庙、沧浪铺、栖霞和茅口 发育
      ⑥剑阁-阆中有利区 下寒武、下志留
      上二叠
      灯二、灯四,沧浪铺,栖霞、茅口 较发育
      ①资阳-高石梯有利区 下寒武、上二叠 灯二、灯四、龙王庙、沧浪铺、栖霞和茅口 发育 Ⅱ类区
      ②简阳-磨溪有利区 下寒武、上二叠 灯二、灯四、龙王庙、沧浪铺、栖霞和茅口 发育
      ⑦龙岗有利区 下寒武、下志留和上二叠 灯四、沧浪铺、洗象池,长兴、飞仙关组 走滑断裂欠发育,浅层逆断层发育 Ⅲ类区
      下载: 导出CSV
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    • 收稿日期:  2022-09-01
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