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    莺歌海盆地莺东斜坡带南段中深层断裂特征及控藏作用

    周杰 胡林 胡高伟 廖俊 郭璃 刘政

    周杰, 胡林, 胡高伟, 廖俊, 郭璃, 刘政, 2023. 莺歌海盆地莺东斜坡带南段中深层断裂特征及控藏作用. 地球科学, 48(8): 3021-3030. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.479
    引用本文: 周杰, 胡林, 胡高伟, 廖俊, 郭璃, 刘政, 2023. 莺歌海盆地莺东斜坡带南段中深层断裂特征及控藏作用. 地球科学, 48(8): 3021-3030. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.479
    Zhou Jie, Hu Lin, Hu Gaowei, Liao Jun, Guo Li, Liu Zheng, 2023. Characteristics of Middle-Deep Faults in the Southern Segment of the Eastern Belt of Yinggehai Basin and Their Controlling Effect on Natural Gas Accumulation. Earth Science, 48(8): 3021-3030. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.479
    Citation: Zhou Jie, Hu Lin, Hu Gaowei, Liao Jun, Guo Li, Liu Zheng, 2023. Characteristics of Middle-Deep Faults in the Southern Segment of the Eastern Belt of Yinggehai Basin and Their Controlling Effect on Natural Gas Accumulation. Earth Science, 48(8): 3021-3030. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.479

    莺歌海盆地莺东斜坡带南段中深层断裂特征及控藏作用

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.479
    基金项目: 有限公司科技项目课题《南海西部近海大中型天然气田勘探潜力与突破方向》
    详细信息
      作者简介:

      周杰(1988-),男,工程师,主要从事南海西部油气勘探研究工作. E-mail:zhouji14@cnooc.com.cn

    • 中图分类号: P618.13

    Characteristics of Middle-Deep Faults in the Southern Segment of the Eastern Belt of Yinggehai Basin and Their Controlling Effect on Natural Gas Accumulation

    • 摘要: 为了明确莺东斜坡带南段中深层断裂特征及其对天然气成藏控制作用,基于新三维地震资料,首次对莺东斜坡带南段中深层断裂进行了精细刻画. 结合区域构造演化特征,分析了断裂类型、形态及活动性,探讨断裂对天然气成藏的控制作用. 结果表明,渐新世-早中新世莺歌海盆地处于左行走滑引起的构造变形应力场中,莺东斜坡带南段位于①号断裂走滑转换带,发育3组NW-SE走向,具左行右阶特征的张扭(局部压扭)走滑断裂. 剖面上三组断裂自北向南呈断阶状样式,断层产状陡直,局部表现为花状构造;断裂主要为3期活动:(1)始新世-早渐新世,(2)晚渐新世早中期,(3)早中新世;具有“早断早衰”的特征. 莺东斜坡带南段中深层断裂多期活动控制了崖城组陆源三角洲及烃源的发育,“二台阶”聚气背景的形成、三亚组砂体空间展布和圈闭的形成. 莺东斜坡带南段天然气生、运、聚匹配良好,有望成为莺歌海盆地下一个千亿方级的天然气聚集区.

       

    • 图  1  莺歌海盆地地层特征及研究区位置图

      Fig.  1.  Stratigraphic characteristics of the Yinggehai Basin and location map of the study area

      图  2  莺东斜坡带南段T60沿层最大似然体切片

      Fig.  2.  Maximum likelihood volume slices along the T60 layer in the southern segment of the eastern belt of the Yinggehai Basin

      图  3  莺东斜坡带南段中深层典型剖面

      Fig.  3.  Typical section of middle-deep layer in the southern segment of the eastern belt of the Yinggehai Basin

      图  4  莺东斜坡带南段T70、T60、T52界面断裂平面展布特征与断裂活动性叠合图

      a. T70界面断裂平面展布特征与始新统-崖城组断裂活动性叠合图;b. T60界面断裂平面展布特征与三亚组二段断裂活动性叠合图;c. T52界面断裂平面展布特征与三亚组一段断裂活动性叠合图

      Fig.  4.  Superimposed map of T70, T60, T52 fault plane distribution characteristics and fault activity in the southern segment of the eastern belt of the Yinggehai Basin

      图  5  莺东斜坡带南段构造演化特征

      Fig.  5.  Structural evolution characteristics of the southern segment of the eastern belt of the Yinggehai Basin

      图  6  莺琼盆地天然气δ13C113C2相关图

      Fig.  6.  Correlation map of natural gas δ13C113C2 in Yinggehai-qiongdongnan Basin

      图  7  莺东斜坡带南段崖城组大型陆源三角洲地震剖面与W-1井T0C分布柱状图

      Fig.  7.  Large-scale terrigenous delta seismic profile of Yacheng Formation and histogram of T0C distribution in Well W-1 in the southern segment of the eastern belt of the Yinggehai Basin

      图  8  莺东斜坡带南段早中新世三亚组古地貌图与三角洲典型剖面

      Fig.  8.  Early miocene Sanya formation paleomorphology map and typical delta section in the southern segment of the eastern belt of the Yinggehai Basin

      图  9  莺东斜坡带南段中深层天然气成藏模式

      Fig.  9.  The accumulation model of middle-deep natural gas in the southern segment of the eastern belt of the Yinggehai Basin

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