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    克拉通内走滑断裂空间结构及派生构造新样式:以塔里木盆地顺北12号断裂为例

    何松高 邓尚 刘雨晴 邱华标 朱秀香 李传新

    何松高, 邓尚, 刘雨晴, 邱华标, 朱秀香, 李传新, 2023. 克拉通内走滑断裂空间结构及派生构造新样式:以塔里木盆地顺北12号断裂为例. 地球科学, 48(6): 2136-2150. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.495
    引用本文: 何松高, 邓尚, 刘雨晴, 邱华标, 朱秀香, 李传新, 2023. 克拉通内走滑断裂空间结构及派生构造新样式:以塔里木盆地顺北12号断裂为例. 地球科学, 48(6): 2136-2150. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.495
    He Songgao, Deng Shang, Liu Yuqing, Qiu Huabiao, Zhu Xiuxiang, Li Chuanxin, 2023. New Structural Style of Spatial Architecture and Derived Structure of Intracratonic Strike-Slip Faults: A Case Study of Shunbei No. 12 Fault, Tarim Basin. Earth Science, 48(6): 2136-2150. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.495
    Citation: He Songgao, Deng Shang, Liu Yuqing, Qiu Huabiao, Zhu Xiuxiang, Li Chuanxin, 2023. New Structural Style of Spatial Architecture and Derived Structure of Intracratonic Strike-Slip Faults: A Case Study of Shunbei No. 12 Fault, Tarim Basin. Earth Science, 48(6): 2136-2150. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.495

    克拉通内走滑断裂空间结构及派生构造新样式:以塔里木盆地顺北12号断裂为例

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.495
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金企业创新发展联合基金项目 U21B2063

    国家自然科学基金企业创新发展联合基金项目 U19B6003

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      何松高(1996-),男,硕士,主要从事构造地质方面研究.ORCID:0000-0002-2032-2221.E-mail:hesg1201@163.com

      通讯作者:

      邓尚,博士,研究员,主要从事构造地质与石油地质综合研究.E-mail: shang_deng@126.com

    • 中图分类号: P54

    New Structural Style of Spatial Architecture and Derived Structure of Intracratonic Strike-Slip Faults: A Case Study of Shunbei No. 12 Fault, Tarim Basin

    • 摘要: 随着高精度连片三维地震资料的采集,塔里木盆地克拉通内部发育的中小滑移距走滑断裂呈现出复杂的空间结构与构造样式.为此,以顺北12号断裂为研究对象,开展了顺北12号断裂及派生构造的三维空间结构、活动特征和活动期次的精细解析与成因机制分析.结果表明:(1)顺北地区主干走滑断裂自西向东挤压变形逐渐增强,其中顺北12号断裂处于NE向走滑断裂体系的过渡位置,构造样式上既发育西侧弱挤压断裂体系的“拉分-平移-压隆”三段式分段结构,也发育东侧强挤压断裂体系的“压脊构造”.(2)顺北12号断裂碳酸盐岩顶面北部发育NE20°走向派生分支断裂,浅层发育沿下伏主干断裂走向展布的雁列正断层,上部雁列正断层活动强烈,连接形成扇形雁列带,下部主干断裂线性发育,从而形成了一种上部连片发育雁列正断层、下部发育高陡直立断裂的新的分层变形样式.(3)在盆缘动力背景影响下,顺北12号断裂及其派生分支经历了3期左行走滑活动:在加里东中期Ⅲ幕顺北12号断裂及其派生分支断裂初始活动;加里东晚期,深部断裂活化并相互影响,拖曳上覆地层形成第一期雁列正断层;海西中期,形成第二期雁列正断层.

       

    • 图  1  塔里木盆地顺北及邻区下古生界断裂分布

      Fig.  1.  Distribution of Lower Paleozoic faults in the Shunbei area and the surroundings of the Tarim basin

      图  2  塔里木盆地顺北地区古生界地层(据邓尚等,2021修改)

      Fig.  2.  Paleozoic strata in the Shunbei area, Tarim basin (modified from Deng et al., 2021)

      图  3  顺北东部北东向走滑断裂T74界面相干及断裂解释

      Fig.  3.  Coherence and fault interpretation of the T74 interface of the NE-trending strike-slip fault

      图  4  顺北12号断裂多层位相干及断裂展布

      Fig.  4.  Coherence slices of multiple interfaces and the fault interpretation of Shunbei No.12 fault

      图  5  顺北12号断裂典型剖面

      剖面位置见图 4

      Fig.  5.  Typical section of Shunbei No.12 fault

      图  6  顺北12号断裂T74界面垂向断距及平面分段

      Fig.  6.  Vertical separation and fault segmentation of Shunbei No.12 fault on interface T74

      图  7  顺北12号断裂分支断裂平面、剖面样式

      Fig.  7.  Planar and sectional characteristics of the branch faults of Shunbei No.12 fault

      图  8  顺北东部北东向断裂典型剖面

      剖面位置见图 3

      Fig.  8.  Typical section of NE-trending faults in the east of Shunbei area

      图  9  顺北12号断裂同沉积现象

      剖面位置见图 4

      Fig.  9.  Syn-depositional characteristics of shunbei No.12 fault

      图  10  顺北12号断裂生长指数及雁列断层断距

      剖面位置见图 4

      Fig.  10.  Growth index of Shunbei No.12 fault and vertical offset of en echelon faults

      图  11  顺北12号断裂力学机制及雁列断层连通发育模式

      Fig.  11.  Mechanical mechanism of Shunbei No.12 fault and model diagrams of en echelon fault connectivity development

      图  12  顺北12号断裂多期演化模式图

      Fig.  12.  Multi-stage evolution model of Shunbei No.12 fault

      表  1  各层位雁列断层数据统计

      Table  1.   Data statistics of en echelon faults in each horizon

      层位 雁列断层数量 雁列断层密度
      T70 53条 0.88条/km
      T63 66条 1.1条/km
      T60 56条 0.93条/km
      T56 42条 0.7条/km
      下载: 导出CSV
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