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    四川盆地中部高石梯-磨溪地区FI9走滑断裂带构造特征与演化

    鲁国 田方磊 何登发 刘欢 赵小辉

    鲁国, 田方磊, 何登发, 刘欢, 赵小辉, 2023. 四川盆地中部高石梯-磨溪地区FI9走滑断裂带构造特征与演化. 地球科学, 48(6): 2238-2253. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.505
    引用本文: 鲁国, 田方磊, 何登发, 刘欢, 赵小辉, 2023. 四川盆地中部高石梯-磨溪地区FI9走滑断裂带构造特征与演化. 地球科学, 48(6): 2238-2253. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.505
    Lu Guo, Tian Fanglei, He Dengfa, Liu Huan, Zhao Xiaohui, 2023. Structural Characteristics and Evolution of No.9 Strike-Slip Fault Zone in Gaoshiti-Moxi Area in Central Sichuan Basin. Earth Science, 48(6): 2238-2253. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.505
    Citation: Lu Guo, Tian Fanglei, He Dengfa, Liu Huan, Zhao Xiaohui, 2023. Structural Characteristics and Evolution of No.9 Strike-Slip Fault Zone in Gaoshiti-Moxi Area in Central Sichuan Basin. Earth Science, 48(6): 2238-2253. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.505

    四川盆地中部高石梯-磨溪地区FI9走滑断裂带构造特征与演化

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.505
    基金项目: 

    三大克拉通位置的恢复复原与相互关系及裂解-聚合过程、构造热体制项目 U19B6003-01-01

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      鲁国(1996-),男,博士研究生,矿产普查与勘探专业,从事含油气盆地构造分析研究. ORCID:0000-0002-2515-3551. E-mail:chowlg@163.com

      通讯作者:

      何登发,E-mail: hedengfa282@263.net

    • 中图分类号: P54

    Structural Characteristics and Evolution of No.9 Strike-Slip Fault Zone in Gaoshiti-Moxi Area in Central Sichuan Basin

    • 摘要: 四川盆地中部高石梯-磨溪地区已识别出多组走滑断裂,为深化川中地区走滑断裂的构造几何学与运动学特征认识,基于川中地区深钻井及高精度三维地震资料,详细刻画高石梯-磨溪地区FI9走滑断裂带的构造几何学特征,建立断层三维构造模型.通过构造回剥反演重建其形成演化过程.FI9走滑断裂带整体为近东西走向,延伸长度60 km,表现为右行张扭性走滑断层.断裂带在平面上发育马尾构造、线性构造、斜列构造、叠覆构造,具有明显的分段特征;剖面上发育高陡线性构造、“Y”字形构造、花状构造等典型走滑构造样式.断裂带由7条主干断层组成,各断层片的规模、展布、倾向以及相互之间的连接方式等存在差异.FI9走滑断裂带在基底先存断裂的基础上,经历了3期构造叠加活动:晚震旦世-早加里东期的雏形发育阶段、晚加里东期-早海西期的强烈活动阶段以及晚二叠世的局部复活阶段.断层在元古界-下古生界中具有不同的生长模式:(1)断层由基底逐渐向上生长,上下地层断距一致或逐渐减小;(2)断层核部位于下古生界中,断层在活动期逐渐向上、下扩展,在下古生界中断距最大.

       

    • 图  1  研究区构造位置图(a)、断裂分布图(b)和地层柱状图(c)

      构造位置图修改自Lu et al.(2021),断裂分布图修改自管树巍等(2022)

      Fig.  1.  Structural location map of central Sichuan (a), faults distribution map of Gaoshiti-Moxi area (b) and stratigraphic histogram of central Sichuan (c)

      图  2  研究区北西-南东向AA'地震解释剖面(剖面位置见图 1b)

      Fig.  2.  NW-SE trending AA' seismic interpretation section of the study area (the section position is shown in Fig.1b)

      图  3  研究区灯影组底界T0图

      Fig.  3.  The time-domain map at base of the Sinian in study area

      图  4  FI9断裂带震旦系灯影组底相干属性图(a)及断裂分布与断距统计直方图(b)

      Fig.  4.  The coherent map of the Sinian Dengying Formation bottom of No.9 Fault (a), and fault distribution map and statistical histogram of fault throw (b)

      图  5  FI9走滑断裂带剖面构造特征(剖面位置见图 4b)

      Fig.  5.  Structural characteristics of No.9 strike-slip fault zone profile (the section position is shown in Fig.4b)

      图  6  研究区寒武系底相干属性图(a)及断裂分布与断距统计直方图(b)

      Fig.  6.  The coherent map of the Cambrian bottom of No.9 fault (a), and fault distribution map and statistical histogram of fault throw (b)

      图  7  研究区二叠系底相干属性图(a)及断裂分布与断距统计直方图(b)

      Fig.  7.  The coherent map of the Permian bottom of No.9 fault (a), and fault distribution map and statistical histogram of fault throw (b)

      图  8  FI9走滑断裂带三维构造模型北面侧视图(a)与俯视图(b)

      Fig.  8.  Three-dimensional structural model of No.9 strike-slip fault zone north side view (a) and top view (b)

      图  9  FI9走滑断裂带断距统计

      Fig.  9.  Statistics of fault throw of No.9 strike-slip fault zone

      图  10  剖面a构造回剥反演

      Fig.  10.  Structural back-stripping restoration of section a

      图  11  剖面f构造回剥反演

      Fig.  11.  Structural back-stripping restoration of section f

      图  12  剖面l构造回剥反演

      Fig.  12.  Structural back-stripping restoration of section l

      图  13  剖面p构造回剥反演

      Fig.  13.  Structural back-stripping restoration of section p

      图  14  F9走滑断裂带断层生长模式

      Fig.  14.  Fault growth pattern of No.9 strike-slip fault zone

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    • 收稿日期:  2022-08-31
    • 刊出日期:  2023-06-25

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