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    如何定量评价大灭绝时期生态系统的坍塌与重建过程?

    陈中强 黄元耕

    陈中强, 黄元耕, 2022. 如何定量评价大灭绝时期生态系统的坍塌与重建过程?. 地球科学, 47(10): 3827-3829. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.827
    引用本文: 陈中强, 黄元耕, 2022. 如何定量评价大灭绝时期生态系统的坍塌与重建过程?. 地球科学, 47(10): 3827-3829. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.827
    Chen Zhongqiang, Huang Yuangeng, 2022. How to Evaluate Quantitatively Collapse and Recovery Processes of Ecosystems During and After Mass Extinctions?. Earth Science, 47(10): 3827-3829. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.827
    Citation: Chen Zhongqiang, Huang Yuangeng, 2022. How to Evaluate Quantitatively Collapse and Recovery Processes of Ecosystems During and After Mass Extinctions?. Earth Science, 47(10): 3827-3829. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.827

    如何定量评价大灭绝时期生态系统的坍塌与重建过程?

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.827
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 41821001

    国家自然科学基金项目 41930322

    国家自然科学基金项目 41902315

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      陈中强(1968-),男,博士,教授,教育部长江学者,长期从事深时极端生物和环境事件以及地球生物学研究.E-mail:zhong.qiang.chen@cug.edu.cn

    How to Evaluate Quantitatively Collapse and Recovery Processes of Ecosystems During and After Mass Extinctions?

    • 图  1  食物链金字塔卡通图显示二叠纪-三叠纪之交海洋生态系统的坍塌与重建过程(Chen and Benton, 2012)

      a.在大灭绝中生态系统经历两次崩塌过程;b.大灾难后,生态系统按食物链营养级别从底层至顶层,阶梯式的重建,其过程跨越早-中三叠世,最终需要约800万年才完成复苏与重建

      图  2  中三叠世古食物网的典型结构

      PP.初级生产者;PC.初级消费者;SC.二级消费者;TC.三级消费者

    • [1] Barnosky, A. D., Matzke, N., Tomiya, S., et al., 2011. Has the Earth's Sixth Mass Extinction already Arrived? Nature, 471(7336): 51-57. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature09678
      [2] Chen, Z. Q., Benton, M. J., 2012. The Timing and Pattern of Biotic Recovery Following the End-Permian Mass Extinction. Nature Geoscience, 5(6): 375-383. https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1475
      [3] Erwin, D. H., 2006. Extinction: How Life on Earth Nearly Ended 250 Million Years Ago. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, USA.
      [4] Fan, J. X., Shen, S. Z., Erwin, D. H., et al., 2020. A High-Resolution Summary of Cambrian to Early Triassic Marine Invertebrate Biodiversity. Science, 367(6475): 272-277. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aax4953
      [5] Feng, X. Q., Chen, Z. Q., Benton, M. J., et al., 2022. Resilience of Infaunal Ecosystems during the Early Triassic Greenhouse Earth. Science Advances, 8(26): eabo0597. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.abo0597
      [6] Huang, Y. G., Chen, Z. Q., Roopnarine, P. D., et al., 2021. Ecological Dynamics of Terrestrial and Freshwater Ecosystems across Three Mid-Phanerozoic Mass Extinctions from Northwest China. Proceedings Biological Sciences, 288(1947): 20210148. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2021.0148
      [7] Li, Z. H., Guo, Z., Chen, Z. Q., et al., 2021. A Novel Carbon Cycle Turbulence Index Identifies Environmental and Ecological Perturbations. Geochemical Perspectives Letters, 11-15. https://doi.org/10.7185/geochemlet.2137
      [8] Roopnarine, P. D., Angielczyk, K. D., 2015. Community Stability and Selective Extinction during the Permian-Triassic Mass Extinction. Science, 350(6256): 90-93. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aab1371
      [9] Roopnarine, P. D., Angielczyk, K. D., Weik, A., et al., 2019. Ecological Persistence, Incumbency and Reorganization in the Karoo Basin during the Permian-Triassic Transition. Earth-Science Reviews, 189: 244-263. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2018.10.014
      [10] Sepkoski, J. J. Jr., 1981. A Factor Analytic Description of the Phanerozoic Marine Fossil Record. Paleobiology, 7(1): 36-53. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0094837300003778
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    出版历程
    • 刊出日期:  2022-10-25

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