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    四川盆地高石梯-磨溪地区走滑断裂控制下的“层楼式”油气成藏模式: 以震旦系-寒武系为例

    李纯泉 陈红汉 唐大卿 汪泽成 姜华

    李纯泉, 陈红汉, 唐大卿, 汪泽成, 姜华, 2023. 四川盆地高石梯-磨溪地区走滑断裂控制下的“层楼式”油气成藏模式: 以震旦系-寒武系为例. 地球科学, 48(6): 2254-2266. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2023.018
    引用本文: 李纯泉, 陈红汉, 唐大卿, 汪泽成, 姜华, 2023. 四川盆地高石梯-磨溪地区走滑断裂控制下的“层楼式”油气成藏模式: 以震旦系-寒武系为例. 地球科学, 48(6): 2254-2266. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2023.018
    Li Chunquan, Chen Honghan, Tang Daqing, Wang Zecheng, Jiang Hua, 2023. Strike-Slip Faults Controlled 'Floor Type' Hydrocarbon Accumulation Model in Gaoshiti-Moxi Area, Sichuan Basin: A Case Study of Sinian-Cambrian. Earth Science, 48(6): 2254-2266. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2023.018
    Citation: Li Chunquan, Chen Honghan, Tang Daqing, Wang Zecheng, Jiang Hua, 2023. Strike-Slip Faults Controlled "Floor Type" Hydrocarbon Accumulation Model in Gaoshiti-Moxi Area, Sichuan Basin: A Case Study of Sinian-Cambrian. Earth Science, 48(6): 2254-2266. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2023.018

    四川盆地高石梯-磨溪地区走滑断裂控制下的“层楼式”油气成藏模式: 以震旦系-寒武系为例

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2023.018
    基金项目: 

    国家重大科技专项 2016ZX05004-001

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      李纯泉(1974-),男,副教授,博士,主要从事储层成岩作用分析及常规和非常规油气成藏综合研究.ORCID:0000-0002-2301-0610.E-mail:chunquanli@cug.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P618.130

    Strike-Slip Faults Controlled "Floor Type" Hydrocarbon Accumulation Model in Gaoshiti-Moxi Area, Sichuan Basin: A Case Study of Sinian-Cambrian

    • 摘要: 走滑断裂对油气成藏具有重要的控制作用.为了探究四川盆地高石梯-磨溪地区走滑断裂在震旦系-寒武系油气成藏中的控藏作用,在走滑断裂的精细地震解释,以及储层溶蚀孔洞充填成岩矿物流体包裹体系统分析的基础上,通过划分走滑断裂活动期次,以及拟定油气充注成藏期次和时期,并探讨二者之间的耦合关系,从而建立油气成藏模式.结果表明,四川盆地高石梯-磨溪地区存在加里东早期、加里东晚期-海西早期、海西晚期及印支期4期走滑断裂,震旦系-寒武系总体存在两期油三期气充注成藏的特征.走滑断裂的活动与油气活动存在良好的时空耦合关系,从而形成了震旦系-寒武系走滑断裂控制下的“层楼式”油气成藏模式.该模式下,走滑断裂垂向连通主力烃源岩与多套优质储层,形成多层系含有油气的格局,且各层系油气成藏特征表现出高度相似性.对存在“层楼式”油气成藏模式的地区,应注重立体勘探.

       

    • 图  1  研究区位置(a)及震旦系-寒武系地层柱状图(b)

      Fig.  1.  Location of the study area (a) and stratigraphic column of the Sinian-Cambrian (b)

      图  2  研究区走滑断层典型剖面构造样式

      Fig.  2.  Typical structural style of strike-slip fault in profile of the study area

      图  3  研究区震旦系灯影组底界(a)和寒武系龙王庙组底界(b)走滑断层分布图

      Fig.  3.  Distribution of strike-slip faults in the bottom of the Sinian Dengying Formation (a) and the Cambrian Longwangmiao Formation (b) of the study area

      图  4  研究区NW-SE向AA'地震解释剖面(剖面位置见图 3b)

      Fig.  4.  Seismic interpretation of the NW-SE profile (AA') of the study area (see profile location in Fig.3b)

      图  5  研究区走滑断裂发育期次图

      Fig.  5.  Orders of strike-slip faults of the study area

      图  6  研究区震旦系-寒武系储层及流体包裹体典型特征

      a.磨溪119井,5 039.24 m,灯影组,白云岩,溶蚀孔洞充填白云石+沥青+白云石;b.高石102井,5 081.78 m,灯影组,白云岩,溶洞充填白云石+沥青+石英;c.磨溪20井,4 614.89 m,龙王庙组,白云岩,溶蚀孔洞充填沥青;d.高石17井,4 464.44 m,龙王庙组,白云岩,溶蚀孔洞充填多期方解石;e.磨溪39井,4 686.63 m,洗象池组,白云岩,溶蚀孔洞充填白云石+沥青;f~f'.磨溪13井,5 104.72 m,灯影组,白云岩,溶洞充填发红色阴极光中-粗晶白云石,f为透射光照片,f'为阴极光照片;g~g'.磨溪105井,5 364.99 m,灯影组,白云岩,溶洞充填白云石+沥青+白云石+沥青,g为投射光照片,g'为紫外荧光照片;h~h'.磨溪51井,5 334.70 m,灯影组,白云岩,溶洞充填方解石中见大量纯气相包裹体,h'为h中红框视域;i~i'.磨溪22井,5 417.22 m,灯影组,白云岩,溶洞充填白云石+萤石,白云石发红色阴极光,萤石发深蓝色阴极光,萤石中捕获纯气相包裹体(红色箭头)和气液两相盐水包裹体(绿色箭头),i为阴极光照片,i'为i中红框视域透射光照片;j~j'.高石17井,4 490.48 m,龙王庙组,白云岩,溶洞充填方解石中见大量纯气相包裹体,j'为j中红框视域,均为透射光照片;k~k'.磨溪20井,4 607.25 m,龙王庙组,白云岩,溶洞充填粗晶白云石+沥青,白云石中见大量沥青包裹体和纯气相包裹体;j'为j中红框视域,均为透射光照片;l~l'.高石109井,5 312.26 m,灯影组,白云岩,基质重结晶白云石中见发亮蓝色荧光油包裹体,l和l'分别为同视域的透射光和紫外荧光照片;m~m'.磨溪20井,4 605.46 m,龙王庙组,白云岩,溶孔充填早期白云石中见发亮蓝色荧光油包裹体,m和m'分别为同视域的透射光和紫外荧光照片;n~n'~n''.磨溪39井,4 683.70 m,洗象池组,白云岩,溶蚀孔洞充填白云石/石英+沥青,白云石中见沥青包裹体(蓝色箭头)和纯气相包裹体(红色箭头),n'为薄片n中红框视域阴极光照片,n''为n'中红框视域透射光照片. Dol.白云石,Cc.方解石,Qtz.石英,Flu.萤石,Bit.沥青

      Fig.  6.  Typical characteristics of the reservoir rocks and fluid inclusions in the Sinian-Cambrian of the study area

      图  7  研究区震旦系-寒武系油(红色)气(黄色)充注期次及时期划分

      Fig.  7.  Oil (red) and gas (yellow) charging orders and time of the Sinian-Cambrian of the study area

      图  8  研究区寒武系底界走滑断裂与多层系高产井叠合图

      Fig.  8.  Overlay map of the strike-slip faults in the Cambrian bottom and the high yield wells of multilayers in the study area

      图  9  走滑断裂控制下的“层楼式”油气成藏模式

      Fig.  9.  "Floor type" hydrocarbon accumulation model controlled by strike-slip faults

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    • 收稿日期:  2022-09-01
    • 刊出日期:  2023-06-25

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