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    板内小位移走滑断裂特征解析:以塔里木、四川及鄂尔多斯盆地为例

    唐大卿 陈红汉 耿锋 齐荣 姜华 古再丽努尔·艾尔肯

    唐大卿, 陈红汉, 耿锋, 齐荣, 姜华, 古再丽努尔·艾尔肯, 2023. 板内小位移走滑断裂特征解析:以塔里木、四川及鄂尔多斯盆地为例. 地球科学, 48(6): 2067-2086. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2023.037
    引用本文: 唐大卿, 陈红汉, 耿锋, 齐荣, 姜华, 古再丽努尔·艾尔肯, 2023. 板内小位移走滑断裂特征解析:以塔里木、四川及鄂尔多斯盆地为例. 地球科学, 48(6): 2067-2086. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2023.037
    Tang Daqing, Chen Honghan, Geng Feng, Qi Rong, Jiang Hua, Guzailinuer·Aierken, 2023. Characteristics of Intraplate Small-Displacement Strike-Slip Faults: A Case Study of Tarim, Sichuan and Ordos Basins. Earth Science, 48(6): 2067-2086. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2023.037
    Citation: Tang Daqing, Chen Honghan, Geng Feng, Qi Rong, Jiang Hua, Guzailinuer·Aierken, 2023. Characteristics of Intraplate Small-Displacement Strike-Slip Faults: A Case Study of Tarim, Sichuan and Ordos Basins. Earth Science, 48(6): 2067-2086. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2023.037

    板内小位移走滑断裂特征解析:以塔里木、四川及鄂尔多斯盆地为例

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2023.037
    基金项目: 

    新疆维吾尔自治区重大科技专项 2022A03009-3

    国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)项目 2012CB214804

    “十三·五”国家科技重大专项 2016ZX05014

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      唐大卿(1974-),男,博士,副教授,主要从事盆地构造分析与油气成藏作用方面的研究工作.ORCID: 0000-0002-5793-7414.E-mail:tangdqcug@sina.com

    • 中图分类号: P618

    Characteristics of Intraplate Small-Displacement Strike-Slip Faults: A Case Study of Tarim, Sichuan and Ordos Basins

    • 摘要: 板内小位移走滑断裂在全球广泛发育,对沉积盆地油气运聚成藏和差异富集具有重要控制作用.在对我国中西部三大含油气盆地内部小位移走滑断裂几何学特征对比分析基础上,揭示了塔里木、四川及鄂尔多斯盆地小位移走滑断裂平剖面特征和走滑构造样式的共性及差异性,进而结合区域动力背景分析了上述三大叠合盆地内部小位移走滑断裂的成因演化.研究表明:(1)我国中西部塔里木、四川和鄂尔多斯盆地小位移走滑断裂十分发育,塔里木盆地主要发育于盆地中北部地区及巴楚隆起、四川盆地主要发育于盆地腹部地区、鄂尔多斯盆地主要发育于南部地区和北部杭锦旗地区;(2)三大盆地走滑断裂线形特征明显,但平面展布具有很大差异,塔里木盆地中北部可划分出5个特征迥异的走滑断裂发育区、四川盆地腹部走滑断裂呈不规则网状、鄂尔多斯盆地泾河地区走滑断裂主要呈北东东向、局部呈北西向.(3)三大盆地走滑断裂剖面均呈高陡产状,均发育纯走滑、张扭、压扭及叠加/反转等走滑构造,其中塔里木盆地花状和直立状走滑断裂均比较普遍;四川盆地腹部走滑断裂多为直立状,花状相对偏少;鄂尔多斯盆地泾河地区走滑断裂多呈复合花状或“花上花”特征且走滑反转特征典型.(4)塔里木、四川及鄂尔多斯盆地小位移走滑断裂都经历了从加里东期-喜山期的多个构造旋回和多期继承、叠加及改造过程,三大盆地内的走滑断裂形成期大致相同,为加里东中期,但终止期具有差异,塔里木盆地塔中地区为海西晚期、塔北为喜山早期,四川盆地为印支早期,鄂尔多斯盆地为喜山期.

       

    • 图  1  塔里木、四川及鄂尔多斯盆地典型走滑断裂平面展布特征

      a.塔里木盆地中北部(雅克拉为T50、其余为T74);b.四川盆地中部高磨地区(灯影组底界面);c.鄂尔多斯盆地南部泾河地区(延长组长7段底界面-T6c

      Fig.  1.  Planar distribution maps of typical strike-slip faults in the Tarim, Sichuan and Ordos basins

      图  2  塔北隆起塔河地区主要地震反射界面断裂体系对比及空间展特征(位置见图 1a)

      Fig.  2.  Comparison and spatial distribution characteristics of fault systems of main seismic reflection interfaces in Tahe area, Tabei uplift (see location in Fig. 1a)

      图  3  塔中隆起主要地震反射界面相干切片与断裂体系对比(位置见图 1a)

      Fig.  3.  Comparison of coherent slices and fault systems of main surfaces in Tazhong uplift (see location in Fig. 1a)

      图  4  四川盆地中部高磨地区主要地层界面断裂展布特征

      a.震旦系灯影组底界面;b.寒武系底界面;c.二叠系龙潭组底界面;d.三叠系底界面

      Fig.  4.  Distribution of main stratigraphic interface faults in Gaomo area, central Sichuan basin

      图  5  鄂尔多斯盆地泾河油田主要地层界面断裂体系分布

      a.Tg (寒武系底面); b.T9 (石炭系底面); c.T6c (延长组长7段底面); d.T5 (延安组底面) : e.T3 (侏罗系顶面)

      Fig.  5.  Distribution of main stratigraphic interface faults in Jinghe oilfield, Ordos basin

      图  6  塔里木、四川及鄂尔多斯盆地典型走滑断裂特征剖面(位置见图 1)

      Fig.  6.  Profiles of typical strike-slip faults in Tarim, Sichuan and Ordos basins (see location in Fig. 1)

      图  7  鄂尔多斯盆地旬邑县城关镇走滑断层(a~c)和张洪镇走滑断层(d~e)特征图

      Fig.  7.  Characteristics of strike-slip fault in Chengguan town (a-c) and in Zhanghong town (d-e), Xunyi county, Ordos basin

      图  8  典型走滑断裂及伴生构造特征综合图(据Cunningham and Mann, 2007)

      Fig.  8.  Comprehensive map of typical strike-slip faults and associated structural features (after Cunningham and Mann, 2007)

      图  9  顺北1号断裂带加里东中期Ⅰ幕演化模式

      Fig.  9.  Evolution model in middle Caledonian period I of Shunbei No.1 fault zone

      图  10  顺北1号走滑断裂带断裂差异活动特征剖面(测线位置见图 9)

      Fig.  10.  Profiles of fault differential activity characteristics of Shunbei No.1 strike-slip fault zone (see location in Fig. 9)

      图  11  泾河油田不同走滑方式下的构造特征

      a.奥陶系顶面(T9)等T0构造图; b.三叠系长7底面(T6c)等T0构造图

      Fig.  11.  Structural characteristics of Jinghe oilfield under different strike-slip modes

      图  12  泾河油田不同走滑方式下的构造发育模式

      Fig.  12.  Structural development pattern of Jinghe oilfield under different strike-slip modes

      图  13  塔里木盆地中北部地区走滑断裂关键活动期次

      a.加里东中期Ⅰ幕;b.加里东晚期-海西早期;c.海西晚期;d.印支-燕山-喜山期

      Fig.  13.  Main evolution stages of strike-slip faults in central and northern areas of Tarim basin

      图  14  四川盆地中部高磨地区走滑断裂演化模式

      Fig.  14.  Evolution model of strike-slip faults in Gaomo area, central Sichuan basin

      图  15  鄂尔多斯及周缘地区现代构造动力作用模式图(据任隽,2012修改)

      Fig.  15.  Model of modern tectonic dynamic action in Ordos and its surrounding areas (modified from Ren, 2012)

      图  16  鄂尔多斯盆地泾河油田典型断裂构造演化剖面图

      Fig.  16.  Evolution profiles of typical fault structures in Jinghe oilfield, Ordos basin

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    • 收稿日期:  2022-09-07
    • 刊出日期:  2023-06-25

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