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    珠江口盆地西江主洼烃源岩属性、原油分类及成藏主控因素

    彭光荣 张丽丽 许新明 邱欣卫 何金海 刘昭茜

    彭光荣, 张丽丽, 许新明, 邱欣卫, 何金海, 刘昭茜, 2023. 珠江口盆地西江主洼烃源岩属性、原油分类及成藏主控因素. 地球科学, 48(6): 2361-2375. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2023.090
    引用本文: 彭光荣, 张丽丽, 许新明, 邱欣卫, 何金海, 刘昭茜, 2023. 珠江口盆地西江主洼烃源岩属性、原油分类及成藏主控因素. 地球科学, 48(6): 2361-2375. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2023.090
    Peng Guangrong, Zhang Lili, Xu Xinming, Qiu Xinwei, He Jinhai, Liu Zhaoqian, 2023. Source Rock Attribute, Oil Classification and Hydrocarbon Accumulation Main Control Factors of Xijiang Main Sag in Pearl River Mouth Basin. Earth Science, 48(6): 2361-2375. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2023.090
    Citation: Peng Guangrong, Zhang Lili, Xu Xinming, Qiu Xinwei, He Jinhai, Liu Zhaoqian, 2023. Source Rock Attribute, Oil Classification and Hydrocarbon Accumulation Main Control Factors of Xijiang Main Sag in Pearl River Mouth Basin. Earth Science, 48(6): 2361-2375. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2023.090

    珠江口盆地西江主洼烃源岩属性、原油分类及成藏主控因素

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2023.090
    基金项目: 

    中海油深圳分公司重大生产科研项目 SCKY-2020-SZ-21

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      彭光荣(1978-),男,高级工程师,从事油气地质研究.ORCID:0000-0003-2014-4653. E-mail:penggr@cnooc.com.cn

      通讯作者:

      许新明, 男,高级工程师,从事油气成藏研究. E-mail: xuxm3@cnooc.com.cn

    • 中图分类号: P618

    Source Rock Attribute, Oil Classification and Hydrocarbon Accumulation Main Control Factors of Xijiang Main Sag in Pearl River Mouth Basin

    • 摘要: 位于珠一坳陷西江凹陷北部的西江主洼具有古地温梯度低、恩平组泥岩厚度大、岩浆作用多等特殊地质特征,导致其主力烃源岩潜力、原油类型和来源、油气聚集规律和成藏主控因素等复杂性.基于烃源岩有机地球化学特征和分布、原油分类、来源及分布规律、原油聚集与岩浆和断裂关系等分析,开展烃源岩分布及潜力、原油成藏规律及主控因素研究.明确了西江主洼发育文昌组下段的文4段和文昌组上段的文3段两种属性差异的中深湖相烃源岩,且改造作用强、供烃能力有差异.成藏原油可分为两种类型,其来源和空间分布存在差异,类型1原油来自于文4段烃源岩,裂陷层和拗陷层均有成藏,横向运移距离远.类型2原油来自于文3段烃源岩,裂陷层成藏,近洼聚集.成藏主控因素为烃源岩和断裂,文昌组烃源岩属性差异、体量控制了原油类型、成藏级别和运移距离.NE向断层因延走向的分段、分时活动速率变化控制烃源岩发育和展布;NWW-近EW向断裂控制文3段烃源岩,且为近洼处裂陷层成藏断层,为远洼处西江中低凸起拗陷层成藏断层.成藏模式可总结为:烃源控聚、断裂控层、岩浆控富.

       

    • 图  1  西江凹陷构造位置及构造单元划分

      Fig.  1.  Tectonic locations and units of the Xijiang depression

      图  2  西江主洼文昌组钻遇泥岩与番禺4洼文昌组典型中深湖相泥岩品质特征对比

      Fig.  2.  Mudstone evaluation of Wenchang Formation in Xijiang main sag and Panyu 4 sag

      图  3  西江主洼和番禺4洼文昌组钻遇泥岩生物标志化合物特征

      Fig.  3.  Typical biomarker parameters of mudstone samples of Wenchang Formation in Xijiang main sag and Panyu 4 sag

      图  4  西江主洼XJ33边界断裂位移曲线

      Fig.  4.  The fault displacement curve of XJ33 Boundary fault in Xijiang main sag

      图  5  西江主洼文4段和文3段沉积相图

      Fig.  5.  Sedimentary facies of Wenchang Ⅳ Formation and Wenchang Ⅲ Formation in Xijiang main sag

      图  6  西江主洼、番禺4洼及陆丰凹陷原油和油砂样品C30 4-甲基甾烷-杜松烷含量关系

      a.西江主洼砂岩、原油;b.陆丰凹陷原油;c.番禺4洼砂岩、原油

      Fig.  6.  Correlation diagrams of C30 4-methylsteranes/(C30 4-methylsteranes+C29 regular steranes) and cadinene/(cadinene+hopane) ratios of sand rock and oil samples in Xijiang main sag, Panyu 4 sag and Lufeng sag

      图  7  西江主洼、番禺4洼及陆丰凹陷原油和油砂样品重排甾烷/(重排甾烷+常规甾烷)-姥鲛烷/(姥鲛烷+植烷)关系

      a.西江主洼砂岩、原油;b.陆丰凹陷原油;c.番禺4洼砂岩、原油

      Fig.  7.  Correlation diagrams of diasteranes/(diasteranes+regular steranes) and Pr/(Pr+Ph) ratios of sand rock and oil samples in Xijiang main sag, Panyu 4 sag and Lufeng sag

      图  8  西江主洼两类原油平面和纵向分布规律

      Fig.  8.  Distributions of two type oil groups in Xijiang main sag

      图  9  西江主洼南部缓坡、北坡及中低凸起油气成藏剖面

      Fig.  9.  Hydrocarbon accumulation section of south slope, north slope and the lower uplift in Xijiang main sag

      图  10  西江主洼两类原油运聚模式

      a.文昌组下段文4段来源油运聚,沉积相为文4段沉积相;b.文昌组上段文3段来源油运聚,沉积相为文3段沉积相

      Fig.  10.  Hydrocarbon accumulation patterns of two type oil groups in Xijiang main sag

      图  11  西江主洼原油分布与岩浆发育平面关系

      Fig.  11.  Relationship between the distributions of two type oil groups and magmatic rocks in Xijiang main sag

      图  12  西江主洼不同层段原油分布与各时期断裂活动的平面关系

      Fig.  12.  Relationship between the oil distributions in each sequence and the active faults of every period in Xijiang main sag

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    • 收稿日期:  2023-02-24
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