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    贵州青岩中三叠世安尼期琥珀及其意义

    田垚铠 楚道亮 曹怡然 Jacopo DalCorso GuidoRoghi 宋海军 田力 刘传远 贺箫 缪雪 张世岩 舒文超 童金南

    田垚铠, 楚道亮, 曹怡然, Jacopo DalCorso, GuidoRoghi, 宋海军, 田力, 刘传远, 贺箫, 缪雪, 张世岩, 舒文超, 童金南, 2024. 贵州青岩中三叠世安尼期琥珀及其意义. 地球科学, 49(4): 1515-1523. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2023.182
    引用本文: 田垚铠, 楚道亮, 曹怡然, Jacopo DalCorso, GuidoRoghi, 宋海军, 田力, 刘传远, 贺箫, 缪雪, 张世岩, 舒文超, 童金南, 2024. 贵州青岩中三叠世安尼期琥珀及其意义. 地球科学, 49(4): 1515-1523. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2023.182
    Tian Yaokai, Chu Daoliang, Cao Yiran, Corso Jacopo Dal, Roghi Guido, Song Haijun, Tian Li, Liu Chuanyuan, He Xiao, Miao Xue, Zhang Shiyan, Shu Wenchao, Tong Jinnan, 2024. Anisian (Middle Triassic) Amber from Qingyan Section, Guizhou Province and Its Significance. Earth Science, 49(4): 1515-1523. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2023.182
    Citation: Tian Yaokai, Chu Daoliang, Cao Yiran, Corso Jacopo Dal, Roghi Guido, Song Haijun, Tian Li, Liu Chuanyuan, He Xiao, Miao Xue, Zhang Shiyan, Shu Wenchao, Tong Jinnan, 2024. Anisian (Middle Triassic) Amber from Qingyan Section, Guizhou Province and Its Significance. Earth Science, 49(4): 1515-1523. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2023.182

    贵州青岩中三叠世安尼期琥珀及其意义

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2023.182
    基金项目: 

    基础地质调查项目 CDD2101-03

    国家自然科学基金项目 42030513

    国家自然科学基金项目 42072025

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      田垚铠(2001-),男,本科生,地质学专业. E-mail:tianyaokai2001@163.com

      通讯作者:

      楚道亮(1988-),男,副教授,博士,主要研究方向为三叠纪古生物与地层学. ORCID: 0000-0002-2261-5597. E-mail: chudl@cug.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P534

    Anisian (Middle Triassic) Amber from Qingyan Section, Guizhou Province and Its Significance

    • 摘要: 中-晚三叠世是现代型生态系统构建的关键时期,系统研究该时期生物与环境的协同演变过程对揭示生物复苏机制和生态系统重建规律具有重要意义.琥珀是探讨中-晚三叠世植物演化和古气候演变的重要载体.对青岩剖面雷打坡段的琥珀和伴生的植物化石开展研究,并将全球的中-晚三叠世琥珀的分布与湿润事件进行对比分析.结果发现青岩琥珀是由松柏类植物伏脂杉生产,琥珀的出现与松柏类植物的辐射演化有关.菊石生物地层表明含有琥珀的地层属于中三叠世安尼期Pelsonian亚期.认为琥珀的产出与湿润事件具有对应性,说明湿润事件可能是中-晚三叠世琥珀频繁出现的重要原因.

       

    • 图  1  中三叠世华南古地理图和研究剖面现代地理位置

      a.华南中三叠世古地理图;b.南盘江盆地古地理图,图中红色五角星代表剖面位置(修改自Chen et al.,2020);c.研究区域的位置

      Fig.  1.  Middle Triassic paleogeographic map and modern geographic location map of the study area

      图  2  青岩剖面雷打坡段地层柱状图和野外照片

      菊石生物地层来自Stiller and Bucher(2011

      Fig.  2.  Stratigraphic sections and field photographs of the Leidapo Member of the Qingyan Section

      图  3  青岩剖面的琥珀与荧光照片

      a.琥珀与Voltzia sp.植物化石共同保存,QY-2022-21-1;b.图a中虚线框内的琥珀放大图;c.图a中的c区域在紫外光下显示蓝色的紫外荧光;d.图a中d区域在紫外光下显示浅黄色的紫外荧光;e,g,i.琥珀化石,QY2022-6-1、QY2022-6-2和QY2022-6-3;f,h,j.图e、g和i中的琥珀在紫外光下,图f为黄绿色的紫外荧光,图h和图j为橙黄色的紫外荧光

      Fig.  3.  Amber and their fluorescence photographs of Qingyan Section

      图  4  青岩琥珀的红外光谱特征

      Fig.  4.  IR spectra of two amber specimens from Qingyan Section

      图  5  中三叠世安尼期和晚三叠世卡尼期琥珀分布

      1.Dolomites(意大利);2.Julian Alps(意大利);3.Balaton Highlands(匈牙利);4.Alicante Province(西班牙);5.Northern Calcareous Alps(Lunz area)(奥地利);6.western Northern Calcareous Alps(奥地利);7.Neuewelt(瑞士);8.NE Arizona(美国);9.Southern Africa(莱索托);10.Tasmania(澳大利亚)(Stilwell et al.,2020);11.Recoaro area(意大利)(Roghi et al.,2017);12.Prà della Vacca and PizKühwiesenkopf/Monte da Peres(意大利)(Forte et al.,2022);13.Qingyan(中国)(本研究).(产地1到9基于Seyfullah et al.,2018b

      Fig.  5.  The distribution of amber in Middle Triassic Anisian and Late Triassic Carnian

      图  6  三叠纪琥珀的出现、火山活动、湿润事件、低纬度表层海水温度变化

      数据来源于Chen et al.,2013Trotter et al.,2015

      Fig.  6.  Occurrences of amber, volcanism, humid events, surface sea temperature changes and percentage of insect-damaged during the Triassic

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    • 收稿日期:  2023-09-04
    • 刊出日期:  2024-04-25

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